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závislost na morfiu

Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon morphine.
MSH

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heparinoid

Heparin derivatives. The term has also been used more loosely to include naturally occurring and synthetic highly-sulphated polysaccharides of similar structure. Heparinoid preparations have been used for a wide range of applications including as anticoagulants and anti-inflammatories and they have been claimed to have hypolipidemic properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th, p232)
MSH

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alveolární lišta – augmentace

Preprosthetic surgery involving rib, cartilage, or iliac crest bone grafts, usually autologous, or synthetic implants for rebuilding the alveolar ridge.
MSH

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kochleární mikrofonní potenciály

The electric response of the cochlear hair cells to acoustic stimulation.
MSH

electrical potentials generated in the hair cells of the organ of Corti in response to acoustic stimulation.
CSP

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receptory – agregace

Chemically stimulated aggregation of cell surface receptors, which potentiates the action of the effector cell.
MSH

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horolezectví

A sport involving mountain climbing techniques.
MSH

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hepatolentikulární degenerace

A rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of copper in the BRAIN; LIVER; CORNEA; and other organs. It is caused by defects in the ATP7B gene encoding copper-transporting ATPase 2 (EC 3.6.3.4), also known as the Wilson disease protein. The overload of copper inevitably leads to progressive liver and neurological dysfunction such as LIVER CIRRHOSIS; TREMOR; ATAXIA and intellectual deterioration. Hepatic dysfunction may precede neurologic dysfunction by several years.
MSH

rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of copper in the brain, liver, cornea and other organs; clinical features include liver cirrhosis, liver failure, splenomegaly, tremor, bradykinesia, dysarthria, chorea, muscle rigidity, Kayser-Fleischer rings (pigmented corneal lesions), ataxia and intellectual deterioration; hepatic dysfunction may precede neurologic dysfunction by several years.
CSP

Wilson disease is a rare inherited disorder that causes your body to retain copper. Normally, your liver releases copper it doesn`t need into bile, a digestive fluid. With Wilson disease, this does not happen. Copper builds up in your liver and injures liver tissue. Over time, the damage causes your liver to release the copper directly into your bloodstream. The blood carries copper all over your body. Too much copper can damage your kidneys, liver, brain and eyes.

Usually the build-up of copper starts after birth. Symptoms usually start between ages 6 and 20, but can begin as late as age 40. The most characteristic sign is a rusty brown ring around the cornea of the eye.

If you have Wilson disease, you will have to take medicine and follow a low-copper diet for the rest of your life. With early detection and proper treatment, a person with Wilson disease can enjoy normal health.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene. It is characterized by copper accumulation in the tissues, particularly brain and liver. It results in liver failure, neurologic, and psychotic manifestations.
NCI

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Americká stomatologická asociace

Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
MSH

A professional association of dentists, committed to advancing the public`s oral health, the ethical and scientific advancement of the field, and the professional advancement of its members.
NCI

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koks

A residue of coal, left after dry (destructive) distillation, used as a fuel.
MSH

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receptory histaminu H2

A class of histamine receptors discriminated by their pharmacology and mode of action. Histamine H2 receptors act via G-proteins to stimulate adenylate cyclase. Among the many responses mediated by these receptors are gastric acid secretion, smooth muscle relaxation, inotropic and chronotropic effects on heart muscle, and inhibition of lymphocyte function. (From Biochem Soc Trans 1992 Feb;20(1):122-5)
MSH

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mukopolysacharidóza VI

Mucopolysaccharidosis with excessive CHONDROITIN SULFATE B in urine, characterized by dwarfism and deafness. It is caused by a deficiency of N-ACETYLGALACTOSAMINE-4-SULFATASE (arylsulfatase B).
MSH

mucopolysaccharidosis with excessive chondroitin sulfate B in urine, characterized by dwarfism and deafness; caused by a deficiency of arylsulfatase B (N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase).
CSP

A rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase. It is characterized by organomegaly, short stature, joint stiffness, otitis media, and respiratory illnesses.
NCI

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keratitida herpetická

A superficial, epithelial Herpesvirus hominis infection of the cornea, characterized by the presence of small vesicles which may break down and coalesce to form dendritic ulcers (KERATITIS, DENDRITIC). (Dictionary of Visual Science, 3d ed)
MSH

herpes of the eye and its adnexa.
CSP

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aminokyseliny sírové

any aminoacid containing sulfur.
CSP

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přijímací zkouška na vysokou školu

Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.
MSH

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záznamy jako téma

The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
MSH

Definition:The number of matching instances (number of focal classes). The document header class is the focal class of a document, a record would therefore be equal to a document.


HL7V3.0

Description:Represents the HL7 V3 publishing sub-section that holds specifications related to the definition and communication of records of clinical care within the Health and Clinical Management (HM) section.

UsageNote:V3 Specifications are published in a set of “domains”, which contain interactions and related specifications for a single area of health care within which can be supported by a single, coherent set of interoperability specifications.

For publishing purposes, these domains are aggregated into sub-sections of related health care areas and these sub-sections are further aggregated into three major sets.


HL7V3.0

Anything (e.g., a document) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events.
NCI

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muskarin

A toxic alkaloid found in Amanita muscaria (fly fungus) and other fungi of the Inocybe species. It is the first parasympathomimetic substance ever studied and causes profound parasympathetic activation that may end in convulsions and death. The specific antidote is atropine.
MSH

toxic cholinomimetic alkaloid occurring in Amanita muscaria and other mushrooms; causes profound parasympathetic activation that may end in convulsions and death; the specific antidote is atropine.
CSP

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hexobendin

A potent vasoactive agent that dilates cerebral and coronary arteries, but slightly constricts femoral arteries, without any effects on heart rate, blood pressure or cardiac output.
MSH

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transaminasy

A subclass of enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of an amino group from a donor (generally an amino acid) to an acceptor (generally a 2-keto acid). Most of these enzymes are pyridoxyl phosphate proteins. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 2.6.1.
MSH

Transaminases are a sub-subclass of mostly pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase enzymes that catalyze the transfer of an amino group from a donor (generally an amino acid) to an acceptor (generally a 2-keto acid). Mediating conversion of major intermediate metabolites and reversible transamination, Transaminases are often involved in cellular nitrogen metabolism, amino acid metabolism, gluconeogenesis and in the urea and tricarboxylic acid cycles.
NCI

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kolposkopie

The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.
MSH

Examination of the vagina and cervix using a lighted magnifying instrument called a colposcope.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the uterine cervix and vagina.
NCI

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reflex okulokardiální

Change of heartbeat induced by pressure on the eyeball, manipulation of extraocular muscles, or pressure upon the tissue remaining in the orbital apex after enucleation.
MSH

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mutageny

Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.
MSH

chemical or physical agent that induces or increases genetic mutations by causing changes in DNA.
CSP

Anything that causes a mutation (a change in the DNA of a cell). DNA changes caused by mutagens may harm cells and cause certain diseases, such as cancer. Examples of mutagens include radioactive substances, x-rays, ultraviolet radiation, and certain chemicals.
NCI

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von Hippelova-Lindauova nemoc

A rare inherited disorder in which blood vessels grow abnormally in the eyes, brain, spinal cord, adrenal glands, or other parts of the body. People with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome have a higher risk of developing some types of cancer.
NCI

An autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in a tumor suppressor gene. This syndrome is characterized by abnormal growth of small blood vessels leading to a host of neoplasms. They include HEMANGIOBLASTOMA in the RETINA; CEREBELLUM; and SPINAL CORD; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; pancreatic tumors; and renal cell carcinoma (see CARCINOMA, RENAL CELL). Common clinical signs include HYPERTENSION and neurological dysfunctions.
MSH

autosomal dominant disorder associated with cerebellar and retinal neoplasms; the most common manifestations are neurologic deficits associated with intracranial hemangioblastomas which may hemorrhage, causing ataxia, intracranial hypertension, and other signs of neurologic dysfunction.
CSP

Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is a rare, genetic disease that causes tumors and cysts to grow in your body. The tumors can be either cancerous or benign. They can grow in your brain and spinal cord, kidneys, pancreas and, in men, their genital tract. Symptoms of VHL vary and depend on the size and location of the tumors. They may include headaches, problems with balance and walking, dizziness, weakness of the limbs, vision problems and high blood pressure.

Detecting and treating VHL early is important. Treatment usually involves surgery or sometimes radiation therapy. The goal is to treat growths while they are small and before they do permanent damage.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

An inherited familial cancer syndrome which is characterized by development of capillary hemangioblastomas of the central nervous system and retina; clear cell renal carcinoma; pheochromocytoma; pancreatic tumors; and inner ear tumors. The syndrome is associated with germline mutations of the VHL tumor suppressor gene, located on chromosome 3p25-26. Symptoms of VHL syndrome may not be apparent until the third decade of life. CNS hemangioblastoma is the most common cause of death, followed by clear cell renal cell carcinoma. –2004
NCI

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amprolium

Veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with thiamine metabolism. It may cause thiamine deficiency.
MSH

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komunitní lékařství

A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
MSH

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posílení (psychologie)

The strengthening of a conditioned response.
MSH

strengthening of a conditioned response.
CSP

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mycosis fungoides

A chronic, malignant T-cell lymphoma of the skin. In the late stages, the LYMPH NODES and viscera are affected.
MSH

A type of non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma that first appears on the skin and can spread to the lymph nodes or other organs such as the spleen, liver, or lungs.
NCI

chronic malignant T-cell lymphoma of the skin; in the late stages the lymph nodes and viscera are affected.
CSP

a kind of skin cancer
CHV

A peripheral (mature) T-cell lymphoma presenting in the skin with patches/plaques. It is characterized by epidermal and dermal infiltration of small to medium-sized T-cells with cerebriform nuclei. Patients with limited disease generally have an excellent prognosis. In the more advanced stages, the prognosis is poor. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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histokompatibilita – testování

Identification of the major histocompatibility antigens of transplant DONORS and potential recipients, usually by serological tests. Donor and recipient pairs should be of identical ABO blood group, and in addition should be matched as closely as possible for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in order to minimize the likelihood of allograft rejection. (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
MSH

identification of the major histocompatibility antigens of transplant donors and potential recipients, usually by serological tests.
CSP

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analgézie epidurální

The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.
MSH

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komplement C5a

Smaller fragment formed when C5 convertase splits C5 into C5a and C5b. C5a is a 74-amino acid peptide that includes a carboxy-terminal arginine crucial for its spasmogenic activity and a carbohydrate moiety. Initiates the spontaneous assembly of the late complement components, C5-C9, into the membrane attack complex. C5a is the most potent anaphylatoxin, mediating immediate hypersensitivity. C5a is also chemotactic for neutrophils and monocytes.
NCI

The minor fragment formed when C5 convertase cleaves C5 into C5a and COMPLEMENT C5B. C5a is a 74-amino-acid glycopeptide with a carboxy-terminal ARGININE that is crucial for its spasmogenic activity. Of all the complement-derived anaphylatoxins, C5a is the most potent in mediating immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE), smooth MUSCLE CONTRACTION; HISTAMINE RELEASE; and migration of LEUKOCYTES to site of INFLAMMATION.
MSH

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renin-angiotensin systém

A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.
MSH

blood pressure, fluid volume, and sodium balance regulating system of interacting components that include renin, angiotensinogen, angiotensin converting enzyme, angiotensin I and II, and angiotensinase.
CSP

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