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Catostomus

Genus of Cobitidae (suckers).
MSH

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis

species of gram positive, aerobic bacteria that produces tuberculosis in man, other primates, dogs, and some animals which have contact with man; growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
CSP

A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
MSH

An obligate anaerobic, weakly Gram-positive species of mycobacterium that is the cause of most cases of tuberculosis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
NCI

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připoutání k objektu

Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
MSH

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histiocyty

Macrophages found in the TISSUES, as opposed to those found in the blood (MONOCYTES) or serous cavities (SEROUS MEMBRANE).
MSH

A macrophage present in connective tissue.
NCI

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přežvýkavci

A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
MSH

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cauda equina

The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.
MSH

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myokard – kontrakce

contractile activity of the myocardium.
CSP

The multicellular organismal process in which the heart decreases in volume in a characteristic way to propel blood through the body. [GOC:dph]
GO

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oční hypertenze

A condition in which the intraocular pressure is elevated above normal and which may lead to glaucoma.
MSH

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HIV protilátky

Antibodies reactive with HIV ANTIGENS.
MSH

A substance produced by certain white blood cells in reaction to contact with HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus.
NCI

Produced by B-cells, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies reacts with HIV antigens. HIV is a virus which affects white blood cells and eventually destroys the body`s natural ability to fight infections.
NCI

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Saguinus

A genus in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE consisting of 12 species and found in Panama as well as South America. Species seen most frequently in the literature are S. oedipus (cotton-top marmoset), S. nigricollis, and S. fusicollis.
MSH

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ceftizoxim

A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.
MSH

A semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase-resistant, third-generation cephalosporin with antibacterial activity. Ceftizoxime binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs are enzymes involved in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall and in reshaping the cell wall during growth and division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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Myoxidae

A family of nocturnal rodents, similar in appearance to SQUIRRELS, but smaller. There are 28 species, half of which are found in Africa.
MSH

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Oklahoma

A state in the southern midwest United States. Its capital is Oklahoma City.
NCI

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HLA-DR5 antigen

A broad-specificity HLA-DR antigen that is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*11 and DRB1*12 alleles.
MSH

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Salmonella paratyphi C

A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA which is an agent of PARATYPHOID FEVER in Asia, Africa, and southern Europe.
MSH

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buněčné jadérko

Within most types of eukaryotic CELL NUCLEUS, a distinct region, not delimited by a membrane, in which some species of rRNA (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) are synthesized and assembled into ribonucleoprotein subunits of ribosomes. In the nucleolus rRNA is transcribed from a nucleolar organizer, i.e., a group of tandemly repeated chromosomal genes which encode rRNA and which are transcribed by RNA polymerase I. (Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology & Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
MSH

rounded refractile body present in the nucleus of most eukaryotic cells which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA.
CSP

A small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. It is rich in RNA and protein, is not bounded by a limiting membrane, and is not seen during mitosis. Its prime function is the transcription of the nucleolar DNA into 45S ribosomal-precursor RNA, the processing of this RNA into 5.8S, 18S, and 28S components of ribosomal RNA, and the association of these components with 5S RNA and proteins synthesized outside the nucleolus. This association results in the formation of ribonucleoprotein precursors; these pass into the cytoplasm and mature into the 40S and 60S subunits of the ribosome. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

Within most types of eukaryotic CELL NUCLEUS, a distinct region, not delimited by a membrane, in which some species of rRNA (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) are synthesized and assembled into ribonucleoprotein subunits of ribosomes. In the nucleolus rRNA is transcribed from a nucleolar organizer, i.e., a group of tandemly repeated chromosomal genes which encode rRNA and which are transcribed by RNA polymerase I.
NCI

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NADP-transhydrogenasa

Enzymes that catalyze the reversible reduction of NAD by NADPH to yield NADP and NADH. This reaction permits the utilization of the reducing properties of NADPH by the respiratory chain and in the reverse direction it allows the reduction of NADP for biosynthetic purposes.
MSH

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onchocerkóza

Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
MSH

infection with nematodes of the genus Onchocerca; characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, pruritus, and ocular lesions.
CSP

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homocystinurie

Autosomal recessive inborn error of methionine metabolism usually caused by a deficiency of CYSTATHIONINE BETA-SYNTHASE and associated with elevations of homocysteine in plasma and urine. Clinical features include a tall slender habitus, SCOLIOSIS, arachnodactyly, MUSCLE WEAKNESS, genu varus, thin blond hair, malar flush, lens dislocations, an increased incidence of MENTAL RETARDATION, and a tendency to develop fibrosis of arteries, frequently complicated by CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS and MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p979)
MSH

autosomal recessive inborn error of methionine metabolism usually caused by a deficiency of cystathionine beta-synthase and associated with elevations of homocysteine in plasma and urine; clinical features include a tall, slender habitus, scoliosis, arachnodactyly, muscle weakness, genu varis, thin blond hair, malar flush, lens dislocations, an increased incidence of mental retardation, and a tendency to develop fibrosis of arteries, frequently complicated by cerebrovascular accidents and myocardial infarction.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the CBS, MTHFR, MTR, and MTRR genes. It is characterized by abnormalities in the methionine metabolism and is associated with deficiency of cystathionine synthase. It results in the accumulation of homocysteine in the serum. It may affect the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and the central nervous systems.
NCI

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sarkom experimentální

Experimentally induced neoplasms of CONNECTIVE TISSUE in animals to provide a model for studying human SARCOMA.
MSH

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nemoci centrálního nervového systému

Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
CSP

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Naphthalene

A white, volatile, solid polycyclic hydrocarbon with a strong mothball odor. Naphthalene is obtained from either coal tar or petroleum distillation and is primarily used to manufacture phthalic anhydride, but is also used in moth repellents. Exposure to naphthalene is associated with hemolytic anemia, damage to the liver and neurological system, cataracts and retinal hemorrhage. Naphthalene is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing laryngeal and colorectal cancer. (NCI05)
NCI

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arteria ophthalmica

Artery originating from the internal carotid artery and distributing to the eye, orbit and adjacent facial structures.
MSH

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nemocnice – plánování

Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.
MSH

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Schistosoma japonicum

species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East; intermediate host is a snail; occurs in man and other mammals.
CSP

A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.
MSH

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mozeček – nemoci

Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the cerebellum; manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, gait ataxia, and muscle hypotonia.
CSP

When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that controls coordination and balance. Problems with the cerebellum include

  • Cancer
  • Genetic disorders
  • Ataxias – failure of muscle control in the arms and legs that result in movement disorders
  • Degeneration – disorders caused by brain cells decreasing in size or wasting away

Treatment of cerebellar disorders depends on the cause.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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Národní centrum pro technologii zdravotní péče (USA)

A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which coordinates and administers a program of research, demonstrations, and evaluations of medical technologies and assessments of health care technology.
MSH

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ústní dutina – zdravotní stav

The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
MSH

for thorough searching also see DENTISTRY.
CSP

It`s important to take care of your mouth and teeth starting in childhood. If you don`t, you could have problems with your teeth and gums – like cavities or even tooth loss.

Here`s how to keep your mouth and teeth healthy:

  • Brush your teeth every day with a fluoride toothpaste
  • Clean between your teeth every day with floss or other between the teeth cleaner
  • Snack smart – limit sugary snacks
  • Don`t smoke or chew tobacco
  • See your dentist or oral health professional regularly

NIH: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research


MEDLINEPLUS

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nemocnice fakultní

Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.
MSH

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školy ošetřovatelské

Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of nursing.
MSH

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