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APENDIZITISA

Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.
MSH

The appendix is a small, tube-like organ attached to the first part of the large intestine, also called the colon. It is located in the lower right area of the abdomen. It has no known function. A blockage inside of the appendix causes appendicitis. The blockage leads to increased pressure, problems with blood flow and inflammation. If the blockage is not treated, the appendix can break open and leak infection into the body.

Symptoms may include

  • Pain and/or swelling in the abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Low fever

Not everyone with appendicitis has all these symptoms.

Appendicitis is a medical emergency. Treatment almost always involves removing the appendix. Anyone can get appendicitis. It happens most often to people between the ages of 10 and 30.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


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petrolatum

A colloidal system of semisolid hydrocarbons obtained from PETROLEUM. It is used as an ointment base, topical protectant, and lubricant.
MSH

A thick, greasy, substance with no odor or taste made from petroleum (mixture of oily liquids found in the earth). Petrolatum is used on the skin to prevent drying and to help heal scrapes and burns. It is also used as a base for some ointments.
NCI

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Cortiho orgán – podpůrné buňky

Cells forming a framework supporting the sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS in the organ of Corti. Lateral to the medial inner hair cells, there are inner pillar cells, outer pillar cells, Deiters cells, Hensens cells, Claudius cells, Boettchers cells, and others.
MSH

A cell forming a cup for the outer hair cell of the Organ of Corti. The supporting cell sends out a narrow filament that angles towards the base of the cochlea. The structure is such that the supporting cell touches the outer hair cell only at the top and bottom.
NCI

Cells forming a framework supporting the organ of Corti. Specific cells are those of Claudius, Deiters and Hensen. (MeSH)
NCI

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debrisochin

An adrenergic neuron-blocking drug similar in effects to GUANETHIDINE. It is also noteworthy in being a substrate for a polymorphic cytochrome P-450 enzyme. Persons with certain isoforms of this enzyme are unable to properly metabolize this and many other clinically important drugs. They are commonly referred to as having a debrisoquin 4-hydroxylase polymorphism.
MSH

3,4-dihydro-2(H)-isoquinolinecarboxamidine (sulfate); oxidative metabolism of this drug is used to assay and model drug metabolism in general, especially genetic, ethnic, and individual pharmacokinetic differences.
CSP

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únava

The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
MSH

state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
CSP

A disorder characterized by a state of generalized weakness with a pronounced inability to summon sufficient energy to accomplish daily activities.
NCI

You`re tired, weak, exhausted, weary, worn out. You have a lack of energy and as a result you feel distressed. You`re not functioning as well as you should. It`s called fatigue, and everyone feels it at times.

Acute fatigue is normal tiredness with occasional symptoms that begin quickly and last for a short time. Rest may help ease acute fatigue and let you return to your normal activities. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disorder that causes extreme fatigue. This fatigue is not the kind of tired feeling that goes away after you rest. Instead, it lasts a long time and limits your ability to do ordinary daily activities. Fatigue may also accompany other conditions, including pregnancy, anemia, or cancer, or may result from medicines or emotional problems.

Fatigue is a common symptom. Your health care provider can help find the cause and recommend ways to relieve it.


MEDLINEPLUS

A condition marked by extreme tiredness and inability to function due lack of energy. Fatigue may be acute or chronic.
NCI

A survey question about whether a person has experienced a lack of energy.
NCI

I have a lack of energy.
NCI

That state, following a period of mental or bodily activity, characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency or accomplishment, usually accompanied by a feeling of weariness, sleepiness, or irritability. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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statistická rozdělení

The complete summaries of the frequencies of the values or categories of a measurement made on a group of items, a population, or other collection of data. The distribution tells either how many or what proportion of the group was found to have each value (or each range of values) out of all the possible values that the quantitative measure can have.
MSH

A representation (usually a graph or plot) showing the likelihood that particular event will occur over a set of values. The representation may be defined by a mathematical function, the probability density function.
NCI

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arachidonátlipoxygenasy

Enzymes catalyzing the oxidation of arachidonic acid to hydroperoxyarachidonates. These products are then rapidly converted by a peroxidase to hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids. The positional specificity of the enzyme reaction varies from tissue to tissue. The final lipoxygenase pathway leads to the leukotrienes. EC 1.13.11.- .
MSH

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faryngální svaly

The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
MSH

The muscles of the pharynx, the inferior, middle and superior constrictors, salpingopharyngeus, and stylopharyngeus. (MeSH)
NCI

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Lagomorpha

order of herbivorous mammals (class Eutheria) resembling rodents (order Rodentia) but having two pairs of upper incisors one behind the other; it includes the rabbits, hares, and pikas.
CSP

An order of small mammals comprising two families, Ochotonidae (pikas) and Leporidae (RABBITS and HARES). Head and body length ranges from about 125 mm to 750 mm. Hares and rabbits have a short tail, and the pikas lack a tail. Rabbits are born furless and with both eyes and ears closed. HARES are born fully haired with eyes and ears open. All are vegetarians. (From Nowak, Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p539-41)
MSH

The taxonomic order of mammals which include hares, rabbits and pikas.
NCI

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deferoxamine mesylate

The mesylate salt of an iron-chelating agent that binds free iron in a stable complex, preventing it from engaging in chemical reactions. Deferoxamine chelates iron from intra-lysosomal ferritin and siderin forming ferrioxamine, a water-soluble chelate excreted by the kidneys and in the feces via the bile. This agent does not readily bind iron from transferrin, hemoglobin, myoglobin or cytochrome. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41696&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41696&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C417″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

The mesylate salt of an iron-chelating agent that binds free iron in a stable complex, preventing it from engaging in chemical reactions. Deferoxamine chelates iron from intra-lysosomal ferritin and ferrioxamine, a water-soluble complex excreted by the kidneys and in the feces via the bile. This agent does not readily chelate iron bound to transferrin, hemoglobin, myoglobin or cytochrome.
NCI

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calicivirus koček

A species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting cats. Transmission occurs via air and mechanical contact.
MSH

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steroidhydroxylasy

Cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES) that are important in steroid biosynthesis and metabolism.
MSH

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arginin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates arginine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.19.
MSH

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fenprokumon

Coumarin derivative that acts as a long acting oral anticoagulant.
MSH

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larynx – nádory

Cancers or tumors of the LARYNX or any of its parts: the GLOTTIS; EPIGLOTTIS; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; LARYNGEAL MUSCLES; and VOCAL CORDS.
MSH

new abnormal laryngeal tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; includes cancers or tumors of the larynx or any of its parts, the glottis, epiglottis, laryngeal cartilages, laryngeal muscles, and vocal cords.
CSP

A benign or malignant tumor involving the larynx.
NCI

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demence multiinfarktová

Loss of higher cortical functions with retained awareness due to multiple cortical or subcortical CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Memory, judgment, attention span, and impulse control are often impaired, and may be accompanied by PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; HEMIPARESIS; reflex abnormalities, and other signs of localized neurologic dysfunction. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1060)
MSH

dementia, due to significant cerebrovascular disease, with a stepwise deteriorating course and a `patchy` distribution of neurologic deficits.
CSP

A common form of dementia caused by multiple cortical or subcortical cerebral infarctions.
NCI

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ferredoxiny

Iron-containing proteins that transfer electrons, usually at a low potential, to flavoproteins; the iron is not present as in heme. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
MSH

iron containing proteins that transfer electrons, usually at a low potential, to flavoproteins.
CSP

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ústní a čelistní systém

The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.
MSH

Functional system which consists of structures involved in speech and in the receiving, mastication, and deglutition of food.
FMA

The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech. (MeSH)
NCI

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arterioly

The smallest divisions of the arteries located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
MSH

smallest thin-walled divisions of the arteries located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
CSP

Subdivision of arterial tree (organ) which is directly continuous with capillary vessel.
UWDA

A small, terminal branch in the arterial system. Arterioles often connect to capillaries.
NCI

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filatelie

Study of stamps or postal markings. It usually refers to the design and commemorative aspects of the stamp.
MSH

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LDL-1

Low-density lipoprotein particles with density between 1.019 and 1.045 g/ml.
MSH

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zubní cement (tkáň)

The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
MSH

Substance of tooth produced by cementoblasts; surrounds the dentine of the root of the tooth.
UWDA

bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament.
CSP

Substance of tooth produced by cementoblasts; surrounds the dentine of the root of the tooth.
FMA

A bonelike substance covering the root of a tooth
CHV

Bone-like rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal. It serves as an attachment for the periodontal ligament, thus assisting in tooth support.
NCI

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plodové obaly

Extra-embryonic tissues that contain the FETUS during PREGNANCY. They provide the support to accommodate FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Depending on the species, their structure and complexity vary greatly in the different forms of PLACENTA. These membranes undergo rupture during PARTURITION.
MSH

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psychický stres

Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
MSH

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arylamin-N-acetyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of acetyl groups from ACETYL-COA to arylamines. It can also catalyze acetyl transfer between arylamines without COENZYME A and has a wide specificity for aromatic amines, including SEROTONIN. However, arylamine N-acetyltransferase should not be confused with the enzyme ARYLALKYLAMINE N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE which is also referred to as SEROTONIN ACETYLTRANSFERASE.
MSH

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fosfáty

Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
MSH

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legislation & jurisprudence

Used for laws, statutes, ordinances, or government regulations, as well as for legal controversy and court decisions.
MSH

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zubní plak – index

An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
MSH

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Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva

disease characterized by bony deposits or the ossification of muscle tissue.
CSP

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koktavost

A disturbance in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the individual`s age. This disturbance is characterized by frequent repetitions or prolongations of sounds or syllables. Various other types of speech dysfluencies may also be involved including interjections, broken words, audible or silent blocking, circumlocutions, words produced with an excess of physical tension, and monosyllabic whole word repetitions. Stuttering may occur as a developmental condition in childhood or as an acquired disorder which may be associated with BRAIN INFARCTIONS and other BRAIN DISEASES. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
MSH

disorder in which speech is involuntarily interrupted by hesitations, repetitions, and spasms of the muscles involved in breathing or vocalization.
CSP

Stuttering is a problem that affects the flow of your speech. If you stutter, you may

  • Make certain words sound longer than they should be
  • Find it hard to start a new word
  • Repeat words or parts of words
  • Get tense when you try to speak. You may blink your eyes rapidly, or your lips and jaw may tremble as you struggle to get the words out

Stuttering can affect anyone. However, it is most common in young children who are still learning to speak. Boys are three times more likely to stutter than girls. Most children stop stuttering as they grow older. Less than 1 percent of adults stutter.

Scientists don`t fully understand why some people stutter. The problem seems to run in families. There is no cure, but stuttering therapy for young children can keep it from becoming a lifelong problem.

NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders


MEDLINEPLUS

A speech disorder characterized by frequent sound or syllable repetitions, sound prolongations, or other dysfluencies that are inappropriate for the individual`s age.
NCI

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