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Afrika jižní

The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
MSH

Description:Realm code for use of Southern Africa


HL7V3.0

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norethindron

A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
MSH

synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of progesterone but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation; has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties; has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
CSP

A synthetic progestational substance with some anabolic, estrogenic, and androgenic properties. Norethindrone binds to the progesterone intracellular receptors in the reproductive system and the resultant activated complex interacts with specific DNA sites. This leads to an alteration in protein synthesis and results in an inhibition of LH release. Consequently, it inhibits ovulation and changes the normal cycle of cervical mucus and endometrium.
NCI

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dopaminové látky

Any drugs that are used for their effects on dopamine receptors, on the life cycle of dopamine, or on the survival of dopaminergic neurons.
MSH

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pyrithiamin

A thiamine antagonist due to its inhibition of thiamine pyrophosphorylation. It is used to produce thiamine deficiency.
MSH

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imunochemie

Field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues. It includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.
MSH

field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues; includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.
CSP

The field of chemistry concerned with chemical processes in immunology (such as chemical studies of antigens and antibodies).
NCI

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bisakodyl

A diphenylmethane stimulant laxative used for the treatment of constipation and for bowel evacuation. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p871)
MSH

A synthetic pyridinylmethylene-diacetate ester derivative stimulant laxative, Bisacodyl acts with a parasympathetic effect directly on mucosal sensory nerves, increasing peristaltic contractions. It is used for occasional constipation, in pre- and postoperative treatment, and in conditions that require facilitation of defecation. (NCI04)
NCI

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agrafie

Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

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pud

A state of internal activity of an organism that is a necessary condition before a given stimulus will elicit a class of responses; e.g., a certain level of hunger (drive) must be present before food will elicit an eating response.
MSH

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Q-třídění

A personality assessment technique in which the subject or observer indicates the degree to which a standardized set of descriptive statements actually describes the subject. The term reflects “sorting” procedures occasionally used with this technique.
MSH

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imunitní systém – nemoci

A disorder resulting from an abnormality in the immune system. — 2003 (NCI)
NCI

When your body encounters a germ, its first line of defense is your immune system. Specialized cells and organs help your body recognize and respond to foreign invaders. Your immune system even has its own circulatory system, called the lymphatic system.

If your immune system cannot do its job, the results can be serious. Disorders of the immune system include

  • Allergy and asthma – inappropriate immune responses to substances that are usually harmless
  • Graft-vs.-host disease – a life-threatening reaction in people receiving organ transplants
  • Immune deficiency diseases – disorders in which your resistance to disease becomes dangerously low
  • Autoimmune diseases – diseases causing your immune system to attack your own body`s cells and tissues by mistake


MEDLINEPLUS

Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
MSH

A disorder resulting from an abnormality in the immune system. — 2003
NCI

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Blastofoor

The opening of the archenteron, central cavity of gastrula, which is formed by invagination of the BLASTULA. Archenteron gives rise to the alimentary canal of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
MSH

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alaninracemasa

A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that reversibly catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine to D-alanine. EC 5.1.1.1.
MSH

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léky – hodnocení předklinické

Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
MSH

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paterčata

Five individuals derived from five FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
MSH

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incidence

The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
MSH

The number of new cases of a disease diagnosed each year.
NCI

incidence
CHV

The relative frequency of occurrence of something.
NCI

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krevní skupiny – antigeny

the phenotypic expression of the genetic differences characteristic of specific blood groups.
CSP

Sets of cell surface antigens located on BLOOD CELLS. They are usually membrane GLYCOPROTEINS or GLYCOLIPIDS that are antigenically distinguished by their carbohydrate moieties.
MSH

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aldehydoxidoreduktasy

Oxidoreductases that are specific for ALDEHYDES.
MSH

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duodenitida

Inflammation of the DUODENUM section of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL). Erosive duodenitis may cause bleeding in the UPPER GI TRACT and PEPTIC ULCER.
MSH

Inflammation of the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine that connects to the stomach).
NCI

Acute or chronic inflammation of the duodenum. Causes include bacterial and viral infections and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Symptoms include vomiting and abdominal pain.
NCI

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zubní kořen – cysta

Slow-growing fluid-filled epithelial sac at the apex of a tooth with a nonvital pulp or defective root canal filling.
MSH

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indokyanová zeleň

A tricarbocyanine dye that is used diagnostically in liver function tests and to determine blood volume and cardiac output.
MSH

tricarbocyanine dye that is used diagnostically in liver function tests and to determine blood volume and cardiac output.
CSP

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pouštění žilou

Puncture of a vein to draw blood for therapeutic purposes. Bloodletting therapy has been used in Talmudic and Indian medicine since the medieval time, and was still practiced widely in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its modern counterpart is PHLEBOTOMY.
MSH

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alkylace

The covalent bonding of an alkyl group to an organic compound. It can occur by a simple addition reaction or by substitution of another functional group.
MSH

substitution of an alkyl group for an active hydrogen atom in an organic compound.
CSP

Alkylating Activity in biological systems is typically a process of covalent bonding in which a chemical substance replaces hydrogen atom(s) in biologically active molecules with alkyl radical(s), hindering proper function. DNA alkylation results in strand cross-linking and can inhibit DNA replication.
NCI

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dyspepsie

Impaired digestion, especially after eating.
MSH

Upset stomach.
NCI

Nearly everyone has had indigestion at one time. It`s a feeling of discomfort or a burning feeling in your upper abdomen. You may have heartburn or belch and feel bloated. You may also feel nauseated, or even throw up.

You might get indigestion from eating too much or too fast, eating high-fat foods or eating when you`re stressed. Smoking, drinking too much alcohol, using some medicines, being tired and having ongoing stress can also cause indigestion or make it worse. Sometimes the cause is a problem with the digestive tract, like an ulcer or GERD.

Avoiding foods and situations that seem to cause it may help. Because indigestion can be a sign of a more serious problem, see your health care provider if it lasts for more than two weeks or if you have severe pain or other symptoms.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an uncomfortable, often painful feeling in the stomach, resulting from impaired digestion. Symptoms include burning stomach, bloating, heartburn, nausea and vomiting.
NCI

An uncomfortable, often painful feeling in the stomach, resulting from impaired digestion. Symptoms include burning stomach pain, bloating, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting. Causes include gastritis, gastric ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, pancreatic disease, and gallbladder disease.
NCI

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radiologie

A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
MSH

branch of medicine that deals with the use of radiant energy including X rays, gamma rays, radiowaves, high frequency sound waves in the diagnosis and treatment of disease; for thorough searching see RT`s.
CSP

The use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease.
NCI

The branch of medical science dealing with the medical use of X-rays or other penetrating radiation.
NCI

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infarkt

Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.
MSH

sudden insufficient blood supply to an area, which results in necrosis of that area; usually caused by a thrombus, an embolus, or a vascular torsion.
CSP

tissue death caused by blocked blood circulation
CHV

A localized pathological necrosis of tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply usually by a thrombus, an embolus, or vascular torsion.
NCI

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vztah člověka a zvířecího miláčka

The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.
MSH

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alfa-1-antichymotrypsin

Glycoprotein found in alpha(1)-globulin region in human serum. It inhibits chymotrypsin-like proteinases in vivo and has cytotoxic killer-cell activity in vitro. The protein also has a role as an acute-phase protein and is active in the control of immunologic and inflammatory processes, and as a tumor marker. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
MSH

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ježura australská

An oviparous burrowing mammal of the order Monotremata native to Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. It has hair mingled with spines on the upper part of the body and is adapted for feeding on ants.
MSH

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ranitidin

A non-imidazole blocker of those histamine receptors that mediate gastric secretion (H2 receptors). It is used to treat gastrointestinal ulcers.
MSH

N-2-(5-dimethylamino)methyl-2- furanylmethyl thioethyl-N`-methyl-2-nitro-1,1 -ethenediamine; cimetidine analog; H2 histamine receptor antagonist used to treat gastric ulcers.
CSP

a kind of antiacid drug
CHV

A member of the class of histamine H2-receptor antagonists with antacid activity. Ranitidine is a competitive and reversible inhibitor of the action of histamine, released by enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, at the histamine H2-receptors on parietal cells in the stomach, thereby inhibiting the normal and meal-stimulated secretion of stomach acid. In addition, other substances that promote acid secretion have a reduced effect on parietal cells when the H2 receptors are blocked.
NCI

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intravenózní infúze

The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
MSH

Administration of medications or nutrients directly into the venous system.
NCI

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