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postoj k smrti

Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
MSH

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lékařská praxe – způsoby provádění

Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
MSH

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pojištění zákonné odpovědnosti

Insurance against loss resulting from liability for injury or damage to the persons or property of others.
MSH

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dermatitida léková

Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.
MSH

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sulfonylmočovinové sloučeniny

compounds of the type R-SO2-NHCONH-; when R=Ph, these are a group of hypoglycemic agents which enhance insulin secretion by beta cells and insulin sensitivity in target tissue, and so are effective in type II (noninsulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus.
CSP

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epichlorhydrin

A chlorinated epoxy compound used as an industrial solvent. It is a strong skin irritant and carcinogen.
MSH

A volatile and flammable, clear, colorless, liquid, chlorinated cyclic ether with an irritating, chloroform-like odor that emits toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds when heated to decomposition. Epichlorohydrin is used in the manufacture of epoxy resins, synthetic glycerin and elastomers. Exposure to epichlorohydrin irritates the eyes, skin and respiratory tract, and can cause chemical pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and renal lesions. This substance also affects the blood. Epichlorohydrin is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing respiratory cancer. (NCI05)
NCI

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autogenní trénink

Technique based on muscle relaxation during self-hypnotic exercises. It is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
MSH

method of training to reduce stress and bring the autonomic nervous system under voluntary control.
CSP

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Picornaviridae – infekce

Virus diseases caused by the PICORNAVIRIDAE.
MSH

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interleukin-1

A soluble factor produced by MONOCYTES; MACROPHAGES, and other cells which activates T-lymphocytes and potentiates their response to mitogens or antigens. Interleukin-1 is a general term refers to either of the two distinct proteins, INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The biological effects of IL-1 include the ability to replace macrophage requirements for T-cell activation.
MSH

macrophage produced interleukin that induces the production of interleukin 2 by T cells that have been stimulated by antigen or mitogen; at least two types, alpha and beta, exist; interleukin 1 or a similar protein is also produced by epithelial cells and stimulates fibroblast proliferation and release of proteolytic enzymes and prostaglandins in inflammatory processes.
CSP

One of a group of related proteins made by leukocytes (white blood cells) and other cells in the body. IL-1 is made mainly by one type of white blood cell, the macrophage, and helps another type of white blood cell, the lymphocyte, fight infections. It also helps leukocytes pass through blood vessel walls to sites of infection and causes fever by affecting areas of the brain that control body temperature. There are two forms of IL-1, alpha and beta, which act the same. IL-1 made in the laboratory is used as a biological response modifier to boost the immune system in cancer therapy. IL-1 is a type of cytokine.
NCI

Human interleukin-1 protein (271 aa, 31 kD precursor) is encoded by the human interleukin-1 (IL1) gene. This soluble protein is produced primarily by monocytes and macrophages. It activates and potentiates T-lymphocyte responses to mitogens or antigens. This protein is also capable of replacing macrophage requirements for T-cell activation
NCI

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deuteroporfyriny

Porphyrins with four methyl and two propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings.
MSH

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supinace

Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm forward or upward. When referring to the foot, a combination of adduction and inversion movements of the foot.
MSH

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epirubicin

An anthracycline which is the 4`-epi-isomer of doxorubicin. The compound exerts its antitumor effects by interference with the synthesis and function of DNA.
MSH

A 4`-epi-isomer of the anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic doxorubicin. Epirubicin intercalates into DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and ultimately, interfering with RNA and protein synthesis. This agent also produces toxic free-radical intermediates and interacts with cell membrane lipids causing lipid peroxidation.
NCI

A drug used together with other drugs to treat early breast cancer that has spread to lymph nodes. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Epirubicin is a type of anthracycline antibiotic.
NCI

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avidin

A specific protein in egg albumin that interacts with BIOTIN to render it unavailable to mammals, thereby producing biotin deficiency.
MSH

biotin-binding protein found in eggs.
CSP

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piribedil

A dopamine D2 agonist. It is used in the treatment of parkinson disease, particularly for alleviation of tremor. It has also been used for circulatory disorders and in other applications as a D2 agonist.
MSH

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meziobratlová ploténka

plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae in the spine, each consisting of a fibrous ring enclosing a pulpy center.
CSP

Spongy discs located between the vertebrae of the spinal column; composed of the outer annulus fibrosus and inner nucleus pulposus.
NCI

Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
MSH

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heroin

A narcotic analgesic that may be habit-forming. It is a controlled substance (opium derivative) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Parts 329.1, 1308.11 (1987). Sale is forbidden in the United States by Federal statute. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

narcotic analgesic drug prepared from morphine, now prohibited in the United States even for medicinal uses because of the danger of addiction.
CSP

Heroin is a drug made from morphine, a natural substance in the seedpod of the Asian poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder. Heroin can be injected, smoked or snorted. Heroin abuse is a serious problem in the United States. Major health problems from heroin include miscarriages, heart infections and death from overdose. People who inject the drug also risk infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.

Regular use of heroin can lead to tolerance. This means users need more and more drug to have the same effect. At higher doses over time, the body becomes dependent on heroin. If dependent users stop heroin, they have withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, diarrhea, vomiting and cold flashes.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse


MEDLINEPLUS

A substance made from morphine. Heroin is very addictive and it is illegal to use or sell it in the United States. It is a type of opiate.
NCI

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porodnické chirurgické výkony

Surgery performed on the pregnant woman for conditions associated with pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium. It does not include surgery of the newborn infant.
MSH

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erbium

Erbium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Er, atomic number 68, and atomic weight 167.26.
MSH

An element with atomic symbol Er, atomic number 68, and atomic weight 167.259.
NCI

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Azospirillum brasilense

A species of motile, free-living, gram-negative bacteria that occur in the soil. They are aerobic or microaerophilic and are sometimes capable of nitrogen fixation.
MSH

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placenta praevia

A condition in which the placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus. –2003
NCI

Abnormal placentation in which the PLACENTA implants in the lower segment of the UTERUS (the zone of dilation) and may cover part or all of the opening of the CERVIX. It is often associated with serious antepartum bleeding and PREMATURE LABOR.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky – vypuzení

Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
MSH

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bránice

The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.
MSH

musculofibrous partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity; contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding inspiration.
CSP

The thin muscle below the lungs and heart that separates the chest from the abdomen.
NCI

a partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
CHV

Fibromuscular tissue that separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity. It increases the volume of the thoracic cavity through contractions, thus facilitating respiration.
NCI

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Svazijsko

A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880`s, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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erytroblasty

Immature, nucleated ERYTHROCYTES occupying the stage of ERYTHROPOIESIS that follows formation of ERYTHROID PRECURSOR CELLS and precedes formation of RETICULOCYTES. The normal series is called normoblasts. Cells called MEGALOBLASTS are a pathologic series of erythroblasts.
MSH

Red blood cells that are at the last stage of development, still containing a nucleus, that are found in the bone marrow and occasionally in the peripheral blood.
NCI

An immature, nucleated erythrocyte occupying the stage of erythropoiesis that follows formation of erythroid progenitor cells and precedes formation of reticulocytes.
NCI

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bakteriální infekce a mykózy

Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
MSH

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plazma – náhražky

Any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations. These substances do not enhance the oxygen- carrying capacity of blood, but merely replace the volume. They are also used to treat dehydration.
MSH

substance that can carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from the tissues when introduced into the blood stream; used to replace hemoglobin in severe hemorrhage and also to perfuse isolated organs; includes perfluorocarbon emulsions and various hemoglobin solutions; also any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations which do not enhance the oxygen carrying capacity of blood, but replace volume.
CSP

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jodofory

Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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dichlororibofuranosylbenzimidazol

An RNA polymerase II transcriptional inhibitor. This compound terminates transcription prematurely by selective inhibition of RNA synthesis. It is used in research to study underlying mechanisms of cellular regulation.
MSH

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ZORABIOA (SINKOPEA),KONORTE GALTZEA

A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)
MSH

fainting due to a sudden fall of blood pressure below the level required to maintain oxygenation of brain tissue.
CSP

Extremely weak; threatened with syncope.
NCI

If you`ve ever fainted, you are not alone – at least one third of people faint sometime in their lives. Fainting is a temporary loss of consciousness. You lose muscle control at the same time, and may fall down. Most people recover quickly and completely.

Fainting usually happens when your blood pressure drops suddenly, causing a decrease in blood flow to your brain. This is more common in older people. Some causes of fainting include

  • Heat or dehydration
  • Emotional distress
  • Standing up too quickly
  • Certain medicines
  • Drop in blood sugar
  • Heart problems

Fainting is usually nothing to worry about, but it can sometimes be a sign of a serious problem. If you faint, it`s important to see your health care provider and find out why it happened.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood supply to the brain.
NCI

Extremely weak; threatened with syncope.
NCI

A spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood supply to the brain.
NCI

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divertikly jícnu

Saccular protrusion beyond the wall of the ESOPHAGUS.
MSH

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