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rozštěp patra

congenital fissure of the soft and/or hard palate, due to faulty fusion.
CSP

A congenital abnormality consisting of a fissure in the midline of the hard and/or soft palate; it is the result of the failure of the two sides of the palate to fuse during embryonic development.
NCI

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WMSV

A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS producing tumors in primates. Originally isolated from a fibrosarcoma in a woolly monkey, WMSV is a replication-defective v-onc virus which carries the sis oncogene. In order to propagate, WMSV requires a replication-competent helper virus.
MSH

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lichen planus

An inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized. It is characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces. The lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques. Histologically, there is a “saw-tooth” pattern of epidermal hyperplasia and vacuolar alteration of the basal layer of the epidermis along with an intense upper dermal inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of T-cells. Etiology is unknown.
MSH

inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized; characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces; lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques.
CSP

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panuveitida

Inflammation in which both the anterior and posterior segments of the uvea are involved and a specific focus is not apparent. It is often severe and extensive and a serious threat to vision. Causes include systemic diseases such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and syphilis, as well as malignancies. The intermediate segment of the eye is not involved.
MSH

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the entire uvea which includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. Causes include systemic infections, sarcoidosis, and cancers.
NCI

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potraviny

Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
MSH

anything which, when taken into the body, serves to nourish or build up the tissues or to supply body heat.
CSP

A group of materials of either plant, animal or artificial origin containing essential body nutrients that can be ingested by an organism to produce energy, stimulate growth, and maintain life.
NCI

A group of substances which are consumed by humans and animals.
NCI

A substance consumed by humans and animals for nutritional purposes. EXAMPLE(S): broccoli, donuts, pet treats
NCI

Description:The introduction of material into a subject with the intent of providing nutrition or other dietary supplements (e.g. minerals or vitamins).


HL7V3.0

Processed or unprocessed substances obtained from animal, plant, microorganism and mining source that provide nutrients for living organisms to maintain biological processes or functions.
NCI

Naturally occurring, processed or manufactured entities that are primarily used as food for humans and animals.


HL7V3.0

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Cloning

Cloning describes the processes used to create an exact genetic replica of another cell, tissue or organism. The copied material, which has the same genetic makeup as the original, is referred to as a clone. The most famous clone was a Scottish sheep named Dolly.

There are three different types of cloning:

  • Gene cloning, which creates copies of genes or segments of DNA
  • Reproductive cloning, which creates copies of whole animals
  • Therapeutic cloning, which creates embryonic stem cells. Researchers hope to use these cells to grow healthy tissue to replace injured or diseased tissues in the human body.

NIH: National Human Genome Research Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

An identical copy of a DNA sequence or entire gene; one or more cells derived from and identical to a single ancestor cell OR to isolate a gene or specific sequence of DNA.
NCI

Any of the techniques that produce identical individuals.
NCI

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kožní nemoci

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the skin.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the skin or subcutaneous tissue that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

determination of diseases or disorders of the skin based on symptoms, medical history, risk factors, and clinical tests.
CSP

Did you know that your skin is the largest organ of your body? It is, in terms of both weight, between 6 and 9 pounds, and surface area, about 2 square yards. Your skin separates the inside of your body from the outside world. It

  • Protects you from bacteria and viruses that can cause infections
  • Helps you sense the outside world, such as whether it is hot or cold, wet or dry
  • Regulates your body temperature

Conditions that irritate, clog or inflame your skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning and itching. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause dermatitis, hives and other skin conditions. Many skin problems, such as acne, also affect your appearance.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin, usually without inflammation.
NCI

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the skin or subcutaneous tissue that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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lingvistika

The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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Paraguay

A country in Central South America, northeast of Argentina. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central South America, northeast of Argentina. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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noha – nemoci

Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.
MSH

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dehet uhelný

A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).
MSH

A dark brown or black thick liquid obtained by roasting pine wood or formed as a by-product in the production of coke. Coal tar is a complex mixture of organic substances, including benzene, phenols, sulfur, aniline, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, anthracene and phenanthrene. This substance is used to treat certain skin diseases, especially psoriasis, and is used in the synthesis of dyes, drugs, explosives, flavorings, perfumes, preservatives, synthetic resins, paints and stains. Coal tar exposure leads to an increased risk of developing cancer of skin, lung, bladder, kidney and digestive tract as well as leukemia. It is known to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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pomalu reagující látky

A chemically diverse group of substances produced by various tissues in the body that cause slow contraction of smooth muscle; they have other intense but varied pharmacologic activities.
MSH

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AZALEKO LIPOMA

A benign tumor composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It can be surrounded by a thin layer of connective tissue (encapsulated), or diffuse without the capsule.
MSH

Skin Biopsy, Diagnostic of PSS: skin biopsy revealing increased compact collagen in the reticular dermis, thinning of the epidermis, loss of rete pegs, atrophy of dermal appendages, and hyalinization and fibrosis of arterioles.
AIR

A benign (not cancer) tumor made of fat cells.
NCI

A benign, usually painless, well-circumscribed lipomatous tumor composed of adipose tissue.
NCI

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paraziti

Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
MSH

An animal or plant that gets nutrients by living on or in an organism of another species. A complete parasite gets all of its nutrients from the host organism, but a semi-parasite gets only some of its nutrients from the host.
NCI

Any organism that has a close, symbiotic relationship with a separate, host organism.
NCI

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kyselina formiminoglutamová

Measurement of this acid in the urine after oral administration of histidine provides the basis for the diagnostic test of folic acid deficiency and of megaloblastic anemia of pregnancy.
MSH

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kodon

A set of three nucleotides in a protein coding sequence that specifies individual amino acids or a termination signal (CODON, TERMINATOR). Most codons are universal, but some organisms do not produce the transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER) complementary to all codons. These codons are referred to as unassigned codons (CODONS, NONSENSE).
MSH

A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DNA or RNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid.
NCI

In DNA or RNA, a sequence of 3 consecutive nucleotides that codes for a specific amino acid or signals the termination of gene translation (stop or termination codon).
NCI

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sociální odstup

The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.
MSH

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litotripse

The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.
MSH

the destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter; focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery; lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis.
CSP

A procedure to break a stone into small particles that can be more easily cleared from the body.
NCI

a medical procedure to break up stones that form in the kidney, bladder or ureters so that they can be passed out of the body in the urine
CHV

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Parkinsonova nemoc sekundární

Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)
MSH

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framycetin

A component of NEOMYCIN that is produced by Streptomyces fradiae. On hydrolysis it yields neamine and neobiosamine B. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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Colinus

A genus of QUAIL, in the family Odontophoridae, comprised of at least four different species of bobwhites.
MSH

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sociálně ekonomické faktory

Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
MSH

involving a combination of social and economic factors.
CSP

Characteristics of a person such as education and occupation, used to describe the person`s position in stratification systems, access to services, etc.
NCI

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orientační tabule a značení

Directory signs or listings of designated areas within or without a facility.
MSH

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věk otce

Age of the biological father.
MSH

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fruktosa

A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
MSH

six carbon sugar that is a component of a number of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, generally the sweetest and most readily absorbed, found naturally in sweet fruits and honey.
CSP

A hexose with a keto group, also called a keto-hexose. Aside from the keto group, each of the 5 remaining carbons has one hydroxyl group, in the S,R, and R configuration counting from the first hydroxyl containing asymmetric carbon next to the ketone in the straight chain (=Fisher) projection. All other carbons are bound to hydrogen exclusively. Occurs mostly as furan and rarely as pyran or straight chain. When fructose forms a ring an additional “”anomeric”” asymmetric carbon is created which is denoted as “”alpha”” or “”beta””. For isomers see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/fructose.
NCI

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kolonialismus

The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
MSH

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Flavin Mononucleotide Sodium Salt

The phosphate sodium salt form of riboflavin, a water-soluble and essential micronutrient that is the principal growth-promoting factor in naturally occurring vitamin B complexes. Riboflavin phosphate sodium is converted to 2 coenzymes, flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which are necessary for energy production by aiding in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins and are required for red blood cell formation and respiration, antibody production and for regulating human growth and reproduction. Riboflavin phosphate sodium is essential for healthy skin, nails and hair growth.
NCI

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Lownův-Ganongův-Levineův syndrom

A form of ventricular pre-excitation characterized by a short PR interval and a normal QRS complex. In this syndrome, the atrial impulse conducts via the JAMES FIBERS which connect the atrium to BUNDLE OF HIS bypassing the upper ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. HEART VENTRICLES are depolarized normally through the His-Purkinje system.
MSH

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práva pacientů

Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital`s posting of a list of patient rights.
MSH

As a patient, you have certain rights. Some are guaranteed by federal law, such as the right to get a copy of your medical records, and the right to keep them private. Many states have additional laws protecting patients, and healthcare facilities often have a patient bill of rights.

An important patient right is informed consent. This means that if you need a treatment, your health care provider should give you the information you need to make a decision.

Many hospitals have patient advocates who can help you if you have problems. Many states have an ombudsman office for problems with long term care. Your state`s department of health may also be able to help.


MEDLINEPLUS

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furany

Compounds with a 5-membered ring of four carbons and an oxygen. They are aromatic heterocycles. The reduced form is tetrahydrofuran.
MSH

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