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rozměry – percepce

The sensory interpretation of the dimensions of objects.
MSH

sensory interpretation of the dimensions of objects.
CSP

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osvětlení

The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.
MSH

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parakokcidioidomykóza

A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.
MSH

A systemic fungal infection caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis that is most often seen in immunocompromised patients. It affects the mucous membranes, lymph nodes, lungs and bones.
NCI

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potravinářská technologie

The application of knowledge to the food industry.
MSH

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rohovka – dystrofie dědičné

Bilateral hereditary disorders of the cornea, usually autosomal dominant, which may be present at birth but more frequently develop during adolescence and progress slowly throughout life. Central macular dystrophy is transmitted as an autosomal recessive defect.
MSH

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lebka – nádory

Neoplasms of the bony part of the skull.
MSH

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androstenoly

Unsaturated androstanes which are substituted with one or more hydroxyl groups in any position in the ring system.
MSH

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lipidové peroxidy

Peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen. The formation of lipid peroxides results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes. They therefore cause a variety of toxic effects in vivo and their formation is considered a pathological process in biological systems. Their formation can be inhibited by antioxidants, such as vitamin E, structural separation or low oxygen tension.
MSH

peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen; results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes.
CSP

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paraoxon

An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a pesticide.
MSH

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soudní stomatologie

The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
MSH

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kortisonreduktasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the interconversion of a ketone and hydroxy group at C-20 of cortisone and other 17,20,21-trihydroxy steroids. EC 1.1.1.53.
MSH

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sociální přizpůsobení

Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
MSH

adaptation of the person to the social environment; adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment.
CSP

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anestézie intravenózní

state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation caused by injection of an anesthetic into a vein; loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately; since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures.
CSP

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odezírání

The process by which an observer comprehends speech by watching the movements of the speaker`s lips without hearing the speaker`s voice.
MSH

determining what a person is saying by watching the movement of their lips.
CSP

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rodiče

Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
MSH

persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute mother or father.
CSP

One that begets or brings forth offspring or a person who brings up and cares for for another (Webster`s Collegiate Dictionary)


HL7V3.0

A mother or a father; an immediate progenitor.
NCI

A mother or a father.
NCI

one that begets or brings forth offspring or a person who brings up and cares for another (Webster`s Collegiate Dictionary)


HL7V3.0

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frakční precipitace

A method which uses specific precipitation reactions to separate or collect substances from a solution.
MSH

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imunoelektroforéza protisměrná

Immunoelectrophoresis in which immunoprecipitation occurs when antigen at the cathode is caused to migrate in an electric field through a suitable medium of diffusion against a stream of antibody migrating from the anode as a result of endosmotic flow.
MSH

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sociální práce psychiatrická

Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.
MSH

use of social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.
CSP

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angiotensinamid

The octapeptide amide of bovine angiotensin II used to increase blood pressure by vasoconstriction.
MSH

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transplantace jater

The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
MSH

transference of the liver within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
CSP

Your liver helps fight infections and cleans your blood. It also helps digest food and stores energy for when you need it. You cannot live without a liver that works. If your liver fails, your doctor may put you on a waiting list for a liver transplant. Doctors do liver transplants when other treatments cannot keep a damaged liver working.

During a liver transplantation, the surgeon removes the diseased liver and replaces it with a healthy one. Most transplant livers come from a donor who has died. Sometimes a healthy person donates part of his or her liver for a specific patient. In this case the donor is called a living donor. The most common reason for transplantation in adults is cirrhosis. This is a disease in which healthy liver cells are killed and replaced with scar tissue. The most common reason in children is biliary atresia, a disease of the bile ducts.

People who have transplants must take drugs for the rest of their lives to keep their bodies from rejecting their new livers.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

The transfer of a healthy liver allograft from a donor to a patient.
NCI

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Parvoviridae

unenveloped ssDNA viruses; replication is in the nucleus; one or more cellular functions are necessary for replication.
CSP

A family of very small DNA viruses containing a single molecule of single-stranded DNA and consisting of two subfamilies: PARVOVIRINAE and DENSOVIRINAE. They infect both vertebrates and invertebrates.
MSH

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Friedreichova ataxie

An autosomal recessive disease, usually of childhood onset, characterized pathologically by degeneration of the spinocerebellar tracts, posterior columns, and to a lesser extent the corticospinal tracts. Clinical manifestations include GAIT ATAXIA, pes cavus, speech impairment, lateral curvature of spine, rhythmic head tremor, kyphoscoliosis, congestive heart failure (secondary to a cardiomyopathy), and lower extremity weakness. Most forms of this condition are associated with a mutation in a gene on chromosome 9, at band q13, which codes for the mitochondrial protein frataxin. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1081; N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75) The severity of Friedreich ataxia associated with expansion of GAA repeats in the first intron of the frataxin gene correlates with the number of trinucleotide repeats. (From Durr et al, N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75)
MSH

inherited disease with degenerative changes in the dorsal half of spinal cord and cerebellum; characterized by ataxia of extremities and trunk, speech impairment, and lateral curvature of the spine.
CSP

Friedreich`s ataxia is an inherited disease that damages your nervous system. The damage affects your spinal cord and the nerves that control muscle movement in your arms and legs. Symptoms usually begin between the ages of 5 and 15. The main symptom is ataxia, which means trouble coordinating movements. Specific symptoms include

  • Difficulty walking
  • Muscle weakness
  • Speech problems
  • Involuntary eye movements
  • Scoliosis
  • Heart palpitations

People with Friedreich`s ataxia usually need a wheelchair 15 to 20 years after symptoms first appear. In severe cases, people become incapacitated. There is no cure. You can treat symptoms with medicines, braces, surgery and physical therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

An autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the FXN gene. It is characterized by progressive degeneration of the nerve tissues of the spinal cord. The main symptoms include gait and balance disturbances, lack of limb coordination, and speech disturbances.
NCI

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kreatinin

nitrogen compound in muscle, blood and urine that is the end product of creatine metabolism.
CSP

A compound that is excreted from the body in urine. Creatinine levels are measured to monitor kidney function.
NCI

The breakdown product of creatine, a constituent of muscle tissue, that is excreted by the kidney and whose serum level is used to evaluate kidney function.
NCI

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chlornan sodný

It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

A chlorine compound often used as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent. Sodium hypochlorite in 0.5% w/v solution is called Dakin`s solution, and is used as an antiseptic to clean infected topical wounds.
NCI

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aniontoměniče

High-molecular-weight insoluble polymers that contain functional cationic groups capable of undergoing exchange reactions with anions.
MSH

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lordóza

The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).
MSH

A disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the curvature of the lumbar portion of the spine.
NCI

Abnormally increased curvature of the lumbar portion of the spinal column.
NCI

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vzdělávání pacientů – jako téma

The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
MSH

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vykuřování

The application of smoke, vapor, or gas for the purpose of disinfecting or destroying pests or microorganisms.
MSH

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krotonový olej

Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
MSH

viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae); a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy; causes skin cancer; was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
CSP

A yellow to brown colored, thick, foul smelling, very toxic oil obtained from the seeds of a tropical plant, Croton Tiglium. Croton oil was used as a drastic purgative agent, but is now mostly used as a standard irritant in pharmacological research. Exposure to this substance causes severe skin irritation and affects the small intestine leading to severe diarrhea. Croton oil is a possible human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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roztoky

The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

homogeneous mixture of one or more substances (solutes) dispersed molecularly in a sufficient quantity of dissolving medium (solvent).
CSP

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