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organum subcommissurale

An ependymal derivative located at the junction of the third ventricle and the cerebral aqueduct, secreting somatostatin.
MSH

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kopulace

Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
MSH

The act of sexual union between male and female, involving the transfer of sperm. [ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”]
GO

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histidin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates histidine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.21.
MSH

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fosforany

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain pentavalent phosphorus and the general formula R5P.
MSH

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myoblastom

A granular cell tumor that is confined to the site of origin, without metastatic potential.
NCI

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sukcinátdehydrogenasa

A flavoprotein containing oxidoreductase that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of SUCCINATE to fumarate. In most eukaryotic organisms this enzyme is a component of mitochondrial electron transport complex II.
MSH

creates a double bond between the 2 middle carbons of succinate to form fumarate.
CSP

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corpus callosum

Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.
MSH

the main neocortical commissure of the cerebral hemispheres; it is subdivided into a genu, a rostrum, a body, and a splenium.
CSP

A white matter structure within the cleft that separates the left and right cerebral hemispheres in the mammalian brain. It is composed of a wide, flat bundle of 200-250 million axonal projections.
NCI

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HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2.
MSH

species of Lentivirus, subgenus primate lentiviruses, formerly designated T cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV); it is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
CSP

The cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
NCI

A cytopathic retrovirus. It is the etiological agent of AIDS.
NCI

The virus isolated and recognized as the etiologic agent of AIDS. HIV-1 is classified as a lentivirus, a subtype of retroviruses.
NCI

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fotofosforylace

The use of light to convert ADP to ATP without the concomitant reduction of dioxygen to water as occurs during OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION in MITOCHONDRIA.
MSH

Any metabolic process in which photosynthetic organisms use light energy to convert ADP to ATP without the concomitant reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water that occurs in phosphorylation. [ISBN:0198547684]
GO

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anencefalie

A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
MSH

congenital malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close; infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level; the skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal; affected infants are only capable of primitive reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks; complete absence of the brain is rare.
CSP

A rare neural tube defect during pregnancy, resulting in the absence of a large portion of the brain and skull in the fetus.
NCI

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myotonia congenita

Inherited myotonic disorders with early childhood onset MYOTONIA. Muscular hypertrophy is common and myotonia may impair ambulation and other movements. It is classified as Thomsen (autosomal dominant) or Becker (autosomal recessive) generalized myotonia mainly based on the inheritance pattern. Becker type is also clinically more severe. An autosomal dominant variant with milder symptoms and later onset is known as myotonia levior. Mutations in the voltage-dependent skeletal muscle chloride channel are associated with the disorders.
MSH

A genetic congenital neuromuscular disorder affecting the skeletal muscles. It is caused by mutations in the chloride channel gene (CLCN1 gene). It is characterized by muscle stiffness, hypertrophy, pain, and cramping.
NCI

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sulfamethoxazol

A bacteriostatic antibacterial agent that interferes with folic acid synthesis in susceptible bacteria. Its broad spectrum of activity has been limited by the development of resistance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p208)
MSH

sulfonamide bacteriostatic antibacterial agent.
CSP

A broad-spectrum, short-acting sulfanilamide and a synthetic analog of para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) with antibacterial property. Sulfamethoxazole competes with PABA for the bacterial enzyme dihydropteroate synthase, thereby preventing the incorporation of PABA into dihydrofolic acid, the immediate precursor of folic acid. This leads to an inhibition of bacterial folic acid synthesis and de novo synthesis of purines and pyrimidines, ultimately resulting in cell growth arrest and cell death.
NCI

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Gossypium

A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.
MSH

various erect freely branching tropical plants (genus Gossypium) of the mallow family, or the soft usually white fibrous substance composed of the hairs surrounding the seeds of these plants.
CSP

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HLA-DR4 antigen

An HLA-DR antigen which is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*04 alleles.
MSH

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lékař a pacient – vztahy

The interactions between physician and patient.
MSH

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angiografie digitální subtrakční

A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.
MSH

A technique which subtracts two images that are obtained before and after contrast media is administered to the patient for the purpose of studying blood vessels.
NCI

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NADP

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5`-phosphate (NMN) coupled by pyrophosphate linkage to the 5`-phosphate adenosine 2`,5`-bisphosphate. It serves as an electron carrier in a number of reactions, being alternately oxidized (NADP+) and reduced (NADPH). (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate; a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5`-phosphate (NMN) coupled by pyrophosphate linkage to the 5`-phosphate adenosine 2`,5`-bisphosphate; serves as an electron carrier in a number of reactions, being alternately oxidized (NADP+) and reduced ( NADPH).
CSP

Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate, an oxidation-reduction coenzyme, found in eukaryotic cells and is involved in many enzymatic reactions.
NCI

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sulfoxidy

Organic compounds that have the general formula R-SO-R. They are obtained by oxidation of mercaptans (analogous to the ketones). (From Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 4th ed)
MSH

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Craniometrie

The measurement of the dimensions of the SKULL.
MSH

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homocystein

A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of METHIONINE.
MSH

aminoacid with the side chain -CH2CH2SH, an intermediate in the biosynthesis of cysteine from methionine.
CSP

a kind of amino acid
CHV

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pikrylchlorid

A hapten that generates suppressor cells capable of down-regulating the efferent phase of trinitrophenol-specific contact hypersensitivity. (Arthritis Rheum 1991 Feb;34(2):180).
MSH

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zoologické termíny

Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
MSH

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naftaceny

Polyacenes with four ortho-fused benzene rings in a straight linear arrangement. This group is best known for the subclass called TETRACYCLINES.
MSH

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Manufactured Supplies

Goods for the support and maintenance of some endeavor.
NCI

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Chorvatsko

Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
MSH

A country in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Croatia


HL7V3.0

A country in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Ziekenhuisorganisatie en -bestuur

management of the internal organization of the hospital.
CSP

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kyselina piromidová

Antibacterial against mainly gram negative organisms. It is used for urinary tract and intestinal infections.
MSH

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anorexia nervosa

An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

syndrome in which the primary features include excessive fear of becoming overweight, body image disturbance, significant weight loss, refusal to maintain minimal normal weight, and amenorrhea; disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females.
CSP

An eating disorder marked by an intense fear of gaining weight, a refusal to maintain a healthy weight, and a distorted body image. People with anorexia nervosa have an abnormal loss of appetite for food, try to avoid eating, and eat as little as possible.
NCI

A disorder most often seen in adolescent females characterized by a refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, a disturbance in body image, and, in postmenarcheal females, the development of amenorrhea.
NCI

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Národní akademie věd (USA)

A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.
MSH

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stomatochirurgické předprotetické výkony

Surgery necessary for a denture to rest on a firm base, free from marked osseous protuberances or undercuts, and devoid of interfering muscle attachments, excess mucoperiosteum, hyperplasias, and fibrous or papillary growths.
MSH

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