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sociální percepce

the perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one`s associates or social groups.
CSP

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karcinom bazoskvamózní

A skin carcinoma that histologically exhibits both basal and squamous elements. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

skin carcinoma that histologically exhibits both basal and squamous elements.
CSP

A basal cell carcinoma which displays squamous differentiation. The neoplastic cells have more abundant cytoplasm with more marked keratinization than typical basal cell carcinomas. It usually has a more aggressive clinical course compared to typical basal cell carcinoma, and it may produce regional or widespread metastases.
NCI

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pars planitis

Form of granulomatous uveitis occurring in the region of the pars plana. This disorder is a common condition with no detectable focal pathology. It causes fibrovascular proliferation at the inferior ora serrata.
MSH

An inflammatory disorder of the cilliary body in the uvea that affects healthy, younger individuals who are often asymptomatic. It has a long clinical course with relapses and remissions. Symptoms include mildly decreased vision and floaters. It may be associated with autoimmune disorders.
NCI

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Nepál

A country in Southern Asia, between China and India. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Asia, between China and India. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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hydrostatický tlak

The pressure due to the weight of fluid.
MSH

pressure at any level on a fluid at rest due the weight of the fluid above it.
CSP

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chlorid sodný

A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food. It plays an important biological role in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues. The OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION this and other SALTS accounts for SALINITY which influences the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
MSH

NaCl; plays an important biological role in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues; for the sodium salt that is commonly used to season food use DIETARY SODIUM.
CSP

A metal halide composed of sodium and chloride with sodium and chloride replacement capabilities. When depleted in the body, sodium must be replaced in order to maintain intracellular osmolarity, nerve conduction, muscle contraction and normal renal function.
NCI

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kardiopulmonální bypass

Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
MSH

A procedure to circulate and oxygenate the blood by a machine during heart surgery
CHV

diversion of the blood flow to the heart directly to the aorta, via a pump oxygenator, avoiding the heart and/or the lungs; a form of extracorporeal circulation used in heart surgery; see BLOOD OXYGENATOR for the portion that oxygenates the blood and EXTRACORPOREAL CIRCULATION for the portion that recirculates one`s blood.
CSP

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patologie ústní dutiny

A dental specialty concerned with pathology of the oral cavity.
MSH

The branch of pathology focusing on diseases and disorders of the oral cavity.
NCI

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nervový systém – nádory

Benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges. Included in this category are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
MSH

benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges; included are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
CSP

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm involving the central or peripheral nervous system.
NCI

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hydroxyprostaglandindehydrogenasy

Catalyzes reversibly the oxidation of hydroxyl groups of prostaglandins.
MSH

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software – ověřování

The act of testing the software for compliance with a standard.
MSH

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arteria carotis – stenóza

Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp822-3)
MSH

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Pectobacterium

A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE consisting of species that profusely produce pectinolytic enzymes in plant pathogenesis.
MSH

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neurofibrily

The delicate interlacing threads, formed by aggregations of neurofilaments and neurotubules, coursing through the cytoplasm of the body of a neuron and extending from one dendrite into another or into the axon.
MSH

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hyperglykemické hyperosmolární neketotické kóma

A serious complication of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA; DEHYDRATION; serum hyperosmolarity; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA in the absence of KETOSIS and ACIDOSIS.
MSH

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zvuk

A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
MSH

effect produced on the organ of hearing and its central connections by the vibrations or air or other media; or, mechanical radiant energy and the motion of particles of the material medium through which it travels, providing the stimulus for the subjective sensation of hearing.
CSP

Mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium; the subjective sensation of hearing something; an audible event.
NCI

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extrakce katarakty

The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.
MSH

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penicilamin

3-Mercapto-D-valine. The most characteristic degradation product of the penicillin antibiotics. It is used as an antirheumatic and as a chelating agent in Wilson`s disease.
MSH

beta dimethyl analog of cysteine; USP lists as a chelating agent.
CSP

A drug that removes copper from the body and is used to treat diseases in which there is an excess of this metal. It is also being studied as a possible angiogenesis inhibitor in brain tumors.
NCI

A beta dimethyl analog of the amino acid cysteine. As a degradation product of penicillin antibiotics, penicillamine chelates with heavy metals and increases their urinary excretion. Possessing antineoplastic properties, penicillamine induces apoptosis by a p53-mediated mechanism and inhibits angiogenesis by chelating with copper, a cofactor for angiogenesis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42546&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42546&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C729″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A beta dimethyl analog of the amino acid cysteine. As a degradation product of penicillin antibiotics, penicillamine chelates with heavy metals and increases their urinary excretion. Possessing antineoplastic properties, penicillamine induces apoptosis by a p53-mediated mechanism and inhibits angiogenesis by chelating with copper, a cofactor for angiogenesis. (NCI04)
NCI

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neurofarmakologie

The branch of pharmacology dealing especially with the action of drugs upon various parts of the nervous system.
MSH

study of the origin, nature, properties, and actions of drugs and their effects on the nervous system; use this term mainly for intended, desired effects; for harmful or undesired effects, see NEUROTOXICOLOGY.
CSP

A branch of pharmacology concerned with the effects of drugs on the nervous system.
NCI

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hypertenze maligní

A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.
MSH

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druhová specificita

The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
MSH

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Caucasoid Race

Denotes a person with European, Middle Eastern, or North African ancestral origin who identifies, or is identified, as White. Reference: FDA Guidance on Race & Ethnicity ( http://www.fda.gov/cder/guidance/5656fnl.htm )
NCI

A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.
NCI

Denotes person with European, Middle Eastern, or North African ancestral origin who identifies, or is identified, as White.
NCI

A group distinguished by classification according to physical features. This group, also called Europoid, centers around the Mediterranean Sea but includes other parts of Europe. (from Winick: Dictionary of Anthropology, 1972; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d College ed)
MSH

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pentosafosfátová dráha

pathway of hexose oxidation in which glucose-6-phosphate undergoes two successive oxidations by NADP, the final one being an oxidative decarboxylation to form a pentose phosphate.
CSP

The process in which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis. Glucose 6-P is oxidized with the formation of carbon dioxide (CO2), ribulose 5-phosphate and reduced NADP; ribulose 5-P then enters a series of reactions interconverting sugar phosphates. The pentose phosphate pathway is a major source of reducing equivalents for biosynthesis reactions and is also important for the conversion of hexoses to pentoses. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, MetaCyc:PENTOSE-P-PWY]
GO

An oxidative decarboxylation process that converts GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE to D-ribose-5-phosphate via 6-phosphogluconate. The pentose product is used in the biosynthesis of NUCLEIC ACIDS. The generated energy is stored in the form of NADPH. This pathway is prominent in tissues which are active in the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS and STEROIDS.
MSH

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Nová Guinea

Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.
MSH

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hypoglyciny

Methylene cyclopropyl alanine and congeners isolated from the unripe edible fruit of the AKEE plant (BLIGHIA SAPIDA). Hypoglycin B is the gamma-glutamyl congener of hypoglycin A. They are very toxic and teratogenic, causing a syndrome called Jamaican vomiting sickness that includes a fall in blood glucose due to the interference of FATTY ACIDS and LEUCINE metabolism which leads to VOMITING, liver damage, CONVULSIONS and DEATH.
MSH

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spermové banky

Centers for acquiring and storing semen.
MSH

Freezing sperm for use in the future. This procedure can allow men to father children after loss of fertility.
NCI

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ceftazidim

Semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibacterial derived from CEPHALORIDINE and used especially for Pseudomonas and other gram-negative infections in debilitated patients.
MSH

A beta-lactam, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Ceftazidime binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs participate in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall, and in reshaping the cell wall during cell division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis. Compared to the second and first generation cephalosporins, ceftazidime is more active against gram-negative bacteria and less active against gram-positive bacteria. Ceftazidine also crosses the blood-brain barrier and reaches therapeutic concentrations in the central nervous system (CNS).
NCI

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Peptococcus

A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, coccoid bacteria that is part of the normal flora of the mouth, upper respiratory tract, and large intestine in humans. Its organisms cause infections of soft tissues and bacteremias.
MSH

A genus of anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes and the family Peptococcaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Peptococcus genus level.
NCI

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nifurtimox

A nitrofuran thiazine that has been used against TRYPANOSOMIASIS.
MSH

A nitrofuran derivative with antiprotozoal and potential antineoplastic activities. Nifurtimox is reduced by cytosol enzymes or flavin-containing microsomal enzymes to a highly reactive nitro anion free radical; autooxidation of the nitro anion free radical generates cytotoxic superoxide anion (02-). In addition, nifurtimox-derived nitro anion free radicals may alkylate macromolecules such as nucleic acids and proteins, resulting in the disruption of their structure and function.
NCI

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hypotonické roztoky

Solutions that have a lesser osmotic pressure than a reference solution such as blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid.
MSH

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