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chloracetofenon

A potent eye, throat, and skin irritant. One of its uses is as a riot control agent.
MSH

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leptospiróza

Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.
MSH

A contagious bacterial infection caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Humans are infected by contact with water and soil which have been contaminated with animal waste products. The signs and symptoms include an initial flu-like phase, followed by a second phase in which patients may develop meningitis, liver failure and renal failure.
NCI

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spektrofotometrie ultrafialová

Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids.
CSP

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fissura ani

A painful linear ulcer at the margin of the anus. It appears as a crack or slit in the mucous membrane of the anus and is very painful and difficult to heal. (Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A painful tear in the lining of the anal canal, often accompanied by bleeding on defecation. It is usually the result of a traumatic bowel movement or anal sexual penetration.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a circumscribed, inflammatory and necrotic erosive lesion on the mucosal surface of the anal canal.
NCI

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peptický vřed

Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
MSH

local defect produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue that occurs in the regions of the gastrointestinal tract which come into contact with gastric juice; occurs when there are defects in the mucosa barrier; common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori and the consumption of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
CSP

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom. The pain

  • May come and go for a few days or weeks
  • May bother you more when your stomach is empty
  • Usually goes away after you eat

Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that help you digest food damage the walls of the stomach or duodenum. The most common cause is infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Another cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers, but can make them worse.

Peptic ulcers will get worse if not treated. Treatment may include medicines to block stomach acids or antibiotics to kill ulcer-causing bacteria. Not smoking and avoiding alcohol can help. Surgery may help for ulcers that don`t heal.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A break in the lining of the lower part of the esophagus, the stomach, or the upper part of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers form when cells on the surface of the lining become inflamed and die. They are usually caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and by certain medicines, such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Peptic ulcers may be linked to cancer and other diseases.
NCI

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výběrové chování

The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
MSH

act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
CSP

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leukémie myeloidní akutní

acute leukemia arising from myeloid tissue in which the granular, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and their precursors predominate.
CSP

leukemia commonly occurring after alkylating agent treatment; manifestations include pancytopenia, megaloblastic bone marrow, and nucleated red cells in peripheral marrow; patients usually have chromosomal abnormalities in marrow cells.
CSP

An aggressive (fast-growing) disease in which too many myeloblasts (immature white blood cells that are not lymphoblasts) are found in the bone marrow and blood.
NCI

Clonal expansion of myeloid blasts in bone marrow, blood, and other tissue. Myeloid leukemias develop from changes in cells that normally produce NEUTROPHILS; BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES.
MSH

This term refers to acute myeloid leukemias that do not fulfill the criteria for inclusion in the group of acute myeloid leukemias which have recurrent genetic abnormalities or myelodysplastic changes, or are therapy-related. It includes entities classified according to the French-American-British classification scheme.
NCI

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), there are too many of a specific type of white blood cell called a myeloblast.

AML is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults. This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated. Possible risk factors include smoking, previous chemotherapy treatment, and exposure to radiation.

Symptoms of AML include:

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Bleeding under the skin
  • Weakness or feeling tired
  • Weight loss or loss of appetite

Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow diagnose AML. Treatments include chemotherapy, other drugs, radiation therapy, stem cell transplants, and targeted immune therapy. Once the leukemia is in remission, you need additional treatment to make sure that it does not come back.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A clonal expansion of myeloid blasts in the bone marrow, blood or other tissues. The classification of acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs) encompasses four major categories: 1) AML with recurrent genetic abnormalities 2) AML with multilineage dysplasia 3) Therapy-related AML 4) AML not otherwise categorized. The required bone marrow or peripheral blood blast percentage for the diagnosis of AML has been recently reduced from 30% (French-American-British [FAB] classification) to 20% (WHO classification). (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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spermatidy

Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.
MSH

Male germ cells derived from spermatocytes and developing into spermatozoa. (MeSH)
NCI

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Florida

A state in the southeastern United States. Its capital is Tallahassee.
NCI

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Perciformes

The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
MSH

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cholesteatom

A non-neoplastic mass of keratin-producing squamous EPITHELIUM, frequently occurring in the MENINGES; bones of the skull, and most commonly in the MIDDLE EAR and MASTOID region. Cholesteatoma can be congenital or acquired. Cholesteatoma is not a tumor nor is it associated with high CHOLESTEROL.
MSH

non-neoplastic keratinizing mass with stratified squamous epithelium, frequently occurring in the meninges, central nervous system, bones of the skull, and most commonly in the middle ear and mastoid region.
CSP

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leukomalacie periventrikulární

Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)
MSH

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mícha – komprese

Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
MSH

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fluor – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of fluorine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. F atoms with atomic weights 17, 18, and 20-22 are radioactive fluorine isotopes.
MSH

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familiární středozemská horečka

A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.
MSH

A usually autosomal recessive inherited inflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. It is characterized by recurrent painful inflammatory attacks in the abdomen, joints, and chest. The inflammatory attacks are associated with fever.
NCI

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chondroitinsulfatasy

A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of various sulfate bonds of chondroitin sulfate. EC 3.1.6.-.
MSH

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Libye

A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria, having southern border with Chad, Niger, and Sudan. Its capital is Tripoli.
MSH

A country in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Spiroplasma

A genus of gram-negative, helical bacteria, in the family SPIROPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales, causing disease in PLANTS. It has been isolated from TICKS; INSECTS; and PLANTS.
MSH

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kyselina listová – antagonisté

Inhibitors of the enzyme, dihydrofolate reductase (TETRAHYDROFOLATE DEHYDROGENASE), which converts dihydrofolate (FH2) to tetrahydrofolate (FH4). They are frequently used in cancer chemotherapy. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2033)
MSH

inhibitors of the enzyme, dihydrofolate reductase, which converts dihydrofolate to tetrahydrofolate; frequently used in cancer chemotherapy.
CSP

A substance that blocks the activity of folic acid. Folate antagonists are used to treat cancer.
NCI

A compound with a chemical structure similar to folic acid. Folate antagonists inhibit one or more folate-dependent enzymes, resulting in decreased DNA, RNA and protein synthesis.
NCI

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peritoneum

A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
MSH

endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity.
CSP

The tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery. (NCI)
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery.
NCI

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chromany

Salts of chromic acid containing the CrO(2-)4 radical.
MSH

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blýskání

An abrupt high-current electric discharge that occurs in the ATMOSPHERE and that has a path length ranging from hundreds of feet to tens of miles. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

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šířící se kortikální deprese

depression of normal electrical rhythms recorded from cerebral cortex, spreading outward from an area of stimulation or cortical damage; rate of spread closely approximates the visual aura of a migraine.
CSP

The decrease in neuronal activity (related to a decrease in metabolic demand) extending from the site of cortical stimulation. It is believed to be responsible for the decrease in cerebral blood flow that accompanies the aura of MIGRAINE WITH AURA. (Campbell`s Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
MSH

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potrava speciální

Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
MSH

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Peru

A country in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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chromozomální delece

Actual loss of portion of a chromosome.
MSH

actual loss of a portion of or the entire chromosome.
CSP

Loss of a portion of a chromosome arm.
NCI

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lipidy

A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

any of a class of hydrophobic biochemicals including fats, long- chain fatty acids, steroids, oils, and waxes.
CSP

a general name for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water.
CHV

A class of hydrocarbon-containing organic compounds. Lipids are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents and play important roles in living organisms: these roles include functioning as energy storage molecules, serving as structural components of cell membranes, and constituting important signaling molecules. Lipids can be subdivided into 2 groups: fatty acids and glycerides.
NCI

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škrob

Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
MSH

any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin; the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
CSP

A polysaccharide polymer of alpha-D glucose monomers, either connected by a 1-4 bond (amylose) or a 1-6 bond (amylopectin).
NCI

a kind of naturally abundant carbohydrate found in seeds, roots, fruits, and pollen grains
CHV

A substance found in plants. It contains sugar molecules joined chemically. It is found in high levels in foods such as potatoes, rice, corn, and wheat. It may be used as a dusting powder, a skin softener, a filler in medicine tablets, and a clothes stiffener.
NCI

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soudní lékařství

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
MSH

branch of medicine that interprets or establishes the medical facts in civil or criminal law cases.
CSP

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law; research, reports and testimony in court by experts in medical science to assist in determining a legal question.
NCI

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farmakognózie

The science of drugs prepared from natural-sources including preparations from PLANTS, animals, and other organisms as well as MINERALS and other substances included in MATERIA MEDICA. The therapeutic usage of plants is PHYTOTHERAPY.
MSH

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