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Aspergillus flavus

species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin; also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
CSP

A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
MSH

A species of mold fungus in the phylum Ascomycota that is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs.
NCI

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druhová specificita

The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
MSH

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pentosafosfátová dráha

pathway of hexose oxidation in which glucose-6-phosphate undergoes two successive oxidations by NADP, the final one being an oxidative decarboxylation to form a pentose phosphate.
CSP

The process in which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis. Glucose 6-P is oxidized with the formation of carbon dioxide (CO2), ribulose 5-phosphate and reduced NADP; ribulose 5-P then enters a series of reactions interconverting sugar phosphates. The pentose phosphate pathway is a major source of reducing equivalents for biosynthesis reactions and is also important for the conversion of hexoses to pentoses. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, MetaCyc:PENTOSE-P-PWY]
GO

An oxidative decarboxylation process that converts GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE to D-ribose-5-phosphate via 6-phosphogluconate. The pentose product is used in the biosynthesis of NUCLEIC ACIDS. The generated energy is stored in the form of NADPH. This pathway is prominent in tissues which are active in the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS and STEROIDS.
MSH

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lymfocytóza

excess of normal lymphocytes in the blood or in any effusion.
CSP

A finding based on laboratory test results that indicate an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood, effusions or bone marrow.
NCI

A laboratory test result indicating an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, effusions, or bone marrow.
NCI

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zubní náhrady – čisticí prostředky

Substances used to clean dentures; they are usually alkaline peroxides or hypochlorites, may contain enzymes and release oxygen. Use also for sonic action cleaners.
MSH

An OTC denture cleanser is a device that consists of material in the form of a powder, tablet, or paste that is intended to remove debris from removable prosthetic dental appliances, such as bridges or dentures. The dental appliance is removed from the patient`s mouth when the appliance is cleaned.
SPN

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gamma2-MSH

The 11-residue peptide that is without amidation.
MSH

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ateroskleróza

age, lifestyle, diet, and gene related degeneration of arteries due to deposition of lipoid plaques (atheromas) on inner arterial walls; main cause of coronary artery disease, a leading cause of death.
CSP

deposition of cholesterol and lipid in the inner layer of the blood vessel
CHV

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Plaque is a sticky substance made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. That limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your body and can lead to serious problems, including

  • Coronary artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your heart. When they are blocked, you can suffer angina or a heart attack.
  • Carotid artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your brain. When they are blocked you can suffer a stroke.
  • Peripheral arterial disease. These arteries are in your arms, legs and pelvis. When they are blocked, you can suffer from numbness, pain and sometimes infections.

Atherosclerosis usually doesn`t cause symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery. Many people don`t know they have the disease until they have a medical emergency.

A physical examination, imaging and other diagnostic tests can tell if you have it. Treatments include medicines, and medical procedures or surgery. Lifestyle changes can also help. These include following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and managing stress.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Build-up of fatty material and calcium deposition in the arterial wall resulting in partial or complete occlusion of the arterial lumen.
NCI

A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
MSH

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spermové banky

Centers for acquiring and storing semen.
MSH

Freezing sperm for use in the future. This procedure can allow men to father children after loss of fertility.
NCI

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Peptococcus

A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, coccoid bacteria that is part of the normal flora of the mouth, upper respiratory tract, and large intestine in humans. Its organisms cause infections of soft tissues and bacteremias.
MSH

A genus of anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes and the family Peptococcaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Peptococcus genus level.
NCI

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Macaca fascicularis

found in most of Southeast Asia; long tailed; used in research instead of rhesus.
CSP

A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.
MSH

A macaque, Macaca fascicularis (M. cynomolgus), found mostly in southeastern Asia, Borneo, and the Philippines.
NCI

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deoxyribonukleasa HindIII

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence A/AGCTT at the slash. HindIII is from Haemophilus influenzae R(d). Numerous isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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žaludeční fundus

The superior portion of the body of the stomach above the level of the cardiac notch.
MSH

The portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch. It allows for the accumulation of gases produced by chemical digestion. (NCI)
NCI

The portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch. It allows for the accumulation of gases produced by chemical digestion.
NCI

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zuby – opotřebování

The wearing away of a tooth as a result of tooth-to-tooth contact, as in mastication, occurring only on the occlusal, incisal, and proximal surfaces. It is chiefly associated with aging. It is differentiated from TOOTH ABRASION (the pathologic wearing away of the tooth substance by friction, as brushing, bruxism, clenching, and other mechanical causes) and from TOOTH EROSION (the loss of substance caused by chemical action without bacterial action). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p86)
MSH

The loss of tooth structure by mechanical forces from opposing teeth.
NCI

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sfinkterotomie transhepatická

Surgery of the smooth muscle sphincter of the hepatopancreatic ampulla to relieve blocked biliary or pancreatic ducts.
MSH

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perikarditida konstriktivní

Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM that is characterized by the fibrous scarring and adhesion of both serous layers, the VISCERAL PERICARDIUM and the PARIETAL PERICARDIUM leading to the loss of pericardial cavity. The thickened pericardium severely restricts cardiac filling. Clinical signs include FATIGUE, muscle wasting, and WEIGHT LOSS.
MSH

A heart disorder in which the pericardial sac becomes thickened and fibrotic, tightening the myocardium and impeding the normal myocardial function.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a thickened and fibrotic pericardial sac; these fibrotic changes impede normal myocardial function by restricting myocardial muscle action.
NCI

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magnetická rezonanční spektroskopie

Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
MSH

Detection and measurement of the resonant spectra of molecular species in a tissue or sample.
NCI

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dermatitida kontaktní

A type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin. It may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
MSH

type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin; may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
CSP

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GC bohatá sekvence

A nucleic acid sequence that contains an above average number of GUANINE and CYTOSINE bases.
MSH

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autoimunita

Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body`s own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
MSH

developmentally complex, not necessarily pathological, possibly pervasive, cell or humoral immune system reactivity toward autologous (self) antigens; do not confuse with AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER.
CSP

Autoimmune Status; the state of a person`s health in regard to autoimmune disease or antibody presence.
NCI

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spiramycin

A macrolide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces ambofaciens. The drug is effective against gram-positive aerobic pathogens, N. gonorrhoeae, and staphylococci. It is used to treat infections caused by bacteria and Toxoplasma gondii.
MSH

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periflebitida

Periphlebitis is inflammation of the outer coat of a vein or of tissues surrounding the vein.
MSH

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Maligní novotvar sítnice

Abnormal growth of cells comprising the retina with malignant characteristics.
NCI

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vývojová biologie

The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
MSH

The study of how a multicellular organism develops from its early immature forms (e.g., zygote, larva, embryo) into an adult. (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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genová přestavba – alfa řetězec receptoru antigenů T-buněk

Ordered rearrangement of T-cell variable gene regions coding for the alpha-chain of antigen receptors.
MSH

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vyhýbavá porucha osobnosti

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of avoidance of social situations and interpersonal contact due to overwhelming feelings of social inadequacy and a hypersensitivity to negative evaluation or rejection.
NCI

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spondylóza

A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.
MSH

degeneration of the spinal bone where spinal columns are fused and immobilized
CHV

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osobnostní dotazník

Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
MSH

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mandibula – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the MANDIBLE.
MSH

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brain disorder diagnosis

determination of a brain disorder based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

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geny překrývající se

Genes whose nucleotide sequences overlap to some degree. The overlapped sequences may involve structural or regulatory genes of eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells.
MSH

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