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epidemiologické faktory

Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.
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kyseliny

Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

substances whose aqueous solutions are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and certain metals to form salts; yields hydrogen ions when dissolved in water, acts as a proton donor, and can accept a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond.
CSP

A substance that yields hydrogen ions or protons in aqueous solutions; a substance capable of accepting a pair of electrons for the formation of a coordinate covalent bond; a substance whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water.
NCI

Refers to the amount of acid in a substance. An acid is a chemical that gives off hydrogen ions in water and forms salts by combining with certain metals.
NCI

A chemical that gives off hydrogen ions in water and forms salts by combining with certain metals. Acids have a sour taste and turn certain dyes red. Some acids made by the body, such as gastric acid, can help the body work the way it should. An example of an acid is hydrochloric acid.
NCI

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digitalisové glykosidy

Glycosides from plants of the genus DIGITALIS. Some of these are useful as cardiotonic and anti-arrhythmia agents. Included also are semi-synthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring glycosides. The term has sometimes been used more broadly to include all CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES, but here is restricted to those related to Digitalis.
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HAZNAHIA, ERRASUMINA (ESKL. UZKIGENITALA D05)

An intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.
MSH

intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.
CSP

Itching is skin tingling or irritation that makes you want to scratch the itchy area. It`s a symptom of many health conditions. Common causes are

To soothe itchy skin, you can try cold compresses, lotions and lukewarm baths. Avoid scratching, wearing irritating fabrics and high heat and humidity. Most itching is not serious. However, if you itch all over, have hives that keep coming back or have itching without an apparent cause, you might require medical attention.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an intense itching sensation.
NCI

Itching. Severe itching may be a side effect of some cancer treatments and a symptom of some types of cancers.
NCI

An intense itching sensation.
NCI

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poruchy chování

any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual`s normal behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma.
CSP

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interleukin-3

A multilineage cell growth factor secreted by LYMPHOCYTES; EPITHELIAL CELLS; and ASTROCYTES which stimulates clonal proliferation and differentiation of various types of blood and tissue cells.
MSH

lymphokine produced by antigen or mitogen activated T lymphocytes which stimulates proliferation of hematopoietic as well as lymphoid stem cells; a colony stimulating factor for bone marrow progenitor cells; supports growth and differentiation of early hematopoieteic and lymphoid stem cells as well as that of more mature hematopoietic cells, including granulocytes, macrophages and mast cells.
CSP

One of a group of related proteins made by leukocytes (white blood cells) and other cells in the body. IL-3 is made mainly by a type of T lymphocyte. It increases the number of blood cells made by the bone marrow. IL-3 made in the laboratory is used as a biological response modifier to boost the immune system in cancer therapy. IL-3 is a type of cytokine.
NCI

A group of proteins that causes blood cells to grow and mature.
NCI

Human interleukin-3 (152 aa, 17 kDa precursor) is encoded by the human interleukin-3 (IL3) gene. This protein is a potent growth-promoting cytokine that enhances the ability of the immune system to fight tumor cells. IL-3 supports proliferation of many hematopoietic cell types. It is involved in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis in addition to possessing neurotrophic activity. Abnormalities in this protein may be associated with neurologic disorders.
NCI

Endogenous growth factors which promote the development of blood cells.
NCI

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epispadie

A birth defect due to malformation of the URETHRA in which the urethral opening is above its normal location. In the male, the malformed urethra generally opens on the top or the side of the PENIS, but the urethra can also be open the entire length of the penis. In the female, the malformed urethral opening is often between the CLITORIS and the labia, or in the ABDOMEN.
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akrosin

A trypsin-like enzyme of spermatozoa which is not inhibited by alpha 1 antitrypsin.
MSH

arginine-lysine protease found in spermatozoa which participates in sperm penitration of the zona pellucida of the ovum, which is necessary for fertilization.
CSP

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dijodtyrosin

A product from the iodination of MONOIODOTYROSINE. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, diiodotyrosine residues are coupled with other monoiodotyrosine or diiodotyrosine residues to form T4 or T3 thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE).
MSH

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Psittaciformes

An order of BIRDS comprised of several families and more than 300 species. It includes COCKATOOS; PARROTS; PARAKEETS; macaws; and BUDGERIGARS.
MSH

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benzaldehyde

A chemical used in flavorings and in some dyes, perfumes, and medicines. It is found in essential oils made from almonds and peach pits and in other foods. It can also be made in the laboratory.
NCI

A color liquid aldehyde with an almond odor. Benzaldehyde is found in many foods and is widely used in the chemical industry. In the chemical industry, this agent is used in the preparation of various aniline dyes, perfumes, flavorings, and pharmaceuticals. In addition, benzaldehyde has been associated with amygdalin (laetrile), since one of amygdalins breakdown products is benzaldehyde. (NCI)
NCI

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meziobratlová ploténka – výhřez

An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
MSH

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Ergocalciferol

Vitamin D synthesized from 7-dehydrocholesterol in the skin after exposure to UVB radiation.
NCI

A form of vitamin D that helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils) and is found in plants and yeast. It can be made in the body from another form of vitamin D when the body is exposed to the sun. Ergocalciferol is also made in the laboratory. It is used to prevent and to treat vitamin D deficiency. It is a type of dietary supplement.
NCI

Vitamin D2, a fat-soluble vitamin important for many biochemical processes including the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. In vivo, ergocalciferol is formed after sun (ultraviolet) irradiation of plant-derived ergosterol, another form of vitamin D. Ergocalciferol is the form of vitamin D usually found in vitamin supplements. (NCI04)
NCI

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akupunkturní analgézie

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers – the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus – to produce analgesia.
MSH

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Dinoflagellida

Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.
MSH

protozoans of the class Phytomastigophorea, found mainly in the oceans; they are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water.
CSP

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psychologie vojenská

The branch of applied psychology concerned with psychological aspects of selection, assignment, training, morale, etc., of Armed Forces personnel.
MSH

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benzoylcholin

The benzoic acid ester of choline.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky měděné

Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
MSH

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erythrokruoriny

High molecular weight (1,500,000 to 3,000,000) hemoglobins found in the plasma of many polychete and oligochete annelid worms and various mollusks. They bind one mole of oxygen per heme and function as oxygen carriers.
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bazofilní adenom

A small tumor of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland whose cells stain with basic dyes. It may give rise to excessive secretion of ACTH, resulting in CUSHING SYNDROME. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An epithelial neoplasm of the anterior pituitary gland in which the neoplastic cells stain positive with basic dyes.
NCI

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dipyridamol

A phosphodiesterase inhibitor that blocks uptake and metabolism of adenosine by erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells. Dipyridamole also potentiates the antiaggregating action of prostacyclin. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p752)
MSH

platelet inhibitor and coronary vasodilator used to prevent thromboembolism associated with mechanical heart valves, as prophylactic adjunct in the prevention of myocardial reinfarction, and as a diagnostic aid adjunct in myocardial perfusion imaging; administered orally and intravenously.
CSP

A drug that prevents blood cell clumping and enhances the effectiveness of fluorouracil and other chemotherapeutic agents.
NCI

A synthetic agent derivative of pyrimido-pyrimidine, with antiplatelet properties. Dipyridamole inhibits adenosine uptake by platelets and endothelial cells, triggering an accumulation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and inhibiting the stimulation of platelet aggregation by agents such as platelet activating factor and collagen. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39229&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39229&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C445″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic agent derivative of pyrimido-pyrimidine, with antiplatelet properties. Dipyridamole inhibits adenosine uptake by platelets and endothelial cells, triggering an accumulation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and inhibiting the stimulation of platelet aggregation by agents such as platelet activating factor and collagen. (NCI04)
NCI

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pterygium

An abnormal triangular fold of membrane in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea, being immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera throughout its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base. (Dorland, 27th ed)
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beta-galaktosidasa

A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.
MSH

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jodpyridony

Iodinated pyridine derivatives that are often used as contrast media.
MSH

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poruchy motility jícnu

Disorders affecting the motor function of the UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; the ESOPHAGUS body, or a combination of these parts. The failure of the sphincters to maintain a tonic pressure may result in gastric reflux of food and acid into the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX). Other disorders include hypermotility (spastic disorders) and markedly increased amplitude in contraction (nutcracker esophagus).
MSH

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adenylsukcinátsynthasa

A carbon-nitrogen ligase. During purine ribonucleotide biosynthesis, this enzyme catalyzes the synthesis of adenylosuccinate from GTP; IMP; and aspartate with the formation of orthophosphate and GDP. EC 6.3.4.4.
MSH

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Edetic Acid, Disodium Salt

The disodium salt form of edetate, a heavy metal chelating agent with anti-hypercalcemic and anti-arrhythmic properties. Edetate, a heavy metal antagonist, chelates divalent and trivalent metals, forming soluble stable complexes which are readily excreted by the kidneys, thereby can be used to lower serum calcium concentrations. In addition, this agent exerts a negative inotropic effect on the heart through a transiently induced hypocalcemic state, thereby antagonizing the inotropic and chronotropic effects of digitalis glycosides on the ventricles of the heart. Upon ocular administration, edetate exerts its ophthalmic effect by chelating calcium to form soluble complexes, thereby removing corneal calcium deposits.
NCI

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plíce – edém

Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
MSH

extravascular accumulation of fluid in the pulmonary tissue and air spaces.
CSP

A disorder characterized by accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues that causes a disturbance of the gas exchange that may lead to respiratory failure.
NCI

A buildup of fluid in the alveoli (air spaces) in the lungs. This keeps oxygen from getting into the blood. Pulmonary edema is usually caused by heart problems, but it can also be caused by high blood pressure, pneumonia, certain toxins and medicines, or living at a high altitude. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, and trouble exercising.
NCI

Accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues causing disturbance of the gas exchange that may lead to respiratory failure. It is caused by direct injury to the lung parenchyma or congestive heart failure. The symptoms may appear suddenly or gradually. Suddenly appearing symptoms include difficulty breathing, feeling of suffocation, and coughing associated with frothy sputum. Gradually appearing symptoms include difficulty breathing while lying in bed, shortness of breath during activity, and weight gain (in patients with congestive heart failure).
NCI

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bicyklické sloučeniny

chemical compound containing two ring structures.
CSP

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iris – nemoci

Diseases, dysfunctions, or disorders of or located in the iris.
MSH

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