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protilátky bakteriální

Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
MSH

immunoglobulins induced by exposure to bacterial antigens.
CSP

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pentaerythritoltetranitrát

A vasodilator with general properties similar to NITROGLYCERIN but with a more prolonged duration of action. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1025)
MSH

The lipid soluble polyol ester of nitric acid belonging to the family of nitrovasodilators that exhibit vasodilatory property. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate releases free nitric oxide (NO) after denitration reaction, which triggers NO-dependent signaling transduction involving soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). NO binds reversibly to the ferrous-heme center of sGC, thereby causes conformational change and activates the enzyme. Activation results in increasing cellular levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) within vascular smooth muscle, which results in vasodilation mediated by cGMP-dependent protein kinases. Furthermore, this agent causes arterial and venous bed dilation in a dose-dependent manner.
NCI

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imunoglobuliny – Fc fragmenty

A protein product that results from the digestion of antibodies with papain and is comprised of the second and third constant regions of the antibody heavy chain.
NCI

Crystallizable fragments composed of the carboxy-terminal halves of both IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS linked to each other by disulfide bonds. Fc fragments contain the carboxy-terminal parts of the heavy chain constant regions that are responsible for the effector functions of an immunoglobulin (COMPLEMENT fixation, binding to the cell membrane via FC RECEPTORS, and placental transport). This fragment can be obtained by digestion of immunoglobulins with the proteolytic enzyme PAPAIN.
MSH

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cyklohexanony

Cyclohexane ring substituted by one or more ketones in any position.
MSH

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FONAZIOAREN PERTURBAZIOA

acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
CSP

A term referring to disorders characterized by the disruption of normal speech. It includes stuttering, lisps, dysarthria and voice disorders.
NCI

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antigen-protilátka reakce

The processes triggered by interactions of ANTIBODIES with their ANTIGENS.
MSH

immune response induced by binding antigen to antibody.
CSP

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endopeptidasy

A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.
MSH

nonEC category which corresponds to EC 3.4.21, EC 3.4.22, EC 3.4.23, EC 3.4.24, and EC 3.4.99.
CSP

A class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of peptide bonds in the interior of a polypeptide chain or protein molecule.
NCI

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Implants

A substance or object that is put in the body as a prosthesis, or for treatment or diagnosis.
NCI

A prosthesis placed permanently in tissue.
NCI

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cystathionin-beta-synthasa

A multifunctional pyridoxal phosphate enzyme. In the second stage of cysteine biosynthesis it catalyzes the reaction of homocysteine with serine to form cystathionine with the elimination of water. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to HYPERHOMOCYSTEINEMIA and HOMOCYSTINURIA. EC 4.2.1.22.
MSH

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sperminsynthasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of the propylamine moiety from 5`-deoxy-5`-S-(3-methylthiopropylamine)sulfonium adenosine to spermidine in the biosynthesis of spermine. It has an acidic isoelectric point at pH 5.0. EC 2.5.1.22.
MSH

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antimetabolity antitumorózní

Antimetabolites that are useful in cancer chemotherapy.
MSH

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periapikální nemoci

Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.
MSH

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Indiáni Střední Ameriky

Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
MSH

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cytidindifosfátcholin

Donor of choline in biosynthesis of choline-containing phosphoglycerides.
MSH

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míšní kořeny

The paired bundles of nerve fibers entering and leaving the spinal cord at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and autonomic preganglionic neurons. There are, however, some exceptions to this afferent/efferent rule.
MSH

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antituberkulotika

Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: “first-line” agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and “second-line” drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
MSH

drug used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
CSP

Describes a drug or effect that works against tuberculosis (a contagious bacterial infection that usually affects the lungs).
NCI

Any agent that is active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and can be used in the treatment of or in the prevention of tuberculosis.
NCI

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parodontální protézy

Any restorative and replacement device that is used as a therapeutic aid in the treatment of periodontal disease. It is an adjunct to other forms of periodontal therapy and does not cure periodontal disease by itself. (Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 3d ed)
MSH

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fyziologie výživy kojenců

Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
MSH

Nutritional studies with a focus on the specific nutritional needs of children under the age of 2.
NCI

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Cytolysins

group of substances elaborated by microorganisms, plants or animals that are specifically toxic to individual cells; they may be involved in immunity or may be contained in venoms.
CSP

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infarkt sleziny

Insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the spleen due to emboli, thrombi, vascular torsion, or pressure that produces a macroscopic area of necrosis. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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aortografie

Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
MSH

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perfenazin

An antipsychotic phenothiazine derivative with actions and uses similar to those of CHLORPROMAZINE.
MSH

A phenothiazine derivative and a dopamine antagonist with antiemetic and antipsychotic properties. Perphenazine blocks postsynaptic dopamine 2(D2) receptors in the mesolimbic and medullary chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ), thereby preventing the excess of dopamine in the brain. This leads to reduction in psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions. Perphenazine appears to exert its antiemetic activity by blocking the dopamine and histamine-1 receptor in the CTZ thereby relieving nausea and vomiting in the brain. In addition, perphenazine binds to alpha-adrenergic receptors.
NCI

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informační věda

The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.
MSH

The sciences concerned with gathering and manipulating and storing and retrieving and classifying recorded information.
NCI

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nebezpečné chování

Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.
MSH

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Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon

A country in Northern North America, comprised of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada). (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern North America, comprised of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada). (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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APENDIZITISA

Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.
MSH

The appendix is a small, tube-like organ attached to the first part of the large intestine, also called the colon. It is located in the lower right area of the abdomen. It has no known function. A blockage inside of the appendix causes appendicitis. The blockage leads to increased pressure, problems with blood flow and inflammation. If the blockage is not treated, the appendix can break open and leak infection into the body.

Symptoms may include

  • Pain and/or swelling in the abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Low fever

Not everyone with appendicitis has all these symptoms.

Appendicitis is a medical emergency. Treatment almost always involves removing the appendix. Anyone can get appendicitis. It happens most often to people between the ages of 10 and 30.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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petrolatum

A colloidal system of semisolid hydrocarbons obtained from PETROLEUM. It is used as an ointment base, topical protectant, and lubricant.
MSH

A thick, greasy, substance with no odor or taste made from petroleum (mixture of oily liquids found in the earth). Petrolatum is used on the skin to prevent drying and to help heal scrapes and burns. It is also used as a base for some ointments.
NCI

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úrazy – skóre vážnosti

An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
MSH

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debrisochin

An adrenergic neuron-blocking drug similar in effects to GUANETHIDINE. It is also noteworthy in being a substrate for a polymorphic cytochrome P-450 enzyme. Persons with certain isoforms of this enzyme are unable to properly metabolize this and many other clinically important drugs. They are commonly referred to as having a debrisoquin 4-hydroxylase polymorphism.
MSH

3,4-dihydro-2(H)-isoquinolinecarboxamidine (sulfate); oxidative metabolism of this drug is used to assay and model drug metabolism in general, especially genetic, ethnic, and individual pharmacokinetic differences.
CSP

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statistická rozdělení

The complete summaries of the frequencies of the values or categories of a measurement made on a group of items, a population, or other collection of data. The distribution tells either how many or what proportion of the group was found to have each value (or each range of values) out of all the possible values that the quantitative measure can have.
MSH

A representation (usually a graph or plot) showing the likelihood that particular event will occur over a set of values. The representation may be defined by a mathematical function, the probability density function.
NCI

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