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psychologie sociální

The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
MSH

study of the behavior and mental processes of individuals in groups, and the interactions of groups.
CSP

The branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole.
NCI

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lidský genom – projekt

A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.
MSH

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cauda equina

The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.
MSH

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adenom chromofobní

A benign tumor of the anterior pituitary in which the cells do not stain with acidic or basic dyes.
MSH

An epithelial neoplasm of the anterior pituitary gland in which the neoplastic cells do not stain with acidic or basic dyes.
NCI

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nádory – invazivní růst

Ability of neoplasms to infiltrate and actively destroy surrounding tissue.
MSH

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musculus pterygoideus

Two of the masticatory muscles: the internal, or medial, pterygoid muscle and external, or lateral, pterygoid muscle. Action of the former is closing the jaws and that of the latter is opening the jaws, protruding the mandible, and moving the mandible from side to side.
MSH

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uhlovodíky acyklické

Organic compounds composed exclusively of carbon and hydrogen where no carbon atoms join to form a ring structure.
MSH

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ceftizoxim

A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.
MSH

A semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase-resistant, third-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Ceftizoxime binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and in reshaping the cell wall during growth and division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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adenylylimidodifosfát

5`-Adenylic acid, monoanhydride with imidodiphosphoric acid. An analog of ATP, in which the oxygen atom bridging the beta to the gamma phosphate is replaced by a nitrogen atom. It is a potent competitive inhibitor of soluble and membrane-bound mitochondrial ATPase and also inhibits ATP-dependent reactions of oxidative phosphorylation.
MSH

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Nephelometry

measurement of the turbidity of a suspension using a nephelometer, an instrument that measures light scattering.
CSP

Light Scatter, Nephelometry


HL7V3.0

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BIRIKA EMBOLIA

Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
MSH

The closure of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by an embolus, sometimes associated with infarction of the lung.
NCI

A pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery. The cause is usually a blood clot in the leg called a deep vein thrombosis that breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream to the lung. Pulmonary embolism is a serious condition that can cause

  • Permanent damage to the affected lung
  • Low oxygen levels in your blood
  • Damage to other organs in your body from not getting enough oxygen

If a clot is large, or if there are many clots, pulmonary embolism can cause death.

Half the people who have pulmonary embolism have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they can include shortness of breath, chest pain or coughing up blood. Symptoms of a blood clot include warmth, swelling, pain, tenderness and redness of the leg. The goal of treatment is to break up clots and help keep other clots from forming.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

The closure of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by an embolus, sometimes associated with infarction of the lung.
NCI

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hydroterapie

External application of water for therapeutic purposes.
MSH

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buněčné jadérko

Within most types of eukaryotic CELL NUCLEUS, a distinct region, not delimited by a membrane, in which some species of rRNA (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) are synthesized and assembled into ribonucleoprotein subunits of ribosomes. In the nucleolus rRNA is transcribed from a nucleolar organizer, i.e., a group of tandemly repeated chromosomal genes which encode rRNA and which are transcribed by RNA polymerase I. (Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology & Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
MSH

rounded refractile body present in the nucleus of most eukaryotic cells which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA.
CSP

A small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. It is rich in RNA and protein, is not bounded by a limiting membrane, and is not seen during mitosis. Its prime function is the transcription of the nucleolar DNA into 45S ribosomal-precursor RNA, the processing of this RNA into 5.8S, 18S, and 28S components of ribosomal RNA, and the association of these components with 5S RNA and proteins synthesized outside the nucleolus. This association results in the formation of ribonucleoprotein precursors; these pass into the cytoplasm and mature into the 40S and 60S subunits of the ribosome. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

Within most types of eukaryotic CELL NUCLEUS, a distinct region, not delimited by a membrane, in which some species of rRNA (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) are synthesized and assembled into ribonucleoprotein subunits of ribosomes. In the nucleolus rRNA is transcribed from a nucleolar organizer, i.e., a group of tandemly repeated chromosomal genes which encode rRNA and which are transcribed by RNA polymerase I.
NCI

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dorostová psychologie

Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
MSH

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nervový systém – fyziologické jevy

Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
MSH

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Purified Protein Derivative of Tuberculin

A purified protein extract derived from the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Intradermally-administered, PPD stimulates preprimed CD4 T cells in immunologically competent subjects previously exposed to the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis; these activated CD4 T cells secrete various cytokines that attract granulocytes, monocytes, and macrophages in an inflammatory response known as delayed hypersensitivity. (NCI04)
NCI

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hydroxychinoliny

The 8-hydroxy derivatives inhibit various enzymes and their halogenated derivatives, though neurotoxic, are used as topical anti-infective agents, among other uses.
MSH

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nemoci centrálního nervového systému

Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
CSP

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adrenodoxin

An iron-sulfur protein which serves as an electron carrier in enzymatic steroid hydroxylation reactions in adrenal cortex mitochondria. The electron transport system which catalyzes this reaction consists of adrenodoxin reductase, NADP, adrenodoxin, and cytochrome P-450.
MSH

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neurofibrom

A moderately firm, benign, encapsulated tumor resulting from proliferation of SCHWANN CELLS and FIBROBLASTS that includes portions of nerve fibers. The tumors usually develop along peripheral or cranial nerves and are a central feature of NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1, where they may occur intracranially or involve spinal roots. Pathologic features include fusiform enlargement of the involved nerve. Microscopic examination reveals a disorganized and loose cellular pattern with elongated nuclei intermixed with fibrous strands. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1016)
MSH

moderately firm, benign, encapsulated tumor resulting from proliferation of Schwann cells and fibroblasts that includes portions of nerve fibers; tumors usually develop along peripheral or cranial nerves and are a central feature of neurofibromatosis 1, where they may occur intracranially or involve spinal roots. pathologic features include fusiform enlargement of the involved nerve.
CSP

A benign tumor that develops from the cells and tissues that cover nerves.
NCI

An intraneural or extraneural neoplasm arising from nerve tissues and neural sheaths. It is composed of perineurial-like fibroblasts and Schwann cells. It usually presents as a localized cutaneous lesion and less often as a circumscribed peripheral nerve mass. Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 present with multiple masses. Neurofibromas which arise from major nerves and plexiform neurofibromas are precursor lesions to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
NCI

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Hnisavý granulom kůže a podkoží

A lobular hemangioma arising from the skin and attached subcutaneous tissues.
NCI

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hyperhidróza

Excessive sweating. In the localized type, the most frequent sites are the palms, soles, axillae, inguinal folds, and the perineal area. Its chief cause is thought to be emotional. Generalized hyperhidrosis may be induced by a hot, humid environment, by fever, or by vigorous exercise.
MSH

Excessive perspiration.
NCI

A disorder characterized by excessive perspiration.
NCI

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mozeček – nemoci

Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the cerebellum; manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, gait ataxia, and muscle hypotonia.
CSP

When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that controls coordination and balance. Problems with the cerebellum include

  • Cancer
  • Genetic disorders
  • Ataxias – failure of muscle control in the arms and legs that result in movement disorders
  • Degeneration – disorders caused by brain cells decreasing in size or wasting away

Treatment of cerebellar disorders depends on the cause.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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Afrika jižní

The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
MSH

Description:Realm code for use of Southern Africa


HL7V3.0

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neurofysiny

Carrier proteins for OXYTOCIN and VASOPRESSIN. They are polypeptides of about 10-kDa, synthesized in the HYPOTHALAMUS. Neurophysin I is associated with oxytocin and neurophysin II is associated with vasopressin in their respective precursors and during transportation down the axons to the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR).
MSH

group of soluble proteins derived from the precursors of vasopressin, oxytocin and related hormones, secreted in hypothalmus; serve as binding proteins for vasopressin and oxytocin and may contribute to hormone storage and transport.
CSP

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pyrithiamin

A thiamine antagonist due to its inhibition of thiamine pyrophosphorylation. It is used to produce thiamine deficiency.
MSH

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portální hypertenze

Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
MSH

abnormally increased pressure in the portal venous system, frequently seen in cirrhosis of the liver and other conditions causing obstruction of the portal vein.
CSP

A disorder characterized by an increase in blood pressure in the portal venous system.
NCI

High blood pressure in the vein that carries blood to the liver from the stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, and gallbladder. It is usually caused by a block in the blood flow through the liver due to cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver.
NCI

Increased blood pressure in the portal venous system. It is most commonly caused by cirrhosis. Other causes include portal vein thrombosis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, and right heart failure. Complications include ascites, esophageal varices, encephalopathy, and splenomegaly.
NCI

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mozkomíšní mok – proteiny

Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister`s Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)
MSH

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agrafie

Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

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New Hampshire

A state in the northeastern United States. Its capital is Concord.
NCI

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