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potrava speciální

Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
MSH

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Dipetalonema – infekce

Infections with nematodes of the genus DIPETALONEMA.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by genus of filarial worms called Dipetalonema. It produces microfilariae in the blood and body fluids.
NCI

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lipidy

A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

any of a class of hydrophobic biochemicals including fats, long- chain fatty acids, steroids, oils, and waxes.
CSP

a general name for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water.
CHV

A class of hydrocarbon-containing organic compounds. Lipids are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents and play important roles in living organisms: these roles include functioning as energy storage molecules, serving as structural components of cell membranes, and constituting important signaling molecules. Lipids can be subdivided into 2 groups: fatty acids and glycerides.
NCI

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Rho faktor

A protein which effects termination of RNA synthesis during the genetic transcription process by dissociating the ternary transcription complex RNA;-RNA POLYMERASE DNA at the termination of a gene.
MSH

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berberin

An alkaloid from Hydrastis canadensis L., Berberidaceae. It is also found in many other plants. It is relatively toxic parenterally, but has been used orally for various parasitic and fungal infections and as antidiarrheal.
MSH

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soudní lékařství

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
MSH

branch of medicine that interprets or establishes the medical facts in civil or criminal law cases.
CSP

The application of medical knowledge to questions of law; research, reports and testimony in court by experts in medical science to assist in determining a legal question.
NCI

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katastrofy

Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
MSH

unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant property damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent changes to the natural environment.
CSP

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lissaminová zelená barviva

Green dyes containing ammonium and aryl sulfonate moieties that facilitate the visualization of tissues, if given intravenously. They have mostly been used in the study of kidney physiology.
MSH

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ribosafosfátpyrofosfokinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate from ATP and ribose-5-phosphate. EC 2.7.6.1.
MSH

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betamethason 17-valerát

The 17-valerate derivative of BETAMETHASONE. It has substantial topical anti-inflammatory activity and relatively low systemic anti-inflammatory activity.
MSH

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chemická frakcionace

Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

Methods of fractionation, isolation, and purification based on the physico-chemical properties of the substance, e.g. crystallization, distillation, solubility (miscibility).
NCI

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severozápadní Spojené státy

The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
MSH

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virus psinky psů

A species of MORBILLIVIRUS causing distemper in dogs, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and ferrets. Pinnipeds have also been known to contract Canine distemper virus from contact with domestic dogs.
MSH

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kvalifikovaný reverz

Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

A type of legal advance directive in which a person describes specific treatment guidelines that are to be followed by health care providers if he or she becomes terminally ill and cannot communicate. A living will usually has instructions about whether to use aggressive medical treatment to keep a person alive (such as CPR, artificial nutrition, use of a respirator).
NCI

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rimantadin

An RNA synthesis inhibitor that is used as an antiviral agent in the prophylaxis and treatment of influenza.
MSH

A cyclic amine and alpha-methyl derivative of amantadine with antiviral activity. Although the exact mechanism of action of rimantadine is not exactly understood, this agent appears to exert its antiviral effect against influenza A virus by interfering with the function of the transmembrane domain of the viral M2 protein, thereby preventing the uncoating of the virus and subsequent release of infectious viral nucleic acids into the cytoplasm of infected cells.
NCI

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žlučové cesty – atrézie

Progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic BILE DUCTS, resulting in the complete obstruction of BILE flow. Usually, biliary atresia is found in infants and accounts for one third of the neonatal cholestatic JAUNDICE.
MSH

progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic bile ducts, resulting in the complete obstruction of bile flow; found mainly in infants.
CSP

A congenital disorder characterized by blockage or absence of an extrahepatic bile duct.
NCI

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virus myší leukémie Friendové

causes malignant reticulopathy in mice.
CSP

A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
MSH

A murine leukemia virus producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
NCI

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nukleové kyseliny – konformace

The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
MSH

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DNA-topoisomerasy – typ II

DNA TOPOISOMERASES that catalyze ATP-dependent breakage of both strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strands through the breaks, and rejoining of the broken strands. These enzymes bring about relaxation of the supercoiled DNA and resolution of a knotted circular DNA duplex.
MSH

Topoisomerase II catalyzes relaxation of supercoiled DNA molecules, catenation, decatenation, knotting, and unknotting of circular DNA. The topoisomerase II reaction appears to involve crossing-over of two DNA segments. Human cells contain two topoisomerase II isozymes: alpha and beta from distinct genes. DNA topoisomerase II alpha is associated with the Pol II holoenzyme and is required for chromatin-dependent co-activation. Transcription results in superhelical tension; topoisomerase II relaxation activity is essential for productive RNA synthesis on nucleosomal DNA. (from OMIM 126430 and NCI)
NCI

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Lorisidae

A family of Primates of the suborder Strepsirhini containing six genera. The family is distributed in parts of Africa, India, Asia, and the Philippines. The six genera are: Arctocebus (golden potto), GALAGO (bush babies), Loris (slender loris), Nycticebus (slow loris), and Perodicticus (potto). Lorises and pottos are relatively common except for Arctocebus, the golden potto. All are arboreal and nocturnal.
MSH

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RNA nádorová

RNA present in neoplastic tissue.
MSH

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biologický pokus

A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
MSH

a method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions.
CSP

A laboratory test or analysis of the biological activity of a substance performed by studying its effect on an organism or in a test tube under controlled conditions.
NCI

Bioassay


HL7V3.0

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funkční reziduální kapacita

The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the RESIDUAL VOLUME and the EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is FRC.
MSH

The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhalation.
NCI

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vztah sestra-pacient

interaction between the patient and nurse.
CSP

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DNA virová

Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
MSH

DNA that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
CSP

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plíce – nemoci

Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
MSH

deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the lung or lungs.
CSP

When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen from the air and deliver it to the bloodstream. The cells in your body need oxygen to work and grow. During a normal day, you breathe nearly 25,000 times. People with lung disease have difficulty breathing. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease. If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States.

The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic condition affecting the lung. Representative examples of non-neoplastic conditions include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia. Representative examples of neoplastic conditions include benign processes (e.g., respiratory papilloma) and malignant processes (e.g., lung carcinoma and metastatic cancer to the lung).
NCI

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RNA transferová Tyr

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying tyrosine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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biosenzitivní techniky

Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
MSH

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gadolinium

Gadolinium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25. Its oxide is used in the control rods of some nuclear reactors.
MSH

element of the rare earth family of metals, atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25; chelated gadolinium is used as a paramagnetic contrast agent in magnetic resonance imaging, and Gd153 is used in dual photon absorptiometry.
CSP

A metal element that is used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and other imaging methods. It is a contrast agent, which helps show abnormal tissue in the body during imaging with a special machine.
NCI

An element with atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25.
NCI

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výživa – poruchy

disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
CSP

Any condition related to a disturbance between proper intake and utilization of nourishment.
NCI

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