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laktony

Cyclic esters of hydroxy carboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure. Large cyclic lactones of over a dozen atoms are MACROLIDES.
MSH

cyclic organic compound in which the chain is closed by ester formation between a carboxyl and a hydroxyl group in the same molecule.
CSP

Cyclic esters of hydroxy carboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure, or analogues having unsaturation or heteroatoms replacing one or more carbon atoms of the ring (IUPAC).
NCI

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organocínové sloučeniny

Organic compounds which contain tin in the molecule. Used widely in industry and agriculture.
MSH

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feces – nahromadění

Formation of a firm impassable mass of stool in the RECTUM or distal COLON.
MSH

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SEXU NAHIA ETA ESZITAZIOAREN INHIBIZIOA/GALTZEA/GUTXITZEA

Decreased sexual desire.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a decrease in sexual desire.
NCI

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lachtani rodu Eumetopias, Neophoca, Otaria, Phocarctos a Zalophus

A group comprised of several species of aquatic carnivores in different genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to FUR SEALS, they have shorter, less dense hair.
MSH

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Arenaviridae

individual segments of ss-RNA; enveloped, various polypeptides present; RNA transcribed by transcriptase into cRNA with mature particles budding from cell membrane; transmission unknown in rodents.
CSP

A family of RNA viruses naturally infecting rodents and consisting of one genus (ARENAVIRUS) with two groups: Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD) and New World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD). Infection in rodents is persistent and silent. Vertical transmission is through milk-, saliva-, or urine-borne routes. Horizontal transmission to humans, monkeys, and other animals is important.
MSH

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laparotomie

A surgical incision made in the wall of the abdomen.
NCI

a kind of surgical procedure that is done through a cut in the abdomen
CHV

Creation of a surgical opening into the abdominal cavity.
NCI

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ortopedie – vybavení

Nonexpendable items used in the performance of orthopedic surgery and related therapy. They are differentiated from ORTHOTIC DEVICES, apparatus used to prevent or correct deformities in patients.
MSH

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fenestrace

The surgical creation of a new opening in the labyrinth of the ear for the restoration of hearing in cases of OTOSCLEROSIS. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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delfská technika

An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.
MSH

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autoaplikace

Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
MSH

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arsen

A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

widely distributed element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75; occurs mostly in the form of metallic arsenides; most forms are toxic and carcinogenic.
CSP

A poisonous chemical used to kill weeds and pests. Also used in cancer therapy.
NCI

Arsenic is a natural element found in soil and minerals. Arsenic compounds are used to preserve wood, as pesticides, and in some industries. Arsenic can get into air, water, and the ground from wind-blown dust. It may also get into water from runoff.

You may be exposed to arsenic by

  • Taking in small amounts in food, water or air
  • Breathing sawdust or burning smoke from arsenic-treated wood
  • Living in an area with high levels of arsenic in rock
  • Working in a job where arsenic is made or used

Exposure to arsenic can cause many health problems. Being exposed to low levels for a long time can change the color of your skin. It can cause corns and small warts. Exposure to high levels of arsenic can cause death.

Agency for Toxic Substances Disease Registry


MEDLINEPLUS

A poisonous chemical used to kill weeds and pests
CHV

An element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 74.92.
NCI

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Receptors, Long-Acting Thyroid Stimulator

Receptors on the thyroid cells that bind the LONG-ACTING THYROID STIMULATOR or LATS, the abnormal immunoglobulins that consist of various anti-TSH receptors and anti-thyroid antibodies.
MSH

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osteoklasty

A large multinuclear cell associated with the BONE RESORPTION. An odontoclast, also called cementoclast, is cytomorphologically the same as an osteoclast and is involved in CEMENTUM resorption.
MSH

large multinuclear cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone.
CSP

A large multinuclear cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone. (MeSH)
NCI

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fetální krev

Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
MSH

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zubní pomocný personál

Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.
MSH

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senna – extrakt

An extract made from the dried leaflets on the pods of Cassia angustifolia or Cassia acutifolia with laxative properties. Dimeric glycosides in dried senna extract are converted to the active monoanthrones by bacterial action in the colon. Through direct effects on enterocytes, enteric neurons, and muscle, monoanthrones produce giant migrating colonic contractions in addition to water and electrolyte secretion. As do other stimulant laxatives, monoanthrones may induce a limited low-grade inflammation in the colon through activation of prostaglandin/cyclic AMP and nitric oxide/cyclic GMP pathways and perhaps inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=480408&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=480408&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C61324″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An extract made from the dried leaflets on the pods of Cassia angustifolia or Cassia acutifolia with cathartic activity. Dimeric glycosides in dried senna extract are converted to the active monoanthrones by bacterial action in the colon. Through direct effects on enterocytes, enteric neurons, and muscle, monoanthrones produce giant migrating colonic contractions in addition to water and electrolyte secretion. As do other stimulant laxatives, monoanthrones may induce a limited low-grade inflammation in the colon through activation of prostaglandin/cyclic AMP and nitric oxide/cyclic GMP pathways and perhaps inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase.
NCI

Preparations of Cassia senna and C. angustifolia (see SENNA PLANT). They contain sennosides, which are anthraquinone type CATHARTICS and are used in many different preparations as laxatives.
MSH

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artroskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.
MSH

examination of the interior of a joint, such as the knee, using a type of endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision
CHV

Endoscopic examination of a joint space.
NCI

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končetiny dolní – poranění

General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
MSH

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Statoconia

minute calciferous granules within the gelatinous statoconic membrane surmounting the acoustic maculae.
CSP

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trombocytový glykoproteinový komplex IIb-IIIa

Platelet membrane glycoprotein complex important for platelet adhesion and aggregation. It is an integrin complex containing INTEGRIN ALPHAIIB and INTEGRIN BETA3 which recognizes the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) sequence present on several adhesive proteins. As such, it is a receptor for FIBRINOGEN; VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR; FIBRONECTIN; VITRONECTIN; and THROMBOSPONDINS. A deficiency of GPIIb-IIIa results in GLANZMANN THROMBASTHENIA.
MSH

Integrin Alpha-IIb/Beta3 is protein complex comprised of a heterodimer of integrin alpha 2b and integrin beta 3. This complex is involved in cell adhesion and blood clot formation.
NCI

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zubní nástroje

Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
MSH

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serpiny

A family of serine proteinase inhibitors which are similar in amino acid sequence and mechanism of inhibition, but differ in their specificity toward proteolytic enzymes. This family includes alpha 1-antitrypsin, angiotensinogen, ovalbumin, antiplasmin, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, thyroxine-binding protein, complement 1 inactivators, antithrombin III, heparin cofactor II, plasminogen inactivators, gene Y protein, placental plasminogen activator inhibitor, and barley Z protein. Some members of the serpin family may be substrates rather than inhibitors of SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES, and some serpins occur in plants where their function is not known.
MSH

Irreversible serine proteinase inhibitors that exert their action on peptidases. Serpins can be localized inside, or outside of the cell, and are found in all groups of organisms with the exception of fungi. In human plasma, serpins represent approximately 2% of the total protein present.
NCI

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Asie jihovýchodní

The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
MSH

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leishmanióza

A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).
MSH

disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus Leishmania; there are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World), diffuse cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral; visceral is characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin; cutaneous is characterized by development of single or multiple localized lesions on exposed areas of skin that typically ulcerate.
CSP

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sand flies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis. The most common are cutaneous and visceral. The cutaneous type causes skin sores. The visceral type affects internal organs such as the spleen, liver and bone marrow. People with this form usually have fever, weight loss and an enlarged spleen and liver.

Leishmaniasis is found in parts of about 88 countries. Most of these countries are in the tropics and subtropics. It is possible but very unlikely that you would get this disease in the United States. But you should be aware of it if you are traveling to the Middle East or parts of Central America, South American, Asia, Africa or southern Europe.

The best way to prevent the disease is to protect yourself from sand fly bites. If not treated, leishmaniasis can be serious. Visceral disease can be deadly.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A parasitic infection caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. It is transmitted to humans via the bite of sandflies. There are three main forms of the disease: cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. Cutaneous leishmaniasis causes skin ulcers; mucocutaneous leishmaniasis causes destructive lesions of the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, and throat; visceral leishmaniasis is the most severe form of the disease and is manifested with anemia, weight loss, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly.
NCI

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oxaláty

Salts and esters of OXALIC ACID.
MSH

strong dicarboxylic acid or its salts or esters occurring in many plants; produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid; not metabolized but excreted in the urine.
CSP

A salt or ester of oxalic acid.
NCI

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filaricida

Pharmacological agents destructive to nematodes in the superfamily Filarioidea.
MSH

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zubní stres – analýza

The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
MSH

description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
CSP

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poruchy sexuálního vývoje

disorder or perturbation of rate or processes of sexual maturation; includes abnormalities in sexual differentiation due to the presence or absence of genetic and endocrine factors; sex determining genes dictate the gonadal sex whereas the fetal testicular hormones determine the somatic sex during sex differentiation.
CSP

In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.
MSH

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asertivita

Strongly insistent, self-assured, and demanding behavior.
MSH

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