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kalcifikace fyziologická

process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.
CSP

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glykopyrolát

A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in some disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and to reduce salivation with some anesthetics.
MSH

A synthetic quaternary ammonium anticholinergic agent with antimuscarinic activity. Glycopyrrolate binds to peripheral muscarinic receptors and inhibits cholinergic transmission present in the autonomic effector cells of smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, the sinoatrial node, the atrioventricular node, exocrine glands, and in the autonomic ganglia. As a result, the volume and free acidity of gastric secretions and excessive pharyngeal, tracheal, and bronchial secretions are reduced.
NCI

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Alcaligenes

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Alcaligenaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Alcaligenes genus level.
NCI

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encefalomyelitida autoimunitní experimentální

autoimmune disease that can be induced in various experimental animals by the injection of homogenised brain or spinal cord in Freund`s adjuvant.
CSP

An experimental animal model for central nervous system demyelinating disease. Inoculation with a white matter emulsion combined with FREUND`S ADJUVANT, myelin basic protein, or purified central myelin triggers a T cell-mediated immune response directed towards central myelin. The pathologic features are similar to MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, including perivascular and periventricular foci of inflammation and demyelination. Subpial demyelination underlying meningeal infiltrations also occurs, which is also a feature of ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED. Passive immunization with T-cells from an afflicted animal to a normal animal also induces this condition. (From Immunol Res 1998;17(1-2):217-27; Raine CS, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p604-5)
MSH

An autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that is produced experimentally in animals by the injection of homogenized brain or spinal cord in Freund`s adjuvant. Myelin basic protein appears to be the antigen that elicits the hypersensitivity immune response which is characterized by focal areas of lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration into the brain, associated with demyelination and destruction of the blood-brain barrier. Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is used as an animal model for demyelinating diseases of the human central nervous system such as multiple sclerosis.
NCI

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mývalové

Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.
MSH

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meningitida listeriová

Inflammation of the meninges caused by LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES infection, usually occurring in individuals under the age of 3 years or over the age of 50 years. It may occur at any age in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, altered mentation, HEADACHE, meningeal signs, focal neurologic signs, and SEIZURES. (From Medicine 1998 Sep;77(5):313-36)
MSH

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Caldesmon

structural protein which serves to crosslink actin chains and thus stabilize microfilaments.
CSP

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Golgiho-Mazzoniho tělíska

Thin capsules enveloping end nerve fibrils in the subcutaneous tissue of fingers.
MSH

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Medicago sativa

plant species of the family Fabaceae widely cultivated for animal feed.
CSP

A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for animal feed.
MSH

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saccus endolymphaticus

The blind pouch at the end of the endolymphatic duct. It is a storage reservoir for excess ENDOLYMPH, formed by the blood vessels in the membranous labyrinth.
MSH

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radioalergosorpční test

An in vitro allergen radioimmunoassay in which allergens are coupled to an immunosorbent. The coupled allergens bind the IgE in the sera of patients which in turn binds radioisotope-labeled anti-IMMUNOGLOBULIN E antibodies.
MSH

A type of blood test used to test for allergies.
NCI

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mefobarbital

A barbiturate that is metabolized to PHENOBARBITAL. It has been used for similar purposes, especially in EPILEPSY, but there is no evidence mephobarbital offers any advantage over PHENOBARBITAL.
MSH

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Campylobacter fetus

A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Campylobacter fetus.
NCI

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gramnegativní baktérie

Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram`s method.
MSH

bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram`s method; see RTs for specific organisms.
CSP

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nelékařská zdravotnická povolání

Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.
MSH

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methionin-enkefalin

One of the endogenous pentapeptides with morphine-like activity. It differs from LEU-ENKEPHALIN by the amino acid METHIONINE in position 5. Its first four amino acid sequence is identical to the tetrapeptide sequence at the N-terminal of BETA-ENDORPHIN.
MSH

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radiotherapeutic

Used with disease headings for the therapeutic use of ionizing and nonionizing radiation. It includes the use of radioisotope therapy.
MSH

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mezony

Short-lived elementary particles found in cosmic radiation or produced from nuclear disintegration. Their mass is between that of protons and electrons and they can be negative, positive, or neutral. pi-Mesons (pions) are heavier than mu-mesons (muons) and are proposed for cancer radiotherapy because their capture and disintegration by matter produces powerful, but short-lived, secondary radiation.
MSH

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investiční náklady

Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
MSH

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smutek

Normal, appropriate sorrowful response to an immediate cause. It is self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.
MSH

sorrowful response to an immediate cause; self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.
CSP

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alfa-amanitin

A cyclic octapeptide with a thioether bridge between the cystine and tryptophan. It inhibits RNA POLYMERASE II. Poisoning may require LIVER TRANSPLANTATION.
MSH

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životní prostředí

The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
MSH

sum of the conditions in an organism`s surroundings, including physical and chemical factors and other organisms; does not apply to the organism`s internal milieu.
CSP

The totality of surrounding conditions.
NCI

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Rattus norvegicus

The common rat, Rattus norvegicus, often used as an experimental organism.
NCI

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metaraminol

A sympathomimetic agent that acts predominantly at alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. It has been used primarily as a vasoconstrictor in the treatment of HYPOTENSION.
MSH

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sacharidy – konformace

The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a carbohydrate.
MSH

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guanosin

A purine nucleoside that has guanine linked by its N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose. It is a component of ribonucleic acid and its nucleotides play important roles in metabolism. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

purine nucleoside that has guanine linked by its N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose; a component of ribonucleic acid; its nucleotides play important roles in metabolism.
CSP

A purine nucleoside formed from a beta-N9-glycosidic bond between guanine and a ribose ring and is essential for metabolism.
NCI

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processus alveolaris

The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
MSH

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rozvzpomínání

The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.
MSH

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methimazol

A thioureylene antithyroid agent that inhibits the formation of thyroid hormones by interfering with the incorporation of iodine into tyrosyl residues of thyroglobulin. This is done by interfering with the oxidation of iodide ion and iodotyrosyl groups through inhibition of the peroxidase enzyme.
MSH

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karboxypeptidasatranspeptidasa

Enzyme which catalyzes the peptide cross-linking of nascent CELL WALL; PEPTIDOGLYCAN.
MSH

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