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služba pro doprovod pacientů

A special service provided by volunteers to accompany patients who need help in moving about the health facility.
MSH

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crista neuralis

The two longitudinal ridges along the PRIMITIVE STREAK appearing near the end of GASTRULATION during development of nervous system (NEURULATION). The ridges are formed by folding of NEURAL PLATE. Between the ridges is a neural groove which deepens as the fold become elevated. When the folds meet at midline, the groove becomes a closed tube, the NEURAL TUBE.
MSH

strip of specialized ectoderm flanking each side of the embryonal neural plate, which after the closure of the neural tube, forms a column of isolated cells along the dorsal aspect of the neural tube; most of the cranial and all of the spinal sensory ganglion cells arise by differentiation of neural crest cells.
CSP

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centroméra

The clear constricted portion of the chromosome at which the chromatids are joined and by which the chromosome is attached to the spindle during cell division.
MSH

clear constricted portion of the chromosome at which the chromatids are joined and by which the chromosome is attached to the spindle during cell division.
CSP

OBSOLETE. The region of a eukaryotic chromosome that is attached to the spindle during nuclear division. It is defined genetically as the region of the chromosome that always segregates at the first division of meiosis; the region of the chromosome in which no crossing over occurs. At the start of M phase, each chromosome consists of two sister chromatids with a constriction at a point which forms the centromere. During late prophase two kinetochores assemble on each centromere, one kinetochore on each sister chromatid. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

The nonstaining primary constriction of a chromosome which is the point of attachment of the spindle fiber; provides the mechanism of chromosome movement during cell division; the centromere divides the chromosome into two arms, and its position is constant for a specific chromosome: near one end (acrocentric), near the center (metacentric), or between (submetacentric).
NCI

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hymenolepiáza

Infection with tapeworms of the genus Hymenolepis.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by tapeworms. Most infected individuals do not have symptoms. When symptoms appear, they include diarrhea, abdominal pain, restlessness, and irritability.
NCI

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rozpouštědla

Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), usually solids, without any change in chemical composition.
CSP

A liquid that dissolves or that is capable of dissolving; the component of a solution that is present in greater amount.
NCI

A liquid that is able to dissolve a solid.
NCI

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vyrovnaná skupina

Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
MSH

group composed of associates of approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank, occupation or social status.
CSP

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neurologie

A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
MSH

the branch of medical science that deals with the study of structure, function, and diseases of the nervous system; for thorough searching also see NEUROSCIENCE, MENTAL DISORDER, NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDER, NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDER DIAGNOSIS, MENTAL DISORDER DIAGNOSIS, NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDER CHEMOTHERAPY, COMMUNICATION DISORDER, NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDER.
CSP

A branch of medicine concerned with the development, anatomy, function, and dysfunction of the nervous system.
NCI

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intrakraniální arteriovenózní malformace

Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.
MSH

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hyperostóza

Increase in the mass of bone per unit volume.
MSH

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kosmický let

Travel beyond the earth`s atmosphere.
MSH

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Penicillium chrysogenum

A mitosporic fungal species used in the production of penicillin.
MSH

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neurochirurgie

A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
MSH

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osvědčení potřeb

A certificate issued by a governmental body to an individual or organization proposing to construct or modify a health facility, or to offer a new or different service. The process of issuing the certificate is also included.
MSH

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Hypertropie

Vertical strabismus in which there is permanent upward deviation of the visual axis of one eye.
NCI

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spektrofotometrie ultrafialová

Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids.
CSP

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peptický vřed

Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
MSH

local defect produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue that occurs in the regions of the gastrointestinal tract which come into contact with gastric juice; occurs when there are defects in the mucosa barrier; common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori and the consumption of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
CSP

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom. The pain

  • May come and go for a few days or weeks
  • May bother you more when your stomach is empty
  • Usually goes away after you eat

Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that help you digest food damage the walls of the stomach or duodenum. The most common cause is infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Another cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers, but can make them worse.

Peptic ulcers will get worse if not treated. Treatment may include medicines to block stomach acids or antibiotics to kill ulcer-causing bacteria. Not smoking and avoiding alcohol can help. Surgery may help for ulcers that don`t heal.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A break in the lining of the lower part of the esophagus, the stomach, or the upper part of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers form when cells on the surface of the lining become inflamed and die. They are usually caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and by certain medicines, such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Peptic ulcers may be linked to cancer and other diseases.
NCI

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nialamid

An MAO inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent.
MSH

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vřed měkký

Acute, localized autoinoculable infectious disease usually acquired through sexual contact. Caused by HAEMOPHILUS DUCREYI, it occurs endemically almost worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical countries and more commonly in seaports and urban areas than in rural areas.
MSH

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hypofyzektomie chemická

Total or subtotal destruction of the pituitary gland by chemical injection. It is usually achieved by injection of ethyl alcohol via trans-sphenoidal cannulation under stereotaxic control. It is usually performed for the treatment of intractable pain.
MSH

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spermatidy

Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.
MSH

Male germ cells derived from spermatocytes and developing into spermatozoa. (MeSH)
NCI

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Perciformes

The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
MSH

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ninhydrin

2,2-Dihydroxy-1H-indene-1,3-(2H)-dione. Reagent toxic to skin and mucus membranes. It is used in chemical assay for peptide bonds, i.e., protein determinations and has radiosensitizing properties.
MSH

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chemoreceptory

sensory nerve endings capable of transducing chemical stimuli into neuronal impulses; do not confuse with receptor molecules, which are covered under RECEPTOR.
CSP

Cells specialized to detect chemical substances and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Chemoreceptor cells may monitor external stimuli, as in TASTE and OLFACTION, or internal stimuli, such as the concentrations of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE in the blood.
MSH

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hysteroskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.
MSH

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mícha – komprese

Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
MSH

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familiární středozemská horečka

A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.
MSH

A usually autosomal recessive inherited inflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. It is characterized by recurrent painful inflammatory attacks in the abdomen, joints, and chest. The inflammatory attacks are associated with fever.
NCI

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dusík – isotopy

Stable nitrogen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element nitrogen, but differ in atomic weight. N-15 is a stable nitrogen isotope.
MSH

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dítě – zařízení denní péče

Facilities which provide care for pre-school and school-age children.
MSH

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imunoglobulin G

major immunoglobulin in normal human serum, distributed evenly between the intravascular and extravascular pools; it is the major antibody of secondary immune responses and the exclusive antitoxin class.
CSP

The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
MSH

An immunoglobulin isotype (subclass) that characterizes secondary immune responses. This isotype is further broken down into several smaller subclasses (IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG3 in the mouse; IgG1-4 in the human), and each subclass is differentially synthesized and secreted into the serum upon differential immune stimuli.
NCI

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Spiroplasma

A genus of gram-negative, helical bacteria, in the family SPIROPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales, causing disease in PLANTS. It has been isolated from TICKS; INSECTS; and PLANTS.
MSH

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