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Fusobacterium

genus in the phylum Fusobacteria of gram negative, anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals; no endospores are formed; some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals. No endospores are formed. Some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.
MSH

A genus of filamentous, anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria in the phylum Fusobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Fusobacterium genus level.
NCI

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alfa-1-antichymotrypsin

Glycoprotein found in alpha(1)-globulin region in human serum. It inhibits chymotrypsin-like proteinases in vivo and has cytotoxic killer-cell activity in vitro. The protein also has a role as an acute-phase protein and is active in the control of immunologic and inflammatory processes, and as a tumor marker. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
MSH

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mozeček – nemoci

Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the cerebellum; manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, gait ataxia, and muscle hypotonia.
CSP

When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that controls coordination and balance. Problems with the cerebellum include

  • Cancer
  • Genetic disorders
  • Ataxias – failure of muscle control in the arms and legs that result in movement disorders
  • Degeneration – disorders caused by brain cells decreasing in size or wasting away

Treatment of cerebellar disorders depends on the cause.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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ranitidin

A non-imidazole blocker of those histamine receptors that mediate gastric secretion (H2 receptors). It is used to treat gastrointestinal ulcers.
MSH

N-2-(5-dimethylamino)methyl-2- furanylmethyl thioethyl-N`-methyl-2-nitro-1,1 -ethenediamine; cimetidine analog; H2 histamine receptor antagonist used to treat gastric ulcers.
CSP

a kind of antiacid drug
CHV

A member of the class of histamine H2-receptor antagonists with antacid activity. Ranitidine is a competitive and reversible inhibitor of the action of histamine, released by enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, at the histamine H2-receptors on parietal cells in the stomach, thereby inhibiting the normal and meal-stimulated secretion of stomach acid. In addition, other substances that promote acid secretion have a reduced effect on parietal cells when the H2 receptors are blocked.
NCI

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Lucembursko

A country in Western Europe, between France, Belgium, and Germany. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Europe, between France, Belgium, and Germany. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Galago

A genus of the family Lorisidae having four species which inhabit the forests and bush regions of Africa south of the Sahara and some nearby islands. The four species are G. alleni, G. crassicaudatus, G. demidovii, and G. senegalensis. There is another genus, Euoticus, containing two species which some authors have included in the Galago genus.
MSH

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výška nadmořská

A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
MSH

height above sea level or above the earth`s surface.
CSP

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mozkomíšní mok – proteiny

Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister`s Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)
MSH

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reakční čas

The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
MSH

time from the onset of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) stimulus until a motor activity response is observed.
CSP

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lymphogranuloma venereum

Subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. It is a sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. but is more widespread in developing countries. It is distinguished from granuloma venereum (see GRANULOMA INGUINALE), which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
MSH

subacute inflammation of the inguinal lymph glands caused by certain immunotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis; a sexually transmitted disease in the United States but is more widespread in developing countries; do not confuse with granuloma venereum, which is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis, for this use ENTEROBACTERIACEAE DISEASE.
CSP

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gamma3-MSH

The 11-residue peptide plus the 12-residue sequence leading to the next dibasic cleavage site at the N-terminal of the joining peptide.
MSH

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amdinocilin

Amidinopenicillanic acid derivative with broad spectrum antibacterial action. It is poorly absorbed if given orally and is used in urinary infections and typhus.
MSH

A semisynthetic, broad spectrum beta-lactam penicillin with antibacterial activity. Amdinocillin specifically binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding protein 2 (PBP 2) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This interrupts bacterial cell wall synthesis and results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis. Given the fact that most beta-lactam penicillins bind almost exclusively to PBPs 1 and 3, amdinocillin is able to synergize with other penicillins in the treatment against bacterial infections.
NCI

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Cetacea

order of marine mammals; like other mammals they breathe by means of lungs, and bring forth living young which they suckle for some time; the anterior limbs are changed to paddles; the tail flukes are horizontal.
CSP

An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)
MSH

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receptory estradiolu

Cytoplasmic proteins that bind estradiol, migrate to the nucleus, and regulate DNA transcription.
MSH

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Macaca mulatta

species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia; the species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
CSP

A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
MSH

A pale brown macaque (Macaca mulatta) native to India, China, and other parts of Asia; often used in medical research. A medium-sized diurnal primate, the Macaca mulatta has a diet of plant material and insects that it can store in pouches in its mouth. The rhesus monkey has an inquisitive, destructive nature with a tendency to bite and pinch; captive breeds are used almost exclusively for medical research. The rhesus monkey has a long history in biomedical research owing to its relative ease in upkeep, most famously utilized in the study of the rhesus factor in human blood groups, the effects of space travel on humans, as well as being the first cloned and transgenic primate.
NCI

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žaludek – hypotermie

A method of lowering core BODY TEMPERATURE by filling the STOMACH with chilled fluids.
MSH

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chloromethylketony aminokyselin

Inhibitors of SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES and sulfhydryl group-containing enzymes. They act as alkylating agents and are known to interfere in the translation process.
MSH

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farmakologické jevy

The properties and processes of drug metabolism and drug interactions.
MSH

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Rekreceptoren

sense organ in a muscle or tendon that responds to elongation.
CSP

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magnetismus

The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.
MSH

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gefarnát

A water insoluble terpene fatty acid used in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers; it facilitates the healing and function of mucosal tissue.
MSH

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kyselina aminooxyoctová

A compound that inhibits aminobutyrate aminotransferase activity in vivo, thereby raising the level of gamma-aminobutyric acid in tissues.
MSH

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kur domácí

Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
MSH

common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl; descended from the red jungle fowl of Southeast Asia.
CSP

The common domestic fowl, Gallus gallus.
NCI

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příručky lékařské

Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.
MSH

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URDAILEKO TUMORE GEIZTOA

A primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm involving the stomach.
NCI

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genová přestavba B-lymfocytů

Ordered rearrangement of B-lymphocyte variable gene regions coding for the IMMUNOGLOBULIN CHAINS, thereby contributing to antibody diversity. It occurs during the differentiation of the IMMATURE B-LYMPHOCYTES.
MSH

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amoxicilin

A broad-spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic similar to AMPICILLIN except that its resistance to gastric acid permits higher serum levels with oral administration.
MSH

A drug used to treat some bacterial infections. Amoxicillin is a form of penicillin that is made in the laboratory. It kills certain types of bacteria. It is a type of antibiotic.
NCI

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

A broad-spectrum, semisynthetic aminopenicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Amoxicillin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 1A located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This interrupts bacterial cell wall synthesis and results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42310&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42310&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C237″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A broad-spectrum, semisynthetic aminopenicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Amoxicillin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 1A located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This interrupts bacterial cell wall synthesis and results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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předškolní dítě

A child between the ages of 2 and 5.
MSH

a human child aged 1 through 5 years of age; may include kindergarten age group; also index with appropriate human and clinical research terms.
CSP

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regurgitace žaludeční

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX wherein the retrograde flow passes through the UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER
MSH

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nervus mandibularis

A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.
MSH

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