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skleněné ionomerní cementy

A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
MSH

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Recommendation

Definition: A suggestion that an act should be performed with an acceptance of some degree of professional responsibility for the resulting act. Not an explicit request. .

UsageNotes: Where there is no clear definition or applicable concept of “professional responsibility”, RMD becomes indistinguishable from PRP. .


HL7V3.0

Advice telling someone what the best thing to do is.
NCI

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zubní asistenti

Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
MSH

A person trained and qualified to provide chairside assistance to a dentist, along with performance of other supportive duties such as to receive and prepare patients for dental treatment; to prepare materials and equipment for use by the dentist; to perform reversible intra-oral procedures under the supervision of the dentist; to perform dental radiography work; to maintain dental equipment and treatment area and to keep records of appointments, examinations, treatments and supplies.
NCI

An individual who may or may not have completed an accredited dental assisting education program and who aids the dentist in providing patient care services and performs other nonclinical duties in the dental office or other patient care facility. The scope of the patient care functions that may be legally delegated to the dental assistant varies based on the needs of the dentist the educational preparation of the dental assistant and state dental practice acts and regulations. Patient care services are provided under the supervision of a dentist. To avoid misleading the public, no occupational title other than dental assistant should be used to describe this dental auxiliary. Source: Comprehensive Policy Statement on Dental Auxiliaries, American Dental Association


HL7V3.0

An individual who assists at the chairside in a dental operatory, performs reception and clerical functions, and does dental radiograph and selected dental laboratory procedures under the direction and supervision of a dentist. Post-high school education and education is not required, but many dental assistants are graduates of one or two-year post-high school education programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation. The balance of dental assistants are trained by the dentists who employ them.


HL7V3.0

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mekamylamin

A nicotinic antagonist that is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and crosses the blood-brain barrier. Mecamylamine has been used as a ganglionic blocker in treating hypertension, but, like most ganglionic blockers, is more often used now as a research tool.
MSH

ganglionic blocking agent used as an antihypertensive.
CSP

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členovci

Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.
MSH

body is semented into 2 or 3 regions, with paired, segmented appendages, and a hardened body wall; periodically sheds and renews the exoskeleton.
CSP

The taxonomic phylum whose members are invertebrates with hard exoskeletons and segmented joints. Organisms in this phylum include the Arachnids, Centipedes, Crustaceans, Insects and the extinct Trilobites.
NCI

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kyseliny aminosalicylové

A group of 2-hydroxybenzoic acids that can be substituted by amino groups at any of the 3-, 4-, 5-, or 6-positions.
MSH

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glositida

Inflammation of the tongue.
MSH

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reflex monosynaptický

A reflex in which the AFFERENT NEURONS synapse directly on the EFFERENT NEURONS, without any INTERCALATED NEURONS. (Lockard, Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)
MSH

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zubní technika otisková

Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
MSH

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lékařské mise na pomoc zahraničí

Travel by a group of physicians to a foreign country for the purpose of making a special study or of undertaking a special project of a short-term duration; not to be confused with MISSIONS AND MISSIONARIES which covers permanent medical establishments and personnel maintained by religious organizations.
MSH

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Asie střední

The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
MSH

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zesilovače elektronické

Electronic devices that increase the magnitude of a signal`s power level or current.
MSH

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glukosylceramidasa

A glycosidase that hydrolyzes a glucosylceramide to yield free ceramide plus glucose. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to abnormally high concentrations of glucosylceramide in the brain in GAUCHER DISEASE. EC 3.2.1.45.
MSH

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sob

A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)
MSH

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zubní personál nemocniční

Dental personnel practicing in hospitals.
MSH

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kyselina mefenamová

A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.
MSH

An anthranilic acid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic activities. Mefenamic acid inhibits the activity of the enzymes cyclo-oxygenase I and II, resulting in a decreased formation of precursors of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. The resulting decrease in prostaglandin synthesis, by prostaglandin synthase, is responsible for the therapeutic effects of mefenamic acid. Mefenamic acid also causes a decrease in the formation of thromboxane A2 synthesis, by thromboxane synthase, thereby inhibiting platelet aggregation.
NCI

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Aspirin

The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
MSH

prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain; has antiinflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins; aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis.
CSP

A drug that reduces pain, fever, inflammation, and blood clotting. Aspirin belongs to the family of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. It is also being studied in cancer prevention.
NCI

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39152&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C287″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally administered non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent. Acetylsalicylic acid binds to and acetylates serine residues in cyclooxygenases, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin, platelet aggregation, and inflammation. This agent exhibits analgesic, antipyretic, and anticoagulant properties.
NCI

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kongenitální analgezie

A syndrome characterized by indifference to PAIN despite the ability to distinguish noxious from nonnoxious stimuli. Absent corneal reflexes and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY may be associated. Familial forms with autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance have been described. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)
MSH

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glycerylfosforylcholin

A component of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES or LECITHINS, in which the two hydroxy groups of GLYCEROL are esterified with fatty acids. (From Stedman, 26th ed) It counteracts the effects of urea on enzymes and other macromolecules.
MSH

component of phosphatidylcholines (lecithins), in which the two hydroxy groups of glycerol are esterified with fatty acids; it counteracts the effects of urea on enzymes and other macromolecules.
CSP

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renin

A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.99.19.
MSH

do not confuse with “rennin” which is another name for CHYMOSIN, EC 3.4.23.4.
CSP

an enzyme released by the kidneys that helps regulate blood pressure
CHV

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zubní náhrady částečné okamžité

A partial denture constructed before the teeth it replaces are removed. It is then inserted immediately after the removal of the natural teeth for functional and cosmetic reasons during the healing process. It is to be replaced later by the fitted partial denture.
MSH

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meloreostóza

A form of osteosclerosis extending in a linear track mainly through one of the long bones of the upper and lower limbs.
MSH

A very rare bone disorder characterized by thickening of the cortex in a linear pattern. Signs and symptoms include joint pain, joint swelling, limb deformity, and changes in the skin covering the bone lesion.
NCI

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ATP-citrát-(pro-S)-lyasa

An enzyme that, in the presence of ATP and COENZYME A, catalyzes the cleavage of citrate to yield acetyl CoA, oxaloacetate, ADP, and ORTHOPHOSPHATE. This reaction represents an important step in fatty acid biosynthesis. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.8.
MSH

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androgeny – antagonisté

Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of androgens.
MSH

substance or state which suppresses, prevents, opposes or slows down the actions of the steroid hormone androgen.
CSP

A substance that prevents cells from making or using androgens (hormones that play a role in the formation of male sex characteristics). Antiandrogens may stop some cancer cells from growing. Some antiandrogens are used to treat prostate cancer, and others are being studied for this use. An antiandrogen is a type of hormone antagonist.
NCI

Substances that inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or biologic effects of androgens by either antagonizing the responsiveness of androgen sensitive tissues or competing with their binding sites.
NCI

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glykopyrolát

A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in some disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and to reduce salivation with some anesthetics.
MSH

A synthetic quaternary ammonium anticholinergic agent with antimuscarinic activity. Glycopyrrolate binds to peripheral muscarinic receptors and inhibits cholinergic transmission present in the autonomic effector cells of smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, the sinoatrial node, the atrioventricular node, exocrine glands, and in the autonomic ganglia. As a result, the volume and free acidity of gastric secretions and excessive pharyngeal, tracheal, and bronchial secretions are reduced.
NCI

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charakteristiky bydlení

Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
MSH

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deoxyuridin

2`-Deoxyuridine. An antimetabolite that is converted to deoxyuridine triphosphate during DNA synthesis. Laboratory suppression of deoxyuridine is used to diagnose megaloblastic anemias due to vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies.
MSH

2`-deoxyuridine; an antimetabolite that is converted to deoxyuridine triphosphate during DNA synthesis.
CSP

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meningitida listeriová

Inflammation of the meninges caused by LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES infection, usually occurring in individuals under the age of 3 years or over the age of 50 years. It may occur at any age in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, altered mentation, HEADACHE, meningeal signs, focal neurologic signs, and SEIZURES. (From Medicine 1998 Sep;77(5):313-36)
MSH

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sluchová únava

Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.
MSH

loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold.
CSP

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Golgiho-Mazzoniho tělíska

Thin capsules enveloping end nerve fibrils in the subcutaneous tissue of fingers.
MSH

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