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bederní obratle

Those vertebrae between the ribs and the pelvis, L1-L5 in man.
NCI

One of the five bones situated between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacrum in the lower part of the spine. (NCI)
NCI

One of the five bones situated between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacrum in the lower part of the spine.
NCI

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oftalmie sympatická

Granulomatous uveitis which follows in one eye after a penetrating injury to the other eye; the secondarily affected eye is called the sympathizing eye, and the injured eye is called the exciting or activating eye.
MSH

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kyselina fusidová

An antibiotic isolated from the fermentation broth of Fusidium coccineum. (From Merck Index, 11th ed). It acts by inhibiting translocation during protein synthesis.
MSH

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mozeček – kůra

The superficial gray matter of the cerebellum. It consists of two main layers, the stratum moleculare and the stratum granulosum. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

superficial gray matter of the cerebellum; consists of two main layers, the stratum moleculare and the stratum granulosum.
CSP

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Schistosoma haematobium

A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.
MSH

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krevní skupiny – systém Lutheran

A complex blood group system having pairs of alternate antigens and amorphic genes, but also subject to a dominant independently segregating repressor.
MSH

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Perorální antikoncepce

agent taken orally that prevents conception or diminishes its likelihood; may be designed for either male or female.
CSP

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galaktosyltransferasy

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of galactose from a nucleoside diphosphate galactose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
MSH

nonEC.
CSP

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a galactosyl group from a donor to an acceptor compound. The acceptor molecule is frequently a carbohydrate moiety.
NCI

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gallopamil

Coronary vasodilator that is an analog of iproveratril (VERAPAMIL) with one more methoxy group on the benzene ring.
MSH

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ceroid

A naturally occurring lipid pigment with histochemical characteristics similar to lipofuscin. It accumulates in various tissues in certain experimental and pathological conditions.
MSH

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Scintillation Counters

instrument for detection and counting of scintillations produced in a fluorescent material by ionizing radiation.
CSP

An instrument that can determine the amount of ionizing radiation in a sample.
NCI

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lymfopenie

Reduction in the number of lymphocytes.
MSH

decrease in the proportion of lymphocytes in the blood.
CSP

A finding based on laboratory test results that indicate a decrease in number of lymphocytes in a blood specimen.
NCI

A condition in which there is a lower-than-normal number of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) in the blood.
NCI

An abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood.
NCI

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organothiofosforové sloučeniny

Compounds containing carbon-phosphorus bonds in which the phosphorus component is also bonded to one or more sulfur atoms. Many of these compounds function as CHOLINERGIC AGENTS and as INSECTICIDES.
MSH

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gangliosidy

A subclass of ACIDIC GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS. They contain one or more sialic acid (N-ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID) residues. Using the Svennerholm system of abbrevations, gangliosides are designated G for ganglioside, plus subscript M, D, or T for mono-, di-, or trisialo, respectively, the subscript letter being followed by a subscript arabic numeral to indicated sequence of migration in thin-layer chromatograms. (From Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1997)
MSH

subclass of acidic glycosphingolipids containing one or more sialic acid residues.
CSP

A complex molecule that contains both lipids (fats) and carbohydrates (sugars) and is found in the plasma (outer) membrane of many kinds of cells. Several different types of gangliosides have been identified.
NCI

Sialoglycosphingolipids (synonym: gangliosides) are glycosphingolipids carrying one or more sialic residues. Sialic acid is the generic term for N-acetyl- or N-glycoloylneuraminic acid. Gangliosides are named as N-acetyl- (or N-glycoloyl-)neuraminosyl-(X)osylceramide, where (X) stands for the root name of the neutral oligosaccharide to which the sialosyl residue is attached ; found principally in nerve tissue, spleen, and thymus; GM1 accumulates in generalized gangliosidosis; GM2 accumulates in Tay-Sachs disease.
NCI

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vřed tvrdý

The primary sore of syphilis, a painless indurated, eroded papule, occurring at the site of entry of the infection.
MSH

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mořské okurky

A class of Echinodermata characterized by long, slender bodies.
MSH

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makrofágy – faktory inhibice migrace

Proteins released by sensitized LYMPHOCYTES and possibly other cells that inhibit the migration of MACROPHAGES away from the release site. The structure and chemical properties may vary with the species and type of releasing cell.
MSH

protein factors released by sensitized lymphocytes (and possibly other cells) that inhibit the movement of macrophages and leukocytes away from their site of release.
CSP

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virus chřipky C

A genus of the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE comprising viruses similar to types A and B but less common, more stable, more homogeneous, and lacking the neuraminidase protein. They have not been associated with epidemics but may cause mild influenza. Influenza C virus is the type species.
MSH

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gastroenteritida

INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
MSH

inflammation of any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from esophagus to rectum; causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, hypersensitivity, drug effects, and cancer.
CSP

Have you ever had the "stomach flu?" What you probably had was gastroenteritis – not a type of flu at all. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person. The best prevention is frequent hand washing.

Symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills. Most people recover with no treatment.

The most common problem with gastroenteritis is dehydration. This happens if you do not drink enough fluids to replace what you lose through vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration is most common in babies, young children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
CHV

Inflammation of the lining of the stomach and the intestines. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps (dull or sharp pains). Gastroenteritis may be caused by infection with bacteria, parasites, or viruses. It may also be caused by food poisoning, allergic reactions, or reactions to certain medicines or foods.
NCI

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chemie fyzikální

The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
MSH

The branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances. Chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, and spectroscopy are some areas of chemistry comprising the bulk of physical chemistry.
NCI

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The individual as the object of his own reflective consciousness.
NCI

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malabsorpční syndromy

Malabsorption: decreased absorption of fat and other nutrients caused by liver, biliary, pancreatic or intestinal disease. The 72-hour fecal fat determination is the best single test for mal- absorption.
AIR

General term for a group of MALNUTRITION syndromes caused by failure of normal INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of nutrients.
MSH

impaired absorption of nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract.
CSP

A group of symptoms such as gas, bloating, abdominal pain, and diarrhea resulting from the body`s inability to properly absorb nutrients.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inadequate absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Symptoms include abdominal marked discomfort, bloating and diarrhea.
NCI

Your small intestine does most of the digesting of the foods you eat. If you have a malabsorption syndrome, your small intestine cannot absorb nutrients from foods.

Causes of malabsorption syndromes include

  • Celiac disease
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Short bowel syndrome, which happens after surgery to remove a large portion of the small intestine
  • Whipple disease, a rare bacterial infection
  • Genetic diseases
  • Certain medicines

Treatment of malabsorption syndromes depends on the cause.


MEDLINEPLUS

A syndrome resulting from the inadequate absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Symptoms include abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea.
NCI

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osteochondróza

Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (EPIPHYSES). It is characterized by degeneration or NECROSIS followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).
MSH

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geny – amplifikace

A selective increase in the number of copies of a gene coding for a specific protein without a proportional increase in other genes. It occurs naturally via the excision of a copy of the repeating sequence from the chromosome and its extrachromosomal replication in a plasmid, or via the production of an RNA transcript of the entire repeating sequence of ribosomal RNA followed by the reverse transcription of the molecule to produce an additional copy of the original DNA sequence. Laboratory techniques have been introduced for inducing disproportional replication by unequal crossing over, uptake of DNA from lysed cells, or generation of extrachromosomal sequences from rolling circle replication.
MSH

An increase in the number of copies of a gene. There may also be an increase in the RNA and protein made from that gene. Gene amplification is common in cancer cells, and some amplified genes may cause cancer cells to grow or become resistant to anticancer drugs. Genes may also be amplified in the laboratory for research purposes.
NCI

natural process where genes are reproduced into multiple copies to speed up expression; do NOT use this term to cover cloning or PCR.
CSP

Any DNA sequence rearrangement that results in the gain of one or more copies of a DNA segment that contains at least one gene.
NCI

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dítě – opatrovnictví

The formally authorized guardianship or care of a child.
MSH

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Senilní změny rohovky

Degenerative changes of the cornea related to aging that are highly influenced by changes in the corneal endothelium. Changes include corneal topography, increased density, decreased hydration of the corneal stroma, and epithelial basement membrane dystrophy; The stroma appears hazier than in younger eyes and reduces light transmission. Changes may also include age-related stromal degeneration and deposition.
NCI

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Malta

An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)
MSH

A country in Southern Europe, occupying islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy). (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Europe, occupying islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy). (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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otolitická membrána

A gelatinous membrane overlying the acoustic maculae of SACCULE AND UTRICLE. It contains minute crystalline particles (otoliths) of CALCIUM CARBONATE and protein on its outer surface. In response to head movement, the otoliths shift causing distortion of the vestibular hair cells which transduce nerve signals to the BRAIN for interpretation of equilibrium.
MSH

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všeobecné zubní lékařství

Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
MSH

A dentist involved in the treatment of the oral facial disease who has not limited his/her practice to any dental specialty.
NCI

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chiropraxe

An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890`s based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease. The spine is analyzed by X-rays and palpation, and vertebrae are adjusted manually to relieve pressures on the spinal cord. OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE was originally similar but has become more like FAMILY PRACTICE.
MSH

occupational discipline based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease; the spine is analyzed by X-rays and palpation, and vertebrae are adjusted manually to relieve pressures on the spinal cord.
CSP

An alternative medical system that focuses on the relationship between bodily structure (primarily that of the spine) and function, and how that relationship affects the preservation and restoration of health. Chiropractors use manipulative therapy as an integral treatment tool.
NCI

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