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sociálně ekonomické faktory

Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
MSH

involving a combination of social and economic factors.
CSP

Characteristics of a person such as education and occupation, used to describe the person`s position in stratification systems, access to services, etc.
NCI

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kachny

any of various swimming birds (family Anatidae, the duck family) in which the neck and legs are short, the body more or less depressed, the bill often broad and flat, and the sexes almost always different from each other in plumage.
CSP

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věk otce

Age of the biological father.
MSH

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krevní transfúze intrauterinní

In utero transfusion of BLOOD into the FETUS for the treatment of FETAL DISEASES, such as fetal erythroblastosis (ERYTHROBLASTOSIS, FETAL).
MSH

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levalorfan

An opioid antagonist with properties similar to those of NALOXONE; in addition it also possesses some agonist properties. It should be used cautiously; levallorphan reverses severe opioid-induced respiratory depression but may exacerbate respiratory depression such as that induced by alcohol or other non-opioid central depressants. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p683)
MSH

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fluorofotometrie

Measurement of light given off by fluorescein in order to assess the integrity of various ocular barriers. The method is used to investigate the blood-aqueous barrier, blood-retinal barrier, aqueous flow measurements, corneal endothelial permeability, and tear flow dynamics.
MSH

Measurement of light given off by fluorescein in order to assess the integrity of various ocular barriers. The method is used to investigate the blood-aqueous barrier, blood-retinal barrier, aqueous flow measurements, corneal endothelial permeability, and tear flow dynamics (From MSH2001).
NCI

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Flavin Mononucleotide Sodium Salt

The phosphate sodium salt form of riboflavin, a water-soluble and essential micronutrient that is the principal growth-promoting factor in naturally occurring vitamin B complexes. Riboflavin phosphate sodium is converted to 2 coenzymes, flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which are necessary for energy production by aiding in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins and are required for red blood cell formation and respiration, antibody production and for regulating human growth and reproduction. Riboflavin phosphate sodium is essential for healthy skin, nails and hair growth.
NCI

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dysautonomie familiární

An autosomal disorder of the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems limited to individuals of Ashkenazic Jewish descent. Clinical manifestations are present at birth and include diminished lacrimation, defective thermoregulation, orthostatic hypotension (HYPOTENSION, ORTHOSTATIC), fixed pupils, excessive SWEATING, loss of pain and temperature sensation, and absent reflexes. Pathologic features include reduced numbers of small diameter peripheral nerve fibers and autonomic ganglion neurons. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1348; Nat Genet 1993;4(2):160-4)
MSH

autosomal disorder of the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems limited to individuals of Ashkenazic Jewish descent; clinical manifestations are present at birth and include diminished lacrimation, defective thermoregulation, orthostatic hypotension, fixed pupils, excessive sweating, loss of pain and temperature sensation, and absent reflexes; pathologic features include reduced numbers of small diameter peripheral nerve fibers and autonomic ganglion neurons.
CSP

A congenital disorder caused by mutations in the IKBKAP gene. It is characterized by damage of the sympathetic and parasympathetic and sensory nervous system.
NCI

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práva pacientů

Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital`s posting of a list of patient rights.
MSH

As a patient, you have certain rights. Some are guaranteed by federal law, such as the right to get a copy of your medical records, and the right to keep them private. Many states have additional laws protecting patients, and healthcare facilities often have a patient bill of rights.

An important patient right is informed consent. This means that if you need a treatment, your health care provider should give you the information you need to make a decision.

Many hospitals have patient advocates who can help you if you have problems. Many states have an ombudsman office for problems with long term care. Your state`s department of health may also be able to help.


MEDLINEPLUS

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tělo – povrch

The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.
MSH

A measure of the 2-dimensional extent of the body surface (i.e., the skin). Body surface area (BSA) can be calculated by mathematical formula or from a chart that relates height to weight. BSA is often an important factor in dosing. (NCI)
NCI

A measure of the 2-dimensional extent of the body surface (i.e., the skin). Body surface area (BSA) can be calculated by mathematical formula or from a chart that relates height to weight. BSA is often an important factor in dosing.
NCI

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lichen planus

An inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized. It is characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces. The lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques. Histologically, there is a “saw-tooth” pattern of epidermal hyperplasia and vacuolar alteration of the basal layer of the epidermis along with an intense upper dermal inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of T-cells. Etiology is unknown.
MSH

inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized; characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces; lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques.
CSP

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potraviny

Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
MSH

anything which, when taken into the body, serves to nourish or build up the tissues or to supply body heat.
CSP

A group of materials of either plant, animal or artificial origin containing essential body nutrients that can be ingested by an organism to produce energy, stimulate growth, and maintain life.
NCI

A group of substances which are consumed by humans and animals.
NCI

A substance consumed by humans and animals for nutritional purposes. EXAMPLE(S): broccoli, donuts, pet treats
NCI

Description:The introduction of material into a subject with the intent of providing nutrition or other dietary supplements (e.g. minerals or vitamins).


HL7V3.0

Processed or unprocessed substances obtained from animal, plant, microorganism and mining source that provide nutrients for living organisms to maintain biological processes or functions.
NCI

Naturally occurring, processed or manufactured entities that are primarily used as food for humans and animals.


HL7V3.0

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hormon uvolňující růstový hormon

hypothalamic peptide that regulates the synthesis and secretion of growth hormone in the anterior pituitary gland.
CSP

A peptide of 44 amino acids in most species that stimulates the release and synthesis of GROWTH HORMONE. GHRF (or GRF) is synthesized by neurons in the ARCUATE NUCLEUS of the HYPOTHALAMUS. After being released into the pituitary portal circulation, GHRF stimulates GH release by the SOMATOTROPHS in the PITUITARY GLAND.
MSH

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časné pohybování

Procedure to accelerate the ability of a patient to walk or move about by reducing the time to AMBULATION. It is characterized by a shorter period of hospitalization or recumbency than is normally practiced.
MSH

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pánevní bolest

Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)
MSH

A disorder characterized by marked discomfort sensation in the pelvis.
NCI

Painful sensation in the pelvis.
NCI

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kostní destičky

Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

metal bar with perforations for the insertion of screws; used to immobilize fractured bone segments.
CSP

A bone plate is a metal device intended to stabilize fractured bone structures in the oral cavity. The bone segments are attached to the plate with screws to prevent movement of the segments.
SPN

a metal device used to fix bone fracture
CHV

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lingvistika

The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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noha – nemoci

Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.
MSH

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křeče u dětí

An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor or extensor movements of the head, trunk, and limbs. The condition is divided into two forms: cryptogenic (idiopathic) and symptomatic (secondary to a known disease process such as intrauterine infections; nervous system abnormalities; BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC, INBORN; prematurity; perinatal asphyxia; TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS; etc.). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp744-8)
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in the PLA2G6 gene. It is characterized by the development of swellings called spheroids along the axons of the central nervous system. Signs and symptoms appear early in life and include movement difficulties, muscle hypotonia and spasticity, and dementia.
NCI

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Echovirus – infekce

Infectious disease processes, including meningitis, diarrhea, and respiratory disorders, caused by echoviruses.
MSH

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pentaerythritoltetranitrát

A vasodilator with general properties similar to NITROGLYCERIN but with a more prolonged duration of action. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1025)
MSH

The lipid soluble polyol ester of nitric acid belonging to the family of nitrovasodilators that exhibit vasodilatory property. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate releases free nitric oxide (NO) after denitration reaction, which triggers NO-dependent signaling transduction involving soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). NO binds reversibly to the ferrous-heme center of sGC, thereby causes conformational change and activates the enzyme. Activation results in increasing cellular levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) within vascular smooth muscle, which results in vasodilation mediated by cGMP-dependent protein kinases. Furthermore, this agent causes arterial and venous bed dilation in a dose-dependent manner.
NCI

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Borrelia – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus BORRELIA.
MSH

series of infections caused by Borrelia spp.; characterized by a fever lasting 4 days and then suddenly ending; relapses become progressively milder.
CSP

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AZALEKO LIPOMA

A benign tumor composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It can be surrounded by a thin layer of connective tissue (encapsulated), or diffuse without the capsule.
MSH

Skin Biopsy, Diagnostic of PSS: skin biopsy revealing increased compact collagen in the reticular dermis, thinning of the epidermis, loss of rete pegs, atrophy of dermal appendages, and hyalinization and fibrosis of arterioles.
AIR

A benign (not cancer) tumor made of fat cells.
NCI

A benign, usually painless, well-circumscribed lipomatous tumor composed of adipose tissue.
NCI

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kyselina formiminoglutamová

Measurement of this acid in the urine after oral administration of histidine provides the basis for the diagnostic test of folic acid deficiency and of megaloblastic anemia of pregnancy.
MSH

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FONAZIOAREN PERTURBAZIOA

acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
CSP

A term referring to disorders characterized by the disruption of normal speech. It includes stuttering, lisps, dysarthria and voice disorders.
NCI

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edémová nemoc u prasat

An acute disease of young pigs that is usually associated with weaning. It is characterized clinically by paresis and subcutaneous edema.
MSH

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endopeptidasy

A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.
MSH

nonEC category which corresponds to EC 3.4.21, EC 3.4.22, EC 3.4.23, EC 3.4.24, and EC 3.4.99.
CSP

A class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of peptide bonds in the interior of a polypeptide chain or protein molecule.
NCI

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mozek – nemoci metabolické

Acquired or inborn metabolic diseases that produce brain dysfunction or damage. These include primary (i.e., disorders intrinsic to the brain) and secondary (i.e., extracranial) metabolic conditions that adversely affect cerebral function.
MSH

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litotripse

The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.
MSH

the destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter; focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery; lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis.
CSP

A procedure to break a stone into small particles that can be more easily cleared from the body.
NCI

a medical procedure to break up stones that form in the kidney, bladder or ureters so that they can be passed out of the body in the urine
CHV

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framycetin

A component of NEOMYCIN that is produced by Streptomyces fradiae. On hydrolysis it yields neamine and neobiosamine B. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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