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aortografie

Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
MSH

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pityriasis rubra pilaris

A chronic skin disease characterized by small follicular papules, disseminated reddish-brown scaly patches, and often, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. The papules are about the size of a pin and topped by a horny plug.
MSH

A rare cutaneous disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of reddish-orange scaly plaques, palmoplantar keratoderma, keratotic follicular papules, and confluent erythematous areas with areas of normal skin between the lesions.
NCI

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informační věda

The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.
MSH

The sciences concerned with gathering and manipulating and storing and retrieving and classifying recorded information.
NCI

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nebezpečné chování

Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.
MSH

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přežití – analýza

A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
MSH

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APENDIZITISA

Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.
MSH

The appendix is a small, tube-like organ attached to the first part of the large intestine, also called the colon. It is located in the lower right area of the abdomen. It has no known function. A blockage inside of the appendix causes appendicitis. The blockage leads to increased pressure, problems with blood flow and inflammation. If the blockage is not treated, the appendix can break open and leak infection into the body.

Symptoms may include

  • Pain and/or swelling in the abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Low fever

Not everyone with appendicitis has all these symptoms.

Appendicitis is a medical emergency. Treatment almost always involves removing the appendix. Anyone can get appendicitis. It happens most often to people between the ages of 10 and 30.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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rostliny

Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of the kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
MSH

multicellular, autotrophic, photosynthetic organisms with multicellular haploid and diploid stages, gametes produced by mitosis; may be terrestrial or aquatic.
CSP

Any living organism that typically synthesizes its food from inorganic substances, possesses cellulose cell walls, responds slowly and often permanently to a stimulus, lacks specialized sense organs and nervous system, and has no powers of locomotion. (EPA Terminology Reference System)
NCI

A living subject from the order of plants.


HL7V3.0

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úrazy – skóre vážnosti

An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
MSH

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debrisochin

An adrenergic neuron-blocking drug similar in effects to GUANETHIDINE. It is also noteworthy in being a substrate for a polymorphic cytochrome P-450 enzyme. Persons with certain isoforms of this enzyme are unable to properly metabolize this and many other clinically important drugs. They are commonly referred to as having a debrisoquin 4-hydroxylase polymorphism.
MSH

3,4-dihydro-2(H)-isoquinolinecarboxamidine (sulfate); oxidative metabolism of this drug is used to assay and model drug metabolism in general, especially genetic, ethnic, and individual pharmacokinetic differences.
CSP

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sympatolytika

Drugs that inhibit the actions of the sympathetic nervous system by any mechanism. The most common of these are the ADRENERGIC ANTAGONISTS and drugs that deplete norepinephrine or reduce the release of transmitters from adrenergic postganglionic terminals (see ADRENERGIC AGENTS). Drugs that act in the central nervous system to reduce sympathetic activity (e.g., centrally acting alpha-2 adrenergic agonists, see ADRENERGIC ALPHA-AGONISTS) are included here.
MSH

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arachidonátlipoxygenasy

Enzymes catalyzing the oxidation of arachidonic acid to hydroperoxyarachidonates. These products are then rapidly converted by a peroxidase to hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids. The positional specificity of the enzyme reaction varies from tissue to tissue. The final lipoxygenase pathway leads to the leukotrienes. EC 1.13.11.- .
MSH

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trombocyty – aktivace

A series of progressive, overlapping events, triggered by exposure of the PLATELETS to subendothelial tissue. These events include shape change, adhesiveness, aggregation, and release reactions. When carried through to completion, these events lead to the formation of a stable hemostatic plug.
MSH

process by which platelets change shape, aggregate, adhere to vascular wall, and secrete cytokines during clotting; induced by a variety of agonists including thrombin, ADP, PAF, and epinephrine via a G protein/IP3 coupled receptor system.
CSP

A series of progressive, overlapping events triggered by exposure of the platelets to subendothelial tissue. These events include shape change, adhesiveness, aggregation, and release reactions. When carried through to completion, these events lead to the formation of a stable hemostatic plug. [http://www.graylab.ac.uk/omd/]
GO

Platelet Activation involves initiation of a set of stimulated platelet activities involved in aggregation of platelets and fibrin during blood coagulation.
NCI

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inseminace umělá heterologní

Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman`s husband.
MSH

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deferoxamine mesylate

The mesylate salt of an iron-chelating agent that binds free iron in a stable complex, preventing it from engaging in chemical reactions. Deferoxamine chelates iron from intra-lysosomal ferritin and siderin forming ferrioxamine, a water-soluble chelate excreted by the kidneys and in the feces via the bile. This agent does not readily bind iron from transferrin, hemoglobin, myoglobin or cytochrome. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41696&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41696&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C417″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

The mesylate salt of an iron-chelating agent that binds free iron in a stable complex, preventing it from engaging in chemical reactions. Deferoxamine chelates iron from intra-lysosomal ferritin and ferrioxamine, a water-soluble complex excreted by the kidneys and in the feces via the bile. This agent does not readily chelate iron bound to transferrin, hemoglobin, myoglobin or cytochrome.
NCI

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T-lymfocyty cytotoxické

Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2.
MSH

antibody-independent “killer cells” derived from the CD8 T lymphocyte line which, when stimulated by antigen, MHC class I antigen, and interleukin 2, secrete cytolytic pore-forming proteins capable of lysing target cells.
CSP

A type of immune cell that can kill certain cells, including foreign cells, cancer cells, and cells infected with a virus. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes can be separated from other blood cells, grown in the laboratory, and then given to a patient to kill cancer cells. A cytotoxic T lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell and a type of lymphocyte.
NCI

Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. These cells are distinct from natural killer cells and from killer cells mediating antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity.
NCI

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arginin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates arginine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.19.
MSH

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pleuropneumonie

Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with PLEURISY, inflammation of the PLEURA.
MSH

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pojistná škoda – přezkoumání

Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
MSH

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demence multiinfarktová

Loss of higher cortical functions with retained awareness due to multiple cortical or subcortical CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Memory, judgment, attention span, and impulse control are often impaired, and may be accompanied by PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; HEMIPARESIS; reflex abnormalities, and other signs of localized neurologic dysfunction. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1060)
MSH

dementia, due to significant cerebrovascular disease, with a stepwise deteriorating course and a `patchy` distribution of neurologic deficits.
CSP

A common form of dementia caused by multiple cortical or subcortical cerebral infarctions.
NCI

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eozinofilie

Abnormal increase of EOSINOPHILS in the blood, tissues or organs.
MSH

disordered formation of eosinophils or an abnormal accumulation or deficiency of these cells.
CSP

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Tanganyika

A country in eastern Africa that in 1964 it merged with ZANZIBAR to become TANZANIA.
MSH

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arterioly

The smallest divisions of the arteries located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
MSH

smallest thin-walled divisions of the arteries located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
CSP

Subdivision of arterial tree (organ) which is directly continuous with capillary vessel.
UWDA

A small, terminal branch in the arterial system. Arterioles often connect to capillaries.
NCI

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podofylotoxin

A lignan (LIGNANS) found in PODOPHYLLIN resin from the roots of PODOPHYLLUM plants. It is a potent spindle poison, toxic if taken internally, and has been used as a cathartic. It is very irritating to skin and mucous membranes, has keratolytic actions, has been used to treat warts and keratoses, and may have antineoplastic properties, as do some of its congeners and derivatives.
MSH

A pure, stabilized form of podophyllin, in which only the biologically active portion of the compound is present. Podophyllotoxin is a toxic, polycyclic antimitotic agent isolated primarily from the rhizome of the plant Podophyllum peltatum. This agent is formulated for topical applications. (NCI04)
NCI

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Recombinant Interferon-gamma

A recombinant therapeutic agent which is chemically identical to or similar to the endogenous lymphokine interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) with antineoplastic, immunoregulatory, and antiviral activities. Therapeutic IFN-gamma binds to and activates the cell-surface IFN-gamma receptor, stimulating antibody-dependent cytotoxicity and enhances natural killer cell attachment to tumor cells. This agent also activates caspases, thereby inducing apoptosis in malignant cells. (NCI04)
NCI

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zubní cement (tkáň)

The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
MSH

Substance of tooth produced by cementoblasts; surrounds the dentine of the root of the tooth.
UWDA

bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament.
CSP

Substance of tooth produced by cementoblasts; surrounds the dentine of the root of the tooth.
FMA

A bonelike substance covering the root of a tooth
CHV

Bone-like rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal. It serves as an attachment for the periodontal ligament, thus assisting in tooth support.
NCI

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epilepsie myoklonické

A clinically diverse group of epilepsy syndromes characterized either by myoclonic seizures or by myoclonus in association with other seizure types. Myoclonic epilepsy syndromes are divided into three subtypes based on etiology: familial, cryptogenic, and symptomatic (i.e., occurring secondary to known disease processes such as infections, hypoxic-ischemic injuries, trauma, etc.).
MSH

any form of epilepsy accompanied by myoclonus, shock like contractions of the muscle.
CSP

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slzy

Secretion produced by the lacrimal gland.
UWDA

The fluid secreted by the lacrimal glands. This fluid moistens the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA.
MSH

watery, slightly alkaline and saline secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the conjunctiva.
CSP

Portion of secreted substance produced by the lacrimal gland.
FMA

You may only think of tears as those salty drops that fall from your eyes when you cry. Actually, your tears clean your eyes every time you blink. Tears also keep your eyes moist, which is important for your vision.

Tear glands produce tears, and tear ducts carry the tears from the glands to the surface of your eye. Problems with the tear system can include too many tears, too few tears, or problems with the tear ducts. Treatment of the problem depends on the cause.


MEDLINEPLUS

A fluid containing oils, mucin, and proteins, which is secreted by the lacrimal gland and cleans and lubricates the eye.
NCI

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arylamin-N-acetyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of acetyl groups from ACETYL-COA to arylamines. It can also catalyze acetyl transfer between arylamines without COENZYME A and has a wide specificity for aromatic amines, including SEROTONIN. However, arylamine N-acetyltransferase should not be confused with the enzyme ARYLALKYLAMINE N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE which is also referred to as SEROTONIN ACETYLTRANSFERASE.
MSH

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poly dA-dT

Polydeoxyribonucleotides made up of deoxyadenine nucleotides and thymine nucleotides. Present in DNA preparations isolated from crab species. Synthetic preparations have been used extensively in the study of DNA.
MSH

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kurzy a stáže v nemocnici

Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
MSH

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