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dentinogenesis

The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
MSH

the formation of dentin; dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately; formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward; a layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes.
CSP

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financování – konstrukce

Funding resources and procedures for capital improvement or the construction of facilities.
MSH

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adstringencia

Agents, usually topical, that cause the contraction of tissues for the control of bleeding or secretions.
MSH

With a binding, contracting action on mucous membranes, skin, and other tissues, Astringent substances reduce irritation and inflammation; create a barrier against infection; help wounds and burns to heal; arrest secretion; and control bleeding. (NCI04)
NCI

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Rhodospirillales

order of photosynthetic bacteria representing a physiological community of predominantly aquatic bacteria.
CSP

An order of photosynthetic bacteria representing a physiological community of predominantly aquatic bacteria.
MSH

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leucylaminopeptidasa

A zinc containing enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the removal of the N-terminal amino acid from most L-peptides, particularly those with N-terminal leucine residues but not those with N-terminal lysine or arginine residues. This occurs in tissue cell cytosol, with high activity in the duodenum, liver, and kidney. The activity of this enzyme is commonly assayed using a leucine arylamide chromogenic substrate such as leucyl beta-naphthylamide.
MSH

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deoxycytidinkinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the phosphorylation of deoxycytidine with the formation of a nucleoside diphosphate and deoxycytidine monophosphate. Cytosine arabinoside can also act as an acceptor. All natural nucleoside triphosphates, except deoxycytidine triphosphate, can act as donors. The enzyme is induced by some viruses, particularly the herpes simplex virus (HERPESVIRUS HOMINIS). EC 2.7.1.74.
MSH

Deoxycytidine Kinase, encoded by the DCK gene, is required for the phosphorylation of several deoxyribonucleosides and their nucleoside analogs. Deficiency of DCK is associated with resistance to antiviral and anticancer chemotherapeutic agents. Conversely, increased deoxycytidine kinase activity is associated with increased activation of these compounds to cytotoxic nucleoside triphosphate derivatives. DCK is clinically important because of its relationship to drug resistance and sensitivity. (from LocusLink)
NCI

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bolest v boku

A disorder characterized by marked discomfort sensation on the lateral side of the body in the region below the ribs and above the hip.
NCI

Pain emanating from below the RIBS and above the ILIUM.
MSH

Painful sensation in the region below the ribs and above the hip.
NCI

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atropin

An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE.
MSH

anticholinergic alkaloid originally from Atropa belladonna; used as an antispasmodic to relax smooth muscles, to increase heart rate by blocking the vagus nerve, as an antidote for various toxic and anticholinesterase agents, and as an antisecretory, mydriatic, and cycloplegic.
CSP

A synthetically-derived form of the endogenous alkaloid isolated from the plant Atropa belladonna. Atropine functions as a sympathetic, competitive antagonist of muscarinic cholinergic receptors, thereby abolishing the effects of parasympathetic stimulation. This agent may induce tachycardia, inhibit secretions, and relax smooth muscles. (NCI04)
NCI

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kyseliny ricinolejové

Eighteen carbon fatty acids that comprise the great majority of CASTOR OIL, which is from the seed of RICINUS.
MSH

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leukémie prolymfocytární

A chronic leukemia characterized by a large number of circulating prolymphocytes. It can arise spontaneously or as a consequence of transformation of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.
MSH

A type of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in which too many immature white blood cells (prolymphocytes) are found in the blood and bone marrow. PLL usually progresses more rapidly than classic CLL.
NCI

A mature B- or T- cell leukemia with progressive clinical course. It is characterized by the presence of medium-sized lymphocytes with visible nucleoli (prolymphocytes) in the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and spleen.
NCI

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léky universální

Medicines whose effectiveness is unproven and whose ingredients are often secret.
MSH

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hloubka – percepce

Perception of three-dimensionality.
MSH

proper visual recognition of depth or the relative distances to different objects in space.
CSP

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kyselina flufenamová

An anthranilic acid derivative with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is used in musculoskeletal and joint disorders and administered by mouth and topically. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p16)
MSH

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australoidní rasa

A group that includes the Australian aborigines and possibly some other remnant populations of Malaysia. (From Molnar, Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups, 1975, p17)
MSH

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ristocetin

An antibiotic mixture of two components, A and B, obtained from Nocardia lurida (or the same substance produced by any other means). It is no longer used clinically because of its toxicity. It causes platelet agglutination and blood coagulation and is used to assay those functions in vitro.
MSH

antibiotic substances produced by the fermentation of Nocardia lurida; formerly used in treatment of severe staphylococcal infections resistant to other antibiotics; causes platelet agglutination and blood coagulation.
CSP

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levalorfan

An opioid antagonist with properties similar to those of NALOXONE; in addition it also possesses some agonist properties. It should be used cautiously; levallorphan reverses severe opioid-induced respiratory depression but may exacerbate respiratory depression such as that induced by alcohol or other non-opioid central depressants. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p683)
MSH

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nukleosidasy

N-GLYCOSYL HYDROLASES that catalyze the hydrolysis of the N-glycosidic bond of nucleoside-linked sugars.
MSH

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desonid

A nonfluorinated corticosteroid anti-inflammatory agent used topically for DERMATOSES.
MSH

A synthetic glucocorticosteroid for topical use, with anti-inflammatory activity. Desonide binds to glucocorticoid receptors in the cytoplasm, and the ligand-receptor complex is translocated as a homodimer into the nucleus, where transcription activation via glucocorticoid response elements within glucocorticoid-responsive genes occur. This agent induces transcription of genes coding for anti-inflammatory proteins, including lipocortin-1, interleukin-10, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist and neutral endopeptidase. Increased synthesis of lipocortin-1 has an inhibitory effect on phospholipase A2, which in turn inhibits the release arachidonic acid, thereby controlling the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes.
NCI

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fluorofotometrie

Measurement of light given off by fluorescein in order to assess the integrity of various ocular barriers. The method is used to investigate the blood-aqueous barrier, blood-retinal barrier, aqueous flow measurements, corneal endothelial permeability, and tear flow dynamics.
MSH

Measurement of light given off by fluorescein in order to assess the integrity of various ocular barriers. The method is used to investigate the blood-aqueous barrier, blood-retinal barrier, aqueous flow measurements, corneal endothelial permeability, and tear flow dynamics (From MSH2001).
NCI

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virus infekční laryngotracheitidy ptáků

The type species of the genus ILTOVIRUS found on every continent and affecting mainly chickens and occasionally pheasants.
MSH

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RNA transferová

The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains.
MSH

small ribonucleic acid molecules 73 to 93 nucleotides long, occurring in cells in about 30 varieties and functioning in translation; each variety carries a specific amino acid to a site specified by an RNA codon, binding to amino acid, ribosome, and to the codon via an anticodon region; all have numerous modified bases and extensive secondary structure.
CSP

A class of RNA having structures with triplet nucleotide sequences that are complementary to the triplet nucleotide coding sequences of mRNA. The role of tRNAs in protein synthesis is to bond with amino acids and transfer them to the ribosomes, where proteins are assembled according to the genetic code carried by mRNA. (BioTech Life Science Dictionary)
NCI

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lichen planus

An inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized. It is characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces. The lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques. Histologically, there is a “saw-tooth” pattern of epidermal hyperplasia and vacuolar alteration of the basal layer of the epidermis along with an intense upper dermal inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of T-cells. Etiology is unknown.
MSH

inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized; characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces; lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques.
CSP

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ošetřovatelský audit

A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of nursing care.
MSH

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diabetické angiopatie

vascular diseases that are associated with diabetes mellitus.
CSP

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potraviny

Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
MSH

anything which, when taken into the body, serves to nourish or build up the tissues or to supply body heat.
CSP

A group of materials of either plant, animal or artificial origin containing essential body nutrients that can be ingested by an organism to produce energy, stimulate growth, and maintain life.
NCI

A group of substances which are consumed by humans and animals.
NCI

A substance consumed by humans and animals for nutritional purposes. EXAMPLE(S): broccoli, donuts, pet treats
NCI

Description:The introduction of material into a subject with the intent of providing nutrition or other dietary supplements (e.g. minerals or vitamins).


HL7V3.0

Processed or unprocessed substances obtained from animal, plant, microorganism and mining source that provide nutrients for living organisms to maintain biological processes or functions.
NCI

Naturally occurring, processed or manufactured entities that are primarily used as food for humans and animals.


HL7V3.0

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azinfosmethyl

An organothiophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor. It has been used as an acaricide and as an insecticide.
MSH

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hlodavci – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous rodents through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

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lingvistika

The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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nylony

Polymers where the main polymer chain comprises recurring amide groups. These compounds are generally formed from combinations of diamines, diacids, and amino acids and yield fibers, sheeting, or extruded forms used in textiles, gels, filters, sutures, contact lenses, and other biomaterials.
MSH

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Dialýza

The process of cleansing the blood when the kidneys are not able to filter the blood.
NCI

dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity or kidneys as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
CSP

When your kidneys are healthy, they clean your blood. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, you need treatment to replace the work your kidneys used to do. Unless you have a kidney transplant, you will need a treatment called dialysis.

There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Both types filter your blood to rid your body of harmful wastes, extra salt and water. Hemodialysis does that with a machine. Peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of your abdomen, called the peritoneal membrane, to filter your blood. Each type has both risks and benefits. They also require that you follow a special diet. Your doctor can help you decide the best type of dialysis for you.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A procedure to remove toxic substances from the blood that is used in patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease or acute kidney failure.
NCI

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