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Rhizopus

A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, a common saprophyte and facultative parasite of mature fruits and vegetables. It may cause cerebral mycoses in diabetes and cutaneous infection in severely burned patients.
MSH

A genus of filamentous fungi in the phylum Zygomycota.
NCI

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Aspirin

The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
MSH

prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain; has antiinflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins; aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis.
CSP

A drug that reduces pain, fever, inflammation, and blood clotting. Aspirin belongs to the family of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. It is also being studied in cancer prevention.
NCI

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C287″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties.
NCI

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negroidní rasa

any person whose home, birthpace, or ethnic orgins are in Africa, excluding AFRICAN AMERICAN and AFRICAN CARIBBEAN.
CSP

Denotes a person with African ancestral origins who self identifies, or is identified, as African. The concept does not refer to those of other ancestry, for example, European and South Asian. In practice, the term mainly refers to people originated from forty-eight sub-Saharan Africa nations; and excudes individuals from North Africa countries, e.g. such as Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia with Arab and Berber ethnicity.
NCI

Historically, a group distinguished by classification according to physical features and origins in the western, central, and southern parts of Africa.
MSH

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hurikány

Northern hemisphere CYCLONIC STORMS east of the International Dateline to the Greenwich Meridian, with winds over 74 mph.
MSH

A hurricane is a severe type of tropical storm. Hurricanes produce high winds, heavy rains and thunderstorms. Hurricanes can cause tremendous damage. Winds can exceed 155 miles per hour. Hurricanes and tropical storms can also spawn tornadoes and lead to flooding. The high winds and heavy rains can destroy buildings, roads and bridges, and knock down power lines and trees. In coastal areas, very high tides called storm surges cause extensive damage.

Although there are no guarantees of safety during a hurricane, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety and losses.

Federal Emergency Management Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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zubní náhrady částečné okamžité

A partial denture constructed before the teeth it replaces are removed. It is then inserted immediately after the removal of the natural teeth for functional and cosmetic reasons during the healing process. It is to be replaced later by the fitted partial denture.
MSH

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ribosamonofosfáty

Ribose substituted in the 1-, 3-, or 5-position by a phosphoric acid moiety.
MSH

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ATP-citrát-(pro-S)-lyasa

An enzyme that, in the presence of ATP and COENZYME A, catalyzes the cleavage of citrate to yield acetyl CoA, oxaloacetate, ADP, and ORTHOPHOSPHATE. This reaction represents an important step in fatty acid biosynthesis. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.8.
MSH

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nádory podle lokalizace

A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
MSH

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Severozápadní teritoria

A federally administered division of Canada. Its capital is Yellowknife. The former northern and eastern-most parts of the Territory comprise the new territory of Nunavut, effective April 1, 1999.
MSH

A province in northwest Canada bordering Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east. Its capital is Yellowknife.
NCI

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hydrochlorthiazid

A thiazide diuretic often considered the prototypical member of this class. It reduces the reabsorption of electrolytes from the renal tubules. This results in increased excretion of water and electrolytes, including sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium. It is used in the treatment of several disorders including edema, hypertension, diabetes insipidus, and hypoparathyroidism.
MSH

drug that increases voiding
CHV

The hydrogenated derivative of chlorothiazide, a thiazide diuretic with antihypertensive and anti-urolithic effects. This agent binds to the electroneutral Na-K-Cl cotransporter (NKCC) and thereby impairs Na+, K+ and Cl- reabsorption on the luminal membrane of the early segment in the distal convoluted tubule in the kidney. This leads to an increase in urinary excretion of sodium, chloride, potassium, bicarbonate and water subsequently reducing plasma and extracellular fluid volume leading to a reduction in blood pressure. Hydrochlorothiazide also decreases urinary calcium and uric acid excretion by direct action on the distal tubule.
NCI

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deoxyuridin

2`-Deoxyuridine. An antimetabolite that is converted to deoxyuridine triphosphate during DNA synthesis. Laboratory suppression of deoxyuridine is used to diagnose megaloblastic anemias due to vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies.
MSH

2`-deoxyuridine; an antimetabolite that is converted to deoxyuridine triphosphate during DNA synthesis.
CSP

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ztuhlost posmrtná

Muscular rigidity which develops in the cadaver usually from 4 to 10 hours after death and lasts 3 or 4 days.
MSH

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sluchová únava

Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.
MSH

loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold.
CSP

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nefroskleróza

Hardening of the KIDNEY due to infiltration by fibrous connective tissue (FIBROSIS), usually caused by renovascular diseases or chronic HYPERTENSION. Nephrosclerosis leads to renal ISCHEMIA.
MSH

sclerosis or hardening of the kidney due to renovascular disease.
CSP

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nukleární válka

Warfare involving the use of NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
MSH

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hydroxychlorochin

A chemotherapeutic agent that acts against erythrocytic forms of malarial parasites. Hydroxychloroquine appears to concentrate in food vacuoles of affected protozoa. It inhibits plasmodial heme polymerase. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p970)
MSH

A substance that decreases immune responses in the body. It is used to treat some autoimmune diseases, and is being studied as a treatment for graft-versus-host disease. Hydroxychloroquine belongs to the family of drugs called antiprotozoals.
NCI

A 4-aminoquinoline with antimalarial and immunosuppressive properties. Although its precise mechanism of action is unknown, hydroxychloroquine may suppress immune function by interfering with the processing and presentation of antigens and the production of cytokines. This agent is highly active against the erythrocytic forms of P. vivax and malariae and most strains of P. falciparum but not the gametocytes of P. falciparum. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38571&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38571&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C557″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A 4-aminoquinoline with immunosuppressive, antiautophagy, and antimalarial activities. Although the precise mechanism of action is unknown, hydroxychloroquine may suppress immune function by interfering with the processing and presentation of antigens and the production of cytokines. As a lysosomotropic agent, hydroxychloroquine raises intralysosomal pH, impairing autophagic protein degradation; hydroxychloroquine-mediated accumulation of ineffective autophagosomes may result in cell death in tumor cells reliant on autophagy for survival. In addition, this agent is highly active against the erythrocytic forms of P. vivax and malariae and most strains of P. falciparum but not the gametocytes of P. falciparum.
NCI

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Descemetova membrána

A thin hyaline membrane between the chief part of the sclera and the endothelial layer of the cornea.
NCI

A layer of the cornea. It is the basal lamina of the CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM (from which it is secreted) separating it from the CORNEAL STROMA. It is a homogeneous structure composed of fine collagenous filaments, and slowly increases in thickness with age.
MSH

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messenger RNA

RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3` end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
MSH

RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis; eukaryotic messenger RNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation.
CSP

A type of RNA found in cells. Messenger RNA molecules carry the genetic information needed to make proteins. They carry the information from the DNA in the nucleus of the cell to the cytoplasm where the proteins are made.
NCI

A class of RNA molecule containing protein-coding information in its nucleotide sequence that can be translated into the amino acid sequence of a protein.
NCI

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autonomní vlákna pregangliová

Nerve fibers which project from the central nervous system to autonomic ganglia. In the sympathetic division most preganglionic fibers originate with neurons in the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord, exit via ventral roots from upper thoracic through lower lumbar segments, and project to the paravertebral ganglia; there they either terminate in synapses or continue through the splanchnic nerves to the prevertebral ganglia. In the parasympathetic division the fibers originate in neurons of the brain stem and sacral spinal cord. In both divisions the principal transmitter is acetylcholine but peptide cotransmitters may also be released.
MSH

nerve fibers which project from the central nervous system to autonomic ganglia.
CSP

Nerve fibers which project from the central nervous system to autonomic ganglia. In the sympathetic division most preganglionic fibers originate with neurons in the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord, exit via ventral roots from upper thoracic through lower lumbar segments, and project to the paravertebral ganglia; there they either terminate in synapses or continue through the splanchnic nerves to the prevertebral ganglia. In the parasympathetic division the fibers originate in neurons of the brain stem and sacral spinal cord. In both divisions the principal transmitter is acetylcholine but peptide cotransmitters may also be released. (MeSH)
NCI

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nervové vedení

The propagation of the NERVE IMPULSE along the nerve away from the site of an excitation stimulus.
MSH

movement of a nerve impulse along a single nerve.
CSP

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odborné všeobecné sestry

nurses who are specially trained to assume an expanded role in providing medical care under the supervision of a physician.
CSP

A registered nurse who has additional education and training in how to diagnose and treat disease. NPs are licensed at the state level and certified by national nursing organizations. In cancer care, an NP may manage the primary care of patients and their families, based on a practice agreement with a doctor.
NCI

A registered nurse (RN) with advanced training in diagnosing and treating illness. NPs are master`s degree prepared health experts that focus on helping patients achieve total health and prevent disease. NPs focus on disease prevention, wellness, and patient education. NPs prescribe medications, treat illness, and perform physical examinations. NPs can function independently of physician intervention, but require a practice agreement with a physician. NPs are licensed by a state authority.
NCI

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hymekromon

A coumarin derivative possessing properties as a spasmolytic, choleretic and light-protective agent. It is also used in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES for the determination of NITRIC ACID.
MSH

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dextrokardie

A congenital defect in which the heart is located on the right side of the THORAX instead of on the left side (levocardia, the normal position). When dextrocardia is accompanied with inverted HEART ATRIA, a right-sided STOMACH, and a left-sided LIVER, the combination is called dextrocardia with SITUS INVERSUS. Dextrocardia may adversely affect other thoracic organs.
MSH

A rare congenital abnormality in which the heart is located in the right side of the chest. It is associated with other congenital heart defects.
NCI

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RNA transferová Trp

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying tryptophan to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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azacytidin

A pyrimidine analogue that inhibits DNA methyltransferase, impairing DNA methylation. It is also an antimetabolite of cytidine, incorporated primarily into RNA. Azacytidine has been used as an antineoplastic agent.
MSH

pyrimidine analog that inhibits DNA methyltransferase, impairing DNA methylation, also an antimetabolite of cytidine, incorporated primarily into RNA; has been used as an antineoplastic agent.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat myelodysplastic syndromes and is being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called antimetabolites.
NCI

A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue of cytidine with antineoplastic activity. Azacitidine is incorporated into DNA, where it reversibly inhibits DNA methyltransferase, thereby blocking DNA methylation. Hypomethylation of DNA by azacitidine may activate tumor suppressor genes silenced by hypermethylation, resulting in an antitumor effect. This agent is also incorporated into RNA, thereby disrupting normal RNA function and impairing tRNA cytosine-5-methyltransferase activity. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39153&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39153&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C288″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue of cytidine with antineoplastic activity. Azacitidine is incorporated into DNA, where it reversibly inhibits DNA methyltransferase, thereby blocking DNA methylation. Hypomethylation of DNA by azacitidine may activate tumor suppressor genes silenced by hypermethylation, resulting in an antitumor effect. This agent is also incorporated into RNA, thereby disrupting normal RNA function and impairing tRNA cytosine-5-methyltransferase activity. (NCI04)
NCI

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neurologické manifestace

clinical signs and symptoms caused by nervous system injury or dysfunction.
CSP

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výživa – hodnocení

Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
MSH

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hyperopie

A refractive error in which rays of light entering the eye parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus behind the retina, as a result of the eyeball being too short from front to back. It is also called farsightedness because the near point is more distant than it is in emmetropia with an equal amplitude of accommodation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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diagnostické techniky radioisotopové

determination of disease using an isotope of artificial or natural origin that exhibits radioactivity; index with a specific diagnostic term.
CSP

Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.
MSH

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virus Ross River

species of Alphavirus associated with epidemic exanthema and polyarthritis in Australia.
CSP

A species of ALPHAVIRUS associated with epidemic EXANTHEMA and polyarthritis in Australia.
MSH

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