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muskuloskeletální nemoci

Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any muscles, bones, or cartilages of the body.
CSP

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zubní fisury

Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black`s classification of dental caries.
MSH

Grooves or clefts in the surface of a tooth.
NCI

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prekancerózy

Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A pathological process with signs indicating it may become cancerous. Representative examples include leukoplakia, dysplastic nevus, actinic keratosis, xeroderma pigmentosum, and intraepithelial neoplasia.
NCI

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vyšší nervová činnost

A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.
MSH

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Ascaris lumbricoides

A species of parasitic nematode that is the largest found in the human intestine. Its distribution is worldwide, but it is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation. Human infection with A. lumbricoides is acquired by swallowing fully embryonated eggs from contaminated soil.
MSH

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thiorfan

A potent inhibitor of membrane metalloendopeptidase (ENKEPHALINASE). Thiorphan potentiates morphine-induced ANALGESIA and attenuates naloxone-precipitated withdrawal symptoms.
MSH

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis

species of gram positive, aerobic bacteria that produces tuberculosis in man, other primates, dogs, and some animals which have contact with man; growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
CSP

A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
MSH

An obligate anaerobic, weakly Gram-positive species of mycobacterium that is the cause of most cases of tuberculosis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
NCI

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zubní dřeň – devitalizace

The destruction of the vitality of the pulp of the tooth. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p243)
MSH

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těhotenství abdominální

A type of ectopic pregnancy in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY instead of in the ENDOMETRIUM of the UTERUS.
MSH

Ectopic pregnancy characterized by the implantation of the embryo in the peritoneal cavity or intraabdominal organs.
NCI

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histiocyty

Macrophages found in the TISSUES, as opposed to those found in the blood (MONOCYTES) or serous cavities (SEROUS MEMBRANE).
MSH

A macrophage present in connective tissue.
NCI

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Aspergillus fumigatus

A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.
MSH

A species of mold fungus in the phylum Ascomycota with a stable haploid genome, no known sexual cycle, and that reproduces by forming conidiospores that are released into the environment.
NCI

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tromboelastografie

Use of a thrombelastograph, which provides a continuous graphic record of the physical shape of a clot during fibrin formation and subsequent lysis.
MSH

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myokard – kontrakce

contractile activity of the myocardium.
CSP

The multicellular organismal process in which the heart decreases in volume in a characteristic way to propel blood through the body. [GOC:dph]
GO

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zubní náhrady – identifikační značky

Any system of defining ownership of dentures or dental prostheses.
MSH

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prenylamin

A drug formerly used in the treatment of angina pectoris but superseded by less hazardous drugs. Prenylamine depletes myocardial catecholamine stores and has some calcium channel blocking activity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1406)
MSH

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HIV protilátky

Antibodies reactive with HIV ANTIGENS.
MSH

A substance produced by certain white blood cells in reaction to contact with HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus.
NCI

Produced by B-cells, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies reacts with HIV antigens. HIV is a virus which affects white blood cells and eventually destroys the body`s natural ability to fight infections.
NCI

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atetóza

A dyskinesia characterized by an inability to maintain the fingers, toes, tongue, or other body parts in a stable position, resulting in continuous slow, sinusoidal, and flowing involuntary movements. This condition is frequently accompanied by CHOREA, where it is referred to as choreoathetosis. Athetosis may occur as a manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES or DRUG TOXICITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p76)
MSH

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18-hydroxykortikosteron

11 beta,18,21-Trihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione.
MSH

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Myoxidae

A family of nocturnal rodents, similar in appearance to SQUIRRELS, but smaller. There are 28 species, half of which are found in Africa.
MSH

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deoxyribonukleasa I

An enzyme capable of hydrolyzing highly polymerized DNA by splitting phosphodiester linkages, preferentially adjacent to a pyrimidine nucleotide. This catalyzes endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA yielding 5`-phosphodi- and oligonucleotide end-products. The enzyme has a preference for double-stranded DNA.
MSH

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primitivní proužek

A linear band of rapidly proliferating cells that begins near the posterior end of an embryo and grows cranially. Primitive streak is formed during GASTRULATION by the convergent migration of primary ectodermal cells (EPIBLAST). The knot at the tip of the streak is called HENSEN NODE.
MSH

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HLA-DR5 antigen

A broad-specificity HLA-DR antigen that is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*11 and DRB1*12 alleles.
MSH

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atypické formy baktérií

Microorganisms that have undergone greater changes than normal in morphology, physiology, or cultural characteristics.
MSH

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kyselina 3-aminopropionová

An amino acid formed in vivo by the degradation of dihydrouracil and carnosine. Since neuronal uptake and neuronal receptor sensitivity to beta-alanine have been demonstrated, the compound may be a false transmitter replacing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID. A rare genetic disorder, hyper-beta-alaninemia, has been reported.
MSH

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NADP-transhydrogenasa

Enzymes that catalyze the reversible reduction of NAD by NADPH to yield NADP and NADH. This reaction permits the utilization of the reducing properties of NADPH by the respiratory chain and in the reverse direction it allows the reduction of NADP for biosynthetic purposes.
MSH

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dermatoglyfy

The study of the patterns of ridges of the skin of the fingers, palms, toes, and soles.
MSH

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proktoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the rectum.
MSH

Examination of the rectum using a proctoscope, inserted into the rectum. A proctoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the rectum.
NCI

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homocystinurie

Autosomal recessive inborn error of methionine metabolism usually caused by a deficiency of CYSTATHIONINE BETA-SYNTHASE and associated with elevations of homocysteine in plasma and urine. Clinical features include a tall slender habitus, SCOLIOSIS, arachnodactyly, MUSCLE WEAKNESS, genu varus, thin blond hair, malar flush, lens dislocations, an increased incidence of MENTAL RETARDATION, and a tendency to develop fibrosis of arteries, frequently complicated by CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS and MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p979)
MSH

autosomal recessive inborn error of methionine metabolism usually caused by a deficiency of cystathionine beta-synthase and associated with elevations of homocysteine in plasma and urine; clinical features include a tall, slender habitus, scoliosis, arachnodactyly, muscle weakness, genu varis, thin blond hair, malar flush, lens dislocations, an increased incidence of mental retardation, and a tendency to develop fibrosis of arteries, frequently complicated by cerebrovascular accidents and myocardial infarction.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the CBS, MTHFR, MTR, and MTRR genes. It is characterized by abnormalities in the methionine metabolism and is associated with deficiency of cystathionine synthase. It results in the accumulation of homocysteine in the serum. It may affect the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and the central nervous systems.
NCI

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autolýza

The spontaneous disintegration of tissues or cells by the action of their own autogenous enzymes.
MSH

disintegration of cells by the action of their own autogenous enzymes or destruction of cells of the body by its own serum.
CSP

The spontaneous death by lysis of bacteria in response to environmental conditions. [GOC:add]
GO

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7,8-dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyren 9,10-oxid

7,8,8a,9a-Tetrahydrobenzo(10,11)chryseno (3,4-b)oxirene-7,8-diol. A benzopyrene derivative with carcinogenic and mutagenic activity.
MSH

A benzopyrene derivative with carcinogenic and mutagenic activity. (MeSH)
NCI

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