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NADH, NADPH oxidoreduktasy

A group of oxidoreductases that act on NADH or NADPH. In general, enzymes using NADH or NADPH to reduce a substrate are classified according to the reverse reaction, in which NAD+ or NADP+ is formally regarded as an acceptor. This subclass includes only those enzymes in which some other redox carrier is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p100) EC 1.6.
MSH

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endokrinní systém – nemoci

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the endocrine system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers. They travel through your bloodstream to tissues or organs. Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe. These include

  • Growth and development
  • Metabolism – digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature
  • Sexual function
  • Reproduction
  • Mood

If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood`s fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels.

In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes. Hormone supplements can help if the problem is too little of a hormone.


MEDLINEPLUS

Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
MSH

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the endocrine system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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vražda

The killing of one person by another.
MSH

killing of one person by another.
CSP

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ganglion spirale

The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.
MSH

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kalpain

Cysteine proteinase found in many tissues. Hydrolyzes a variety of endogenous proteins including NEUROPEPTIDES; CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS; proteins from SMOOTH MUSCLE; CARDIAC MUSCLE; liver; platelets; and erythrocytes. Two subclasses having high and low calcium sensitivity are known. Removes Z-discs and M-lines from myofibrils. Activates phosphorylase kinase and cyclic nucleotide-independent protein kinase. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.22.4.
MSH

an intracellular, non-lysosomal enzyme.
CSP

A class of calcium-dependent thiol-proteases that proteolytically cleave a wide variety of cytoskeletal, membrane-associated, and regulatory proteins. There are two main isoforms of the protein, which differ in their calcium requirement for activation. These enzymes have been linked to both acute and chronic neurodegenerative processes, such as: ischemia, trauma, and Alzheimer`s disease.
NCI

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periferní nervový systém – nádory

Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1)
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm arising from a peripheral nerve or the perineural sheaths.
NCI

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nandrolon

C18 steroid with androgenic and anabolic properties. It is generally prepared from alkyl ethers of ESTRADIOL to resemble TESTOSTERONE but less one carbon at the 19 position.
MSH

A synthetic, anabolic steroid analog of testosterone. Similar to testosterone, nortestosterone (19-Nortestosterone) binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors. This agent may be used for testosterone replacement therapy in hypogonadal men, in HIV-wasting syndrome, and in other conditions in order to increase nitrogen retention and fat-free muscle mass. (NCI04)
NCI

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endotel lymfatický

Unbroken cellular lining (intima) of the lymph vessels (e.g., the high endothelial lymphatic venules). It is more permeable than vascular endothelium, lacking selective absorption and functioning mainly to remove plasma proteins that have filtered through the capillaries into the tissue spaces.
MSH

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distribuční systémy nemocniční

Systems for delivering hospital supplies, food, laundry, etc., to patient care areas.
MSH

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spondylolistéza

Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
MSH

forward displacement of one vertebra over another
CHV

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kanabinol

A physiologically inactive constituent of Cannabis sativa L.
MSH

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rozvoj osobnosti

Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
MSH

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laktační zuby

Predeciduous teeth present at birth. They may be well formed and normal or may represent hornified epithelial structures without roots. They are found on the gingivae over the crest of the ridge and arise from accessory buds of the dental lamina ahead of the deciduous buds or from buds of the accessory dental lamina. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
MSH

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glukagonu podobné peptidy

Peptides derived from proglucagon which is also the precursor of pancreatic GLUCAGON. Despite expression of proglucagon in multiple tissues, the major production site of glucagon-like peptides (GLPs) is the INTESTINAL L CELLS. GLPs include glucagon-like peptide 1, glucagon-like peptide 2, and the various truncated forms.
MSH

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nemocnice přidružené

Those hospitals which are extensions of a main hospital and are wholly or partly administered by that hospital.
MSH

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stanozolol

A synthetic steroid that has anabolic and androgenic properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1194)
MSH

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karbamoylfosfát

Phosphate salt of carbamic acid.
MSH

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bakteriofág phi X 174

The type species of the genus MICROVIRUS. A prototype of the small virulent DNA coliphages, it is composed of a single strand of supercoiled circular DNA, which on infection, is converted to a double-stranded replicative form by a host enzyme.
MSH

Microvisus type species; circular (+)-sense ssDNA; causes lysis of enterobacteria within 25-30 minutes of entry.
CSP

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krk – poranění

General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
MSH

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lidské inženýrství

The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
MSH

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kyseliny stearové

A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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karboanhydrasa I

A cytosolic carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme primarily expressed in ERYTHROCYTES, vascular endothelial cells, and the gastrointestinal mucosa. EC 4.2.1.-
MSH

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fenaziny

3 ring aromatic structure consisting of 2 benzene rings bridged by ortho nitrogen heteroatoms; used in dyes and larvicides; do not confuse with Phenazine, the drug trade name.
CSP

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novorozenci – screening

The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
MSH

Newborn screening tests take place before your newborn leaves the hospital. Babies are tested to identify serious or life-threatening conditions before symptoms begin. Such diseases are usually rare. However, they can affect a baby`s normal physical and mental development.

Most tests use a few drops of blood from pricking the baby`s heel. A hearing test involves placing a tiny earphone in the baby`s ear and measuring his or her response to sound.

If a screening test suggests a problem, your baby`s doctor will follow up with further testing. If those tests confirm a problem, the doctor may refer you to a specialist for treatment. Following your doctor`s treatment plan can save your baby from lifelong health and developmental problems.


MEDLINEPLUS

A specific type of newborn examination performed to allow for early detection of disease(s) and/or disorder(s).
NCI

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hydrolyasy

Enzymes that catalyze the breakage of a carbon-oxygen bond leading to unsaturated products via the removal of water. EC 4.2.1.
MSH

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steroly

Steroids with a hydroxyl group at C-3 and most of the skeleton of cholestane. Additional carbon atoms may be present in the side chain. (IUPAC Steroid Nomenclature, 1987)
MSH

steroids with long (8-10 carbon) aliphatic side chains at position 17 and at least one alcoholic hydroxyl group, usually at position 3; they have lipid-like solubility.
CSP

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TUMORE GAIZTOA, TIROIDEA

A primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm affecting the thyroid gland. –2005
NCI

Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It makes hormones that help the body work normally. Anyone can get cancer of the thyroid gland. But certain factors may increase the risk. These include

  • Being between ages 25 and 65
  • Being a woman
  • Being Asian
  • Having a family member who has had thyroid disease
  • Having radiation treatments to your head or neck

You should see a doctor if you have a lump or swelling in your neck. Your doctor can order tests to see if you have cancer and, if so, which type. Treatment depends on the type and how far the cancer has spread. They include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone treatment, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Some patients receive a combination of treatments.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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fenylbutazon

A butyl-diphenyl-pyrazolidinedione that has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic activities. It has been used in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; and REACTIVE ARTHRITIS.
MSH

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neostigmin

A cholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and to reverse the effects of muscle relaxants such as gallamine and tubocurarine. Neostigmine, unlike PHYSOSTIGMINE, does not cross the blood-brain barrier.
MSH

anticholinesterase used in symptomatic treatment of myasthenia gravis, prevention and treatment of postoperative stasis of the gastrointestinal tract or urinary bladder, and as an antidote for neuromuscular blocking agents after surgery.
CSP

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hydrops fetalis

Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in two or more fetal compartments, such as SKIN; PLEURA; PERICARDIUM; PLACENTA; PERITONEUM; AMNIOTIC FLUID. General fetal EDEMA may be of non-immunologic origin, or of immunologic origin as in the case of ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS.
MSH

A condition characterized by fluid accumulation in two or more anatomic compartments in the fetus. Causes include Rh incompatibility, congenital heart defects, and chromosomal abnormalities.
NCI

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