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vyšší nervová činnost

A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.
MSH

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Retroviridae – proteiny onkogenní

Retroviral proteins that have the ability to transform cells. They can induce sarcomas, leukemias, lymphomas, and mammary carcinomas. Not all retroviral proteins are oncogenic.
MSH

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mozeček – nemoci

Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the cerebellum; manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, gait ataxia, and muscle hypotonia.
CSP

When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that controls coordination and balance. Problems with the cerebellum include

  • Cancer
  • Genetic disorders
  • Ataxias – failure of muscle control in the arms and legs that result in movement disorders
  • Degeneration – disorders caused by brain cells decreasing in size or wasting away

Treatment of cerebellar disorders depends on the cause.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis

species of gram positive, aerobic bacteria that produces tuberculosis in man, other primates, dogs, and some animals which have contact with man; growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
CSP

A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
MSH

An obligate anaerobic, weakly Gram-positive species of mycobacterium that is the cause of most cases of tuberculosis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
NCI

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histiocyty

Macrophages found in the TISSUES, as opposed to those found in the blood (MONOCYTES) or serous cavities (SEROUS MEMBRANE).
MSH

A macrophage present in connective tissue.
NCI

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idiopatická chronická rinitida

A form of non-allergic rhinitis that is characterized by nasal congestion and posterior pharyngeal drainage.
MSH

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mozkomíšní mok – proteiny

Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister`s Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)
MSH

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myokard – kontrakce

contractile activity of the myocardium.
CSP

The multicellular organismal process in which the heart decreases in volume in a characteristic way to propel blood through the body. [GOC:dph]
GO

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HIV protilátky

Antibodies reactive with HIV ANTIGENS.
MSH

A substance produced by certain white blood cells in reaction to contact with HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus.
NCI

Produced by B-cells, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies reacts with HIV antigens. HIV is a virus which affects white blood cells and eventually destroys the body`s natural ability to fight infections.
NCI

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riboflavin – nedostatek

A dietary deficiency of riboflavin causing a syndrome chiefly marked by cheilitis, angular stomatitis, glossitis associated with a purplish red or magenta-colored tongue that may show fissures, corneal vascularization, dyssebacia, and anemia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

condition due to a deficiency of riboflavin (vitamin B12) which is associated with inadequate consumption of riboflavin rich foods; produces lesions of skin, digestive tract and nervous system; usually part of a multiple nutrient deficiency.
CSP

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Cetacea

order of marine mammals; like other mammals they breathe by means of lungs, and bring forth living young which they suckle for some time; the anterior limbs are changed to paddles; the tail flukes are horizontal.
CSP

An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)
MSH

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Myoxidae

A family of nocturnal rodents, similar in appearance to SQUIRRELS, but smaller. There are 28 species, half of which are found in Africa.
MSH

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HLA-DR5 antigen

A broad-specificity HLA-DR antigen that is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*11 and DRB1*12 alleles.
MSH

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Rickettsiaceae – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
MSH

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farmakologické jevy

The properties and processes of drug metabolism and drug interactions.
MSH

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nukleární magnetická rezonance

A physical phenomenon involving the interaction of atomic nuclei placed in an external magnetic field with an applied electromagnetic field oscillating at a particular frequency. Magnetic conditions within the material are measured by monitoring the radiation absorbed and emitted by the atomic nuclei. It is the underlying principle of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
NCI

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NADP-transhydrogenasa

Enzymes that catalyze the reversible reduction of NAD by NADPH to yield NADP and NADH. This reaction permits the utilization of the reducing properties of NADPH by the respiratory chain and in the reverse direction it allows the reduction of NADP for biosynthetic purposes.
MSH

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homocystinurie

Autosomal recessive inborn error of methionine metabolism usually caused by a deficiency of CYSTATHIONINE BETA-SYNTHASE and associated with elevations of homocysteine in plasma and urine. Clinical features include a tall slender habitus, SCOLIOSIS, arachnodactyly, MUSCLE WEAKNESS, genu varus, thin blond hair, malar flush, lens dislocations, an increased incidence of MENTAL RETARDATION, and a tendency to develop fibrosis of arteries, frequently complicated by CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS and MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p979)
MSH

autosomal recessive inborn error of methionine metabolism usually caused by a deficiency of cystathionine beta-synthase and associated with elevations of homocysteine in plasma and urine; clinical features include a tall, slender habitus, scoliosis, arachnodactyly, muscle weakness, genu varis, thin blond hair, malar flush, lens dislocations, an increased incidence of mental retardation, and a tendency to develop fibrosis of arteries, frequently complicated by cerebrovascular accidents and myocardial infarction.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the CBS, MTHFR, MTR, and MTRR genes. It is characterized by abnormalities in the methionine metabolism and is associated with deficiency of cystathionine synthase. It results in the accumulation of homocysteine in the serum. It may affect the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and the central nervous systems.
NCI

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RNA – prekursory

RNA transcripts of the DNA that are in some unfinished stage of post-transcriptional processing (RNA PROCESSING, POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL) required for function. RNA precursors may undergo several steps of RNA SPLICING during which the phosphodiester bonds at exon-intron boundaries are cleaved and the introns are excised. Consequently a new bond is formed between the ends of the exons. Resulting mature RNAs can then be used; for example, mature mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER) is used as a template for protein production.
MSH

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kur domácí

Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
MSH

common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl; descended from the red jungle fowl of Southeast Asia.
CSP

The common domestic fowl, Gallus gallus.
NCI

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nukleotidy

The monomeric units from which DNA or RNA polymers are constructed. They consist of a purine or pyrimidine base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
MSH

nucleoside phosphates, the building blocks of nucleic acids.
CSP

A subunit of DNA or RNA consisting of a nitrogenous base (adenine, guanine, thymine, or cytosine in DNA; adenine, guanine, uracil, or cytosine in RNA), a phosphate molecule, and a sugar molecule (deoxyribose in DNA and ribose in RNA).
NCI

A molecule consisting of a nitrogen-containing base (adenine, guanine, thymine, or cytosine in DNA; adenine, guanine, uracil, or cytosine in RNA), a phosphate group, and a sugar (deoxyribose in DNA; ribose in RNA). DNA and RNA are polymers comprised of many nucleotides, strung together like beads in a necklace.
NCI

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Naphthalene

A white, volatile, solid polycyclic hydrocarbon with a strong mothball odor. Naphthalene is obtained from either coal tar or petroleum distillation and is primarily used to manufacture phthalic anhydride, but is also used in moth repellents. Exposure to naphthalene is associated with hemolytic anemia, damage to the liver and neurological system, cataracts and retinal hemorrhage. Naphthalene is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing laryngeal and colorectal cancer. (NCI05)
NCI

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nemocnice – plánování

Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.
MSH

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RNA transferová His

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying histidine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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předškolní dítě

A child between the ages of 2 and 5.
MSH

a human child aged 1 through 5 years of age; may include kindergarten age group; also index with appropriate human and clinical research terms.
CSP

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ošetřovatelská služba v nemocnici

The hospital department which is responsible for the organization and administration of nursing activities.
MSH

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Národní centrum pro technologii zdravotní péče (USA)

A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which coordinates and administers a program of research, demonstrations, and evaluations of medical technologies and assessments of health care technology.
MSH

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nemocnice fakultní

Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.
MSH

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kořenové kanálky – výplňové materiály

Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)
MSH

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Chlorella

Nonmotile unicellular green algae potentially valuable as a source of high-grade protein and B-complex vitamins.
MSH

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