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kanrenon

A synthetic pregnadiene compound with anti-aldosterone activity.
MSH

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psoraleny

Linear furanocoumarins which are found in many PLANTS, especially UMBELLIFERAE and RUTACEAE, as well as PSORALEA from which they were originally discovered. They can intercalate DNA and, in an UV-initiated reaction of the furan portion, alkylate PYRIMIDINES, resulting in PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS.
MSH

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nervus mandibularis

A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.
MSH

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enterostomie

Creation of an artificial external opening or fistula in the intestines.
MSH

Surgical creation of an opening in the intestine.
NCI

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geny pol

DNA sequences that form the coding region for retroviral enzymes including reverse transcriptase, protease, and endonuclease/integrase. “pol” is short for polymerase, the enzyme class of reverse transcriptase.
MSH

This gene is involved in the replication of the retroviral genome.
NCI

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Acupuncture Anesthesia

Use of ACUPUNCTURE to block the afferent nerve impulses from reaching the brain to reduce the sensation of pain for surgery.
MSH

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karbapenemy

A group of beta-lactam antibiotics in which the sulfur atom in the thiazolidine ring of the penicillin molecule is replaced by a carbon atom. THIENAMYCINS are a subgroup of carbapenems which have a sulfur atom as the first constituent of the side chain.
MSH

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psychologie sociální

The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
MSH

study of the behavior and mental processes of individuals in groups, and the interactions of groups.
CSP

The branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole.
NCI

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nemoc s močí javorového sirupu

An autosomal recessive inherited disorder with multiple forms of phenotypic expression, caused by a defect in the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain amino acids (AMINO ACIDS, BRANCHED-CHAIN). These metabolites accumulate in body fluids and render a “maple syrup” odor. The disease is divided into classic, intermediate, intermittent, and thiamine responsive subtypes. The classic form presents in the first week of life with ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, emesis, neonatal seizures, and hypertonia. The intermediate and intermittent forms present in childhood or later with acute episodes of ataxia and vomiting. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p936)
MSH

An autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the BCKDHA, BCKDHB, DBT, and DLD genes. It is characterized by a deficiency of branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex, leading to accumulation of metabolites in the body fluids. The name of the disease derives from the sweet odor of the urine in infants, reminiscent of maple syrup. Signs and symptoms usually appear in infancy and include lethargy and developmental delays. If untreated, it may lead to seizures, coma, and death.
NCI

autosomal recessive inherited disorder with multiple forms of phenotypic expression, caused by a defect in the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain amino acids; metabolites accumulate in body fluids and render a “maple syrup” odor; divided into classic, intermediate, intermittent, and thiamine responsive subtypes; classic form presents in the first week of life with ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, emesis, neonatal seizures, and hypertonia; the intermediate and intermittent forms present in childhood or later with acute episodes of ataxia and vomiting.
CSP

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pohlavní orgány mužské – nádory

Tumor or cancer of the MALE GENITALIA.
MSH

new abnormal tissue of the male reproductive system that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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adenom chromofobní

A benign tumor of the anterior pituitary in which the cells do not stain with acidic or basic dyes.
MSH

An epithelial neoplasm of the anterior pituitary gland in which the neoplastic cells do not stain with acidic or basic dyes.
NCI

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karboanhydrasa – inhibitory

A class of compounds that reduces the secretion of H+ ions by the proximal kidney tubule through inhibition of CARBONIC ANHYDRASES.
MSH

any substance or agent which suppresses, prevents or opposes the activity of carbonic anhydrase by decreasing hydrogen ion concentrations in the renal tubules, and increasing excretion of sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, and water.
CSP

An agent that inhibits the function of carbonic anhydrase, a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the rapid conversion of carbon dioxide and water into carbonic acid, protons and bicarbonate ions. Distributed throughout many cells and tissues, carbonic anhydrases play important roles in mineral and metabolic homeostasis. (NCI04)
NCI

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musculus pterygoideus

Two of the masticatory muscles: the internal, or medial, pterygoid muscle and external, or lateral, pterygoid muscle. Action of the former is closing the jaws and that of the latter is opening the jaws, protruding the mandible, and moving the mandible from side to side.
MSH

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plíce – hromadné snímkování

X-ray screening of large groups of persons for diseases of the lung and heart by means of radiography of the chest.
MSH

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germinové octany

Germine derivatives acetylated on any one or more of the hydroxy groups. These compounds are present in many polyester alkaloids which occur in Veratrum and Zygadenus species. They are used as antihypertensive agents, and in some cases, exhibit curare-like activity.
MSH

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adenylylimidodifosfát

5`-Adenylic acid, monoanhydride with imidodiphosphoric acid. An analog of ATP, in which the oxygen atom bridging the beta to the gamma phosphate is replaced by a nitrogen atom. It is a potent competitive inhibitor of soluble and membrane-bound mitochondrial ATPase and also inhibits ATP-dependent reactions of oxidative phosphorylation.
MSH

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karcinom bronchiolární

A carcinoma thought to be derived from epithelium of terminal bronchioles, in which the neoplastic tissue extends along the alveolar walls and grows in small masses within the alveoli. Involvement may be uniformly diffuse and massive, or nodular, or lobular. The neoplastic cells are cuboidal or columnar and form papillary structures. Mucin may be demonstrated in some of the cells and in the material in the alveoli, which also includes denuded cells. Metastases in regional lymph nodes, and in even more distant sites, are known to occur, but are infrequent. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A well or moderately differentiated morphologic variant of lung adenocarcinoma characterized by tumor growth along the alveolar structures without stromal, vascular, or pleural invasion.
NCI

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BIRIKA EMBOLIA

Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
MSH

The closure of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by an embolus, sometimes associated with infarction of the lung.
NCI

A pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery. The cause is usually a blood clot in the leg called a deep vein thrombosis that breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream to the lung. Pulmonary embolism is a serious condition that can cause

  • Permanent damage to the affected lung
  • Low oxygen levels in your blood
  • Damage to other organs in your body from not getting enough oxygen

If a clot is large, or if there are many clots, pulmonary embolism can cause death.

Half the people who have pulmonary embolism have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they can include shortness of breath, chest pain or coughing up blood. Symptoms of a blood clot include warmth, swelling, pain, tenderness and redness of the leg. The goal of treatment is to break up clots and help keep other clots from forming.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

The closure of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by an embolus, sometimes associated with infarction of the lung.
NCI

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materiály – testování

The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
MSH

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dásně – chobot

An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus not accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment.
MSH

An abnormal deepening of a gingival sulcus not associated with destruction of the supporting periodontal tissue.
NCI

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dorostová psychologie

Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
MSH

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kardiopulmonální resuscitace

The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.
MSH

the artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for heart arrest resulting from electric shock, drowning, respiratory arrest, or other causes; the two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation and closed-chest cardiac massage.
CSP

If you were with someone who had a heart attack or almost drowned, would you know what to do? When blood flow or breathing stops, seconds count. Permanent brain damage or death can happen quickly. If you know how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), you could save a life. CPR is an emergency procedure for a person whose heart has stopped or is no longer breathing. CPR can maintain circulation and breathing until emergency medical help arrives.

Even if you haven`t had training, you can do “hands-only” CPR for a person whose heart has stopped beating. “Hands-only” CPR uses chest compressions to keep blood circulating until emergency help arrives. If you`ve had training, you can use chest compressions and rescue breathing. Rescue breathing helps get oxygen to the lungs for a person who has stopped breathing. To keep your skills up, you should repeat the training every two years.


MEDLINEPLUS

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Purified Protein Derivative of Tuberculin

A purified protein extract derived from the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Intradermally-administered, PPD stimulates preprimed CD4 T cells in immunologically competent subjects previously exposed to the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis; these activated CD4 T cells secrete various cytokines that attract granulocytes, monocytes, and macrophages in an inflammatory response known as delayed hypersensitivity. (NCI04)
NCI

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mazindol

Tricyclic anorexigenic agent unrelated to and less toxic than AMPHETAMINE, but with some similar side effects. It inhibits uptake of catecholamines and blocks the binding of cocaine to the dopamine uptake transporter.
MSH

5-(p-chlorophenyl)-2,5-dihydro-3H- imidazo(2,1-a)isoindol-5-ol; mimics cocaine and amphetamines by inhibiting catecholamine uptake in CNS synapses, but is not reinforcing or abused; used as a molecular probe and to reduce cocaine craving.
CSP

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glomerulární mesangium

The thin membranous structure supporting the adjoining glomerular capillaries. It is composed of GLOMERULAR MESANGIAL CELLS and their EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX.
MSH

thin membrane which helps to support the capillary bed in the renal glomeruli.
CSP

A thin membrane in the central part of the renal glomerulus between capillaries. It helps to support the capillary loops in the glomerulus. Mesangial cells are phagocytic and for the most part separated from capillary lumina by endothelial cells.
NCI

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adrenodoxin

An iron-sulfur protein which serves as an electron carrier in enzymatic steroid hydroxylation reactions in adrenal cortex mitochondria. The electron transport system which catalyzes this reaction consists of adrenodoxin reductase, NADP, adrenodoxin, and cytochrome P-450.
MSH

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kapři

Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.
MSH

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Hnisavý granulom kůže a podkoží

A lobular hemangioma arising from the skin and attached subcutaneous tissues.
NCI

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revize kvality lékařské péče

A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.
MSH

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glukosa – test tolerance

A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
MSH

oral or intravenous method of assessing the efficiency of an individual to maintain homeostasis of blood glucose, to absorb and store excessive quantities of glucose; includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after intake.
CSP

A test that involves administration of a know quantity of glucose as a means of screening for glucose intolerance or diabetes mellitus. Typically a baseline (fasting plasma or serum glucose) is drawn prior to the administration of the glucose bolus. Serial plasma glucose levels are obtained (e.g. 30min, 1hr, 2hr, 3hr) and a plot of plasma glucose versus time is created. Comparison of these values against standardized results can be used in establishing the diagnosis of glucose intolerance or diabetes mellitus.
NCI

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