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subkutánní emfyzém

Presence of air or gas in the subcutaneous tissues of the body.
MSH

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Phosphorescence

absorption of a photon of light followed, after a delay, by emission of a photon of a longer wavelength; the difference in wavelengths is greater for phosphorescence than fluorescence.
CSP

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leprosaria

Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
MSH

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kyanoakryláty

A group of compounds having the general formula CH2=C(CN)-COOR; it polymerizes on contact with moisture; used as tissue adhesive; higher homologs have hemostatic and antibacterial properties.
MSH

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požáry

Whether a fire happens in your home or in the wild, it can be very dangerous. Fire spreads quickly. There is no time to gather valuables or make a phone call. In just two minutes, a fire can become life-threatening. In five minutes, a home can be engulfed in flames.

Heat and smoke from fire can be more dangerous than the flames. Inhaling the super-hot air can burn your lungs. Fire produces poisonous gases that make you disoriented and drowsy. Instead of being awakened by a fire, you may fall into a deeper sleep. You can suffocate or be burned.

Preventing fires is an important part of fire safety. Although there are no guarantees of safety during a fire, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety and losses.

Federal Emergency Management Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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protilátky – specificita

The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.
MSH

property of antibodies which enables them to react with some antigenic determinants and not with others; specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.
CSP

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sukcináty

The salts and esters of SUCCINIC ACID and its derivatives.
MSH

class of dicarboxylic acids with the general structure of butanedioic acid; used in perfumery and as a chemical intermediate in medicine; 1,4-butanedioic acid is an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
CSP

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fotoreceptory

Specialized cells that detect and transduce light. They are classified into two types based on their light reception structure, the ciliary photoreceptors and the rhabdomeric photoreceptors with MICROVILLI. Ciliary photoreceptor cells use OPSINS that activate a PHOSPHODIESTERASE phosphodiesterase cascade. Rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells use opsins that activate a PHOSPHOLIPASE C cascade.
MSH

Cells specialized to detect and transduce light. (MeSH)
NCI

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leukémie eozinofilní akutní

A rare acute myeloid leukemia characterized by abnormal EOSINOPHILS in the bone marrow.
MSH

A poorly defined concept which at best is described as an extremely rare entity, possibly related to various subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia with abnormal eosinophils. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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cyklosporin

A cyclic undecapeptide from an extract of soil fungi. It is a powerful immunosupressant with a specific action on T-lymphocytes. It is used for the prophylaxis of graft rejection in organ and tissue transplantation. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed).
MSH

11-residue cyclic peptide produced by certain fungi which has antifungal and T cell specific immunosuppressive properties.
CSP

A drug used to help reduce the risk of rejection of organ and bone marrow transplants by the body. It is also used in clinical trials to make cancer cells more sensitive to anticancer drugs.
NCI

A drug used to help reduce the risk of rejection of organ and bone marrow transplants by the body
CHV

A natural cyclic polypeptide immunosuppressant isolated from the fungus Beauveria nivea. The exact mechanism of action of cyclosporine is not known but may involve binding to the cellular protein cytophilin, resulting in inhibition of the enzyme calcineurin. This agent appears to specifically and reversibly inhibit immunocompetent lymphocytes in the G0-or G1-phase of the cell cycle. T-lymphocytes are preferentially inhibited with T-helper cells as the primary target. Cyclosporine also inhibits lymphokine production and release. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39201&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39201&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C406″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A natural cyclic polypeptide immunosuppressant isolated from the fungus Beauveria nivea. The exact mechanism of action of cyclosporine is not known but may involve binding to the cellular protein cytophilin, resulting in inhibition of the enzyme calcineurin. This agent appears to specifically and reversibly inhibit immunocompetent lymphocytes in the G0-or G1-phase of the cell cycle. T-lymphocytes are preferentially inhibited with T-helper cells as the primary target. Cyclosporine also inhibits lymphokine production and release. (NCI04)
NCI

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Siphonaptera

fleas are small and wingless; usually are ectoparasites on birds or mammals; adults feed on the blood of the host and lay eggs in the host or the dirt of the host nest.
CSP

An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.
MSH

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antigeny diferenciační T-lymfocytární

Antigens expressed on the cell membrane of T-lymphocytes during differentiation, activation, and normal and neoplastic transformation. Their phenotypic characterization is important in differential diagnosis and studies of thymic ontogeny and T-cell function.
MSH

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sulfamethoxypyridazin

A sulfanilamide antibacterial agent.
MSH

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lékaři

Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
MSH

individual qualified by education and legally authorized to practice medicine.
CSP

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

Medical doctor.
NCI

A doctor; a person who has been educated, trained, and licensed to practice the art and science of medicine; a practitioner of medicine, as contrasted with a surgeon.
NCI

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leukocyty – poruchy

disordered formation of various types of leukocytes or an abnormal accumulation or deficiency of these cells.
CSP

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cysteinsynthasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the biosynthesis of cysteine in microorganisms and plants from O-acetyl-L-serine and hydrogen sulfide. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.2.99.8.
MSH

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fluoreskamin

A nonfluorescent reagent for the detection of primary amines, peptides and proteins. The reaction products are highly fluorescent.
MSH

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antioxidancia

Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
MSH

naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added; counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation.
CSP

A substance that protects cells from the damage caused by free radicals (unstable molecules made by the process of oxidation during normal metabolism). Free radicals may play a part in cancer, heart disease, stroke, and other diseases of aging. Antioxidants include beta-carotene, lycopene, vitamins A, C, and E, and other natural and manufactured substances.
NCI

Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against the effects of free radicals. Free radicals are molecules produced when your body breaks down food, or by environmental exposures like tobacco smoke and radiation. Free radicals can damage cells, and may play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases.

Antioxidant substances include

Antioxidants are found in many foods. These include fruits and vegetables, nuts, grains, and some meats, poultry and fish.


MEDLINEPLUS

A group of organic or inorganic substances capable of preventing the genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of free-radical compounds. Antioxidants bind to and neutralize (`scavenge`) free radicals, thereby transforming them into non-toxic compounds and blocking their genotoxic and carcinogenic effects. This class of agents includes the vitamins C and E, the carotenoids, and selenium. Organic antioxidants are found in high concentrations in fruits, seeds and vegetables. (NCI04)
NCI

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síra

An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.
MSH

use this term only for elemental sulfur; for other compounds see SULFUR COMPOUND.
CSP

a kind of isotope
CHV

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piedra

Either of two diseases resulting from fungal infection of the hair shafts. Black piedra occurs mainly in and on the hairs of the scalp and is caused by Piedraia hortae; white piedra occurs in and on the hairs of the scalp, beard, moustache and genital areas and is caused by Trichosporon species.
MSH

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hormon uvolňující gonadotropiny

A hormone made by the hypothalamus (part of the brain). GnRH causes the pituitary gland to make luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). These hormones are involved in reproduction.
NCI

A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
MSH

decapeptide hormone released by the hypothalamus which stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland.
CSP

Specifically expressed in hypothalamic neurons as a preproprotein, Gonadotropin Releasing Hormones (GnRH Family) are secreted into the median eminence capillary plexus, bind to receptors on anterior pituitary gonadotrophs, and stimulate release of LHRH and FSH gonadotropins to control female reproduction. (NCI)
NCI

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cytochromy c

cytochrome that plays a central role as an electron carrier in the respiration of the mitochondria; contains an iron porphyrin that is the site of electron transfer.
CSP

Cytochromes of the c type that are found in eukaryotic MITOCHONDRIA. They serve as redox intermediates that accept electrons from MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III and transfer them to MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX IV.
MSH

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flurothyl

A convulsant primarily used in experimental animals. It was formerly used to induce convulsions as a alternative to electroshock therapy.
MSH

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anus neprůchodný

A congenital abnormality characterized by the persistence of the anal membrane, resulting in a thin membrane covering the normal ANAL CANAL. Imperforation is not always complete and is treated by surgery in infancy. This defect is often associated with NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS; MENTAL RETARDATION; and DOWN SYNDROME.
MSH

A congenital birth defect characterized by the absence of a normal anal opening. It may be associated with other congenital abnormalities.
NCI

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supply & distribution

Used for the quantitative availability and distribution of material, equipment, health services, personnel, and facilities. It excludes food supply and water supply in industries and occupations.
MSH

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piroxikam

A cyclooxygenase inhibiting, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that is well established in treating rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis and used for musculoskeletal disorders, dysmenorrhea, and postoperative pain. Its long half-life enables it to be administered once daily.
MSH

4-hydroxy-2-methyl-N-2-pyridyl-2H-1,2- benzothiazine-3-carboxamide- 1,1-dioxide; nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) which functions by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis; effective against colon cancer.
CSP

A nonsteroidal oxicam derivative with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic properties. As a non-selective, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), piroxicam binds and chelates both isoforms of cyclooxygenases (COX1 and COX2), thereby stalling phospholipase A2 activity and conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandin precursors at the rate limiting cyclooxygenase enzyme step. This results in inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis. As a second, independent effect, piroxicam inhibits the activation of neutrophils thereby contributing to its overall anti-inflammatory effects. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39761&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39761&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C751″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A nonsteroidal oxicam derivative with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic properties. As a non-selective, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), piroxicam binds and chelates both isoforms of cyclooxygenases (COX1 and COX2), thereby stalling phospholipase A2 activity and conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandin precursors at the rate limiting cyclooxygenase enzyme step. This results in inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis. As a second, independent effect, piroxicam inhibits the activation of neutrophils thereby contributing to its overall anti-inflammatory effects.
NCI

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resuscitační péče

Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
MSH

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cytoplazma – proudění

The movement of CYTOPLASM within a CELL. It serves as an internal transport system for moving essential substances throughout the cell, and in single-celled organisms, such as the AMOEBA, it is responsible for the movement (CELL MOVEMENT) of the entire cell.
MSH

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potraviny – ozáření

Treatment of food with RADIATION.
MSH

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mšice

A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.
MSH

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