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Mycobacterium

genus of gram positive, aerobic bacteria; most species are free living in soil and water, but the major habitat for some is the diseased tissue of warm blooded hosts.
CSP

A genus of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria. Most species are free-living in soil and water, but the major habitat for some is the diseased tissue of warm-blooded hosts.
MSH

A genus of acid-fast Gram-positive, aerobic and nonmotile bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Mycobacterium genus level.
NCI

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histamin – antagonisté

Drugs that bind to but do not activate histamine receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine or histamine agonists. Classical antihistaminics block the histamine H1 receptors only.
MSH

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teplota

The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
MSH

a specific degree of hot or cold as indicated on or referred to a standard scale.
CSP

The property of a body or region of space that determines whether or not there will be a net flow of heat into it or out of it from a neighboring body or region and in which direction (if any) the heat will flow, perceptible by living organism as a somatic sensation of cold or heat. It is a measure of the average translational kinetic energy associated with the disordered microscopic motion of atoms and molecules. Temperature is measured in one of the three standard temperature scales: Celsius, Kelvin, and Fahrenheit. (NCI)
NCI

A measure of the average kinetic energy of a system of particles. Temperature may be quantified, in the context of thermodynamics, as the potential of one system to transfer thermal energy to another system until both systems reach a state of thermal equilibrium.
NCI

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vzdělávání podle kvalifikace

Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.
MSH

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kyselina polyglykolová

A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material.
MSH

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virus ptačí myeloblastózy

A species of ALPHARETROVIRUS causing anemia in fowl.
MSH

A retro-transcribing virus, of the genus Alpharetrovirus and the family Retroviridae, that causes anemia and malignant disease in wild and domestic fowl.
NCI

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histonkinasa

An aspect of protein kinase (EC 2.7.1.37) in which serine residues in protamines and histones are phosphorylated in the presence of ATP. EC 2.7.1.70.
MSH

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koncové repetitivní sekvence

Nucleotide sequences repeated on both the 5` and 3` ends of a sequence under consideration. For example, the hallmarks of a transposon are that it is flanked by inverted repeats on each end and the inverted repeats are flanked by direct repeats. The Delta element of Ty retrotransposons and LTRs (long terminal repeats) are examples of this concept.
MSH

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Complement inhibitor

serum proteins which act at key sites in the complement sequence to modulate or prevent the progression of the reaction; absence of these factors leads to uncontrolled activation of the complement system with accompanying disease; can apply to endogenous or exogenous substances.
CSP

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RNA-ligasa (ATP)

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of linear RNA to a circular form by the transfer of the 5`-phosphate to the 3`-hydroxyl terminus. It also catalyzes the covalent joining of two polyribonucleotides in phosphodiester linkage. EC 6.5.1.3.
MSH

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myosin typ II

The subfamily of myosin proteins that are commonly found in muscle fibers. Myosin II is also involved a diverse array of cellular functions including cell division, transport within the GOLGI APPARATUS, and maintaining MICROVILLI structure.
MSH

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HLA-C antigeny

Class I human histocompatibility (HLA) antigens encoded by a small cluster of structural genes at the C locus on chromosome 6. They have significantly lower immunogenicity than the HLA-A and -B determinants and are therefore of minor importance in donor/recipient crossmatching. Their primary role is their high-risk association with certain disease manifestations (e.g., spondylarthritis, psoriasis, multiple myeloma).
MSH

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tetraethylolovo

A highly toxic compound used as a gasoline additive. It causes acute toxic psychosis or chronic poisoning if inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
MSH

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pojmy – tvoření

A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
MSH

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dikobrazovití a urzonovití

Common name for large, quilled rodents (RODENTIA) comprised of two families: Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) and New World porcupines (Erethizontidae).
MSH

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N-nitrosopyrrolidin

Carcinogenic nitrosamine that may be formed from preservatives in meats during their preparation or in the liver during metabolism.
MSH

A clear, yellow, oily, liquid nitrosamine that decomposes when exposed to light and emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides when heated to decomposition. N-Nitrosopyrrolidine is used in laboratory research to induce tumors in experimental animals. This substance may be formed during cooking of foods that contain sodium nitrite as a preservative, including meat, fish and cheese. Exposure to N- Nitrosopyrrolidine irritates the skin and eyes and can damage the liver and kidneys. This substance is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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domácí péče – služby

Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient`s homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
MSH

patient care in the home setting, under the direction of a health service; medical, nursing, physical therapy, and other care and equipment is supplied by hospital or physician as needed.
CSP

Home care is care that allows a person with special needs stay in their home. It might be for people who are getting older, are chronically ill, recovering from surgery or disabled. Home care services include

  • Personal care, such as help with bathing, washing your hair or getting dressed
  • Homemaking, such as cleaning, yard work and laundry
  • Cooking or delivering meals
  • Health care, such as having a home health aide come to your home

You can get almost any type of help you want in your home. Some types of care and community services are free or donated. Many other types you have to pay for. Sometimes government programs or your health insurance will help cover the cost of certain home care services.


MEDLINEPLUS

HHCC – Home Health Codes


HL7V3.0

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thanatologie

The study of the theory, philosophy, and doctrine of death.
MSH

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pojivová tkáň

Tissue that supports and binds other tissues. It consists of CONNECTIVE TISSUE CELLS embedded in a large amount of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX.
MSH

Tissue which consists of fibroblasts, osteocytes or chondrocytes and intercellular matrix produced by these cells. Examples: bone (tissue), dense regular elastic tissue, areolar tissue, neuroglia, adipose tissue.
UWDA

tissue that supports and binds other tissues; consists of connective tissue cells embedded in a large amount of extracellular matrix.
CSP

Supporting tissue that surrounds other tissues and organs. Specialized connective tissue includes bone, cartilage, blood, and fat.
NCI

Tissue which consists of fibroblasts, osteocytes or chondrocytes and intercellular matrix produced by these cells. Examples: bone (tissue), dense regular elastic tissue, areolar tissue, neuroglia, adipose tissue.
FMA

The supporting or framework tissue of the animal body, formed of fibrous and ground substance with more or less numerous cells of various kinds; it is derived from the mesenchyme, and this in turn from the mesoderm; the varieties of connective tissue are: areolar or loose; adipose; dense, regular or irregular, white fibrous; elastic; mucous; and lymphoid tissue; cartilage; and bone; the blood and lymph may be regarded as connective tissues the ground substance of which is a liquid.
NCI

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postperikardiotomický syndrom

A nonspecific hypersensitivity reaction caused by TRAUMA to the PERICARDIUM, often following PERICARDIOTOMY. It is characterized by PERICARDIAL EFFUSION; high titers of anti-heart antibodies; low-grade FEVER; LETHARGY; loss of APPETITE; or ABDOMINAL PAIN.
MSH

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nalorfin

A narcotic antagonist with some agonist properties. It is an antagonist at mu opioid receptors and an agonist at kappa opioid receptors. Given alone it produces a broad spectrum of unpleasant effects and it is considered to be clinically obsolete.
MSH

narcotic antagonist with some agonist properties; an antagonist at mu opioid receptors and an agonist at kappa opioid receptors.
CSP

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hospice

Facilities or services which are especially devoted to providing palliative and supportive care to the patient with a terminal illness and to the patient`s family.
MSH

facility that provides palliative and supportive care for terminally ill patients and their families.
CSP

An establishment that provides palliative and supportive care for terminally ill patients and their families via physical, psychological, social and other forms of care.
NCI

program that provides spiritual, emotional, and physical care to terminally ill patients and their family
CHV

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thiabendazol

2-Substituted benzimidazole first introduced in 1962. It is active against a variety of nematodes and is the drug of choice for STRONGYLOIDIASIS. It has CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM side effects and hepatototoxic potential. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p919)
MSH

A benzimidazole derivative with anthelminthic property. Although the mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated, thiabendazole inhibits the helminth-specific mitochondrial enzyme fumarate reductase, thereby inhibiting the citric acid cycle, mitochondrial respiration and subsequent production of ATP, ultimately leading to helminth`s death. In addition, it has been suggested that thiabendazole may lead to inhibition of microtubule polymerization by binding to beta-tubulin and has an overt ovicidal effect with regard to some trichostrongylids. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39713&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39713&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C873″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A benzimidazole derivative with anthelminthic property. Although the mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated, thiabendazole inhibits the helminth-specific mitochondrial enzyme fumarate reductase, thereby inhibiting the citric acid cycle, mitochondrial respiration and subsequent production of ATP, ultimately leading to helminth`s death. In addition, it has been suggested that thiabendazole may lead to inhibition of microtubule polymerization by binding to beta-tubulin and has an overt ovicidal effect with regard to some trichostrongylids.
NCI

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antikoncepce imunologická

Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
MSH

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Praderové-Williho syndrom

An autosomal dominant disorder caused by deletion of the proximal long arm of the paternal chromosome 15 (15q11-q13) or by inheritance of both of the pair of chromosomes 15 from the mother (UNIPARENTAL DISOMY) which are imprinted (GENETIC IMPRINTING) and hence silenced. Clinical manifestations include MENTAL RETARDATION; MUSCULAR HYPOTONIA; HYPERPHAGIA; OBESITY; short stature; HYPOGONADISM; STRABISMUS; and HYPERSOMNOLENCE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p229)
MSH

congenital neurobehavioral disorder characterized by rounded face, low forehead, almond shaped eyes, squinting, hypogonadism, hypotonia, insatiable appetite leading to obesity, and mental retardation; chromosomal disorder usually associated with a deletion of the proximal portion of the long arm of chromosome 15.
CSP

Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is an uncommon genetic disorder. It causes poor muscle tone, low levels of sex hormones and a constant feeling of hunger. The part of the brain that controls feelings of fullness or hunger does not work properly in people with PWS. They overeat, leading to obesity.

Babies with PWS are usually floppy, with poor muscle tone, and have trouble sucking. Boys may have undescended testicles. Later, other signs appear. These include

  • Short stature
  • Poor motor skills
  • Weight gain
  • Underdeveloped sex organs
  • Mild mental retardation and learning disabilities

There is no cure for PWS. Growth hormone and exercise can help build muscle mass and control weight.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A genetic syndrome caused by deletions or disruptions of chromosome 15. It is characterized by reduced fetal activity, mental retardation, hypotonia, short stature, and hypogonadism.
NCI

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nos – polypy

Focal accumulations of EDEMA fluid in the NASAL MUCOSA accompanied by HYPERPLASIA of the associated submucosal connective tissue. Polyps may be NEOPLASMS, foci of INFLAMMATION, degenerative lesions, or malformations.
MSH

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nemocnice obecní

Hospitals controlled by the city government.
MSH

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thioglykoláty

Organic esters of thioglycolic acid (HS-CH2COOH).
MSH

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kooperační chování

The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
MSH

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těhotenství mladistvých

Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
MSH

Most teenagers don`t plan to get pregnant, but many do. Teen pregnancies carry extra health risks to the mother and the baby. Often, teenagers don`t receive timely prenatal care, and they have a higher risk for pregnancy-related high blood pressure and its complications. Risks for the baby include premature birth and a low birthweight.

If you`re a pregnant teenager, you can help yourself and your baby by

  • Taking your prenatal vitamins for your health and to prevent some birth defects
  • Avoiding smoking, alcohol and drugs
  • Using a condom, if you are still having sex, to prevent sexually transmitted diseases that could hurt your baby


MEDLINEPLUS

A pregnancy in an adolescent between the ages of thirteen and nineteen.
NCI

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