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pedofilie

A sexual disorder occurring in a person 16 years or older and that is recurrent with intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child (generally age 13 or younger). (from APA, DSM-IV, 1994).
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child or children.
NCI

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kosti – nemoci endokrinní

Diseases of the bones related to hyperfunction or hypofunction of the endocrine glands.
MSH

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osvětlení

The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.
MSH

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potravinářská technologie

The application of knowledge to the food industry.
MSH

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sójové boby

An annual legume or the seeds of this plant.
MSH

A product from a plant of Asian origin that produces beans used in many food products. Soybean contains isoflavones (estrogen-like substances) that are being studied for the prevention of cancer, hot flashes that occur with menopause, and osteoporosis (loss of bone density). Soybean in the diet may lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
NCI

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echinostomiáza

Infection by flukes of the genus Echinostoma.
MSH

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Penicillium

A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
MSH

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kyseliny borité

Inorganic and organic derivatives of boric acid either B(OH)3 or, preferably H3BO3.
MSH

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lipidové peroxidy

Peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen. The formation of lipid peroxides results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes. They therefore cause a variety of toxic effects in vivo and their formation is considered a pathological process in biological systems. Their formation can be inhibited by antioxidants, such as vitamin E, structural separation or low oxygen tension.
MSH

peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen; results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes.
CSP

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soudní stomatologie

The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
MSH

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spektrofotometrie infračervená

Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

a powerful method for analyzing substances whether solids, liquids or gases; deals with transitions between vibrational energy levels in molecules, and is therefore also called vibrational spectroscopy; an IR spectrum is generally displayed as a plot of the energy of the infrared radiation (expressed either in microns or wavenumbers) versus the percent of light transmitted by the compound.
CSP

A spectrometric method that determines the type and concentration of elements or chemicals in a sample, based upon the principle that the atoms in a sample will vibrate or rotate at a specific frequency when exposed to infrared light.
NCI

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ektoparaziti – infestace

Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host`s EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
MSH

infestations by parasites which live on the outside of the body of the host such as mange or myiasis, also infestation of ticks, lice or mites.
CSP

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pepstatiny

N-acylated oligopeptides isolated from culture filtrates of Actinomycetes, which act specifically to inhibit acid proteases such as pepsin and renin.
MSH

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truncus brachiocephalicus

The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.
MSH

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odezírání

The process by which an observer comprehends speech by watching the movements of the speaker`s lips without hearing the speaker`s voice.
MSH

determining what a person is saying by watching the movement of their lips.
CSP

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frakční precipitace

A method which uses specific precipitation reactions to separate or collect substances from a solution.
MSH

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torze semenného provazce

The twisting of the SPERMATIC CORD due to an anatomical abnormality that left the TESTIS mobile and dangling in the SCROTUM. The initial effect of testicular torsion is obstruction of venous return. Depending on the duration and degree of cord rotation, testicular symptoms range from EDEMA to interrupted arterial flow and testicular pain. If blood flow to testis is absent for 4 to 6 h, SPERMATOGENESIS may be permanently lost.
MSH

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studium ošetřovatelství

Use for general articles concerning nursing education.
MSH

includes all types of education leading towards the profession of nursing.
CSP

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kyselina chloristá

An oxidizing agent that is used in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES for separation of potassium from sodium. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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chov

The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
MSH

The production of animals or plants by selective pairing.
NCI

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transplantace jater

The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
MSH

transference of the liver within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
CSP

Your liver helps fight infections and cleans your blood. It also helps digest food and stores energy for when you need it. You cannot live without a liver that works. If your liver fails, your doctor may put you on a waiting list for a liver transplant. Doctors do liver transplants when other treatments cannot keep a damaged liver working.

During a liver transplantation, the surgeon removes the diseased liver and replaces it with a healthy one. Most transplant livers come from a donor who has died. Sometimes a healthy person donates part of his or her liver for a specific patient. In this case the donor is called a living donor. The most common reason for transplantation in adults is cirrhosis. This is a disease in which healthy liver cells are killed and replaced with scar tissue. The most common reason in children is biliary atresia, a disease of the bile ducts.

People who have transplants must take drugs for the rest of their lives to keep their bodies from rejecting their new livers.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

The transfer of a healthy liver allograft from a donor to a patient.
NCI

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Friedreichova ataxie

An autosomal recessive disease, usually of childhood onset, characterized pathologically by degeneration of the spinocerebellar tracts, posterior columns, and to a lesser extent the corticospinal tracts. Clinical manifestations include GAIT ATAXIA, pes cavus, speech impairment, lateral curvature of spine, rhythmic head tremor, kyphoscoliosis, congestive heart failure (secondary to a cardiomyopathy), and lower extremity weakness. Most forms of this condition are associated with a mutation in a gene on chromosome 9, at band q13, which codes for the mitochondrial protein frataxin. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1081; N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75) The severity of Friedreich ataxia associated with expansion of GAA repeats in the first intron of the frataxin gene correlates with the number of trinucleotide repeats. (From Durr et al, N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75)
MSH

inherited disease with degenerative changes in the dorsal half of spinal cord and cerebellum; characterized by ataxia of extremities and trunk, speech impairment, and lateral curvature of the spine.
CSP

Friedreich`s ataxia is an inherited disease that damages your nervous system. The damage affects your spinal cord and the nerves that control muscle movement in your arms and legs. Symptoms usually begin between the ages of 5 and 15. The main symptom is ataxia, which means trouble coordinating movements. Specific symptoms include

  • Difficulty walking
  • Muscle weakness
  • Speech problems
  • Involuntary eye movements
  • Scoliosis
  • Heart palpitations

People with Friedreich`s ataxia usually need a wheelchair 15 to 20 years after symptoms first appear. In severe cases, people become incapacitated. There is no cure. You can treat symptoms with medicines, braces, surgery and physical therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

An autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the FXN gene. It is characterized by progressive degeneration of the nerve tissues of the spinal cord. The main symptoms include gait and balance disturbances, lack of limb coordination, and speech disturbances.
NCI

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mícha

Caudalmost subdivision of neuraxis that consists of neural tissue (which is organized into gray matter and white matter) and the central canal (cavity of organ part); it is embryologically derived from the caudal part of the neural tube. Together with the brain, the spinal cord constitutes the neuraxis. Examples: There is only one spinal cord.
UWDA

that part of the central nervous system which is lodged in the vertebral canal; it is composed of an inner core of gray matter in which nerve cells predominate, and an outer layer of white matter in which myelinated nerve fibers predominate; it is enclosed in three protective membranes, the meninges.
CSP

Segment of neuraxis that has as its parts gray matter and white matter that surround the central canal. Examples: There is only one spinal cord.
FMA

A column of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull down the back. It is surrounded by three protective membranes, and is enclosed within the vertebrae (back bones). The spinal cord and the brain make up the central nervous system, and spinal cord nerves carry most messages between the brain and the rest of the body.
NCI

The elongated, approximately cylindrical part of the central nervous system of vertebrates that lies in the vertebral canal and from which the spinal nerves emerge. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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Egypt

country in northeastern Africa and the Sinai Peninsula, bordering on the Mediterranean and Red Seas, capital city is Cairo.
CSP

A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.
MSH

A country in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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kyselina jodistá

A strong oxidizing agent.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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bronchy

The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
MSH

larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the trachea.
CSP

The large air passages that lead from the trachea (windpipe) to the lungs.
NCI

Tubular structure in continuation with the trachea, serving as air passage. It terminates in the lung (terminal bronchiole). (NCI)
NCI

Tubular structure in continuation with the trachea, serving as air passage. It terminates in the lung (terminal bronchiole).
NCI

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lordóza

The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).
MSH

A disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the curvature of the lumbar portion of the spine.
NCI

Abnormally increased curvature of the lumbar portion of the spinal column.
NCI

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vykuřování

The application of smoke, vapor, or gas for the purpose of disinfecting or destroying pests or microorganisms.
MSH

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spironolakton

A potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules. It is used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis. Its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p827)
MSH

potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules; used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis; its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects.
CSP

A synthetic 17-spironolactone corticosteroid with potassium-sparing diuretic, antihypertensive, and antiandrogen activities. Spironolactone competitively inhibits adrenocortical hormone aldosterone activity in the distal renal tubules, myocardium, and vasculature. This agent may inhibit the pathophysiologic effects of aldosterone produced in excess by various types of malignant and benign tumors. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39444&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39444&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C840″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic 17-spironolactone corticosteroid with potassium-sparing diuretic, antihypertensive, and antiandrogen activities. Spironolactone competitively inhibits adrenocortical hormone aldosterone activity in the distal renal tubules, myocardium, and vasculature. This agent may inhibit the pathophysiologic effects of aldosterone produced in excess by various types of malignant and benign tumors. (NCI04)
NCI

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elektroakupunktura

A form of acupuncture with electrical impulses passing through the needles to stimulate NERVE TISSUE. It can be used for ANALGESIA; ANESTHESIA; REHABILITATION; and treatment for diseases.
MSH

A procedure in which pulses of weak electrical current are sent through acupuncture needles into acupuncture points in the skin. This procedure is being studied in the prevention of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy.
NCI

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