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žlučové cesty – atrézie

Progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic BILE DUCTS, resulting in the complete obstruction of BILE flow. Usually, biliary atresia is found in infants and accounts for one third of the neonatal cholestatic JAUNDICE.
MSH

progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic bile ducts, resulting in the complete obstruction of bile flow; found mainly in infants.
CSP

A congenital disorder characterized by blockage or absence of an extrahepatic bile duct.
NCI

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familiární středozemská horečka

A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.
MSH

A usually autosomal recessive inherited inflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. It is characterized by recurrent painful inflammatory attacks in the abdomen, joints, and chest. The inflammatory attacks are associated with fever.
NCI

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průmyslová mikrobiologie

The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
MSH

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DNA-topoisomerasy – typ II

DNA TOPOISOMERASES that catalyze ATP-dependent breakage of both strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strands through the breaks, and rejoining of the broken strands. These enzymes bring about relaxation of the supercoiled DNA and resolution of a knotted circular DNA duplex.
MSH

Topoisomerase II catalyzes relaxation of supercoiled DNA molecules, catenation, decatenation, knotting, and unknotting of circular DNA. The topoisomerase II reaction appears to involve crossing-over of two DNA segments. Human cells contain two topoisomerase II isozymes: alpha and beta from distinct genes. DNA topoisomerase II alpha is associated with the Pol II holoenzyme and is required for chromatin-dependent co-activation. Transcription results in superhelical tension; topoisomerase II relaxation activity is essential for productive RNA synthesis on nucleosomal DNA. (from OMIM 126430 and NCI)
NCI

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Spiroplasma

A genus of gram-negative, helical bacteria, in the family SPIROPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales, causing disease in PLANTS. It has been isolated from TICKS; INSECTS; and PLANTS.
MSH

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biologický pokus

A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
MSH

a method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions.
CSP

A laboratory test or analysis of the biological activity of a substance performed by studying its effect on an organism or in a test tube under controlled conditions.
NCI

Bioassay


HL7V3.0

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peritoneum

A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
MSH

endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity.
CSP

The tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery. (NCI)
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery.
NCI

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infertilita

Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
MSH

Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Lots of couples have infertility problems. About a third of the time, infertility can be traced to the woman. In another third of cases, it is because of the man. The rest of the time, it is because of both partners or no cause is found.

Drugs or surgery are common treatments. Happily, two-thirds of couples treated for infertility go on to have babies.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

Inability to conceive for at least one year after trying and having unprotected sex. Causes of female infertility include endometriosis, fallopian tubes obstruction, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Causes of male infertility include abnormal sperm production or function, blockage of the epididymis, blockage of the ejaculatory ducts, hypospadias, exposure to pesticides, and health related issues.
NCI

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DNA virová

Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
MSH

DNA that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
CSP

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šířící se kortikální deprese

depression of normal electrical rhythms recorded from cerebral cortex, spreading outward from an area of stimulation or cortical damage; rate of spread closely approximates the visual aura of a migraine.
CSP

The decrease in neuronal activity (related to a decrease in metabolic demand) extending from the site of cortical stimulation. It is believed to be responsible for the decrease in cerebral blood flow that accompanies the aura of MIGRAINE WITH AURA. (Campbell`s Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
MSH

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biosenzitivní techniky

Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
MSH

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Peru

A country in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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injekce intradermální

The forcing into the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle, piercing the top skin layer.
MSH

Injection, intradermal


HL7V3.0

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dvojí výtok pravé komory

Incomplete transposition of the great vessels in which both the AORTA and the PULMONARY ARTERY arise from the RIGHT VENTRICLE. The only outlet of the LEFT VENTRICLE is a large ventricular septal defect (VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS or VSD). The various subtypes are classified by the location of the septal defect, such as subaortic, subpulmonary, or noncommitted.
MSH

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škrob

Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
MSH

any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin; the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
CSP

A polysaccharide polymer of alpha-D glucose monomers, either connected by a 1-4 bond (amylose) or a 1-6 bond (amylopectin).
NCI

a kind of naturally abundant carbohydrate found in seeds, roots, fruits, and pollen grains
CHV

A substance found in plants. It contains sugar molecules joined chemically. It is found in high levels in foods such as potatoes, rice, corn, and wheat. It may be used as a dusting powder, a skin softener, a filler in medicine tablets, and a clothes stiffener.
NCI

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černá vdova

A venomous New World spider with an hourglass-shaped red mark on the abdomen.
MSH

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farmakognózie

The science of drugs prepared from natural-sources including preparations from PLANTS, animals, and other organisms as well as MINERALS and other substances included in MATERIA MEDICA. The therapeutic usage of plants is PHYTOTHERAPY.
MSH

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hmyz – vektory

Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
MSH

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léky a narkotika – kontrola

Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
MSH

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sterigmatocystin

A carcinogenic mycotoxin produced in high yields by strains of the common molds, Aspergillus versicolor, A. nidulans, and an unidentified species of Bipolaris. It causes necrosis of the liver and kidney and has an inhibitory effect on orotic acid incorporation into nuclear RNA.
MSH

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puchýř

visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.
CSP

An elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid. (WordNet)
NCI

A fluid-filled sac in the outer layer of skin. It can be caused by rubbing, heat, or diseases of the skin.
NCI

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fenmetrazin

A sympathomimetic drug used primarily as an appetite depressant. Its actions and mechanisms are similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
MSH

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inzulin Lente

An insulin, zinc chloride preparation in the form of a suspension of crystals and amorphous material in a ratio of approximately 7:3. Typically, lente insulin has a duration of activity that lasts between 13-20 hours after dosage.
MSH

A long-acting crystalline insulin often used in combination with a short-acting insulin in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. This type of insulin may be derived from porcine or recombinant sources. Administered once daily, insulin Lente starts to lower blood glucose within 1 to 3 hours after injection and exerts its peak effect 7 to 15 hours after injection. Endogenous human insulin, a pancreatic hormone composed of two polypeptide chains, is important for the normal metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats; it has anabolic effects on many types of tissues. (NCI04)
NCI

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léky rostlinné čínské

Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
MSH

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žaludek – divertikl

Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the wall of the STOMACH.
MSH

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krevní proteiny – poruchy

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the blood proteins.
CSP

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kyseliny fenylpyrohroznové

A group of compounds that are derivatives of phenylpyruvic acid which has the general formula C6H5CH2COCOOH, and is a metabolite of phenylalanine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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jednotky intenzivní péče o novorozence

Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
MSH

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nanismus hypofyzární

A form of dwarfism caused by complete or partial GROWTH HORMONE deficiency, resulting from either the lack of GROWTH HORMONE-RELEASING FACTOR from the HYPOTHALAMUS or from the mutations in the growth hormone gene (GH1) in the PITUITARY GLAND. It is also known as Type I pituitary dwarfism. Human hypophysial dwarf is caused by a deficiency of HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE during development.
MSH

form of dwarfism due to deficient release of growth hormone which may result from dysfunction of the hypothalamus or anterior pituitary gland.
CSP

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epididymis

The convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the TESTIS. Epididymis consists of the head (caput), the body (corpus), and the tail (cauda). A network of ducts leaving the testis joins into a common epididymal tubule proper which provides the transport, storage, and maturation of SPERMATOZOA.
MSH

convoluted tubule connecting the vas efferens, that comes from the seminiferous tubules of the mammalian testis, to the vas deferens; maturation and storage of sperm occur in the epididymis.
CSP

A narrow, tightly-coiled tube that is attached to each of the testicles (the male sex glands that produce sperm). Sperm cells (male reproductive cells) move from the testicles into the epididymis, where they finish maturing and are stored.
NCI

A crescent-like structure located in the upper and posterior surfaces of the testis. It consists of the efferent ductules and the duct of the epididymis. It facilitates the maturation of sperm that is produced in the testis.
NCI

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