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hypotalamické hormony

Peptide hormones produced by NEURONS of various regions in the HYPOTHALAMUS. They are released into the pituitary portal circulation to stimulate or inhibit PITUITARY GLAND functions. VASOPRESSIN and OXYTOCIN, though produced in the hypothalamus, are not included here for they are transported down the AXONS to the POSTERIOR LOBE OF PITUITARY before being released into the portal circulation.
MSH

hormones isolated from the hypothalamus which exercise control over other organs, primarily the pituitary gland; members include certain pituitary hormone-releasing hormones and pituitary hormone release inhibiting hormones.
CSP

Releasing and inhibiting hormones secreted by the neurosecretory neurons of the hypothalamus binding to the receptors of the anterior pituitary cells and modulating the release of hormones the pituitary secretes.
NCI

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bible

The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

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slinné žlázy – píštěl

A fistula between a salivary duct or gland and the cutaneous surface of the oral cavity.
MSH

An abnormal communication between a salivary gland and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between a salivary gland and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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nitrátreduktasy

Oxidoreductases that are specific for the reduction of NITRATES.
MSH

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dithiothreitol

A reagent commonly used in biochemical studies as a protective agent to prevent the oxidation of SH (thiol) groups and for reducing disulphides to dithiols.
MSH

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oligosacharidy

Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.
MSH

carbohydrate which when hydrolyzed yields a small number of monosaccharides.
CSP

A carbohydrate comprised of three to ten monosaccharides joined by ether bridges (covalent bonds centered by an oxygen).
NCI

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led

The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
MSH

Water frozen in the solid state.
NCI

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vazebná místa

The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
MSH

reactive portion of a macromolecule that directly participates in its specific combination with another molecule.
CSP

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sanitace

The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.
MSH

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nitroprusid

A powerful vasodilator used in emergencies to lower blood pressure or to improve cardiac function. It is also an indicator for free sulfhydryl groups in proteins.
MSH

powerful vasodilator used in emergencies to lower blood pressure or to improve cardiac function, also used as an indicator for free sulfhydryl groups in proteins.
CSP

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DNA-polymerasa II

A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in E. coli and other lower organisms. It may be present in higher organisms and has an intrinsic molecular activity only 5% of that of DNA Polymerase I. This polymerase has 3`-5` exonuclease activity, is effective only on duplex DNA with gaps or single-strand ends of less than 100 nucleotides as template, and is inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents. EC 2.7.7.7.
MSH

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ooforitida

Inflammation of the OVARY, generally caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix.
MSH

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arteria iliaca

Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
MSH

A branch of the abdominal aorta that supplies blood to the lower trunk and the legs.
NCI

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biologická terapie

Treatment of diseases with biological materials or biological response modifiers, such as the use of GENES; CELLS; TISSUES; organs; SERUM; VACCINES; and humoral agents.
MSH

Treatment to boost or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer, infections, and other diseases. Also used to lessen certain side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments. Agents used in biological therapy include monoclonal antibodies, growth factors, and vaccines. These agents may also have a direct antitumor effect.
NCI

A form of treatment that implies the administration of substances which produce a biological reaction in the organism thus enhancing or restoring the host immune response, modifying the behavior of cancer cells, blocking the pathways of cell neoplastic transformation and tumor ability to metastasize, or facilitating the repair of cells damaged by aggressive forms of cancer treatment. It includes the use of sera, antitoxins, vaccines, genes, cells, tissues, and organs.
NCI

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skandium

Scandium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Sc, atomic number 21, and atomic weight 45.
MSH

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nedirektivní terapie

A procedure in which the therapist refrains from directing the client, but instead reflects back to the client what the latter has said, sometimes restating the client`s remark.
MSH

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dolicholfosfáty

Phosphoric acid esters of dolichol.
MSH

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discus nervi optici – drúzy

Optic disk bodies composed primarily of acid mucopolysaccharides that may produce pseudopapilledema (elevation of the optic disk without associated INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION) and visual field deficits. Drusen may also occur in the retina (see RETINAL DRUSEN). (Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p355)
MSH

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imunita buněčná

Manifestations of the immune response which are mediated by antigen-sensitized T-lymphocytes via lymphokines or direct cytotoxicity. This takes place in the absence of circulating antibody or where antibody plays a subordinate role.
MSH

immunity mediated by T-lymphocytes through either release of lymphokines or exertion of direct cytotoxicity; responsible for reactions such as allograft rejection and delayed hypersensitivity.
CSP

Those manifestations of the immune response which are mediated by antigen-sensitized T-lymphocytes via lymphokines or direct cytotoxicity. This takes place in the absence of circulating antibody or where antibody plays a subordinate role.
NCI

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plíce chovatelů ptáků

A form of alveolitis or pneumonitis due to an acquired hypersensitivity to inhaled avian antigens, usually proteins in the dust of bird feathers and droppings.
MSH

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schizotypální porucha osobnosti

A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.
MSH

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of inability to establish close relationships coupled with cognitive or perceptual distortions, odd beliefs and speech, and eccentric behavior and appearance.
NCI

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doxylamin

Histamine H1 antagonist with pronounced sedative properties. It is used in allergies and as an antitussive, antiemetic, and hypnotic. Doxylamine has also been administered in veterinary applications and was formerly used in PARKINSONISM.
MSH

A first generation ethanolamine with antiinflammatory, sedative and antihistamine properties. Doxylamine competitively inhibits the histamine 1 (H1) receptor, thereby preventing the action of endogenous histamine as well as the subsequent release of pro-inflammatory mediators from basophils and mast cells. This agent acts as an inverse agonist that combines with, and stabilizes the inactive form of the H1-receptor, shifting the H1 receptor equilibrium toward the inactive state. This results in downregulation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and NF-kappaB dependent antigen presentation, chemotaxis, as well as expression of cell-adhesion molecules and pro-inflammatory cytokines.
NCI

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orgány – hmotnost

A measurement of the heaviness of a body organ.
NCI

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imunoglobuliny – Fc fragmenty

A protein product that results from the digestion of antibodies with papain and is comprised of the second and third constant regions of the antibody heavy chain.
NCI

Crystallizable fragments composed of the carboxy-terminal halves of both IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS linked to each other by disulfide bonds. Fc fragments contain the carboxy-terminal parts of the heavy chain constant regions that are responsible for the effector functions of an immunoglobulin (COMPLEMENT fixation, binding to the cell membrane via FC RECEPTORS, and placental transport). This fragment can be obtained by digestion of immunoglobulins with the proteolytic enzyme PAPAIN.
MSH

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neurogenní močový měchýř

dysfunction of the urinary bladder due to disease of the central or peripheral nervous system pathways involved in the control of micturition.
CSP

Dysfunction of the URINARY BLADDER due to disease of the central or peripheral nervous system pathways involved in the control of URINATION. This is often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, but may also be caused by BRAIN DISEASES or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES.
MSH

Malfunctioning urinary bladder due to central nervous system disorders or damage to the peripheral nerves that are involved in the control of urination. Causes include spinal cord injuries, neural tube defects, brain tumors, strokes, and peripheral neuropathies (e.g., AIDS neuropathy and diabetic neuropathy).
NCI

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skleroproteiny

Simple proteins characterized by their insolubility and fibrous structure. Within the body, they perform a supportive or protective function.
MSH

family of large proteins characterized by tendency to aggregate into insoluble fibers and plaques; found in intermediate filaments, extracellular matrix, cartilage, hair, nails, and elsewhere.
CSP

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léková alergie

immunologically mediated adverse reactions to medicinal substances used legally or illegally.
CSP

An allergy to a pharmaceutical product.


HL7V3.0

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psitakóza

Infection with CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI (formerly Chlamydia psittaci), transmitted to humans by inhalation of dust-borne contaminated nasal secretions or excreta of infected BIRDS. This infection results in a febrile illness characterized by PNEUMONITIS and systemic manifestations.
MSH

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Implants

A substance or object that is put in the body as a prosthesis, or for treatment or diagnosis.
NCI

A prosthesis placed permanently in tissue.
NCI

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krev – koagulace

The process of the interaction of BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS that results in an insoluble FIBRIN clot.
MSH

process of the interaction of blood coagulation factors that results in an insoluble fibrin clot.
CSP

The sequential process in which the multiple coagulation factors of the blood interact, ultimately resulting in the formation of an insoluble fibrin clot; it may be divided into three stages: stage 1, the formation of intrinsic and extrinsic prothrombin converting principle; stage 2, the formation of thrombin; stage 3, the formation of stable fibrin polymers. [http://www.graylab.ac.uk/omd/, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

Any of the sequential processes by which coagulation factors interact to form a fibrin clot.
NCI

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