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vlasy – nemoci

Diseases affecting the orderly growth and persistence of hair.
MSH

Did you know that the average person has 5 million hairs? Hair grows all over your body except on your lips, palms and the soles of your feet. It takes about a month for healthy hair to grow half an inch. Most hairs grow for up to six years and then fall out. New hairs grow in their place.

Hair helps keep you warm. It also protects your eyes, ears and nose from small particles in the air. Common problem with the hair and scalp include hair loss, infections, and flaking.


MEDLINEPLUS

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plíce – edém

Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
MSH

extravascular accumulation of fluid in the pulmonary tissue and air spaces.
CSP

A disorder characterized by accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues that causes a disturbance of the gas exchange that may lead to respiratory failure.
NCI

A buildup of fluid in the alveoli (air spaces) in the lungs. This keeps oxygen from getting into the blood. Pulmonary edema is usually caused by heart problems, but it can also be caused by high blood pressure, pneumonia, certain toxins and medicines, or living at a high altitude. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, and trouble exercising.
NCI

Accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues causing disturbance of the gas exchange that may lead to respiratory failure. It is caused by direct injury to the lung parenchyma or congestive heart failure. The symptoms may appear suddenly or gradually. Suddenly appearing symptoms include difficulty breathing, feeling of suffocation, and coughing associated with frothy sputum. Gradually appearing symptoms include difficulty breathing while lying in bed, shortness of breath during activity, and weight gain (in patients with congestive heart failure).
NCI

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výkonnost

Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
MSH

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brombenzeny

derivatives of benzene in which one or more hydrogen atoms on the benzene ring are replaced by bromine atoms.
CSP

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methylfenazoniummethosulfát

Used as an electron carrier in place of the flavine enzyme of Warburg in the hexosemonophosphate system and also in the preparation of SUCCINIC DEHYDROGENASE.
MSH

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dorostová psychiatrie

The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.
MSH

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handling (psychologie)

Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of “gentling” or “mothering”.
MSH

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nákupy v nemocnici

Hospital department responsible for the purchasing of supplies and equipment.
MSH

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loket

hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm and the corresponding joint in the forelimb.
CSP

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bronchospirometrie

Spirometric technique in which the volume of air breathed in the right and left lung is recorded separately.
MSH

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myši bezsrsté

homozygous, permanently near-hairless mice which lose their hair at about 10 days of age.
CSP

Mutant strains of mice that produce little or no hair.
MSH

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adrenokortikotropní hormon

pituitary hormone that stimulates the secretion of adrenal cortical steroids and induces growth of the adrenal cortex.
CSP

An anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the ADRENAL CORTEX and its production of CORTICOSTEROIDS. ACTH is a 39-amino acid polypeptide of which the N-terminal 24-amino acid segment is identical in all species and contains the adrenocorticotrophic activity. Upon further tissue-specific processing, ACTH can yield ALPHA-MSH and corticotrophin-like intermediate lobe peptide (CLIP).
MSH

A hormone made in the pituitary gland. ACTH acts on the outer part of the adrenal gland to control its release of corticosteroid hormones. More ACTH is made during times of stress.
NCI

A hormone secreted by the anterior portion of the pituitary gland and regulates hormone, primarily cortisol, secreted by the adrenal gland.
NCI

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zdravotní péče – přidělování

Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
MSH

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pyodermie

Any purulent skin disease (Dorland, 27th ed).
MSH

pus-producing skin infection
CHV

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elektrony – transport

The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)
MSH

process by which electrons are transferred from a reduced substrate to molecular oxygen.
CSP

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bumetanid

A sulfamyl diuretic.
MSH

3-butylamino-4-phenoxy-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid.
CSP

A synthetic butylamino-sulfamoylbenzoic acid derivative, Bumetanide is a loop diuretic that inhibits sodium reabsorption in the ascending limb of the loop of Henle; potassium excretion is increased in a dose-related fashion. Bumetanide is used for edema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, and nephrotic syndrome. (NCI04)
NCI

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mikrofilárie

The prelarval stage of Filarioidea in the blood and other tissues of mammals and birds. They are removed from these hosts by blood-sucking insects in which they metamorphose into mature larvae.
MSH

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Afrika severní

The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
MSH

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zdravotnické služby – dostupnost

The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
MSH

degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system; factors influencing availability include geographic, architectural, transportational and financial considerations, among others.
CSP

The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others. (MeSH)
NCI

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pyrimidiny

A family of 6-membered heterocyclic compounds occurring in nature in a wide variety of forms. They include several nucleic acid constituents (CYTOSINE; THYMINE; and URACIL) and form the basic structure of the barbiturates.
MSH

6-membered aromatic ring structure with 2 meta nitrogen heteroatoms.
CSP

One of two classes of heterocyclic nitrogenous bases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA: in DNA the pyrimidines are cytosine and thymine, in RNA uracil replaces thymine.
NCI

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eliminační chování zvířat

Behavior associated with the elimination of feces and urine from the body.
MSH

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busulfan

An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.
MSH

alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on bone marrow; has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia.
CSP

An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called alkylating agents.
NCI

A synthetic derivative of dimethane-sulfonate with antineoplastic and cytotoxic properties. Although its mechanism of action is not fully understood, busulfan appears to act through the alkylation of DNA. Following systemic absorption of busulfan, carbonium ions are formed, resulting in DNA alkylation and DNA breaks and inhibition of DNA replication and RNA transcription. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41947&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41947&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C321″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic derivative of dimethane-sulfonate with antineoplastic and cytotoxic properties. Although its mechanism of action is not fully understood, busulfan appears to act through the alkylation of DNA. Following systemic absorption of busulfan, carbonium ions are formed, resulting in DNA alkylation and DNA breaks and inhibition of DNA replication and RNA transcription. (NCI04)
NCI

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proteiny asociované v mikrotubulech

High molecular weight proteins found in the MICROTUBULES of the cytoskeletal system. Under certain conditions they are required for TUBULIN assembly into the microtubules and stabilize the assembled microtubules.
MSH

fall into 2 general categories: large motor proteins (dynein, kinesin), and smaller tubulin-crosslinking proteins (tau proteins).
CSP

Proteins associated with the microtubule assembly infrastructure. These proteins include specialized motor proteins (dynein and kinesin) and smaller tubulin-crosslinking proteins (tau proteins). The proteins are required for both microtubule assembly and stabilization.
NCI

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agranulocytóza

A decrease in the number of GRANULOCYTES; (BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and NEUTROPHILS).
MSH

decrease in the number of granulocytes (basophils, eosinophils, and neutrophils).
CSP

A condition in which there is a lower-than-normal number of granulocytes (a type of white blood cell).
NCI

A decrease in the number of mature granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils) in the peripheral blood. — 2004
NCI

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vrozené srdeční vady

Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
MSH

A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of major birth defect.

A baby`s heart begins to develop shortly after conception. During development, structural defects can occur. These defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart and the arteries and veins near the heart. Congenital heart defects can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can

  • Slow down
  • Go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place
  • Be blocked completely

Treatment for the defect can include medicines, surgery and other medical proceduresand heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type and severity of the defect and a child`s age, size and general health. Today, many children born with complex heart defects grow to adulthood and lead productive lives.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Imperfections or malformations of the heart, existing at birth
CHV

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Q-horečka

An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).
MSH

acute infectious disease caused by Coxiella burnetii; characterized by a sudden onset of fever,headache, malaise, and weakness; in humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals.
CSP

A bacterial infection caused by Coxiella burnetii. It is transmitted to humans by the inhalation of infected air particles or contact with fluids and feces of infected animals. Signs and symptoms include the abrupt onset of fever, headache, myalgias, and weakness.
NCI

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emetika

Agents that cause vomiting. They may act directly on the gastrointestinal tract, bringing about emesis through local irritant effects, or indirectly, through their effects on the chemoreceptor trigger zone in the postremal area near the medulla.
MSH

class of agents that cause vomiting; may act directly on the gastrointestinal tract, bringing about emesis through local irritant effects, or indirectly, through their effects on the chemoreceptor trigger zone in the postremal area near the medulla.
CSP

Describes a substance that causes vomiting.
NCI

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kadaverin

A foul-smelling diamine formed by bacterial decarboxylation of lysine.
MSH

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minerální olej

A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
MSH

A type of oil that is made from petroleum (mixture of oily liquids found in the earth). Mineral oil is used in laxatives, lubricants, creams, and lotions.
NCI

A mixture of liquid paraffinic, naphthenic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum in which the amount and types of aromatic hydrocarbons is dependent on the treatment process. Untreated and mildly treated mineral oils contain the highest amount of aromatic and unsaturated compounds and are primarily used as a lubricant base oil to produce further refined oil products. Exposure to these types of mineral oils can cause rapid respiration, cyanosis, tachycardia and low-grade fever. Untreated and mildly treated mineral oils are strongly associated with an increased risk of scrotal and skin cancer but can also cause gastrointestinal, rectal, bladder and certain respiratory-tract cancers. (NCI05)
NCI

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alanintransaminasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.6.1.2.
MSH

Expressed in liver, kidney, heart, fat, and skeletal muscle by glucocorticoid-induced human GPT Gene (Alanine Aminotransferase Family), 495-aa 54-kDa Glutamic-Pyruvate Transaminase is a homodimeric cytoplasmic pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme involved in cellular nitrogen metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and liver gluconeogenesis. GPT mediates conversion of major intermediate metabolites, catalyzing reversible transamination between alanine and alpha-ketoglutarate to form pyruvate and glutamate. (NCI)
NCI

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