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laparoskopy

ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
MSH

An endoscope and accessories is a device used to provide access, illumination, and allow observation or manipulation of body cavities, hollow organs, and canals. The device consists of various rigid or flexible instruments that are inserted into body spaces and may include an optical system for conveying an image to the user`s eye and their accessories may assist in gaining access or increase the versatility and augment the capabilities of the devices. Examples of devices that are within this generic type of device include cleaning accessories for endoscopes, photographic accessories for endoscopes, nonpowered anoscopes, binolcular attachments for endoscopes, pocket battery boxes, flexible or rigid choledochoscopes, colonoscopes, diagnostic cystoscopes, cystourethroscopes, enteroscopes, esophagogastroduodenoscopes, rigid esophagoscopes, fiberoptic illuminators for endoscopes, incandescent endoscope lamps, biliary pancreatoscopes, proctoscopes, resectoscopes, nephroscopes, sigmoidoscopes, ureteroscopes, urethroscopes, endomagnetic retrievers, cytology brushes for endoscopes, and lubricating jelly for transurethral surgical instruments. This section does not apply to endoscopes that have specialized uses in other medical specialty areas and that are covered by classification regulations in other parts of the device classification regulations.
SPN

A thin, tube-like instrument used to look at tissues and organs inside the abdomen. A laparoscope has a light and a lens for viewing and may have a tool to remove tissue.
NCI

A long, thin tube with a camera lens attached that allows the physician to examine the organs inside the abdominal cavity.
NCI

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virus chřipky C

A genus of the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE comprising viruses similar to types A and B but less common, more stable, more homogeneous, and lacking the neuraminidase protein. They have not been associated with epidemics but may cause mild influenza. Influenza C virus is the type species.
MSH

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chininové alkaloidy

Alkaloids extracted from various species of Cinchona.
MSH

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fendilin

Coronary vasodilator; inhibits calcium function in muscle cells in excitation-contraction coupling; proposed as antiarrhythmic and antianginal agents.
MSH

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The individual as the object of his own reflective consciousness.
NCI

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Latinská Amerika

The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
MSH

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osteochondróza

Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (EPIPHYSES). It is characterized by degeneration or NECROSIS followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).
MSH

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mořské škeble

Equivalved edible marine mollusks that live wholly or partially in sand or mud. Clams usually do not have larvae (glochidia) and thus do not require a host for development.
MSH

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fetální alkoholický syndrom

A condition occurring in FETUS or NEWBORN due to in utero ETHANOL exposure when mother consumed alcohol during PREGNANCY. It is characterized by a cluster of irreversible BIRTH DEFECTS including abnormalities in physical, mental, and behavior development (such as FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; MENTAL RETARDATION; ATTENTION DEFICIT AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR DISORDERS) with varied degree of severity in an individual.
MSH

disorder occurring in children born to alcoholic women who continue to drink heavily during pregnancy; common abnormalities are growth deficiency (prenatal and postnatal), altered morphogenesis, mental deficiency, and characteristic facies – small eyes and flattened nasal bridge; fine motor dysfunction and tremulousness are observed in the newborn.
CSP

If you are pregnant and drink alcohol, so does your baby. This can hurt your baby`s growth and cause life-long physical and behavioral problems. One of the most severe effects of drinking during pregnancy is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS is a group of problems that can include

  • Mental retardation
  • Birth defects
  • Abnormal facial features
  • Growth problems
  • Problems with the central nervous system
  • Trouble remembering and/or learning
  • Vision or hearing problems
  • Behavior problems

FAS lasts for a lifetime. There is no cure. Special school services can help with learning problems. Routines and consistency at home may help with behavior problems. Women can prevent FAS and other problems related to alcohol use by not drinking when they are pregnant or might get pregnant.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A syndrome that can develop in infants whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Manifestations of this syndrome include low birth weight, failure to thrive, developmental defects, organ dysfunction, mental deficiencies, behavioral problems and poor motor coordination.
NCI

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Senilní změny rohovky

Degenerative changes of the cornea related to aging that are highly influenced by changes in the corneal endothelium. Changes include corneal topography, increased density, decreased hydration of the corneal stroma, and epithelial basement membrane dystrophy; The stroma appears hazier than in younger eyes and reduces light transmission. Changes may also include age-related stromal degeneration and deposition.
NCI

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končetiny dolní – dermatózy

A nonspecific term used to denote any cutaneous lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type on the leg. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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otolitická membrána

A gelatinous membrane overlying the acoustic maculae of SACCULE AND UTRICLE. It contains minute crystalline particles (otoliths) of CALCIUM CARBONATE and protein on its outer surface. In response to head movement, the otoliths shift causing distortion of the vestibular hair cells which transduce nerve signals to the BRAIN for interpretation of equilibrium.
MSH

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klobetasol

A derivative of PREDNISOLONE with high glucocorticoid activity and low mineralocorticoid activity. Absorbed through the skin faster than FLUOCINONIDE, it is used topically in treatment of PSORIASIS but may cause marked adrenocortical suppression.
MSH

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fibrinogen

Plasma glycoprotein clotted by thrombin, composed of a dimer of three non-identical pairs of polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma) held together by disulfide bonds. Fibrinogen clotting is a sol-gel change involving complex molecular arrangements: whereas fibrinogen is cleaved by thrombin to form polypeptides A and B, the proteolytic action of other enzymes yields different fibrinogen degradation products.
MSH

plasma glycoprotein clotted by thrombin, composed of a dimer of three non-identical pairs of polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma) held together by disulfide bonds; fibrinogen clotting is a sol-gel change involving complex molecular arrangements.
CSP

A fibrillar protein present in blood plasma; it converts to fibrin during the process of blood clot formation.
NCI

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serózní membrána

A thin lining of closed cavities of the body, consisting of a single layer of squamous epithelial cells (MESOTHELIUM) resting on a thin layer of CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and covered with secreted clear fluid from blood and lymph vessels. Major serous membranes in the body include PERICARDIUM; PERITONEUM; and PLEURA.
MSH

Organ subdivision, which consists of a parietal wall and a visceral wall that together forms a serous sac that encloses a serous cavity. Examples: pleura, serous pericardium, peritoneum.
UWDA

The outer lining of organs and body cavities of the abdomen and chest, including the stomach.
NCI

A membrane lining the external walls of the body cavities and reflected over the surfaces of protruding organs. It consists of mesothelium lying on a connective tissue layer, and secretes a watery exudate.
NCI

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Leishmania tropica

A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and rodents. This taxonomic complex includes species which cause a disease called Oriental sore which is a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) of the Old World.
MSH

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oxacilin

An antibiotic similar to FLUCLOXACILLIN used in resistant staphylococci infections.
MSH

A semisynthetic penicillinase-resistant and acid-stable penicillin with an antimicrobial activity. Oxacillin binds to penicillin-binding proteins in the bacterial cell wall, thereby blocking the synthesis of peptidoglycan, a critical component of the bacterial cell wall. This leads to inhibition of cell growth and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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klotrimazol

An imidazole derivative with a broad spectrum of antimycotic activity. It inhibits biosynthesis of the sterol ergostol, an important component of fungal CELL MEMBRANES. Its action leads to increased membrane permeability and apparent disruption of enzyme systems bound to the membrane.
MSH

A synthetic, imidazole derivate with broad-spectrum, antifungal activity. Clotrimazole inhibits biosynthesis of sterols, particularly ergosterol, an essential component of the fungal cell membrane, thereby damaging and affecting the permeability of the cell membrane. This results in leakage and loss of essential intracellular compounds, and eventually causes cell lysis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39116&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39116&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C381″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic, imidazole derivate with broad-spectrum, antifungal activity. Clotrimazole inhibits biosynthesis of sterols, particularly ergosterol, an essential component of the fungal cell membrane, thereby damaging and affecting the permeability of the cell membrane. This results in leakage and loss of essential intracellular compounds, and eventually causes cell lysis.
NCI

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filarióza

Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
MSH

infections with nematodes of the superfamily Filarioidea; presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis; organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischaemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
CSP

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sexuální diferenciace

The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.
MSH

differentiation of male and female tissues and organs during embryogenesis, but after sex determination.
CSP

The establishment of the sex of an organism by physical differentiation. [GOC:ai]
GO

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Leptospira interrogans

A genus of question mark-shaped bacteria spirochetes which is found in fresh water that is contaminated by animal urine. It causes LEPTOSPIROSIS.
MSH

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oxygenasy

Oxidases that specifically introduce DIOXYGEN-derived oxygen atoms into a variety of organic molecules.
MSH

Enzymes acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen. EC 1.13.-
NCI

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kochlea – implantáty

Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
MSH

electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function; in the cochlea, the hair cells may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers, the device electrically stimulates the cochlear nerve to create sound sensation.
CSP

a surgically implanted electronic device that helps people hear
CHV

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ryby

A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
MSH

any of numerous cold-blooded strictly aquatic craniate vertebrates that include the bony fishes and usually the cartilaginous and jawless fishes and that have typically an elongated somewhat spindle-shaped body terminating in a broad caudal fin, limbs in the form of fins when present at all, and a 2-chambered heart by which blood is sent through thoracic gills to be oxygenated.
CSP

A grouping of jawed and jawless vertebrate animals usually having fins and a covering of scales or plates, breathing by means of gills, and living almost entirely in the water.
NCI

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Shigella dysenteriae

species of gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria that is extremely pathogenic and causes severe dysentery; infection with this organism often leads to ulceration of the intestinal epithelium.
CSP

A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that is extremely pathogenic and causes severe dysentery. Infection with this organism often leads to ulceration of the intestinal epithelium.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Shigella dysenteriae.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is non motile, indole negative, cannot ferment lactose and produces Shiga toxin. S. dysenteriae is a pathogen that causes severe forms of shigellosis in primates.
NCI

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leukémie monocytární akutní

An acute myeloid leukemia in which 80% or more of the leukemic cells are of monocytic lineage including monoblasts, promonocytes, and MONOCYTES.
MSH

Acute myeloid leukemia in which 80% or more of the leukemic cells are of monocytic lineage. Bleeding disorders are common presenting features. It usually follows an aggressive clinical course. (WHO, 2001) — 2003
NCI

uncommon form of acute myelogenous leukemia, in which the predominating cells are identified as monocytes; a few myelocytes may be present, but not as many as in acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
CSP

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Tichomořské ostrovy

The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
MSH

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coitus interruptus

A contraceptive method whereby coitus is purposely interrupted in order to prevent EJACULATION of SEMEN into the VAGINA.
MSH

A birth control method adopted during sexual intercourse by withdrawing the penis from the vagina before ejaculation.
NCI

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podlahy a podlahové krytiny

The surface of a structure upon which one stands or walks.
MSH

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sialyltransferasy

A group of enzymes with the general formula CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:acceptor N-acetylneuraminyl transferase. They catalyze the transfer of N-acetylneuraminic acid from CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid to an acceptor, which is usually the terminal sugar residue of an oligosaccharide, a glycoprotein, or a glycolipid. EC 2.4.99.-.
MSH

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