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Mycobacterium

genus of gram positive, aerobic bacteria; most species are free living in soil and water, but the major habitat for some is the diseased tissue of warm blooded hosts.
CSP

A genus of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria. Most species are free-living in soil and water, but the major habitat for some is the diseased tissue of warm-blooded hosts.
MSH

A genus of acid-fast Gram-positive, aerobic and nonmotile bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Mycobacterium genus level.
NCI

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discus nervi optici – drúzy

Optic disk bodies composed primarily of acid mucopolysaccharides that may produce pseudopapilledema (elevation of the optic disk without associated INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION) and visual field deficits. Drusen may also occur in the retina (see RETINAL DRUSEN). (Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p355)
MSH

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Bilaterální orchidektomie

surgical removal or artificial destruction of male gonads.
CSP

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histamin – antagonisté

Drugs that bind to but do not activate histamine receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine or histamine agonists. Classical antihistaminics block the histamine H1 receptors only.
MSH

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schizotypální porucha osobnosti

A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.
MSH

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of inability to establish close relationships coupled with cognitive or perceptual distortions, odd beliefs and speech, and eccentric behavior and appearance.
NCI

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virus ptačí myeloblastózy

A species of ALPHARETROVIRUS causing anemia in fowl.
MSH

A retro-transcribing virus, of the genus Alpharetrovirus and the family Retroviridae, that causes anemia and malignant disease in wild and domestic fowl.
NCI

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orgány – hmotnost

A measurement of the heaviness of a body organ.
NCI

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katodové záření

A stream of low-energy ELECTRONS produced in cathode ray tubes.
MSH

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histonkinasa

An aspect of protein kinase (EC 2.7.1.37) in which serine residues in protamines and histones are phosphorylated in the presence of ATP. EC 2.7.1.70.
MSH

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skleroproteiny

Simple proteins characterized by their insolubility and fibrous structure. Within the body, they perform a supportive or protective function.
MSH

family of large proteins characterized by tendency to aggregate into insoluble fibers and plaques; found in intermediate filaments, extracellular matrix, cartilage, hair, nails, and elsewhere.
CSP

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myosin typ II

The subfamily of myosin proteins that are commonly found in muscle fibers. Myosin II is also involved a diverse array of cellular functions including cell division, transport within the GOLGI APPARATUS, and maintaining MICROVILLI structure.
MSH

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psitakóza

Infection with CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI (formerly Chlamydia psittaci), transmitted to humans by inhalation of dust-borne contaminated nasal secretions or excreta of infected BIRDS. This infection results in a febrile illness characterized by PNEUMONITIS and systemic manifestations.
MSH

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cefazolin

A semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.
MSH

A beta-lactam antibiotic and first-generation cephalosporin with bactericidal activity. Cefazolin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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HLA-C antigeny

Class I human histocompatibility (HLA) antigens encoded by a small cluster of structural genes at the C locus on chromosome 6. They have significantly lower immunogenicity than the HLA-A and -B determinants and are therefore of minor importance in donor/recipient crossmatching. Their primary role is their high-risk association with certain disease manifestations (e.g., spondylarthritis, psoriasis, multiple myeloma).
MSH

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BILGORRERI DERMATITIA/ BESTE ZENBAIT DERMATOSI ERITEMATOSO

A chronic inflammatory disease of the skin with unknown etiology. It is characterized by moderate ERYTHEMA, dry, moist, or greasy (SEBACEOUS GLAND) scaling and yellow crusted patches on various areas, especially the scalp, that exfoliate as dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis is common in children and adolescents with HIV INFECTIONS.
MSH

a kind of skin disorder affecting the scalp, face, and trunk causing scaly, flaky, itchy, red skin
CHV

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N-nitrosopyrrolidin

Carcinogenic nitrosamine that may be formed from preservatives in meats during their preparation or in the liver during metabolism.
MSH

A clear, yellow, oily, liquid nitrosamine that decomposes when exposed to light and emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides when heated to decomposition. N-Nitrosopyrrolidine is used in laboratory research to induce tumors in experimental animals. This substance may be formed during cooking of foods that contain sodium nitrite as a preservative, including meat, fish and cheese. Exposure to N- Nitrosopyrrolidine irritates the skin and eyes and can damage the liver and kidneys. This substance is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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oxid osmičelý

(T-4)-Osmium oxide (OsO4). A highly toxic and volatile oxide of osmium used in industry as an oxidizing agent. It is also used as a histological fixative and stain and as a synovectomy agent in arthritic joints. Its vapor can cause eye, skin, and lung damage.
MSH

A general purpose reagent is a chemical reagent that has general laboratory application, that is used to collect, prepare, and examine specimens from the human body for diagnostic histopathology, cytology, and hematology, and that is not labeled or otherwise intended for a specific diagnostic application. General purpose reagents include cytological preservatives, decalcifying reagents, fixatives and adhesives, tissue processing reagents, isotonic solutions, and pH buffers.
SPN

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buněčné extrakty

Preparations of cell constituents or subcellular materials, isolates, or substances.
MSH

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domácí péče – služby

Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient`s homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
MSH

patient care in the home setting, under the direction of a health service; medical, nursing, physical therapy, and other care and equipment is supplied by hospital or physician as needed.
CSP

Home care is care that allows a person with special needs stay in their home. It might be for people who are getting older, are chronically ill, recovering from surgery or disabled. Home care services include

  • Personal care, such as help with bathing, washing your hair or getting dressed
  • Homemaking, such as cleaning, yard work and laundry
  • Cooking or delivering meals
  • Health care, such as having a home health aide come to your home

You can get almost any type of help you want in your home. Some types of care and community services are free or donated. Many other types you have to pay for. Sometimes government programs or your health insurance will help cover the cost of certain home care services.


MEDLINEPLUS

HHCC – Home Health Codes


HL7V3.0

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vzdělávání – programy sebehodnocení

Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.
MSH

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nalorfin

A narcotic antagonist with some agonist properties. It is an antagonist at mu opioid receptors and an agonist at kappa opioid receptors. Given alone it produces a broad spectrum of unpleasant effects and it is considered to be clinically obsolete.
MSH

narcotic antagonist with some agonist properties; an antagonist at mu opioid receptors and an agonist at kappa opioid receptors.
CSP

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osteonekróza

death of a bone or part of a bone, either atraumatic or posttraumatic.
CSP

Osteonecrosis occurs when your bones lose their blood supply. The bones die and eventually collapse, leading to pain and arthritis. You can have osteonecrosis in one or several bones. It is most common in the upper leg. Other common sites are your upper arm and your knees, shoulders and ankles. The disease can affect men and women of any age, but it usually strikes in your thirties, forties or fifties.

Early in the disease you might not have any symptoms. Later, you will probably have joint pain that becomes more severe as the disease gets worse.

No one is sure what causes the disease. Risk factors include

  • Long-term steroid treatment
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Joint injuries
  • Having certain diseases, including arthritis and cancer

Treatments include medicines, using crutches, limiting activities that put weight on the affected joints, electrical stimulation and surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

death of a bone or part of a bone
CHV

Death of bone tissue due to traumatic or nontraumatic causes.
NCI

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Cementoblasts

A large cell ranging in shape from cuboidal to squamous with a large central nucleus. The nucleus usually has a single nucleolus, which is active in the formation of cementum.
NCI

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hospice

Facilities or services which are especially devoted to providing palliative and supportive care to the patient with a terminal illness and to the patient`s family.
MSH

facility that provides palliative and supportive care for terminally ill patients and their families.
CSP

An establishment that provides palliative and supportive care for terminally ill patients and their families via physical, psychological, social and other forms of care.
NCI

program that provides spiritual, emotional, and physical care to terminally ill patients and their family
CHV

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septum pellucidum

A triangular double membrane separating the anterior horns of the lateral ventricles of the brain. It is situated in the median plane and bounded by the corpus callosum and the body and columns of the fornix.
MSH

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nos – polypy

Focal accumulations of EDEMA fluid in the NASAL MUCOSA accompanied by HYPERPLASIA of the associated submucosal connective tissue. Polyps may be NEOPLASMS, foci of INFLAMMATION, degenerative lesions, or malformations.
MSH

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ovalbumin

An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
MSH

albumin obtained from the white of eggs.
CSP

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cefapirin

Cephalosporin antibiotic, partly plasma-bound, that is effective against gram-negative and gram-positive organisms.
MSH

A semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, first-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Cephapirin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and in reshaping the cell wall during growth and division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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nemocnice obecní

Hospitals controlled by the city government.
MSH

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sérové globuliny

All blood proteins except albumin ( = SERUM ALBUMIN, which is not a globulin) and FIBRINOGEN (which is not in the serum). The serum globulins are subdivided into ALPHA-GLOBULINS; BETA-GLOBULINS; and GAMMA-GLOBULINS on the basis of their electrophoretic mobilities. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

all plasma proteins except albumin, which is not a globulin, and fibrinogen which is not in the serum; the serum globulins are subdivided into alpha, beta, and gamma globulins on the basis of their relative electrophoretic mobilities.
CSP

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