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Plasmodium falciparum

species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria; it is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
CSP

A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
MSH

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lymfopenie

Reduction in the number of lymphocytes.
MSH

decrease in the proportion of lymphocytes in the blood.
CSP

A finding based on laboratory test results that indicate a decrease in number of lymphocytes in a blood specimen.
NCI

A condition in which there is a lower-than-normal number of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) in the blood.
NCI

An abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood.
NCI

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gangliosidy

A subclass of ACIDIC GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS. They contain one or more sialic acid (N-ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID) residues. Using the Svennerholm system of abbrevations, gangliosides are designated G for ganglioside, plus subscript M, D, or T for mono-, di-, or trisialo, respectively, the subscript letter being followed by a subscript arabic numeral to indicated sequence of migration in thin-layer chromatograms. (From Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1997)
MSH

subclass of acidic glycosphingolipids containing one or more sialic acid residues.
CSP

A complex molecule that contains both lipids (fats) and carbohydrates (sugars) and is found in the plasma (outer) membrane of many kinds of cells. Several different types of gangliosides have been identified.
NCI

Sialoglycosphingolipids (synonym: gangliosides) are glycosphingolipids carrying one or more sialic residues. Sialic acid is the generic term for N-acetyl- or N-glycoloylneuraminic acid. Gangliosides are named as N-acetyl- (or N-glycoloyl-)neuraminosyl-(X)osylceramide, where (X) stands for the root name of the neutral oligosaccharide to which the sialosyl residue is attached ; found principally in nerve tissue, spleen, and thymus; GM1 accumulates in generalized gangliosidosis; GM2 accumulates in Tay-Sachs disease.
NCI

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dekochinát

A coccidiostat for poultry.
MSH

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syfilis kongenitální

Syphilis acquired in utero and manifested by any of several characteristic tooth (Hutchinson`s teeth) or bone malformations and by active mucocutaneous syphilis at birth or shortly thereafter. Ocular and neurologic changes may also occur.
MSH

A life-threatening bacterial infection of the newborn caused by Treponema pallidum. It is transmitted to the infant from a mother with syphilis through the placenta during pregnancy. Signs and symptoms include irritability, fever, failure to thrive, saddle nose, cutaneous rash, and pneumonia.
NCI

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arekolin

An alkaloid obtained from the betel nut (Areca catechu), fruit of a palm tree. It is an agonist at both muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It is used in the form of various salts as a ganglionic stimulant, a parasympathomimetic, and a vermifuge, especially in veterinary practice. It has been used as a euphoriant in the Pacific Islands.
MSH

active compound in betelnuts; chewed as a euphoriant in many tropical cultures.
CSP

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pletysmografie

Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.
MSH

recording the changes in the size of a part as modified by the circulation of the blood in it.
CSP

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makrofágy – faktory inhibice migrace

Proteins released by sensitized LYMPHOCYTES and possibly other cells that inhibit the migration of MACROPHAGES away from the release site. The structure and chemical properties may vary with the species and type of releasing cell.
MSH

protein factors released by sensitized lymphocytes (and possibly other cells) that inhibit the movement of macrophages and leukocytes away from their site of release.
CSP

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gastroenteritida

INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
MSH

inflammation of any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from esophagus to rectum; causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, hypersensitivity, drug effects, and cancer.
CSP

Have you ever had the "stomach flu?" What you probably had was gastroenteritis – not a type of flu at all. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person. The best prevention is frequent hand washing.

Symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills. Most people recover with no treatment.

The most common problem with gastroenteritis is dehydration. This happens if you do not drink enough fluids to replace what you lose through vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration is most common in babies, young children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
CHV

Inflammation of the lining of the stomach and the intestines. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps (dull or sharp pains). Gastroenteritis may be caused by infection with bacteria, parasites, or viruses. It may also be caused by food poisoning, allergic reactions, or reactions to certain medicines or foods.
NCI

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porodní sály

Hospital units equipped for childbirth.
MSH

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Taenia solium

Species of tapeworm in the genus TAENIA, that infects swine. It is acquired by humans through the ingestion of cured or undercooked pork.
MSH

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arsenazo III

Metallochrome indicator that changes color when complexed to the calcium ion under physiological conditions. It is used to measure local calcium ion concentrations in vivo.
MSH

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pneumonie stafylokoková

Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
MSH

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malabsorpční syndromy

Malabsorption: decreased absorption of fat and other nutrients caused by liver, biliary, pancreatic or intestinal disease. The 72-hour fecal fat determination is the best single test for mal- absorption.
AIR

General term for a group of MALNUTRITION syndromes caused by failure of normal INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of nutrients.
MSH

impaired absorption of nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract.
CSP

A group of symptoms such as gas, bloating, abdominal pain, and diarrhea resulting from the body`s inability to properly absorb nutrients.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inadequate absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Symptoms include abdominal marked discomfort, bloating and diarrhea.
NCI

Your small intestine does most of the digesting of the foods you eat. If you have a malabsorption syndrome, your small intestine cannot absorb nutrients from foods.

Causes of malabsorption syndromes include

  • Celiac disease
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Short bowel syndrome, which happens after surgery to remove a large portion of the small intestine
  • Whipple disease, a rare bacterial infection
  • Genetic diseases
  • Certain medicines

Treatment of malabsorption syndromes depends on the cause.


MEDLINEPLUS

A syndrome resulting from the inadequate absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Symptoms include abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea.
NCI

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geny – amplifikace

A selective increase in the number of copies of a gene coding for a specific protein without a proportional increase in other genes. It occurs naturally via the excision of a copy of the repeating sequence from the chromosome and its extrachromosomal replication in a plasmid, or via the production of an RNA transcript of the entire repeating sequence of ribosomal RNA followed by the reverse transcription of the molecule to produce an additional copy of the original DNA sequence. Laboratory techniques have been introduced for inducing disproportional replication by unequal crossing over, uptake of DNA from lysed cells, or generation of extrachromosomal sequences from rolling circle replication.
MSH

An increase in the number of copies of a gene. There may also be an increase in the RNA and protein made from that gene. Gene amplification is common in cancer cells, and some amplified genes may cause cancer cells to grow or become resistant to anticancer drugs. Genes may also be amplified in the laboratory for research purposes.
NCI

natural process where genes are reproduced into multiple copies to speed up expression; do NOT use this term to cover cloning or PCR.
CSP

Any DNA sequence rearrangement that results in the gain of one or more copies of a DNA segment that contains at least one gene.
NCI

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zubní asistenti

Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
MSH

A person trained and qualified to provide chairside assistance to a dentist, along with performance of other supportive duties such as to receive and prepare patients for dental treatment; to prepare materials and equipment for use by the dentist; to perform reversible intra-oral procedures under the supervision of the dentist; to perform dental radiography work; to maintain dental equipment and treatment area and to keep records of appointments, examinations, treatments and supplies.
NCI

An individual who may or may not have completed an accredited dental assisting education program and who aids the dentist in providing patient care services and performs other nonclinical duties in the dental office or other patient care facility. The scope of the patient care functions that may be legally delegated to the dental assistant varies based on the needs of the dentist the educational preparation of the dental assistant and state dental practice acts and regulations. Patient care services are provided under the supervision of a dentist. To avoid misleading the public, no occupational title other than dental assistant should be used to describe this dental auxiliary. Source: Comprehensive Policy Statement on Dental Auxiliaries, American Dental Association


HL7V3.0

An individual who assists at the chairside in a dental operatory, performs reception and clerical functions, and does dental radiograph and selected dental laboratory procedures under the direction and supervision of a dentist. Post-high school education and education is not required, but many dental assistants are graduates of one or two-year post-high school education programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation. The balance of dental assistants are trained by the dentists who employ them.


HL7V3.0

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taurin

A conditionally essential nutrient, important during mammalian development. It is present in milk but is isolated mostly from ox bile and strongly conjugates bile acids.
MSH

oxidized sulfur-containing amine occurring conjugated in the bile; may also be a central nervous system neurotransmitter or neuromodulator.
CSP

Non-protein amino acid with sulfonic acid group.
NCI

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členovci

Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.
MSH

body is semented into 2 or 3 regions, with paired, segmented appendages, and a hardened body wall; periodically sheds and renews the exoskeleton.
CSP

The taxonomic phylum whose members are invertebrates with hard exoskeletons and segmented joints. Organisms in this phylum include the Arachnids, Centipedes, Crustaceans, Insects and the extinct Trilobites.
NCI

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politické systémy

The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.
MSH

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Malta

An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)
MSH

A country in Southern Europe, occupying islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy). (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Europe, occupying islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy). (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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všeobecné zubní lékařství

Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
MSH

A dentist involved in the treatment of the oral facial disease who has not limited his/her practice to any dental specialty.
NCI

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zubní technika otisková

Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
MSH

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telemetrie

Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

measurements made at a distance from the subject which are transmitted by radio signals.
CSP

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Asie střední

The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
MSH

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polydeoxyribonukleotidy

A group of 13 or more deoxyribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.
MSH

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mannany

Polysaccharides consisting of mannose units.
MSH

polymers consisting of mannose residues, occurring in a variety of plants and as a cell wall constituent of some fungi.
CSP

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geny virové

The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.
MSH

Genes of viral origin.
NCI

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zubní personál nemocniční

Dental personnel practicing in hospitals.
MSH

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pevnost v tahu

The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
MSH

the tendency of materials to stretch rather than break when pulled apart; especially applicable to wire, cord, and the like, but may apply to biological tissues as well.
CSP

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Aspirin

The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
MSH

prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain; has antiinflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins; aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis.
CSP

A drug that reduces pain, fever, inflammation, and blood clotting. Aspirin belongs to the family of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. It is also being studied in cancer prevention.
NCI

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C287″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties.
NCI

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