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modely chemické

Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
MSH

representation of the structure, behavior or activity of a chemical or chemical processes or systems which can be manipulated to demonstrate the effects that various actions will have on the chemical or chemical process or system; do not confuse with STRUCTURAL MODEL.
CSP

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dyslexie získaná

A receptive visual aphasia characterized by the loss of a previously possessed ability to comprehend the meaning or significance of handwritten words, despite intact vision. This condition may be associated with posterior cerebral artery infarction (INFARCTION, POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY) and other BRAIN DISEASES.
MSH

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hemová oxygenasa (decyklizující)

A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.
MSH

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jednoduchá slepá metoda

A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
MSH

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Bolívie

A country in Central South America, southwest of Brazil. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central South America, southwest of Brazil. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Papillomavirus

cause proliferation of epithelium of skin or mucous membranes; usually are host specific; have been isolated from humans, cattle, deer, dogs, goats, horses, rats, and sheep.
CSP

A genus of viruses (family Papovaviridae) containing DNA, having virions about 55 nm in diameter, and including the papilloma and warts viruses of man and other animals, some of which are associated with inductions of carcinoma.
NCI

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molybdoferredoxin

A non-heme iron-sulfur protein isolated from Clostridium pasteurianum and other bacteria. It is a component of NITROGENASE, which is active in nitrogen fixation, and consists of two subunits with molecular weights of 59.5 kDa and 50.7 kDa, respectively.
MSH

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ekkrinní žlázy

Simple sweat glands that secrete sweat directly onto the SKIN.
MSH

A type of simple sweat gland that is found in almost all regions of the skin. These glands produce sweat that reaches the surface of the skin by way of coiled ducts (tubes). The body is cooled as sweat evaporates from the skin.
NCI

An unbranched, coiled, tubular gland not associated with the hair follicle that promotes cooling by evaporation of its secretion. It is innervated by cholinergic nerve fibers.
NCI

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hemoglobin srpkovitý

An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
MSH

abnormal hemoglobin caused by a point mutation in the beta chains, found in sickle cell anemia.
CSP

An abnormal hemoglobin assay is a device consisting of the reagents, apparatus, instrumentation, and controls necessary to isolate and identify abnormal genetically determined hemoglobin types.
SPN

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Kožní uzlík

A benign or malignant round or oval and elevated solid lesion that arises from the skin or subcutaneous tissue.
NCI

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polygrafie

The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing books. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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Paramecium

genus of ciliate protozoa in the Hymenostomatida order that is often large enough to be seen by the naked eye; paramecia are commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
CSP

A genus of ciliate protozoa that is often large enough to be seen by the naked eye. Paramecia are commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
MSH

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nálada

A relatively temporary state of feeling.
NCI

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ekonomická hodnota života

The evaluation of the monetary value of a life lost or a life saved.
MSH

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HEMORROIDEAK

Swollen veins in the lower part of the RECTUM or ANUS. Hemorrhoids can be inside the anus (internal), under the skin around the anus (external), or protruding from inside to outside of the anus. People with hemorrhoids may or may not exhibit symptoms which include bleeding, itching, and pain.
MSH

An enlarged or swollen blood vessel, usually located near the anus or the rectum.
NCI

Hemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum. They are either inside the anus or under the skin around the anus. They often result from straining to have a bowel movement. Other factors include pregnancy, aging and chronic constipation or diarrhea.

Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of all people have hemorrhoids by age 50. The most common symptom of hemorrhoids inside the anus is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Symptoms usually go away within a few days.

If you have rectal bleeding you should see a doctor. You need to make sure bleeding is not from a more serious condition such as colorectal or anal cancer. Treatment may include warm baths and a cream or other medicine. If you have large hemorrhoids, you may need surgery and other treatments.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the presence of dilated veins in the rectum and surrounding area.
NCI

Dilated veins in the rectum and anal area.
NCI

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kouř – poranění inhalací

Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
MSH

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botulotoxiny

Toxic proteins produced from the species CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM. The toxins are synthesized as a single peptide chain which is processed into a mature protein consisting of a heavy chain and light chain joined via a disulfide bond. The botulinum toxin light chain is a zinc-dependent protease which is released from the heavy chain upon ENDOCYTOSIS into PRESYNAPTIC NERVE ENDINGS. Once inside the cell the botulinum toxin light chain cleaves specific SNARE proteins which are essential for secretion of ACETYLCHOLINE by SYNAPTIC VESICLES. This inhibition of acetylcholine release results in muscular PARALYSIS.
MSH

toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum; there are at least seven different substances, most being proteins; they have neuro-, entero-, and hemotoxic properties, are immunogenic, and are among the most potent poisons known; used medically to block release of acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses.
CSP

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parathion

A highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an acaricide and as an insecticide.
MSH

agricultural insecticide highly toxic to humans and animals.
CSP

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pohyb – percepce

The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
MSH

sensory interpretation of the movement of objects or persons.
CSP

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Educational aspects

Used for education, training programs, and courses in various fields and disciplines, and for training groups of persons.
MSH

The activities of educating or instructing or teaching; activities that impart knowledge or skill.
NCI

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virus hepatitidy B

A virus that causes hepatitis (inflammation of the liver). It is carried and passed to others through blood or sexual contact. Also, infants born to infected mothers may become infected with the virus.
NCI

The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.
MSH

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is the prototype of the Hepadnavirus Family. Included in the family are the Woodchuck Hepatitis Virus (WHV) and the Duck Hepatitis B Virus (DHBV) which provide animal models of infection. The HBV genome is a partially double stranded circular DNA. A viral reverse transcriptase is bound to the 5` extremity of the long strand. (from http://www.genetique.uvsq.fr/RC/virologie/hepatiteB_2_uk.html)
NCI

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sociální lékařství

A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
MSH

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Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis

Gram-negative aerobic cocci of low virulence that colonize the nasopharynx and occasionally cause MENINGITIS; BACTEREMIA; EMPYEMA; PERICARDITIS; and PNEUMONIA.
MSH

A species of gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase-positive diplococcus bacteria within the phylum Proteobacteria that causes upper respiratory tract infections, particularly in immunocompromised hosts.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Moraxella catarrhalis.
NCI

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Paroxysmální supraventrikulární tachykardie

periods of very rapid heart beats that begin and end abruptly
CHV

An episodic form of supraventricular tachycardia, with abrupt onset and termination.
NCI

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Mosambik

A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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modifikátory efektu (epidemiologie)

Factors that modify the effect of the putative causal factor(s) under study.
MSH

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hernie brániční traumatická

The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.
MSH

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Sodium Cephalothin

The sodium salt form of cephalothin, a semisynthetic, beta-lactam, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Cephalothin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs participate in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall, and in reshaping the cell wall during cell division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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brom – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of bromine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Br atoms with atomic weights 74-78, 80, and 82-90 are radioactive bromine isotopes.
MSH

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patologické oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.
MSH

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