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hmyzí repelencia

Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
MSH

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pepstatiny

N-acylated oligopeptides isolated from culture filtrates of Actinomycetes, which act specifically to inhibit acid proteases such as pepsin and renin.
MSH

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coitus interruptus

A contraceptive method whereby coitus is purposely interrupted in order to prevent EJACULATION of SEMEN into the VAGINA.
MSH

A birth control method adopted during sexual intercourse by withdrawing the penis from the vagina before ejaculation.
NCI

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torze semenného provazce

The twisting of the SPERMATIC CORD due to an anatomical abnormality that left the TESTIS mobile and dangling in the SCROTUM. The initial effect of testicular torsion is obstruction of venous return. Depending on the duration and degree of cord rotation, testicular symptoms range from EDEMA to interrupted arterial flow and testicular pain. If blood flow to testis is absent for 4 to 6 h, SPERMATOGENESIS may be permanently lost.
MSH

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NPH insulin

An intermediate-acting INSULIN preparation with onset time of 2 hours and duration of 24 hours. It is produced by crystallizing ZINC-insulin-PROTAMINES at neutral pH 7. Thus it is called neutral protamine Hagedorn for inventor Hans Christian Hagedorn.
MSH

An intermediate-acting insulin used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Administered once or twice daily, NPH (neutral protamine hagedorn) insulin lowers blood glucose within 1 to 2 hours after administration and exerts a peak effect at 6 to 10 hours. Endogenous insulin, a pancreatic hormone composed of two polypeptide chains, is important in the normal metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, promoting glucose utilization and protein synthesis; it has anabolic effects on many types of tissues. (NCI04)
NCI

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kyselina chloristá

An oxidizing agent that is used in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES for separation of potassium from sodium. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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kolektivní smlouvy

The process of negotiation between representatives of an employee organization, association or union, and representatives of the employer.
MSH

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mícha

Caudalmost subdivision of neuraxis that consists of neural tissue (which is organized into gray matter and white matter) and the central canal (cavity of organ part); it is embryologically derived from the caudal part of the neural tube. Together with the brain, the spinal cord constitutes the neuraxis. Examples: There is only one spinal cord.
UWDA

that part of the central nervous system which is lodged in the vertebral canal; it is composed of an inner core of gray matter in which nerve cells predominate, and an outer layer of white matter in which myelinated nerve fibers predominate; it is enclosed in three protective membranes, the meninges.
CSP

Segment of neuraxis that has as its parts gray matter and white matter that surround the central canal. Examples: There is only one spinal cord.
FMA

A column of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull down the back. It is surrounded by three protective membranes, and is enclosed within the vertebrae (back bones). The spinal cord and the brain make up the central nervous system, and spinal cord nerves carry most messages between the brain and the rest of the body.
NCI

The elongated, approximately cylindrical part of the central nervous system of vertebrates that lies in the vertebral canal and from which the spinal nerves emerge. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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jednotky intenzivní péče

Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
MSH

A health care facility unit that provides intensive care to critically ill patients and patients with complex medical problems who require constant monitoring or special therapy.
NCI

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kyselina jodistá

A strong oxidizing agent.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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Epidermophyton

A fungal genus which grows in the epidermis and is the cause of TINEA.
MSH

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kolostrum

The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
MSH

thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins; consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
CSP

A thick, protein-rich substance secreted by the breasts during the second half of pregnancy and for a few days after birth before the breast milk comes in.
NCI

A thick, protein-rich substance secreted by the breasts during the second half of pregnancy and for a few days after birth before the breast milk comes in. It contains antibodies which serve to give the baby protection from disease and also has a laxative effect on the colon which helps to expel the plug of meconium and facilitate the establishment of normal bowel movements. (from Parents` Common Sense Encyclopedia)
NCI

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spironolakton

A potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules. It is used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis. Its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p827)
MSH

potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules; used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis; its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects.
CSP

A synthetic 17-spironolactone corticosteroid with potassium-sparing diuretic, antihypertensive, and antiandrogen activities. Spironolactone competitively inhibits adrenocortical hormone aldosterone activity in the distal renal tubules, myocardium, and vasculature. This agent may inhibit the pathophysiologic effects of aldosterone produced in excess by various types of malignant and benign tumors. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39444&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39444&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C840″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic 17-spironolactone corticosteroid with potassium-sparing diuretic, antihypertensive, and antiandrogen activities. Spironolactone competitively inhibits adrenocortical hormone aldosterone activity in the distal renal tubules, myocardium, and vasculature. This agent may inhibit the pathophysiologic effects of aldosterone produced in excess by various types of malignant and benign tumors. (NCI04)
NCI

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dýchání s přerušovaným přetlakem

Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
MSH

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peritoneovenózní zkrat

An operation for the continuous emptying of ascitic fluid into the venous system. Fluid removal is based on intraperitoneal and intrathoracic superior vena cava pressure differentials and is performed via a pressure-sensitive one-way valve connected to a tube traversing the subcutaneous tissue of the chest wall to the neck where it enters the internal jugular vein and terminates in the superior vena cava. It is used in the treatment of intractable ascites.
MSH

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epsilon-krystaliny

A group of crystallins that have been found in the lens (LENS, CRYSTALLINE) of DUCKS and CROCODILES. They are inactivated forms of the B chain subunit of lactate dehydrogenase.
MSH

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veřejné zdravotnické služby

Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
MSH

services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health provided for individuals in the community.
CSP

Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health service provided for individuals in the community.
NCI

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distorze

A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.
MSH

A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint. Falling, twisting, or getting hit can all cause a sprain. Ankle and wrist sprains are common. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising and being unable to move your joint. You might feel a pop or tear when the injury happens.

A strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that connect muscle to bone. Twisting or pulling these tissues can cause a strain. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over time. Back and hamstring muscle strains are common. Many people get strains playing sports. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms, swelling and trouble moving the muscle.

At first, treatment of both sprains and strains usually involves resting the injured area, icing it, wearing a bandage or device that compresses the area, and medicines. Later treatment might include exercise and physical therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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střeva – obstrukce

Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
MSH

any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of intestinal contents toward the anus.
CSP

An intestinal obstruction occurs when food or stool cannot move through the intestines. The obstruction can be complete or partial. There are many causes. The most common are adhesions, hernias, cancers, and certain medicines.

Symptoms include

  • Severe abdominal pain or cramping
  • Vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Loud bowel sounds
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Constipation

A complete intestinal obstruction is a medical emergency. It often requires surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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pertuse – vakcína

A suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms, used for immunization against pertussis (WHOOPING COUGH). It is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP). There is an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis, which causes fewer adverse reactions than whole-cell vaccine and, like the whole-cell vaccine, is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

used for immunization against pertussis or whooping cough; generally it is a suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP), and also as an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis.
CSP

pertussis vaccine


HL7V3.0

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Eritrea

A country of eastern Africa, west of the Red Sea, bordered west and northwest by SUDAN, and south by ETHIOPIA. Its capital is Asmara.
MSH

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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komplement C5

Complement C5 (1676 aa, ~188 kDa) is encoded by the human C5 gene. This protein is involved in complement-mediated immunity.
NCI

C5 plays a central role in both the classical and the alternative pathway of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION. C5 is cleaved by C5 CONVERTASE into COMPLEMENT C5A and COMPLEMENT C5B. The smaller fragment C5a is an ANAPHYLATOXIN and mediator of inflammatory process. The major fragment C5b binds to the membrane initiating the spontaneous assembly of the late complement components, C5-C9, into the MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX.
MSH

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Staphylococcus epidermidis

species of Staphylococcus that is a spherical, nonmotile, gram positive, chemoorganotrophic, facultative anaerobe; mainly found on the skin and mucous membrane of warm blooded animals, it can be primary pathogen or secondary invader.
CSP

A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS that is a spherical, non-motile, gram-positive, chemoorganotrophic, facultative anaerobe. Mainly found on the skin and mucous membrane of warm-blooded animals, it can be primary pathogen or secondary invader.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is positive for catalase, urease, and alkaline phosphatase and negative for coagulase and oxidase. It can ferment glucose, fructose, maltose, sucrose, glycerol, mannose, lactose, and turanose but not arabinose, mannitol, xylose, cellobiose, xylitol, rhamnose or trehalose. S. epidermidis is a commensal human skin organism and can be a human pathogen causing sepsis or endocarditis in patients with implants or immunocompromised individuals.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Staphylococcus epidermidis.
NCI

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chromozomální inverze

chromosomal change in which a segment has been rotated by 180 degrees relative to the regions on either side and reinserted.
CSP

An aberration in which a chromosomal segment is deleted and reinserted in the same place but turned 180 degrees from its original orientation, so that the gene sequence for the segment is reversed with respect to that of the rest of the chromosome.
MSH

A chromosome segment is clipped out, turned upside down and reinserted back into the chromosome.
CHV

A type of chromosome rearrangement in which a segment has been turned through 180 degrees (inverted), and inserted back into its original location on the chromosome.
NCI

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farmakogenetika

A branch of genetics which deals with the genetic variability in individual responses to drugs and drug metabolism (BIOTRANSFORMATION).
MSH

branch of genetics (the branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance) which deals with the genetic variability in individual responses to drugs and drug metabolism.
CSP

Study of the way drugs interact with genetic makeup or the study of genetic response to a drug.
NCI

The study of how a person`s genes affect the way he or she responds to drugs. Pharmacogenetics is being used to learn ahead of time what the best drug or the best dose of a drug will be for a person.
NCI

The investigation of the influence of variations in DNA sequence on drug response.
NCI

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erytromelalgie

A peripheral arterial disease that is characterized by the triad of ERYTHEMA, burning PAIN, and increased SKIN TEMPERATURE of the extremities (or red, painful extremities). Erythromelalgia may be classified as primary or idiopathic, familial or non-familial. Secondary erythromelalgia is associated with other diseases, the most common being MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS.
MSH

A rare disorder characterized by periodic inflammation and blockage of the vessels of the extremities, resulting in skin redness, swelling, and burning pain in the affected sites. It may manifest as a primary disorder caused by mutations of the SCN9A gene or as a secondary disorder due to hematologic disorders or medication side effects.
NCI

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počítačové systémy

Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
MSH

A set of hardware and software which processes data in a meaningful way.
NCI

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porucha se stereotypními pohyby

Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)
MSH

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iontoforéza

Therapeutic introduction of ions of soluble salts into tissues by means of electric current. In medical literature it is commonly used to indicate the process of increasing the penetration of drugs into surface tissues by the application of electric current. It has nothing to do with ION EXCHANGE; AIR IONIZATION nor PHONOPHORESIS, none of which requires current.
MSH

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feniramin

One of the HISTAMINE H1 ANTAGONISTS with little sedative action. It is used in treatment of hay fever, rhinitis, allergic dermatoses, and pruritus.
MSH

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