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rameno – luxace

Displacement of the HUMERUS from the SCAPULA.
MSH

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Angiogenesis Factor

group of agents that induce or stimulate the physiologic angiogenesis process.
CSP

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patro – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the PALATE, including those of the hard palate, soft palate and UVULA.
MSH

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pojištění zákonné odpovědnosti

Insurance against loss resulting from liability for injury or damage to the persons or property of others.
MSH

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kraniofaciální dysostóza

Autosomal dominant CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS with shallow ORBITS; EXOPHTHALMOS; and maxillary hypoplasia.
MSH

autosomal dominant disorder characterized by acrocephaly, exophthalmos, hypertelorism, strabismus, parrot-beaked nose, and hypoplastic maxilla with relative mandibular prognathism.
CSP

A syndrome inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. It is characterized by early fusion of the bones of the skull and face. Patients have a distinctive facial appearance which includes low-set ears, brachycephaly, hypertelorism, exophthalmos, and mandibular prognathism.
NCI

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příznaky a symptomy ústrojí dýchacího

Respiratory system manifestations of diseases of the respiratory tract or of other organs.
MSH

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epichlorhydrin

A chlorinated epoxy compound used as an industrial solvent. It is a strong skin irritant and carcinogen.
MSH

A volatile and flammable, clear, colorless, liquid, chlorinated cyclic ether with an irritating, chloroform-like odor that emits toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds when heated to decomposition. Epichlorohydrin is used in the manufacture of epoxy resins, synthetic glycerin and elastomers. Exposure to epichlorohydrin irritates the eyes, skin and respiratory tract, and can cause chemical pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and renal lesions. This substance also affects the blood. Epichlorohydrin is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing respiratory cancer. (NCI05)
NCI

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zvířata – identifikační systémy

Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
MSH

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pankreas – píštěl

Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.
MSH

An abnormal communication between the pancreas and another organ or cavity.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the pancreas and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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interleukin-1

A soluble factor produced by MONOCYTES; MACROPHAGES, and other cells which activates T-lymphocytes and potentiates their response to mitogens or antigens. Interleukin-1 is a general term refers to either of the two distinct proteins, INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The biological effects of IL-1 include the ability to replace macrophage requirements for T-cell activation.
MSH

macrophage produced interleukin that induces the production of interleukin 2 by T cells that have been stimulated by antigen or mitogen; at least two types, alpha and beta, exist; interleukin 1 or a similar protein is also produced by epithelial cells and stimulates fibroblast proliferation and release of proteolytic enzymes and prostaglandins in inflammatory processes.
CSP

One of a group of related proteins made by leukocytes (white blood cells) and other cells in the body. IL-1 is made mainly by one type of white blood cell, the macrophage, and helps another type of white blood cell, the lymphocyte, fight infections. It also helps leukocytes pass through blood vessel walls to sites of infection and causes fever by affecting areas of the brain that control body temperature. There are two forms of IL-1, alpha and beta, which act the same. IL-1 made in the laboratory is used as a biological response modifier to boost the immune system in cancer therapy. IL-1 is a type of cytokine.
NCI

Human interleukin-1 protein (271 aa, 31 kD precursor) is encoded by the human interleukin-1 (IL1) gene. This soluble protein is produced primarily by monocytes and macrophages. It activates and potentiates T-lymphocyte responses to mitogens or antigens. This protein is also capable of replacing macrophage requirements for T-cell activation
NCI

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kritické období (psychologie)

A specific stage in animal and human development during which certain types of behavior normally are shaped and molded for life.
MSH

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jednoduchá slepá metoda

A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
MSH

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epirubicin

An anthracycline which is the 4`-epi-isomer of doxorubicin. The compound exerts its antitumor effects by interference with the synthesis and function of DNA.
MSH

A 4`-epi-isomer of the anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic doxorubicin. Epirubicin intercalates into DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and ultimately, interfering with RNA and protein synthesis. This agent also produces toxic free-radical intermediates and interacts with cell membrane lipids causing lipid peroxidation.
NCI

A drug used together with other drugs to treat early breast cancer that has spread to lymph nodes. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Epirubicin is a type of anthracycline antibiotic.
NCI

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Anoplura

An order of insects comprising the sucking lice, which are blood-sucking ectoparasites of mammals. Recognized families include: Echinphthiriidae, Haematopinidae, and Pediculidae. The latter contains the medically important genera affecting humans: PEDICULUS and PHTHIRUS.
MSH

A taxonomic order of wingless insects that are obligate ectoparasites of birds and mammals. Lice attach tightly to hair, fur, and feathers of the host organism and feed on blood, skin, and sebaceous secretions.
NCI

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Papillomavirus

cause proliferation of epithelium of skin or mucous membranes; usually are host specific; have been isolated from humans, cattle, deer, dogs, goats, horses, rats, and sheep.
CSP

A genus of viruses (family Papovaviridae) containing DNA, having virions about 55 nm in diameter, and including the papilloma and warts viruses of man and other animals, some of which are associated with inductions of carcinoma.
NCI

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meziobratlová ploténka

plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae in the spine, each consisting of a fibrous ring enclosing a pulpy center.
CSP

Spongy discs located between the vertebrae of the spinal column; composed of the outer annulus fibrosus and inner nucleus pulposus.
NCI

Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
MSH

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kryptokokóza

infection with a fungus of the species Cryptococcus neoformans.
CSP

An acute or chronic, localized or disseminated infection by Cryptococcus neoformans. Sites of involvement include the lungs, central nervous system and meninges, skin, and visceral organs.–2004
NCI

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Kožní uzlík

A benign or malignant round or oval and elevated solid lesion that arises from the skin or subcutaneous tissue.
NCI

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erbium

Erbium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Er, atomic number 68, and atomic weight 167.26.
MSH

An element with atomic symbol Er, atomic number 68, and atomic weight 167.259.
NCI

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antropologie kulturní

It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
MSH

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Paramecium

genus of ciliate protozoa in the Hymenostomatida order that is often large enough to be seen by the naked eye; paramecia are commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
CSP

A genus of ciliate protozoa that is often large enough to be seen by the naked eye. Paramecia are commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
MSH

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nitroděložní antikoncepční prostředky – vypuzení

Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
MSH

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kyanamid

A cyanide compound which has been used as a fertilizer, defoliant and in many manufacturing processes. It often occurs as the calcium salt, sometimes also referred to as cyanamide. The citrated calcium salt is used in the treatment of alcoholism.
MSH

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kouř – poranění inhalací

Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
MSH

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erytroblasty

Immature, nucleated ERYTHROCYTES occupying the stage of ERYTHROPOIESIS that follows formation of ERYTHROID PRECURSOR CELLS and precedes formation of RETICULOCYTES. The normal series is called normoblasts. Cells called MEGALOBLASTS are a pathologic series of erythroblasts.
MSH

Red blood cells that are at the last stage of development, still containing a nucleus, that are found in the bone marrow and occasionally in the peripheral blood.
NCI

An immature, nucleated erythrocyte occupying the stage of erythropoiesis that follows formation of erythroid progenitor cells and precedes formation of reticulocytes.
NCI

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protilátky – afinita

A measure of the binding strength between antibody and a simple hapten or antigen determinant. It depends on the closeness of stereochemical fit between antibody combining sites and antigen determinants, on the size of the area of contact between them, and on the distribution of charged and hydrophobic groups. It includes the concept of “avidity,” which refers to the strength of the antigen-antibody bond after formation of reversible complexes.
MSH

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parathion

A highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an acaricide and as an insecticide.
MSH

agricultural insecticide highly toxic to humans and animals.
CSP

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jodofory

Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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cyklofosfamid

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
MSH

precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent; used in the treatment of lymphomas, leukemias and other cancers, and as an immunosupressive agent to prevent transplant rejection; its side effect, alopecia, has been used for defleecing sheep; may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat many types of cancer and is being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. It is also used to treat some types of kidney disease in children. Cyclophosphamide attaches to DNA in cells and may kill cancer cells. It is a type of alkylating agent.
NCI

A synthetic alkylating agent chemically related to the nitrogen mustards with antineoplastic and immunosuppressive activities. In the liver, cyclophosphamide is converted to the active metabolites aldophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard, which bind to DNA, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and initiating cell death. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39748&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39748&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C405″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic alkylating agent chemically related to the nitrogen mustards with antineoplastic and immunosuppressive activities. In the liver, cyclophosphamide is converted to the active metabolites aldophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard, which bind to DNA, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and initiating cell death.
NCI

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sociální lékařství

A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
MSH

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