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erytrocyty – agregace

The formation of clumps of RED BLOOD CELLS under low or non-flow conditions, resulting from the attraction forces between the red blood cells. The cells adhere to each other in rouleaux aggregates. Slight mechanical force, such as occurs in the circulation, is enough to disperse these aggregates. Stronger or weaker than normal aggregation may result from a variety of effects in the ERYTHROCYTE MEMBRANE or in BLOOD PLASMA. The degree of aggregation is affected by ERYTHROCYTE DEFORMABILITY, erythrocyte membrane sialylation, masking of negative surface charge by plasma proteins, etc. BLOOD VISCOSITY and the ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE are affected by the amount of erythrocyte aggregation and are parameters used to measure the aggregation.
MSH

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anatomie topografická

The anatomical study of specific regions or parts of organisms, emphasizing the relationship between the various structures (e.g. muscles, nerves, skeletal, cardiovascular, etc.).
MSH

The study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region.
NCI

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komplexní stomatologická péče

Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
MSH

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látky působící na reprodukci

Substances used either in the prevention or facilitation of pregnancy.
MSH

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monojodtyrosin

A product from the iodination of tyrosine. In the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE), tyrosine is first iodized to monoiodotyrosine.
MSH

product from the iodination of tyrosine; in the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, tyrosine is first iodized to monoiodotyrosine.
CSP

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nádory jícnu

Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
MSH

new abnormal esophageal tissue, the portion of the digestive canal between the pharynx and stomach, that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving the esophagus.
NCI

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konfidence – intervaly

A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
MSH

A range of values for a parameter that may contain the parameter and the degree of confidence that it is in fact there.
NCI

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dýchací ochranné prostředky

Respirators to protect individuals from breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors.
MSH

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iris – nádory

Tumors of the iris characterized by increased pigmentation of melanocytes. Iris nevi are composed of proliferated melanocytes and are associated with neurofibromatosis and malignant melanoma of the choroid and ciliary body. Malignant melanoma of the iris often originates from preexisting nevi.
MSH

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estrogeny – antagonisté

Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the action or biosynthesis of estrogenic compounds.
MSH

substances or agents which suppress, prevent or oppose the action of estrogen.
CSP

A substance that keeps cells from making or using estrogen (a hormone that plays a role in female sex characteristics, the menstrual cycle, and pregnancy). Estrogen blockers may stop some cancer cells from growing and are used to prevent and treat breast cancer. They are also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. An estrogen blocker is a type of hormone antagonist.
NCI

Substances that inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or biologic effects of estrogens by either antagonizing the responsiveness of estrogen sensitive tissues or competing with their binding sites.
NCI

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ustanovení a nařízení

The fundamental principles and laws adopted by an organization for the regulation and governing of its affairs.
MSH

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ERRETINAREN DESPRENDIMENTUA

Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).
MSH

separation of the inner layers of the retina from the pigment epithelium.
CSP

A disorder characterized by the separation of the inner retina layers from the underlying pigment epithelium.
NCI

An eye emergency condition which may lead to blindness if left untreated. It is characterized by the separation of the inner retina layers from the underlying pigment epithelium. Causes include trauma, advanced diabetes mellitus, high myopia, and choroid tumors. Symptoms include sudden appearance of floaters, sudden light flushes, and blurred vision.
NCI

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isofluran

A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.
MSH

F2CHOCHCl-CF3; used as an inhalation anesthetic; may act via beta adrenergic or muscarinic receptors; adverse side effects are hypotension and risk of myocardial ischemia and cardiac arrest.
CSP

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etika ošetřovatelská

The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
MSH

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antikoncepční látky orální syntetické

Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
MSH

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Retroviridae – proteiny onkogenní

Retroviral proteins that have the ability to transform cells. They can induce sarcomas, leukemias, lymphomas, and mammary carcinomas. Not all retroviral proteins are oncogenic.
MSH

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ivermektin

A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.
MSH

A macrocyclic lactone derived from Streptomyces avermitilis with antiparasitic activity. Ivermectin exerts its anthelmintic effect via activating glutamate-gated chloride channels expressed on nematode neurons and pharyngeal muscle cells. Distinct from the channel opening induced by endogenous glutamate transmitter, ivermectin-activated channels open very slowly but essentially irreversibly. As a result, neurons or muscle cells remain at either hyperpolarisation or depolarization state, thereby resulting in paralysis and death of the parasites. Ivermectin does not readily pass the mammal blood-brain barrier to the central nervous system where glutamate-gated chloride channels locate, hence the hosts are relatively resistant to the effects of this agent.
NCI

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ethylendichloridy

Toxic, chlorinated, saturated hydrocarbons. Include both the 1,1- and 1,2-dichloro isomers. The latter is considerably more toxic. It has a sweet taste, ethereal odor and has been used as a fumigant and intoxicant among sniffers. Has many household and industrial uses.
MSH

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reprografie

reproduction of data in a new location or other destination, leaving the source data unchanged, although the physical form of the result may differ from that of the source.
CSP

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idiopatická chronická rinitida

A form of non-allergic rhinitis that is characterized by nasal congestion and posterior pharyngeal drainage.
MSH

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Jobův syndrom

Primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent infections and hyperimmunoglobulinemia E. Most cases are sporadic. Of the rare familial forms, the dominantly inherited subtype has additional connective tissue, dental and skeletal involvement that the recessive type does not share.
MSH

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eukaryotické buňky

Cells of the higher organisms, containing a true nucleus bounded by a nuclear membrane.
MSH

organism whose cells have a true nucleus, i.e., one bounded by a nuclear membrane, within which lie the chromosomes, combined with proteins and exhibiting mitosis; also contain many membrane-bound compartments (organelles) in which cellular functions are performed; cells of higher plants and animals, fungi, protozoa, and most algae are eukaryotic.
CSP

Cells of the higher organisms, containing a true nucleus bounded by a nuclear membrane. (MeSH)
NCI

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corpus luteum

The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.
MSH

yellow body derived from the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation; luteinization, the process of corpus luteum formation, is regulated by luteinizing hormone.
CSP

A group of cells that remain of the Graafian follicle following ovulation. This structure is composed of endocrine tissue and produces progesterone. This is needed to prepare the uterine lining for implantation by the fertilized egg. (NCI)
NCI

A group of cells that remain of the Graafian follicle following ovulation. This structure is composed of endocrine tissue and produces progesterone. This is needed to prepare the uterine lining for implantation by the fertilized egg.
NCI

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riboflavin – nedostatek

A dietary deficiency of riboflavin causing a syndrome chiefly marked by cheilitis, angular stomatitis, glossitis associated with a purplish red or magenta-colored tongue that may show fissures, corneal vascularization, dyssebacia, and anemia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

condition due to a deficiency of riboflavin (vitamin B12) which is associated with inadequate consumption of riboflavin rich foods; produces lesions of skin, digestive tract and nervous system; usually part of a multiple nutrient deficiency.
CSP

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anestézie

A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
MSH

state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation; depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
CSP

A loss of feeling or awareness caused by drugs or other substances. Anesthesia keeps patients from feeling pain during surgery or other procedures. Local anesthesia is a loss of feeling in one small area of the body. Regional anesthesia is a loss of feeling in a part of the body, such as an arm or leg. General anesthesia is a loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that feels like a very deep sleep.
NCI

If you are having surgery, your doctor will give you a drug called an anesthetic. Anesthetics reduce or prevent pain. There are four main types.

  • Local: numbs one small area of the body. You stay awake and alert.
  • Conscious or intravenous (IV) sedation: uses a mild sedative to relax you and pain medicine to relieve pain. You stay awake but may not remember the procedure afterwards.
  • Regional anesthesia: blocks pain in an area of the body, such an arm or leg. Epidural anesthesia, which is sometimes used during childbirth, is a type of regional anesthesia.
  • General anesthesia: affects your whole body. You go to sleep and feel nothing. You have no memory of the procedure afterwards.

The type of anesthesia your doctor chooses depends on many factors. These include the procedure you are having and your current health.


MEDLINEPLUS

Treatment with a pharmacological substance that produces a loss of feeling.
NCI

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karyometrie

Microscopic study of the spacial distribution pattern of CHROMATIN in CELL NUCLEI and CELL NUCLEOLI.
MSH

Video-microscopy procedure for the analysis of the nuclear chromatin organization status in neoplastic lesions and the detection of nuclear subpopulations on hematoxylin-eosin stained sections.
NCI

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exocytóza

cellular release of material within membrane-limited vesicles by fusion of the vesicles with the cell membrane.
CSP

A process of secretion by a cell that results in the release of intracellular molecules (e.g. hormones, matrix proteins) contained within a membrane-bounded vesicle by fusion of the vesicle with the plasma membrane of a cell. This is the process in which most molecules are secreted from eukaryotic cells. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0716731363]
GO

Cellular release of secretory products from within membrane-limited vesicles or granules.
NCI

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bavlníkový olej

Oil obtained from the seeds of Gossypium herbaceum L., the cotton plant. It is used in dietary products such as oleomargarine and many cooking oils. Cottonseed oil is commonly used in soaps and cosmetics.
MSH

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Rickettsiaceae – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
MSH

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angioidní proužky

Small breaks in the elastin-filled tissue of the retina.
MSH

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