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mycosis fungoides

A chronic, malignant T-cell lymphoma of the skin. In the late stages, the LYMPH NODES and viscera are affected.
MSH

A type of non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma that first appears on the skin and can spread to the lymph nodes or other organs such as the spleen, liver, or lungs.
NCI

chronic malignant T-cell lymphoma of the skin; in the late stages the lymph nodes and viscera are affected.
CSP

a kind of skin cancer
CHV

A peripheral (mature) T-cell lymphoma presenting in the skin with patches/plaques. It is characterized by epidermal and dermal infiltration of small to medium-sized T-cells with cerebriform nuclei. Patients with limited disease generally have an excellent prognosis. In the more advanced stages, the prognosis is poor. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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potkani Brattleboro

A mutant strain of Rattus norvegicus used in research on renal function and hypertension and as a disease model for diabetes insipidus.
MSH

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histokompatibilita – testování

Identification of the major histocompatibility antigens of transplant DONORS and potential recipients, usually by serological tests. Donor and recipient pairs should be of identical ABO blood group, and in addition should be matched as closely as possible for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in order to minimize the likelihood of allograft rejection. (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
MSH

identification of the major histocompatibility antigens of transplant donors and potential recipients, usually by serological tests.
CSP

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kochleární mikrofonní potenciály

The electric response of the cochlear hair cells to acoustic stimulation.
MSH

electrical potentials generated in the hair cells of the organ of Corti in response to acoustic stimulation.
CSP

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alveolární lišta – augmentace

Preprosthetic surgery involving rib, cartilage, or iliac crest bone grafts, usually autologous, or synthetic implants for rebuilding the alveolar ridge.
MSH

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myofibrily

The long cylindrical contractile organelles of STRIATED MUSCLE cells composed of ACTIN FILAMENTS; MYOSIN filaments; and other proteins organized in arrays of repeating units called SARCOMERES .
MSH

highly organized bundles of actin, myosins, and other proteins in the cytoplasm of skeletal and cardiac muscle cells that contract by a sliding filament mechanism; they are composed of numerous myofilaments.
CSP

The contractile element of skeletal and cardiac muscle; a long, highly organized bundle of actin, myosin, and other proteins that contracts by a sliding filament mechanism. [ISBN:0815316194]
GO

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receptory – agregace

Chemically stimulated aggregation of cell surface receptors, which potentiates the action of the effector cell.
MSH

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HLA antigeny

Antigens determined by leukocyte loci found on chromosome 6, the major histocompatibility loci in humans. They are polypeptides or glycoproteins found on most nucleated cells and platelets, determine tissue types for transplantation, and are associated with certain diseases.
MSH

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koks

A residue of coal, left after dry (destructive) distillation, used as a fuel.
MSH

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Americká stomatologická asociace

Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
MSH

A professional association of dentists, committed to advancing the public`s oral health, the ethical and scientific advancement of the field, and the professional advancement of its members.
NCI

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virus myxomatózy

The type species of LEPORIPOXVIRUS causing infectious myxomatosis, a severe generalized disease, in rabbits. Tumors are not always present.
MSH

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receptory histaminu H2

A class of histamine receptors discriminated by their pharmacology and mode of action. Histamine H2 receptors act via G-proteins to stimulate adenylate cyclase. Among the many responses mediated by these receptors are gastric acid secretion, smooth muscle relaxation, inotropic and chronotropic effects on heart muscle, and inhibition of lymphocyte function. (From Biochem Soc Trans 1992 Feb;20(1):122-5)
MSH

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Hodgkinova nemoc

A malignant disease characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymphoid tissue. In the classical variant, giant usually multinucleate Hodgkin`s and REED-STERNBERG CELLS are present; in the nodular lymphocyte predominant variant, lymphocytic and histiocytic cells are seen.
MSH

malignant disease characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymphoid tissue, and the presence of large, usually multinucleate, cells (Reed-Sternberg cells) of unknown origin.
CSP

A lymphoma, previously known as Hodgkin`s disease, characterized by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. There are two distinct subtypes: nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma has a bimodal age distribution, and involves primarily lymph nodes. Current therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma has resulted in an excellent outcome and cure for the majority of patients.
NCI

Hodgkin disease is a type of lymphoma. Lymphoma is cancer of lymph tissue found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and bone marrow. The first sign of Hodgkin disease is often an enlarged lymph node. The disease can spread to nearby lymph nodes. Later it may spread to the lungs, liver or bone marrow. The cause is unknown.

Hodgkin disease is rare. Symptoms include

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • Fever and chills
  • Night sweats
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itchy skin

Doctors can diagnose Hodgkin disease with a biopsy. This involves removing and examining a piece of tissue under a microscope. Treatment varies depending on how far the disease has spread and often includes radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment. In most cases, Hodgkin disease can be cured.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A cancer of the immune system that is marked by the presence of a type of cell called the Reed-Sternberg cell. The two major types of Hodgkin lymphoma are classical Hodgkin lymphoma and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. Symptoms include the painless enlargement of lymph nodes, spleen, or other immune tissue. Other symptoms include fever, weight loss, fatigue, or night sweats.
NCI

An obsolete term referring to Hodgkin lymphma.
NCI

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přijímací zkouška na vysokou školu

Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.
MSH

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aminokyseliny sírové

any aminoacid containing sulfur.
CSP

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nehty – nemoci

Diseases of the nail plate and tissues surrounding it. The concept is limited to primates.
MSH

Your toenails and fingernails protect the tissues of your toes and fingers. They are made up of layers of a hardened protein called keratin, which is also in your hair and skin. Your nails` health can be a clue to your overall health. Healthy nails are usually smooth and consistent in color. Specific types of nail discoloration and changes in growth rate can signal various lung, heart, kidney and liver diseases, as well as diabetes and anemia. White spots and vertical ridges are harmless.

Nail problems that sometimes require treatment include bacterial and fungal infections, ingrown nails, tumors and warts. Keeping nails clean, dry and trimmed can help you avoid some problems. Do not remove the cuticle, which can cause infection.


MEDLINEPLUS

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záznamy jako téma

The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
MSH

Definition:The number of matching instances (number of focal classes). The document header class is the focal class of a document, a record would therefore be equal to a document.


HL7V3.0

Description:Represents the HL7 V3 publishing sub-section that holds specifications related to the definition and communication of records of clinical care within the Health and Clinical Management (HM) section.

UsageNote:V3 Specifications are published in a set of “domains”, which contain interactions and related specifications for a single area of health care within which can be supported by a single, coherent set of interoperability specifications.

For publishing purposes, these domains are aggregated into sub-sections of related health care areas and these sub-sections are further aggregated into three major sets.


HL7V3.0

Anything (e.g., a document) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events.
NCI

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Hormone Receptor

postcoordinate with specific hormone terms if needed.
CSP

A cell protein that binds a specific hormone. The hormone receptor may be on the surface of the cell or inside the cell. Many changes take place in a cell after a hormone binds to its receptor.
NCI

Ligand binding proteins that bind signalling molecules external to the cell with high affinity and convert this extracellular event into one or more intracellular signals that alter the behavior of the target cell. The hormone receptor can be cytoplasmic/nuclear, or associated with the cell membrane in the case of receptors whose ligands cannot penetrate the membrane.
NCI

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kolposkopie

The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.
MSH

Examination of the vagina and cervix using a lighted magnifying instrument called a colposcope.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the uterine cervix and vagina.
NCI

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transaminasy

A subclass of enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of an amino group from a donor (generally an amino acid) to an acceptor (generally a 2-keto acid). Most of these enzymes are pyridoxyl phosphate proteins. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 2.6.1.
MSH

Transaminases are a sub-subclass of mostly pyridoxal phosphate-dependent transferase enzymes that catalyze the transfer of an amino group from a donor (generally an amino acid) to an acceptor (generally a 2-keto acid). Mediating conversion of major intermediate metabolites and reversible transamination, Transaminases are often involved in cellular nitrogen metabolism, amino acid metabolism, gluconeogenesis and in the urea and tricarboxylic acid cycles.
NCI

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narkolepsie

A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
MSH

recurrent, uncontrollable brief episodes of sleep and lapses in consciousness, often associated with hypnagogic hallucinations, cataplexy, automatic behaviors and sleep paralysis.
CSP

A sleep disorder characterized by a tendency for excessive sleepiness during the day which occurs even after adequate sleep in the nighttime. The persons who suffer from this condition experience fatigue and may fall asleep at inappropriate times during the day.
NCI

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reflex okulokardiální

Change of heartbeat induced by pressure on the eyeball, manipulation of extraocular muscles, or pressure upon the tissue remaining in the orbital apex after enucleation.
MSH

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nemocnice pro chronická onemocnění

Hospitals which provide care to patients with long-term illnesses.
MSH

(1) A hospital including a physical plant and personnel that provides multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment for diseases that have one or more of the following characteristics: is permanent; leaves residual disability; is caused by nonreversible pathological alteration; requires special training of the patient for rehabilitation; and/or may be expected to require a long period of supervision or care. In addition, patients require the safety, security, and shelter of these specialized inpatient or partial hospitalization settings. (2) A hospital that provides medical and skilled nursing services to patients with long-term illnesses who are not in an acute phase but who require an intensity of services not available in nursing homes. Source: (1) Expanded from Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988.


HL7V3.0

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komunitní lékařství

A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
MSH

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amprolium

Veterinary coccidiostat that interferes with thiamine metabolism. It may cause thiamine deficiency.
MSH

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přirozený porod

Labor and delivery without medical intervention, usually involving RELAXATION THERAPY.
MSH

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posílení (psychologie)

The strengthening of a conditioned response.
MSH

strengthening of a conditioned response.
CSP

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potřeby pro domácnost

Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).
MSH

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komplement C5a

Smaller fragment formed when C5 convertase splits C5 into C5a and C5b. C5a is a 74-amino acid peptide that includes a carboxy-terminal arginine crucial for its spasmogenic activity and a carbohydrate moiety. Initiates the spontaneous assembly of the late complement components, C5-C9, into the membrane attack complex. C5a is the most potent anaphylatoxin, mediating immediate hypersensitivity. C5a is also chemotactic for neutrophils and monocytes.
NCI

The minor fragment formed when C5 convertase cleaves C5 into C5a and COMPLEMENT C5B. C5a is a 74-amino-acid glycopeptide with a carboxy-terminal ARGININE that is crucial for its spasmogenic activity. Of all the complement-derived anaphylatoxins, C5a is the most potent in mediating immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE), smooth MUSCLE CONTRACTION; HISTAMINE RELEASE; and migration of LEUKOCYTES to site of INFLAMMATION.
MSH

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analgézie epidurální

The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.
MSH

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