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osteochondróza

Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (EPIPHYSES). It is characterized by degeneration or NECROSIS followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).
MSH

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Latinská Amerika

The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
MSH

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nanismus

A genetic or pathological condition that is characterized by short stature and undersize. Abnormal skeletal growth usually results in an adult who is significantly below the average height.
MSH

condition of being undersized as a result of premature arrest of skeletal growth.
CSP

A dwarf is a person of short stature – under 4` 10″ as an adult. More than 200 different conditions can cause dwarfism. A single type, called achondroplasia, causes about 70 percent of all dwarfism. Achondroplasia is a genetic condition that affects about 1 in 25,000 people. It makes your arms and legs short in comparison to your head and trunk. Other genetic conditions, kidney disease and problems with metabolism or hormones can also cause short stature.

Dwarfism itself is not a disease. However, there is a greater risk of some health problems. With proper medical care, most people with dwarfism have active lives and live as long as other people.


MEDLINEPLUS

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fetální alkoholický syndrom

A condition occurring in FETUS or NEWBORN due to in utero ETHANOL exposure when mother consumed alcohol during PREGNANCY. It is characterized by a cluster of irreversible BIRTH DEFECTS including abnormalities in physical, mental, and behavior development (such as FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; MENTAL RETARDATION; ATTENTION DEFICIT AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR DISORDERS) with varied degree of severity in an individual.
MSH

disorder occurring in children born to alcoholic women who continue to drink heavily during pregnancy; common abnormalities are growth deficiency (prenatal and postnatal), altered morphogenesis, mental deficiency, and characteristic facies – small eyes and flattened nasal bridge; fine motor dysfunction and tremulousness are observed in the newborn.
CSP

If you are pregnant and drink alcohol, so does your baby. This can hurt your baby`s growth and cause life-long physical and behavioral problems. One of the most severe effects of drinking during pregnancy is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS is a group of problems that can include

  • Mental retardation
  • Birth defects
  • Abnormal facial features
  • Growth problems
  • Problems with the central nervous system
  • Trouble remembering and/or learning
  • Vision or hearing problems
  • Behavior problems

FAS lasts for a lifetime. There is no cure. Special school services can help with learning problems. Routines and consistency at home may help with behavior problems. Women can prevent FAS and other problems related to alcohol use by not drinking when they are pregnant or might get pregnant.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A syndrome that can develop in infants whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Manifestations of this syndrome include low birth weight, failure to thrive, developmental defects, organ dysfunction, mental deficiencies, behavioral problems and poor motor coordination.
NCI

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obsah radioaktivních látek v organizmu

The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.
MSH

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Senilní změny rohovky

Degenerative changes of the cornea related to aging that are highly influenced by changes in the corneal endothelium. Changes include corneal topography, increased density, decreased hydration of the corneal stroma, and epithelial basement membrane dystrophy; The stroma appears hazier than in younger eyes and reduces light transmission. Changes may also include age-related stromal degeneration and deposition.
NCI

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otolitická membrána

A gelatinous membrane overlying the acoustic maculae of SACCULE AND UTRICLE. It contains minute crystalline particles (otoliths) of CALCIUM CARBONATE and protein on its outer surface. In response to head movement, the otoliths shift causing distortion of the vestibular hair cells which transduce nerve signals to the BRAIN for interpretation of equilibrium.
MSH

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končetiny dolní – dermatózy

A nonspecific term used to denote any cutaneous lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type on the leg. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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ucho

The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
MSH

organ of hearing and of equilibrium, consisting of the external ear, the middle ear, and the internal ear.
CSP

A sense organ needed for the detection of sound and for establishing balance. The outer ear consists of the auricle, the ear canal as well as the tympanic membrane. The middle ear is made up of an air-filled cavity behind the tympanic membrane that contains the ossicles (malleus, incus and stapes). The inner ear is made up of the cochlea needed for hearing and the vestibular apparatus required for balance. (NCI)
NCI

A sense organ needed for the detection of sound and for establishing balance. The outer ear consists of the auricle, the ear canal as well as the tympanic membrane. The middle ear is made up of an air-filled cavity behind the tympanic membrane that contains the ossicles (malleus, incus and stapes). The inner ear is made up of the cochlea needed for hearing and the vestibular apparatus required for balance.
NCI

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fibrinogen

Plasma glycoprotein clotted by thrombin, composed of a dimer of three non-identical pairs of polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma) held together by disulfide bonds. Fibrinogen clotting is a sol-gel change involving complex molecular arrangements: whereas fibrinogen is cleaved by thrombin to form polypeptides A and B, the proteolytic action of other enzymes yields different fibrinogen degradation products.
MSH

plasma glycoprotein clotted by thrombin, composed of a dimer of three non-identical pairs of polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma) held together by disulfide bonds; fibrinogen clotting is a sol-gel change involving complex molecular arrangements.
CSP

A fibrillar protein present in blood plasma; it converts to fibrin during the process of blood clot formation.
NCI

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kosti – nemoci endokrinní

Diseases of the bones related to hyperfunction or hypofunction of the endocrine glands.
MSH

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serózní membrána

A thin lining of closed cavities of the body, consisting of a single layer of squamous epithelial cells (MESOTHELIUM) resting on a thin layer of CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and covered with secreted clear fluid from blood and lymph vessels. Major serous membranes in the body include PERICARDIUM; PERITONEUM; and PLEURA.
MSH

Organ subdivision, which consists of a parietal wall and a visceral wall that together forms a serous sac that encloses a serous cavity. Examples: pleura, serous pericardium, peritoneum.
UWDA

The outer lining of organs and body cavities of the abdomen and chest, including the stomach.
NCI

A membrane lining the external walls of the body cavities and reflected over the surfaces of protruding organs. It consists of mesothelium lying on a connective tissue layer, and secretes a watery exudate.
NCI

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oxacilin

An antibiotic similar to FLUCLOXACILLIN used in resistant staphylococci infections.
MSH

A semisynthetic penicillinase-resistant and acid-stable penicillin with an antimicrobial activity. Oxacillin binds to penicillin-binding proteins in the bacterial cell wall, thereby blocking the synthesis of peptidoglycan, a critical component of the bacterial cell wall. This leads to inhibition of cell growth and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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Leishmania tropica

A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and rodents. This taxonomic complex includes species which cause a disease called Oriental sore which is a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) of the Old World.
MSH

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echinostomiáza

Infection by flukes of the genus Echinostoma.
MSH

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filarióza

Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
MSH

infections with nematodes of the superfamily Filarioidea; presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis; organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischaemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
CSP

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kyseliny borité

Inorganic and organic derivatives of boric acid either B(OH)3 or, preferably H3BO3.
MSH

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sexuální diferenciace

The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.
MSH

differentiation of male and female tissues and organs during embryogenesis, but after sex determination.
CSP

The establishment of the sex of an organism by physical differentiation. [GOC:ai]
GO

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oxygenasy

Oxidases that specifically introduce DIOXYGEN-derived oxygen atoms into a variety of organic molecules.
MSH

Enzymes acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen. EC 1.13.-
NCI

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Leptospira interrogans

A genus of question mark-shaped bacteria spirochetes which is found in fresh water that is contaminated by animal urine. It causes LEPTOSPIROSIS.
MSH

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ektoparaziti – infestace

Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host`s EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
MSH

infestations by parasites which live on the outside of the body of the host such as mange or myiasis, also infestation of ticks, lice or mites.
CSP

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ryby

A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
MSH

any of numerous cold-blooded strictly aquatic craniate vertebrates that include the bony fishes and usually the cartilaginous and jawless fishes and that have typically an elongated somewhat spindle-shaped body terminating in a broad caudal fin, limbs in the form of fins when present at all, and a 2-chambered heart by which blood is sent through thoracic gills to be oxygenated.
CSP

A grouping of jawed and jawless vertebrate animals usually having fins and a covering of scales or plates, breathing by means of gills, and living almost entirely in the water.
NCI

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truncus brachiocephalicus

The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.
MSH

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Shigella dysenteriae

species of gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria that is extremely pathogenic and causes severe dysentery; infection with this organism often leads to ulceration of the intestinal epithelium.
CSP

A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that is extremely pathogenic and causes severe dysentery. Infection with this organism often leads to ulceration of the intestinal epithelium.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Shigella dysenteriae.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is non motile, indole negative, cannot ferment lactose and produces Shiga toxin. S. dysenteriae is a pathogen that causes severe forms of shigellosis in primates.
NCI

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Tichomořské ostrovy

The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
MSH

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leukémie monocytární akutní

An acute myeloid leukemia in which 80% or more of the leukemic cells are of monocytic lineage including monoblasts, promonocytes, and MONOCYTES.
MSH

Acute myeloid leukemia in which 80% or more of the leukemic cells are of monocytic lineage. Bleeding disorders are common presenting features. It usually follows an aggressive clinical course. (WHO, 2001) — 2003
NCI

uncommon form of acute myelogenous leukemia, in which the predominating cells are identified as monocytes; a few myelocytes may be present, but not as many as in acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
CSP

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studium ošetřovatelství

Use for general articles concerning nursing education.
MSH

includes all types of education leading towards the profession of nursing.
CSP

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podlahy a podlahové krytiny

The surface of a structure upon which one stands or walks.
MSH

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chov

The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
MSH

The production of animals or plants by selective pairing.
NCI

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sialyltransferasy

A group of enzymes with the general formula CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:acceptor N-acetylneuraminyl transferase. They catalyze the transfer of N-acetylneuraminic acid from CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid to an acceptor, which is usually the terminal sugar residue of an oligosaccharide, a glycoprotein, or a glycolipid. EC 2.4.99.-.
MSH

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