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poruchy sexuálního vývoje

disorder or perturbation of rate or processes of sexual maturation; includes abnormalities in sexual differentiation due to the presence or absence of genetic and endocrine factors; sex determining genes dictate the gonadal sex whereas the fetal testicular hormones determine the somatic sex during sex differentiation.
CSP

In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.
MSH

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lipidy

A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

any of a class of hydrophobic biochemicals including fats, long- chain fatty acids, steroids, oils, and waxes.
CSP

a general name for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water.
CHV

A class of hydrocarbon-containing organic compounds. Lipids are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents and play important roles in living organisms: these roles include functioning as energy storage molecules, serving as structural components of cell membranes, and constituting important signaling molecules. Lipids can be subdivided into 2 groups: fatty acids and glycerides.
NCI

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chloracetofenon

A potent eye, throat, and skin irritant. One of its uses is as a riot control agent.
MSH

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oxygenátory

Devices which mechanically oxygenate venous blood extracorporeally. They are used in combination with one or more pumps for maintaining circulation during open heart surgery and for assisting the circulation in patients seriously ill with some cardiac and pulmonary disorders. (UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

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soudní lékařství

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
MSH

branch of medicine that interprets or establishes the medical facts in civil or criminal law cases.
CSP

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law; research, reports and testimony in court by experts in medical science to assist in determining a legal question.
NCI

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Shigella flexneri

A bacterium which is one of the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY) and sometimes of infantile gastroenteritis.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is oxidase and citrate negative, indole positive and can produce acid and gas from glucose. S. flexneri is a pathogen that causes shigellosis in primates.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Shigella flexneri.
NCI

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lissaminová zelená barviva

Green dyes containing ammonium and aryl sulfonate moieties that facilitate the visualization of tissues, if given intravenously. They have mostly been used in the study of kidney physiology.
MSH

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výběrové chování

The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
MSH

act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
CSP

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dudlíky

Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.
MSH

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chemická frakcionace

Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

Methods of fractionation, isolation, and purification based on the physico-chemical properties of the substance, e.g. crystallization, distillation, solubility (miscibility).
NCI

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sourozenci – vztahy

Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.
MSH

interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers.
CSP

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kvalifikovaný reverz

Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

A type of legal advance directive in which a person describes specific treatment guidelines that are to be followed by health care providers if he or she becomes terminally ill and cannot communicate. A living will usually has instructions about whether to use aggressive medical treatment to keep a person alive (such as CPR, artificial nutrition, use of a respirator).
NCI

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cholesteatom

A non-neoplastic mass of keratin-producing squamous EPITHELIUM, frequently occurring in the MENINGES; bones of the skull, and most commonly in the MIDDLE EAR and MASTOID region. Cholesteatoma can be congenital or acquired. Cholesteatoma is not a tumor nor is it associated with high CHOLESTEROL.
MSH

non-neoplastic keratinizing mass with stratified squamous epithelium, frequently occurring in the meninges, central nervous system, bones of the skull, and most commonly in the middle ear and mastoid region.
CSP

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palmitoylkoenzym A

A fatty acid coenzyme derivative which plays a key role in fatty acid oxidation and biosynthesis.
MSH

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virus myší leukémie Friendové

causes malignant reticulopathy in mice.
CSP

A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
MSH

A murine leukemia virus producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
NCI

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siloxany

Silicon polymers that contain alternate silicon and oxygen atoms in linear or cyclic molecular structures.
MSH

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Lorisidae

A family of Primates of the suborder Strepsirhini containing six genera. The family is distributed in parts of Africa, India, Asia, and the Philippines. The six genera are: Arctocebus (golden potto), GALAGO (bush babies), Loris (slender loris), Nycticebus (slow loris), and Perodicticus (potto). Lorises and pottos are relatively common except for Arctocebus, the golden potto. All are arboreal and nocturnal.
MSH

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chondroitinsulfatasy

A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of various sulfate bonds of chondroitin sulfate. EC 3.1.6.-.
MSH

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panika

A state of extreme acute, intense anxiety and unreasoning fear accompanied by disorganization of personality function.
MSH

Sudden extreme anxiety or fear that may cause irrational thoughts or actions. Panic may include rapid heart rate, flushing (a hot, red face), sweating, and trouble breathing.
NCI

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funkční reziduální kapacita

The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the RESIDUAL VOLUME and the EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is FRC.
MSH

The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhalation.
NCI

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Sjoegrenův-Larssonův syndrom

An autosomal recessive neurocutaneous disorder characterized by severe ichthyosis MENTAL RETARDATION; SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA; and congenital ICHTHYOSIS. It is caused by mutation of gene encoding microsomal fatty ALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASE leading to defect in fatty alcohol metabolism.
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited metabolic syndrome caused by mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene. It is characterized by deficiency of fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase. It is manifested with congenital ichthyosis, mental retardation, and leg paralysis.
NCI

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plíce – nemoci

Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
MSH

deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the lung or lungs.
CSP

When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen from the air and deliver it to the bloodstream. The cells in your body need oxygen to work and grow. During a normal day, you breathe nearly 25,000 times. People with lung disease have difficulty breathing. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease. If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States.

The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic condition affecting the lung. Representative examples of non-neoplastic conditions include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia. Representative examples of neoplastic conditions include benign processes (e.g., respiratory papilloma) and malignant processes (e.g., lung carcinoma and metastatic cancer to the lung).
NCI

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chromany

Salts of chromic acid containing the CrO(2-)4 radical.
MSH

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Paracoccus

Gram-negative non-motile bacteria found in soil or brines.
MSH

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gadolinium

Gadolinium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25. Its oxide is used in the control rods of some nuclear reactors.
MSH

element of the rare earth family of metals, atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25; chelated gadolinium is used as a paramagnetic contrast agent in magnetic resonance imaging, and Gd153 is used in dual photon absorptiometry.
CSP

A metal element that is used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and other imaging methods. It is a contrast agent, which helps show abnormal tissue in the body during imaging with a special machine.
NCI

An element with atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25.
NCI

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Mephitidae

The family of omnivorous New World skunks, showing typical warning coloration of patterned black and white and able to eject a malodorous secretion when the animal is startled or in danger.
MSH

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lymfangiektázie

A transient dilatation of the lymphatic vessels.
MSH

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chromozomální delece

Actual loss of portion of a chromosome.
MSH

actual loss of a portion of or the entire chromosome.
CSP

Loss of a portion of a chromosome arm.
NCI

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paraparéza tropická spastická

A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by HUMAN T-CELL LEUKEMIA VIRUS I. Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239)
MSH

an incurable viral infection of the spinal cord that causes weakness in the legs
CHV

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galvanická kožní odpověď

A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
MSH

change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring during changing emotional states and in certain other conditions.
CSP

A change in the heat and electricity passed through the skin by nerves and sweat. Skin conduction increases in certain emotional states and during hot flashes that happen with menopause.
NCI

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