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autonomní vlákna pregangliová

Nerve fibers which project from the central nervous system to autonomic ganglia. In the sympathetic division most preganglionic fibers originate with neurons in the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord, exit via ventral roots from upper thoracic through lower lumbar segments, and project to the paravertebral ganglia; there they either terminate in synapses or continue through the splanchnic nerves to the prevertebral ganglia. In the parasympathetic division the fibers originate in neurons of the brain stem and sacral spinal cord. In both divisions the principal transmitter is acetylcholine but peptide cotransmitters may also be released.
MSH

nerve fibers which project from the central nervous system to autonomic ganglia.
CSP

Nerve fibers which project from the central nervous system to autonomic ganglia. In the sympathetic division most preganglionic fibers originate with neurons in the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord, exit via ventral roots from upper thoracic through lower lumbar segments, and project to the paravertebral ganglia; there they either terminate in synapses or continue through the splanchnic nerves to the prevertebral ganglia. In the parasympathetic division the fibers originate in neurons of the brain stem and sacral spinal cord. In both divisions the principal transmitter is acetylcholine but peptide cotransmitters may also be released. (MeSH)
NCI

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medulární houbovitá ledvina

A developmental disorder of the kidney characterized by cystic dilatation of the medullary collecting ducts, resulting in a spongy gross appearance of the kidney. It may be asymptomatic or complicated by hematuria, infections, or renal stones.
NCI

A non-hereditary KIDNEY disorder characterized by the abnormally dilated (ECTASIA) medullary and inner papillary portions of the collecting ducts. These collecting ducts usually contain CYSTS or DIVERTICULA filled with jelly-like material or small calculi (KIDNEY STONES) leading to infections or obstruction. It should be distinguished from congenital or hereditary POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES.
MSH

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odborné všeobecné sestry

nurses who are specially trained to assume an expanded role in providing medical care under the supervision of a physician.
CSP

A registered nurse who has additional education and training in how to diagnose and treat disease. NPs are licensed at the state level and certified by national nursing organizations. In cancer care, an NP may manage the primary care of patients and their families, based on a practice agreement with a doctor.
NCI

A registered nurse (RN) with advanced training in diagnosing and treating illness. NPs are master`s degree prepared health experts that focus on helping patients achieve total health and prevent disease. NPs focus on disease prevention, wellness, and patient education. NPs prescribe medications, treat illness, and perform physical examinations. NPs can function independently of physician intervention, but require a practice agreement with a physician. NPs are licensed by a state authority.
NCI

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nervus facialis – nemoci

Diseases of the facial nerve or nuclei. Pontine disorders may affect the facial nuclei or nerve fascicle. The nerve may be involved intracranially, along its course through the petrous portion of the temporal bone, or along its extracranial course. Clinical manifestations include facial muscle weakness, loss of taste from the anterior tongue, hyperacusis, and decreased lacrimation.
MSH

A disorder characterized by involvement of the facial nerve (seventh cranial nerve).
NCI

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the facial nerve (seventh cranial nerve).
NCI

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dextrokardie

A congenital defect in which the heart is located on the right side of the THORAX instead of on the left side (levocardia, the normal position). When dextrocardia is accompanied with inverted HEART ATRIA, a right-sided STOMACH, and a left-sided LIVER, the combination is called dextrocardia with SITUS INVERSUS. Dextrocardia may adversely affect other thoracic organs.
MSH

A rare congenital abnormality in which the heart is located in the right side of the chest. It is associated with other congenital heart defects.
NCI

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RNA transferová Trp

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying tryptophan to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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azacytidin

A pyrimidine analogue that inhibits DNA methyltransferase, impairing DNA methylation. It is also an antimetabolite of cytidine, incorporated primarily into RNA. Azacytidine has been used as an antineoplastic agent.
MSH

pyrimidine analog that inhibits DNA methyltransferase, impairing DNA methylation, also an antimetabolite of cytidine, incorporated primarily into RNA; has been used as an antineoplastic agent.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat myelodysplastic syndromes and is being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called antimetabolites.
NCI

A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue of cytidine with antineoplastic activity. Azacitidine is incorporated into DNA, where it reversibly inhibits DNA methyltransferase, thereby blocking DNA methylation. Hypomethylation of DNA by azacitidine may activate tumor suppressor genes silenced by hypermethylation, resulting in an antitumor effect. This agent is also incorporated into RNA, thereby disrupting normal RNA function and impairing tRNA cytosine-5-methyltransferase activity. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39153&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39153&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C288″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue of cytidine with antineoplastic activity. Azacitidine is incorporated into DNA, where it reversibly inhibits DNA methyltransferase, thereby blocking DNA methylation. Hypomethylation of DNA by azacitidine may activate tumor suppressor genes silenced by hypermethylation, resulting in an antitumor effect. This agent is also incorporated into RNA, thereby disrupting normal RNA function and impairing tRNA cytosine-5-methyltransferase activity. (NCI04)
NCI

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znalost výsledků (psychologie)

A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.
MSH

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výživa – hodnocení

Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
MSH

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fakulta stomatologická

The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
MSH

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diagnostické techniky radioisotopové

determination of disease using an isotope of artificial or natural origin that exhibits radioactivity; index with a specific diagnostic term.
CSP

Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.
MSH

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virus Ross River

species of Alphavirus associated with epidemic exanthema and polyarthritis in Australia.
CSP

A species of ALPHAVIRUS associated with epidemic EXANTHEMA and polyarthritis in Australia.
MSH

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babesióza

A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism`s natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.
MSH

tickborne disease caused by infection with protozoa; occurs in wild and domestic animals; in humans causes malaria-like symptoms, myalgia, nausea and splenomegaly; classic zoonotic disease.
CSP

A parasitic infection caused by Babesia. It is transmitted by ticks and infects the red blood cells. Signs and symptoms include fever, fatigue and hemolytic anemia.
NCI

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porodní doba třetí

The final period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the expulsion of the FETUS to the expulsion of the PLACENTA.
MSH

A stage during labor and childbirth that starts with the birth of the baby and ends with the delivery of the placenta.
NCI

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okcipitální lalok

Posterior part of the cerebral hemisphere.
MSH

Occipital lobe is the one of five lobes of the cerebral hemisphere which occupies the posterior-most portion of the hemisphere. Anteriorly, it shares an arbitrary border with the parietal lobe and temporal lobe. Medially, it is bounded by the longitudinal cerebral fissure.
FMA

The posterior part of the cerebral hemisphere. (MeSH)
NCI

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Fasciola hepatica

A species of helminth commonly called the sheep liver fluke. It occurs in the biliary passages, liver, and gallbladder during various stages of development. Snails and aquatic vegetation are the intermediate hosts. Occasionally seen in man, it is most common in sheep and cattle.
MSH

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diazinon

A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an organothiophosphorus insecticide.
MSH

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ruthenium

A hard, brittle, grayish-white rare earth metal with an atomic symbol Ru, atomic number 44, and atomic weight 101.07. It is used as a catalyst and hardener for PLATINUM and PALLADIUM.
MSH

hard, brittle, grayish-white rare earth metal with an atomic symbol Ru, atomic number 44; used as a catalyst and hardener for platinum and palladium.
CSP

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fagotypizace

A technique of bacterial typing which differentiates between bacteria or strains of bacteria by their susceptibility to one or more bacteriophages.
MSH

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laktoglobuliny

Globulins occurring in milk. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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odontoblasty

connective tissue cell which deposits dentin and forms the outer surface of the dental pulp adjacent to the dentin.
CSP

A cell derived from a preodontoblast that secretes predentin. Each odontoblast has a cytoplasmic extension, an odontoblastic process that traverses the thickness of the dentin and helps to maintain the dentin.
NCI

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feces

Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
MSH

excrement from the intestines, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and microorganisms of the digestive system.
CSP

The material in a bowel movement. Feces is made up of undigested food, bacteria, mucus, and cells from the lining of the intestines.
NCI

Excretion in semisolid state processed by the intestine.
FMA

The material discharged from the bowel during defecation. It consists of undigested food, intestinal mucus, epithelial cells, and bacteria. (NCI)
NCI

feces
CHV

Excretion in semisolid state processed by the intestine.
UWDA

The material discharged from the bowel during defecation. It consists of undigested food, intestinal mucus, epithelial cells, and bacteria.
NCI

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Dictyostelium

genus of protozoa, formerly also considered a fungus; its natural habitat is decaying forest leaves, where it feeds on bacteria; often called cellular slime mold; D. discoideum is the best known species and is widely used in biomedical research.
CSP

A genus of protozoa, formerly also considered a fungus. Its natural habitat is decaying forest leaves, where it feeds on bacteria. D. discoideum is the best-known species and is widely used in biomedical research.
MSH

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salicylany

The salts, esters of salicylic acids, or salicylate esters of an organic acid. Some of these have analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.
MSH

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Hordeum

A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed grain, barley, is widely used as food.
MSH

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laparoskopy

ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
MSH

An endoscope and accessories is a device used to provide access, illumination, and allow observation or manipulation of body cavities, hollow organs, and canals. The device consists of various rigid or flexible instruments that are inserted into body spaces and may include an optical system for conveying an image to the user`s eye and their accessories may assist in gaining access or increase the versatility and augment the capabilities of the devices. Examples of devices that are within this generic type of device include cleaning accessories for endoscopes, photographic accessories for endoscopes, nonpowered anoscopes, binolcular attachments for endoscopes, pocket battery boxes, flexible or rigid choledochoscopes, colonoscopes, diagnostic cystoscopes, cystourethroscopes, enteroscopes, esophagogastroduodenoscopes, rigid esophagoscopes, fiberoptic illuminators for endoscopes, incandescent endoscope lamps, biliary pancreatoscopes, proctoscopes, resectoscopes, nephroscopes, sigmoidoscopes, ureteroscopes, urethroscopes, endomagnetic retrievers, cytology brushes for endoscopes, and lubricating jelly for transurethral surgical instruments. This section does not apply to endoscopes that have specialized uses in other medical specialty areas and that are covered by classification regulations in other parts of the device classification regulations.
SPN

A thin, tube-like instrument used to look at tissues and organs inside the abdomen. A laparoscope has a light and a lens for viewing and may have a tool to remove tissue.
NCI

A long, thin tube with a camera lens attached that allows the physician to examine the organs inside the abdominal cavity.
NCI

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oligo-1,6-glukosidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-glucosidic linkages in isomaltose and dextrins produced from starch and glycogen by ALPHA-AMYLASES. EC 3.2.1.10.
MSH

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fendilin

Coronary vasodilator; inhibits calcium function in muscle cells in excitation-contraction coupling; proposed as antiarrhythmic and antianginal agents.
MSH

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diethylkarbamazin

An anthelmintic used primarily as the citrate in the treatment of filariasis, particularly infestations with Wucheria bancrofti or Loa loa.
MSH

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Adnexektomie

Surgical removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
NCI

Surgical removal of the fallopian tube(s) and ovary(ies).
NCI

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