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Catostomus

Genus of Cobitidae (suckers).
MSH

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Lucembursko

A country in Western Europe, between France, Belgium, and Germany. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Europe, between France, Belgium, and Germany. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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tendinitida

Tendons are the tough cords of tissue that attach muscles to bones. They help your muscles move your bones. Tendinitis means inflammation of a tendon. It causes pain and tenderness near a joint. It usually occurs in the shoulders, elbows, knees, hips, heels or wrists. Depending on where it happens, it may have a special name, such as tennis elbow.

Injuries and overuse are common causes of tendinitis. Cross-training, stretching and decreasing your intensity when you exercise might help prevent tendinitis. Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, also can cause it. You can usually treat tendinitis with rest, ice and medicine to relieve pain and decrease swelling. Other treatments include ultrasound, physical therapy, steroid injections and surgery.


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of TENDONS. It is characterized by the degeneration of tendons accompanied by an inflammatory repair response, fibroblastic proliferation, and formation of granulation tissue. Tendinitis is not a clinical diagnosis and can be confirmed only by histopathological findings.
MSH

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Galago

A genus of the family Lorisidae having four species which inhabit the forests and bush regions of Africa south of the Sahara and some nearby islands. The four species are G. alleni, G. crassicaudatus, G. demidovii, and G. senegalensis. There is another genus, Euoticus, containing two species which some authors have included in the Galago genus.
MSH

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polymorfismus genetický

simultaneous occurrence in the population of genomes showing allelic variations such as different phenotypes or restriction maps.
CSP

A common change in the genetic code in DNA. Polymorphisms can have a harmful effect, a good effect, or no effect. Some polymorphisms have been shown to increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
NCI

a common genetic variation or mutation, the occurrence of different forms, stages, or types in individual organisms or in organisms of the same species.
CHV

The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
MSH

The regular and simultaneous occurrence of alternative nucleotide sequences at equivalent locations of the genetic material among individuals of a single interbreeding population that are not maintained by recurrent mutation. Polymorphisms may range in size from single nucleotide to large nucleotide sequence variation visible at the chromosomal level.
NCI

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cauda equina

The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.
MSH

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lymphogranuloma venereum

Subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. It is a sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. but is more widespread in developing countries. It is distinguished from granuloma venereum (see GRANULOMA INGUINALE), which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
MSH

subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis; a sexually transmitted disease in the United States but is more widespread in developing countries; do not confuse with granuloma venereum, which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis, for this use ENTEROBACTERIACEAE DISEASE.
CSP

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testis – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.
MSH

new abnormal testicular tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

Benign or malignant neoplasm involving the testis.
NCI

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gamma3-MSH

The 11-residue peptide plus the 12-residue sequence leading to the next dibasic cleavage site at the N-terminal of the joining peptide.
MSH

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polyurethany

A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.
MSH

group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate; used as elastomers, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.
CSP

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ceftizoxim

A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.
MSH

A semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase-resistant, third-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Ceftizoxime binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and in reshaping the cell wall during growth and division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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Macaca mulatta

species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia; the species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
CSP

A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
MSH

A pale brown macaque (Macaca mulatta) native to India, China, and other parts of Asia; often used in medical research. A medium-sized diurnal primate, the Macaca mulatta has a diet of plant material and insects that it can store in pouches in its mouth. The rhesus monkey has an inquisitive, destructive nature with a tendency to bite and pinch; captive breeds are used almost exclusively for medical research. The rhesus monkey has a long history in biomedical research owing to its relative ease in upkeep, most famously utilized in the study of the rhesus factor in human blood groups, the effects of space travel on humans, as well as being the first cloned and transgenic primate.
NCI

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tetraisopropylpyrofosfamid

N,N`,N“,N“`-Tetraisopropylpyrophosphamide. A specific inhibitor of pseudocholinesterases. It is commonly used experimentally to determine whether pseudo- or acetylcholinesterases are involved in an enzymatic process.
MSH

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žaludek – hypotermie

A method of lowering core BODY TEMPERATURE by filling the STOMACH with chilled fluids.
MSH

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vena portae

A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
MSH

short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein; enters the liver at the hepatic portal.
CSP

Vein in the portal venous system.
FMA

A short thick trunk vein that transports blood containing the absorbed products of digestion from the intestine directly to the liver. (NCI)
NCI

A blood vessel that carries blood to the liver from the stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, and gallbladder.
NCI

A short thick trunk vein that transports blood containing the absorbed products of digestion from the intestine directly to the liver.
NCI

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buněčné jadérko

Within most types of eukaryotic CELL NUCLEUS, a distinct region, not delimited by a membrane, in which some species of rRNA (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) are synthesized and assembled into ribonucleoprotein subunits of ribosomes. In the nucleolus rRNA is transcribed from a nucleolar organizer, i.e., a group of tandemly repeated chromosomal genes which encode rRNA and which are transcribed by RNA polymerase I. (Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology & Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
MSH

rounded refractile body present in the nucleus of most eukaryotic cells which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA.
CSP

A small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. It is rich in RNA and protein, is not bounded by a limiting membrane, and is not seen during mitosis. Its prime function is the transcription of the nucleolar DNA into 45S ribosomal-precursor RNA, the processing of this RNA into 5.8S, 18S, and 28S components of ribosomal RNA, and the association of these components with 5S RNA and proteins synthesized outside the nucleolus. This association results in the formation of ribonucleoprotein precursors; these pass into the cytoplasm and mature into the 40S and 60S subunits of the ribosome. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

Within most types of eukaryotic CELL NUCLEUS, a distinct region, not delimited by a membrane, in which some species of rRNA (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) are synthesized and assembled into ribonucleoprotein subunits of ribosomes. In the nucleolus rRNA is transcribed from a nucleolar organizer, i.e., a group of tandemly repeated chromosomal genes which encode rRNA and which are transcribed by RNA polymerase I.
NCI

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magnetismus

The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.
MSH

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theofylin

A methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities. Theophylline inhibits the 3`,5`-CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE that degrades CYCLIC AMP thus potentiates the actions of agents that act through ADENYLATE CYCLASE and cyclic AMP.
MSH

1,3-dimethylxanthine; methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities.
CSP

A drug used to improve breathing in people who are short of breath. It belongs to the family of drugs called bronchodilators or respiratory smooth muscle relaxants.
NCI

a drug used to prevent and treat wheezing and shortness of breath caused by respiratory diseases such as asthma
CHV

A natural alkaloid derivative of xanthine isolated from the plants Camellia sinensis and Coffea arabica. Theophylline appears to inhibit phosphodiesterase and prostaglandin production, regulate calcium flux and intracellular calcium distribution, and antagonize adenosine. Physiologically, this agent relaxes bronchial smooth muscle, produces vasodilation (except in cerebral vessels), stimulates the CNS, stimulates cardiac muscle, induces diuresis, and increases gastric acid secretion; it may also suppress inflammation and improve contractility of the diaphragm. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41340&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41340&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C872″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A natural alkaloid derivative of xanthine isolated from the plants Camellia sinensis and Coffea arabica. Theophylline appears to inhibit phosphodiesterase and prostaglandin production, regulate calcium flux and intracellular calcium distribution, and antagonize adenosine. Physiologically, this agent relaxes bronchial smooth muscle, produces vasodilation (except in cerebral vessels), stimulates the CNS, stimulates cardiac muscle, induces diuresis, and increases gastric acid secretion; it may also suppress inflammation and improve contractility of the diaphragm. (NCI04)
NCI

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gefarnát

A water insoluble terpene fatty acid used in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers; it facilitates the healing and function of mucosal tissue.
MSH

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aspartát hořečnatodraselný

An intra-extracellular electrolyte exchange agent with a variety of effects.
MSH

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nemoci centrálního nervového systému

Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
CSP

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URDAILEKO TUMORE GEIZTOA

A primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm involving the stomach.
NCI

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thiamfenikol

A methylsulfonyl analog of CHLORAMPHENICOL. It is an antibiotic and immunosuppressive agent.
MSH

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genová přestavba B-lymfocytů

Ordered rearrangement of B-lymphocyte variable gene regions coding for the IMMUNOGLOBULIN CHAINS, thereby contributing to antibody diversity. It occurs during the differentiation of the IMMATURE B-LYMPHOCYTES.
MSH

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prekancerózy

Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A pathological process with signs indicating it may become cancerous. Representative examples include leukoplakia, dysplastic nevus, actinic keratosis, xeroderma pigmentosum, and intraepithelial neoplasia.
NCI

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mozeček – nemoci

Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the cerebellum; manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, gait ataxia, and muscle hypotonia.
CSP

When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that controls coordination and balance. Problems with the cerebellum include

  • Cancer
  • Genetic disorders
  • Ataxias – failure of muscle control in the arms and legs that result in movement disorders
  • Degeneration – disorders caused by brain cells decreasing in size or wasting away

Treatment of cerebellar disorders depends on the cause.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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nervus mandibularis

A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.
MSH

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thiorfan

A potent inhibitor of membrane metalloendopeptidase (ENKEPHALINASE). Thiorphan potentiates morphine-induced ANALGESIA and attenuates naloxone-precipitated withdrawal symptoms.
MSH

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geny pol

DNA sequences that form the coding region for retroviral enzymes including reverse transcriptase, protease, and endonuclease/integrase. “pol” is short for polymerase, the enzyme class of reverse transcriptase.
MSH

This gene is involved in the replication of the retroviral genome.
NCI

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těhotenství abdominální

A type of ectopic pregnancy in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY instead of in the ENDOMETRIUM of the UTERUS.
MSH

Ectopic pregnancy characterized by the implantation of the embryo in the peritoneal cavity or intraabdominal organs.
NCI

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