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zdravotnické plánování – směrnice

Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
MSH

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pityriasis rubra pilaris

A chronic skin disease characterized by small follicular papules, disseminated reddish-brown scaly patches, and often, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. The papules are about the size of a pin and topped by a horny plug.
MSH

A rare cutaneous disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of reddish-orange scaly plaques, palmoplantar keratoderma, keratotic follicular papules, and confluent erythematous areas with areas of normal skin between the lesions.
NCI

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vzdělávání podle kvalifikace

Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.
MSH

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Microsomal Epoxide Hydrolase

Expression of microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH), a carcinogen-activating enzyme, in primary breast tumors may predict poor response to tamoxifen treatment. (from J Clin Oncol 2001;19:3-9 via Medscape)
NCI

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přežití – analýza

A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
MSH

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sluchové testy

a general term for the measurement of hearing.
CSP

A graphic record of the softest sounds that a person can hear at various frequencies, used to measure hearing loss.
NCI

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rostliny

Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of the kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
MSH

multicellular, autotrophic, photosynthetic organisms with multicellular haploid and diploid stages, gametes produced by mitosis; may be terrestrial or aquatic.
CSP

Any living organism that typically synthesizes its food from inorganic substances, possesses cellulose cell walls, responds slowly and often permanently to a stimulus, lacks specialized sense organs and nervous system, and has no powers of locomotion. (EPA Terminology Reference System)
NCI

A living subject from the order of plants.


HL7V3.0

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Complement inhibitor

serum proteins which act at key sites in the complement sequence to modulate or prevent the progression of the reaction; absence of these factors leads to uncontrolled activation of the complement system with accompanying disease; can apply to endogenous or exogenous substances.
CSP

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vojenský personál

persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
CSP

The armed forces of a country.
NCI

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sympatolytika

Drugs that inhibit the actions of the sympathetic nervous system by any mechanism. The most common of these are the ADRENERGIC ANTAGONISTS and drugs that deplete norepinephrine or reduce the release of transmitters from adrenergic postganglionic terminals (see ADRENERGIC AGENTS). Drugs that act in the central nervous system to reduce sympathetic activity (e.g., centrally acting alpha-2 adrenergic agonists, see ADRENERGIC ALPHA-AGONISTS) are included here.
MSH

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srdeční chlopně

flaps of tissue that prevent regurgitation of blood from the heart ventricles to the heart atria or from the pulmonary arteries or aorta to the ventricles.
CSP

Anatomical valve which has as its parts the endocardium and fibroelastic connective tissue attached to the fibrous ring of heart.
FMA

Any of the four heart valves, including the two atrioventricular valves and the two semilunar valves, that regulate the flow of blood through the chambers of the heart.
NCI

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trombocyty – aktivace

A series of progressive, overlapping events, triggered by exposure of the PLATELETS to subendothelial tissue. These events include shape change, adhesiveness, aggregation, and release reactions. When carried through to completion, these events lead to the formation of a stable hemostatic plug.
MSH

process by which platelets change shape, aggregate, adhere to vascular wall, and secrete cytokines during clotting; induced by a variety of agonists including thrombin, ADP, PAF, and epinephrine via a G protein/IP3 coupled receptor system.
CSP

A series of progressive, overlapping events triggered by exposure of the platelets to subendothelial tissue. These events include shape change, adhesiveness, aggregation, and release reactions. When carried through to completion, these events lead to the formation of a stable hemostatic plug. [http://www.graylab.ac.uk/omd/]
GO

Platelet Activation involves initiation of a set of stimulated platelet activities involved in aggregation of platelets and fibrin during blood coagulation.
NCI

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pojmy – tvoření

A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
MSH

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chemické látky – užití

Uses of chemicals in a research, industrial, or household setting. This does not include PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS.
MSH

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T-lymfocyty cytotoxické

Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2.
MSH

antibody-independent “killer cells” derived from the CD8 T lymphocyte line which, when stimulated by antigen, MHC class I antigen, and interleukin 2, secrete cytolytic pore-forming proteins capable of lysing target cells.
CSP

A type of immune cell that can kill certain cells, including foreign cells, cancer cells, and cells infected with a virus. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes can be separated from other blood cells, grown in the laboratory, and then given to a patient to kill cancer cells. A cytotoxic T lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell and a type of lymphocyte.
NCI

Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. These cells are distinct from natural killer cells and from killer cells mediating antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity.
NCI

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viry pomocné

Viruses which enable defective viruses to replicate or to form a protein coat by complementing the missing gene function of the defective (satellite) virus. Helper and satellite may be of the same or different genus.
MSH

a virus which provides the factor(s) needed by a defective virus for replication; for certain plant virus complexes the term refers to the virus which confers insect transmissibility to the complex.
CSP

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pleuropneumonie

Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with PLEURISY, inflammation of the PLEURA.
MSH

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pojivová tkáň

Tissue that supports and binds other tissues. It consists of CONNECTIVE TISSUE CELLS embedded in a large amount of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX.
MSH

Tissue which consists of fibroblasts, osteocytes or chondrocytes and intercellular matrix produced by these cells. Examples: bone (tissue), dense regular elastic tissue, areolar tissue, neuroglia, adipose tissue.
UWDA

tissue that supports and binds other tissues; consists of connective tissue cells embedded in a large amount of extracellular matrix.
CSP

Supporting tissue that surrounds other tissues and organs. Specialized connective tissue includes bone, cartilage, blood, and fat.
NCI

Tissue which consists of fibroblasts, osteocytes or chondrocytes and intercellular matrix produced by these cells. Examples: bone (tissue), dense regular elastic tissue, areolar tissue, neuroglia, adipose tissue.
FMA

The supporting or framework tissue of the animal body, formed of fibrous and ground substance with more or less numerous cells of various kinds; it is derived from the mesenchyme, and this in turn from the mesoderm; the varieties of connective tissue are: areolar or loose; adipose; dense, regular or irregular, white fibrous; elastic; mucous; and lymphoid tissue; cartilage; and bone; the blood and lymph may be regarded as connective tissues the ground substance of which is a liquid.
NCI

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Sotalol Hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt form of sotalol, an ethanolamine derivative with Class III antiarrhythmic and antihypertensive properties. Sotalol hydrochloride is a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor and potassium channel antagonist. In the heart, this agent inhibits chronotropic and inotropic effects thereby slowing the heart rate and decreasing myocardial contractility. This agent also reduces sinus rate, slows conduction in the atria and in the atrioventricular (AV) node and increases the functional refractory period of the AV node. In the lungs, sotalol inhibits vasodilation and bronchodilation. In addition, this agent inhibits renin release.
NCI

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Tanganyika

A country in eastern Africa that in 1964 it merged with ZANZIBAR to become TANZANIA.
MSH

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hematopoetické kmenové buňky

Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.
MSH

progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive; a cell that can renew itself, can differentiate to a variety of specialized cells, can mobilize out of the bone marrow into circulating blood, and can undergo apoptosis.
CSP

Primitive blood cells derived from embryonic mesenchyme capable of differentiating into any of the blood cell line progenitor cells (erythroblasts, young granulocytic series cells, megakaryocytes, etc.)
NCI

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podofylotoxin

A lignan (LIGNANS) found in PODOPHYLLIN resin from the roots of PODOPHYLLUM plants. It is a potent spindle poison, toxic if taken internally, and has been used as a cathartic. It is very irritating to skin and mucous membranes, has keratolytic actions, has been used to treat warts and keratoses, and may have antineoplastic properties, as do some of its congeners and derivatives.
MSH

A pure, stabilized form of podophyllin, in which only the biologically active portion of the compound is present. Podophyllotoxin is a toxic, polycyclic antimitotic agent isolated primarily from the rhizome of the plant Podophyllum peltatum. This agent is formulated for topical applications. (NCI04)
NCI

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antikoncepce imunologická

Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
MSH

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moluskacidy

Agents destructive to snails and other mollusks.
MSH

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slzy

Secretion produced by the lacrimal gland.
UWDA

The fluid secreted by the lacrimal glands. This fluid moistens the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA.
MSH

watery, slightly alkaline and saline secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the conjunctiva.
CSP

Portion of secreted substance produced by the lacrimal gland.
FMA

You may only think of tears as those salty drops that fall from your eyes when you cry. Actually, your tears clean your eyes every time you blink. Tears also keep your eyes moist, which is important for your vision.

Tear glands produce tears, and tear ducts carry the tears from the glands to the surface of your eye. Problems with the tear system can include too many tears, too few tears, or problems with the tear ducts. Treatment of the problem depends on the cause.


MEDLINEPLUS

A fluid containing oils, mucin, and proteins, which is secreted by the lacrimal gland and cleans and lubricates the eye.
NCI

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hemoglobin A2

An adult hemoglobin component normally present in hemolysates from human erythrocytes in concentrations of about 3%. The hemoglobin is composed of two alpha chains and two delta chains. The percentage of HbA2 varies in some hematologic disorders, but is about double in beta-thalassemia.
MSH

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poly dA-dT

Polydeoxyribonucleotides made up of deoxyadenine nucleotides and thymine nucleotides. Present in DNA preparations isolated from crab species. Synthetic preparations have been used extensively in the study of DNA.
MSH

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kooperační chování

The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
MSH

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monosacharidy

Simple sugars, carbohydrates which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis. They are colorless crystalline substances with a sweet taste and have the same general formula CnH2nOn. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

simple sugar; a carbohydrate which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis, consisting of a colorless crystalline substance having a sweet taste and the general formula n(CH2O).
CSP

A carbohydrate which cannot be reduced to smaller units by hydrolysis; it is the simplest structural form of a carbohydrate.
NCI

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teplota

The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
MSH

a specific degree of hot or cold as indicated on or referred to a standard scale.
CSP

The property of a body or region of space that determines whether or not there will be a net flow of heat into it or out of it from a neighboring body or region and in which direction (if any) the heat will flow, perceptible by living organism as a somatic sensation of cold or heat. It is a measure of the average translational kinetic energy associated with the disordered microscopic motion of atoms and molecules. Temperature is measured in one of the three standard temperature scales: Celsius, Kelvin, and Fahrenheit. (NCI)
NCI

A measure of the average kinetic energy of a system of particles. Temperature may be quantified, in the context of thermodynamics, as the potential of one system to transfer thermal energy to another system until both systems reach a state of thermal equilibrium.
NCI

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