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kolagen typ III

A fibrillar collagen consisting of three identical alpha1(III) chains that is widely distributed in many tissues containing COLLAGEN TYPE I. It is particularly abundant in BLOOD VESSELS and may play a role in tissues with elastic characteristics.
MSH

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pneumomediastinum diagnostické

Deliberate introduction of air or gas into the mediastinum as an aid to examination and diagnosis.
MSH

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laserová chirurgie

The use of a laser either to vaporize surface lesions or to make bloodless cuts in tissue. It does not include the coagulation of tissue by laser (LASER COAGULATION).
MSH

A surgical procedure that uses the cutting power of a laser beam to make bloodless cuts in tissue or to remove a surface lesion such as a tumor.
NCI

A type of operation using the cutting powers of laser beams from various sources. The use of a laser either to vaporize surface lesions or to make bloodless cuts in tissue. (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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plodné dny

The period in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE that is optimal for FERTILIZATION of the OVUM and yielding PREGNANCY. The duration of fertile period depends on the life span of male GAMETES within the female reproductive tract and the time of OVULATION. It usually begins a few days before ovulation and ends on the day of ovulation.
MSH

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tartrazin

An anionic, hydrophilic azo dye with an orange-yellow color used in fabrics, foods and cosmetics, and as a biological stain.
MSH

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barvy – percepce

Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
MSH

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mitogeny líčidla amerického

Proteins isolated from the roots of the pokeweed, Phytolacca americana, that agglutinate some erythrocytes, stimulate mitosis and antibody synthesis in lymphocytes, and induce activation of plasma cells.
MSH

A group of proteins isolated from the roots of pokeweed, Phytolacca americana, with hemagglutinating and mitogenic properties. Pokeweed mitogen is particularly mitogenic for lymphocytes and also agglutinates erythrocytes.
NCI

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analýza metodou nejmenších čtverců

A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
MSH

A popular criterion used for a cost function, namely minimizing the sum of the squares of the differences between the data points and the analytical function (often a straight line) desired as a best fit. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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fétomaternální transfúze

Transplacental passage of fetal blood into the circulation of the maternal organism. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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technologie lékařská

The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.
MSH

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totální komunikace

Utilization of all available receptive and expressive modes for the purpose of achieving communication with the hearing impaired, such as gestures, postures, facial expression, types of voice, formal speech and non-speech systems, and simultaneous communication.
MSH

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polychlorované bifenyly

Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.
MSH

a kind of industrial product
CHV

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) are a family of more than 200 chemical compounds (congeners) with 1 to 10 chlorine atoms attached to biphenyl and a general structure of C12H10-xClx. PCBs were commercially produced as complex mixtures of congeners at different degrees of chlorination for a variety of applications. Their use was based on their chemical stability, and desirable physical properties. According to WHO, several congeners are now considered to be “dioxin-like” because of their toxicity and certain features of their structure similar to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. PCBs are not readily biodegradable, their use declined and was essentially terminated because of environmental concerns. USA stopped producing PCBs in 1977. (NCI)
NCI

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Leighova nemoc

A group of metabolic disorders primarily of infancy characterized by the subacute onset of psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, ataxia, weakness, vision loss, eye movement abnormalities, seizures, dysphagia, and lactic acidosis. Pathological features include spongy degeneration of the neuropile of the basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem, and spinal cord. Patterns of inheritance include X-linked recessive, autosomal recessive, and mitochondrial. Leigh disease has been associated with mutations in genes for the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX; CYTOCHROME-C OXIDASE; ATP synthase subunit 6; and subunits of mitochondrial complex I. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p850).
MSH

An inherited disorder affecting the nervous system, caused by genetic mutations in the mitochondrial DNA or deficiency of pyruvate dehydrogenase. Signs and symptoms appear in infancy and include loss of the motor abilities, poor sucking abilities, irritability, lack of muscle tone, and seizures.
NCI

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fibrózní dysplazie monostotická

FIBROUS DYSPLASIA OF BONE involving only one bone.
MSH

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tendinitida

Tendons are the tough cords of tissue that attach muscles to bones. They help your muscles move your bones. Tendinitis means inflammation of a tendon. It causes pain and tenderness near a joint. It usually occurs in the shoulders, elbows, knees, hips, heels or wrists. Depending on where it happens, it may have a special name, such as tennis elbow.

Injuries and overuse are common causes of tendinitis. Cross-training, stretching and decreasing your intensity when you exercise might help prevent tendinitis. Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, also can cause it. You can usually treat tendinitis with rest, ice and medicine to relieve pain and decrease swelling. Other treatments include ultrasound, physical therapy, steroid injections and surgery.


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of TENDONS. It is characterized by the degeneration of tendons accompanied by an inflammatory repair response, fibroblastic proliferation, and formation of granulation tissue. Tendinitis is not a clinical diagnosis and can be confirmed only by histopathological findings.
MSH

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komplement C3-konvertasy

Serine proteases that cleaves C3 at the carboxyl of Arg-77 of the alpha-chain to yield COMPLEMENT 3A and COMPLEMENT 3B in either the classical or the alternative pathways of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.
MSH

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polymorfismus genetický

simultaneous occurrence in the population of genomes showing allelic variations such as different phenotypes or restriction maps.
CSP

A common change in the genetic code in DNA. Polymorphisms can have a harmful effect, a good effect, or no effect. Some polymorphisms have been shown to increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
NCI

a common genetic variation or mutation, the occurrence of different forms, stages, or types in individual organisms or in organisms of the same species.
CHV

The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
MSH

The regular and simultaneous occurrence of alternative nucleotide sequences at equivalent locations of the genetic material among individuals of a single interbreeding population that are not maintained by recurrent mutation. Polymorphisms may range in size from single nucleotide to large nucleotide sequence variation visible at the chromosomal level.
NCI

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leprosaria

Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
MSH

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požáry

Whether a fire happens in your home or in the wild, it can be very dangerous. Fire spreads quickly. There is no time to gather valuables or make a phone call. In just two minutes, a fire can become life-threatening. In five minutes, a home can be engulfed in flames.

Heat and smoke from fire can be more dangerous than the flames. Inhaling the super-hot air can burn your lungs. Fire produces poisonous gases that make you disoriented and drowsy. Instead of being awakened by a fire, you may fall into a deeper sleep. You can suffocate or be burned.

Preventing fires is an important part of fire safety. Although there are no guarantees of safety during a fire, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety and losses.

Federal Emergency Management Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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testis – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.
MSH

new abnormal testicular tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

Benign or malignant neoplasm involving the testis.
NCI

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komplexní stomatologická péče

Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
MSH

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polyurethany

A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.
MSH

group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate; used as elastomers, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.
CSP

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leukémie eozinofilní akutní

A rare acute myeloid leukemia characterized by abnormal EOSINOPHILS in the bone marrow.
MSH

A poorly defined concept which at best is described as an extremely rare entity, possibly related to various subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia with abnormal eosinophils. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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Siphonaptera

fleas are small and wingless; usually are ectoparasites on birds or mammals; adults feed on the blood of the host and lay eggs in the host or the dirt of the host nest.
CSP

An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.
MSH

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tetraisopropylpyrofosfamid

N,N`,N“,N“`-Tetraisopropylpyrophosphamide. A specific inhibitor of pseudocholinesterases. It is commonly used experimentally to determine whether pseudo- or acetylcholinesterases are involved in an enzymatic process.
MSH

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konfidence – intervaly

A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
MSH

A range of values for a parameter that may contain the parameter and the degree of confidence that it is in fact there.
NCI

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vena portae

A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
MSH

short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein; enters the liver at the hepatic portal.
CSP

Vein in the portal venous system.
FMA

A short thick trunk vein that transports blood containing the absorbed products of digestion from the intestine directly to the liver. (NCI)
NCI

A blood vessel that carries blood to the liver from the stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, and gallbladder.
NCI

A short thick trunk vein that transports blood containing the absorbed products of digestion from the intestine directly to the liver.
NCI

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leukocyty – poruchy

disordered formation of various types of leukocytes or an abnormal accumulation or deficiency of these cells.
CSP

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fluoreskamin

A nonfluorescent reagent for the detection of primary amines, peptides and proteins. The reaction products are highly fluorescent.
MSH

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theofylin

A methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities. Theophylline inhibits the 3`,5`-CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE that degrades CYCLIC AMP thus potentiates the actions of agents that act through ADENYLATE CYCLASE and cyclic AMP.
MSH

1,3-dimethylxanthine; methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities.
CSP

A drug used to improve breathing in people who are short of breath. It belongs to the family of drugs called bronchodilators or respiratory smooth muscle relaxants.
NCI

a drug used to prevent and treat wheezing and shortness of breath caused by respiratory diseases such as asthma
CHV

A natural alkaloid derivative of xanthine isolated from the plants Camellia sinensis and Coffea arabica. Theophylline appears to inhibit phosphodiesterase and prostaglandin production, regulate calcium flux and intracellular calcium distribution, and antagonize adenosine. Physiologically, this agent relaxes bronchial smooth muscle, produces vasodilation (except in cerebral vessels), stimulates the CNS, stimulates cardiac muscle, induces diuresis, and increases gastric acid secretion; it may also suppress inflammation and improve contractility of the diaphragm. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41340&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41340&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C872″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A natural alkaloid derivative of xanthine isolated from the plants Camellia sinensis and Coffea arabica. Theophylline appears to inhibit phosphodiesterase and prostaglandin production, regulate calcium flux and intracellular calcium distribution, and antagonize adenosine. Physiologically, this agent relaxes bronchial smooth muscle, produces vasodilation (except in cerebral vessels), stimulates the CNS, stimulates cardiac muscle, induces diuresis, and increases gastric acid secretion; it may also suppress inflammation and improve contractility of the diaphragm. (NCI04)
NCI

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