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bronchopulmonální sekvestrace

A developmental anomaly in which a mass of nonfunctioning lung tissue lacks normal connection with the tracheobroncheal tree and receives an anomalous blood supply originating from the descending thoracic or abdominal aorta. The mass may be extralobar, i.e., completely separated from normally connected lung, or intralobar, i.e., partly surrounded by normal lung.
MSH

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nitrosomočovinové sloučeniny

An anticancer drug that can cross the blood-brain barrier. Carmustine and lomustine are nitrosoureas.
NCI

Any of a class of alkylating agents that contain both a nitroso group and a urea. They are lipophilic and can cross the blood-brain barrier.
NCI

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piribedil

A dopamine D2 agonist. It is used in the treatment of parkinson disease, particularly for alleviation of tremor. It has also been used for circulatory disorders and in other applications as a D2 agonist.
MSH

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obraz – interpretace počítačová

Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
MSH

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mikroanalýza elektronovou sondou

Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.
MSH

identification and measurement of concentration of elements based on the fact that primary-emission x-rays emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration; may be performed by an electron probe microanalyzer, an electron microscope microanalyzer, or by an electron microscope, or scanning electron microscope, fitted with an x-ray spectrometer.
CSP

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porodnické chirurgické výkony

Surgery performed on the pregnant woman for conditions associated with pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium. It does not include surgery of the newborn infant.
MSH

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bulimia

Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as “ox hunger”.
MSH

A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge-eating over which the individual feels a lack of control; these episodes of binge-eating are followed by recurrent compensatory behavior to prevent weight gain, usually self-induced vomiting. In addition, self-evaluation is unduly influenced by body image.
NCI

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kyselina nordihydroguaiaretová

A potent lipoxygenase inhibitor that interferes with arachidonic acid metabolism. The compound also inhibits formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase, carboxylesterase, and cyclooxygenase to a lesser extent. It also serves as an antioxidant in fats and oils.
MSH

A naturally occurring antioxidant dicatechol originally derived from the creosote bush Larrea divaricatta with antipromoter, anti-inflammatory, and antineoplastic activities. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) directly inhibits activation of two receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) and the c-erbB2/HER2/neu receptor, resulting in decreased proliferation of susceptible tumor cell populations. This agent may induce apoptosis in susceptible tumor cell populations as a result of disruption of the actin cytoskeleton in association with the activation of stress activated protein kinases (SAPKs). In addition, NDGA inhibits arachidonic acid 5-lipoxygenase (5LOX), resulting in diminished synthesis of inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins and leukotrines; it may prevent leukocyte infiltration into tissues and the release of reactive oxygen species and, at higher concentrations, may also inhibit cyclooxygenase. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=479648&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=479648&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C701″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

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placenta praevia

A condition in which the placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus. –2003
NCI

Abnormal placentation in which the PLACENTA implants in the lower segment of the UTERUS (the zone of dilation) and may cover part or all of the opening of the CERVIX. It is often associated with serious antepartum bleeding and PREMATURE LABOR.
MSH

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imunoanalýza

A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
MSH

Immunoassay


HL7V3.0

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určení vhodnosti pacienta

Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.
MSH

The act of determining if a subject is suitable for enrollment in a study according specific protocol criteria and procedures.
NCI

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Svazijsko

A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880`s, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
MSH

A country in Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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buserelin

A potent synthetic analog of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-serine substitution at residue 6, glycine10 deletion, and other modifications.
MSH

An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called gonadotropin-releasing hormones. In prostate cancer therapy, buserelin blocks the production of testosterone in the testicles.
NCI

A synthetic analog of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Buserelin binds to and activates pituitary gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors. Prolonged administration of buserelin results in sustained inhibition of gonadotropin production, suppression of testicular and ovarian steroidogenesis, and reduced levels of circulating gonadotropin and gonadal steroids. Buserelin is more potent that GnRH. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39170&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39170&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C320″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic analog of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Buserelin binds to and activates pituitary gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors. Prolonged administration of buserelin results in sustained inhibition of gonadotropin production, suppression of testicular and ovarian steroidogenesis, and reduced levels of circulating gonadotropin and gonadal steroids. Buserelin is more potent that GnRH. (NCI04)
NCI

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plazma – náhražky

Any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations. These substances do not enhance the oxygen- carrying capacity of blood, but merely replace the volume. They are also used to treat dehydration.
MSH

substance that can carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from the tissues when introduced into the blood stream; used to replace hemoglobin in severe hemorrhage and also to perfuse isolated organs; includes perfluorocarbon emulsions and various hemoglobin solutions; also any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations which do not enhance the oxygen carrying capacity of blood, but replace volume.
CSP

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imunohistochemie

Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
MSH

Immunohistochemical staining techniques allow for the visualization of antigens via the sequential application of a specific antibody to the antigen (primary antibody), a secondary antibody to the primary antibody and an enzyme complex with a chromogenic substrate. The enzymatic activation of the chromogen results in a visible reaction product at the antigen site. The specimen may then be counterstained and coverslipped. Results are interpreted using a light microscope and aid in the differential diagnosis of pathophysiological processes, which may or may not be associated with a particular antigen.
NCI

A technique used to identify specific molecules in different kinds of tissue. The tissue is treated with antibodies that bind the specific molecule. These are made visible under a microscope by using a color reaction, a radioisotope, colloidal gold, or a fluorescent dye. Immunohistochemistry is used to help diagnose diseases, such as cancer, and to detect the presence of microorganisms. It is also used in basic research to understand how cells grow and differentiate (become more specialized).
NCI

Immunohistochemical staining techniques allow for the visualization of antigens via the sequential application of a specific antibody to the antigen (primary antibody), a secondary antibody to the primary antibody and an enzyme complex with a chromogenic substrate. The enzymatic activation of the chromogen results in a visible reaction product at the antigen site. The specimen may then be counterstained and coverslipped. Results are interpreted using a light microscope and aid in the differential diagnosis of pathophysiological processes, which may or may not be associated with a particular antigen.
NCI

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urgentní služby psychiatrické

Organized services to provide immediate psychiatric care to patients with acute psychological disturbances.
MSH

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ZORABIOA (SINKOPEA),KONORTE GALTZEA

A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)
MSH

fainting due to a sudden fall of blood pressure below the level required to maintain oxygenation of brain tissue.
CSP

Extremely weak; threatened with syncope.
NCI

If you`ve ever fainted, you are not alone – at least one third of people faint sometime in their lives. Fainting is a temporary loss of consciousness. You lose muscle control at the same time, and may fall down. Most people recover quickly and completely.

Fainting usually happens when your blood pressure drops suddenly, causing a decrease in blood flow to your brain. This is more common in older people. Some causes of fainting include

  • Heat or dehydration
  • Emotional distress
  • Standing up too quickly
  • Certain medicines
  • Drop in blood sugar
  • Heart problems

Fainting is usually nothing to worry about, but it can sometimes be a sign of a serious problem. If you faint, it`s important to see your health care provider and find out why it happened.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood supply to the brain.
NCI

Extremely weak; threatened with syncope.
NCI

A spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood supply to the brain.
NCI

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kyselina kakodylová

An arsenical that has been used as a dermatologic agent and as an herbicide.
MSH

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glykoproteiny membrány trombocytů

Surface glycoproteins on platelets which have a key role in hemostasis and thrombosis such as platelet adhesion and aggregation. Many of these are receptors.
MSH

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inbreeding

The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.
MSH

the crossing of closely related plants or animals.
CSP

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virus západní encefalitidy koňské

A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines in the United States, southern Canada, and parts of South America.
MSH

species of Alphavirus that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines in the United States, southern Canada, and parts of South America.
CSP

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tachykardie

Abnormally rapid heartbeat, usually with a HEART RATE above 100 beats per minute for adults. Tachycardia accompanied by disturbance in the cardiac depolarization (cardiac arrhythmia) is called tachyarrhythmia.
MSH

excessive rapidity in the action of the heart.
CSP

Rapid beating of the heart, usually defined as greater than 100 beats per minute.
NCI

Tachycardia; an abnormally rapid heartbeat, usually applied to a heart rate above 100 per minute.
NCI

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vápník – poruchy metabolismu

Disorders in the processing of calcium in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.
MSH

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pneumokonióza

A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
MSH

any of a group of lung diseases resulting from inhalation of particles of industrial substances.
CSP

An occupational lung disorder caused by inhalation of dust particles. It is characterized by bilateral interstitial lung infiltrates. Representative examples include asbestosis, silicosis, anthracosis, and talc pneumoconiosis.
NCI

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indium – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of indium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. In atoms with atomic weights 106-112, 113m, 114, and 116-124 are radioactive indium isotopes.
MSH

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endokrinní systém – nemoci

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the endocrine system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers. They travel through your bloodstream to tissues or organs. Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe. These include

  • Growth and development
  • Metabolism – digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature
  • Sexual function
  • Reproduction
  • Mood

If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood`s fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels.

In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes. Hormone supplements can help if the problem is too little of a hormone.


MEDLINEPLUS

Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
MSH

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the endocrine system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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tarzální kosti

The seven bones which form the tarsus – namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.
MSH

Any one of the seven bones forming the instep of the foot. (NCI)
NCI

The seven bones which form the tarsus; namely the calcaneus, talus, cuboid, navicular, and first, second and third cuneiforms. The tarsus is a skeletal part of the foot.
NCI

Any one of the seven bones forming the instep of the foot.
NCI

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kalpain

Cysteine proteinase found in many tissues. Hydrolyzes a variety of endogenous proteins including NEUROPEPTIDES; CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS; proteins from SMOOTH MUSCLE; CARDIAC MUSCLE; liver; platelets; and erythrocytes. Two subclasses having high and low calcium sensitivity are known. Removes Z-discs and M-lines from myofibrils. Activates phosphorylase kinase and cyclic nucleotide-independent protein kinase. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.22.4.
MSH

an intracellular, non-lysosomal enzyme.
CSP

A class of calcium-dependent thiol-proteases that proteolytically cleave a wide variety of cytoskeletal, membrane-associated, and regulatory proteins. There are two main isoforms of the protein, which differ in their calcium requirement for activation. These enzymes have been linked to both acute and chronic neurodegenerative processes, such as: ischemia, trauma, and Alzheimer`s disease.
NCI

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Poisoning aspects

Used with drugs, chemicals, and industrial materials for human or animal poisoning, acute or chronic, whether the poisoning is accidental, occupational, suicidal, by medication error, or by environmental exposure.
MSH

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novorozenec nedonošený

A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
MSH

human born before the normal gestation period has elapsed, before 32 weeks of gestation.
CSP

A premature baby, or preemie, is born before the 37th week of pregnancy. Premature birth occurs in between 8 percent to 10 percent of all pregnancies in the United States. Because they are born too early, preemies weigh much less than full-term babies. They may have health problems because their organs did not have enough time to develop. Preemies need special medical care in a neonatal intensive care unit, or NICU. They stay there until their organ systems can work on their own.


MEDLINEPLUS

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