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autoaplikace

Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
MSH

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osteoklasty

A large multinuclear cell associated with the BONE RESORPTION. An odontoclast, also called cementoclast, is cytomorphologically the same as an osteoclast and is involved in CEMENTUM resorption.
MSH

large multinuclear cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone.
CSP

A large multinuclear cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone. (MeSH)
NCI

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jednotky intenzivní péče o novorozence

Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
MSH

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epididymis

The convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the TESTIS. Epididymis consists of the head (caput), the body (corpus), and the tail (cauda). A network of ducts leaving the testis joins into a common epididymal tubule proper which provides the transport, storage, and maturation of SPERMATOZOA.
MSH

convoluted tubule connecting the vas efferens, that comes from the seminiferous tubules of the mammalian testis, to the vas deferens; maturation and storage of sperm occur in the epididymis.
CSP

A narrow, tightly-coiled tube that is attached to each of the testicles (the male sex glands that produce sperm). Sperm cells (male reproductive cells) move from the testicles into the epididymis, where they finish maturing and are stored.
NCI

A crescent-like structure located in the upper and posterior surfaces of the testis. It consists of the efferent ductules and the duct of the epididymis. It facilitates the maturation of sperm that is produced in the testis.
NCI

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kariostatické látky

Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
MSH

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senna – extrakt

An extract made from the dried leaflets on the pods of Cassia angustifolia or Cassia acutifolia with laxative properties. Dimeric glycosides in dried senna extract are converted to the active monoanthrones by bacterial action in the colon. Through direct effects on enterocytes, enteric neurons, and muscle, monoanthrones produce giant migrating colonic contractions in addition to water and electrolyte secretion. As do other stimulant laxatives, monoanthrones may induce a limited low-grade inflammation in the colon through activation of prostaglandin/cyclic AMP and nitric oxide/cyclic GMP pathways and perhaps inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=480408&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=480408&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C61324″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An extract made from the dried leaflets on the pods of Cassia angustifolia or Cassia acutifolia with cathartic activity. Dimeric glycosides in dried senna extract are converted to the active monoanthrones by bacterial action in the colon. Through direct effects on enterocytes, enteric neurons, and muscle, monoanthrones produce giant migrating colonic contractions in addition to water and electrolyte secretion. As do other stimulant laxatives, monoanthrones may induce a limited low-grade inflammation in the colon through activation of prostaglandin/cyclic AMP and nitric oxide/cyclic GMP pathways and perhaps inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase.
NCI

Preparations of Cassia senna and C. angustifolia (see SENNA PLANT). They contain sennosides, which are anthraquinone type CATHARTICS and are used in many different preparations as laxatives.
MSH

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Statoconia

minute calciferous granules within the gelatinous statoconic membrane surmounting the acoustic maculae.
CSP

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ventilace umělá s přerušovaným přetlakem

Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
MSH

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epsilon-globiny

A member of the beta-globin family. In humans, epsilon-globin is encoded in the beta-globin gene cluster located on CHROMOSOME 11. Two epsilon-globin chains combine with two ZETA-GLOBIN chains to form the embryonic hemoglobin Gower I or two epsilon-globin chains combine with two ALPHA-2 GLOBIN chains to form the embryonic hemoglobin Gower II.
MSH

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chrupavka kloubní

cartilage covering the articular surfaces of the bones participating in a synovial joint.
CSP

The cartilage that covers the ends of each bone in a joint.
NCI

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serpiny

A family of serine proteinase inhibitors which are similar in amino acid sequence and mechanism of inhibition, but differ in their specificity toward proteolytic enzymes. This family includes alpha 1-antitrypsin, angiotensinogen, ovalbumin, antiplasmin, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, thyroxine-binding protein, complement 1 inactivators, antithrombin III, heparin cofactor II, plasminogen inactivators, gene Y protein, placental plasminogen activator inhibitor, and barley Z protein. Some members of the serpin family may be substrates rather than inhibitors of SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES, and some serpins occur in plants where their function is not known.
MSH

Irreversible serine proteinase inhibitors that exert their action on peptidases. Serpins can be localized inside, or outside of the cell, and are found in all groups of organisms with the exception of fungi. In human plasma, serpins represent approximately 2% of the total protein present.
NCI

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oxaláty

Salts and esters of OXALIC ACID.
MSH

strong dicarboxylic acid or its salts or esters occurring in many plants; produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid; not metabolized but excreted in the urine.
CSP

A salt or ester of oxalic acid.
NCI

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střeva – perforace

Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
MSH

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erotická literatura

Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

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katarze

The release of ideas, thoughts, and repressed material from the unconscious, accompanied by an emotional response and relief. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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poruchy sexuálního vývoje

disorder or perturbation of rate or processes of sexual maturation; includes abnormalities in sexual differentiation due to the presence or absence of genetic and endocrine factors; sex determining genes dictate the gonadal sex whereas the fetal testicular hormones determine the somatic sex during sex differentiation.
CSP

In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.
MSH

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oxygenátory

Devices which mechanically oxygenate venous blood extracorporeally. They are used in combination with one or more pumps for maintaining circulation during open heart surgery and for assisting the circulation in patients seriously ill with some cardiac and pulmonary disorders. (UMDNS, 1999)
MSH

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Body part inversion

a turning inside-out positioning of a body part
CHV

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erythromycin

A bacteriostatic antibiotic macrolide produced by Streptomyces erythreus. Erythromycin A is considered its major active component. In sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits. This binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.
MSH

bacteriostatic antibiotic macrolide produced by Streptomyces erythreus; in sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits; this binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.
CSP

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

A broad-spectrum, topical macrolide antibiotic with antibacterial activity. Erythromycin diffuses through the bacterial cell membrane and reversibly binds to the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome. This prevents bacterial protein synthesis. Erythromycin may be bacteriostatic or bactericidal in action, depending on the concentration of the drug at the site of infection and the susceptibility of the organism involved. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39234&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39234&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C476″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A broad-spectrum, macrolide antibiotic with antibacterial activity. Erythromycin diffuses through the bacterial cell membrane and reversibly binds to the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome. This prevents bacterial protein synthesis. Erythromycin may be bacteriostatic or bactericidal in action, depending on the concentration of the drug at the site of infection and the susceptibility of the organism involved.
NCI

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Cebuella

Pigmy marmosets, sometimes considered a separate genus.
MSH

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Shigella flexneri

A bacterium which is one of the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY) and sometimes of infantile gastroenteritis.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is oxidase and citrate negative, indole positive and can produce acid and gas from glucose. S. flexneri is a pathogen that causes shigellosis in primates.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Shigella flexneri.
NCI

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dudlíky

Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.
MSH

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jopamidol

A non-ionic, water-soluble contrast agent which is used in myelography, arthrography, nephroangiography, arteriography, and other radiological procedures.
MSH

An organic iodine compound and used as a non-ionic water soluble radiographic contrast medium. Iopamidol blocks x-rays as they pass through the body, thereby allowing body structures not containing iodine to be visualized. The degree of opacity produced by iopamidol is directly proportional to the total amount of the iodinated contrast agent in the path of the x-rays. The visualization of body structures is dependent upon the distribution and elimination of iopamidol. (NCI05)
NCI

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ezofágus

The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
MSH

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the pharynx and distally with the stomach. Examples: There is only one esophagus.
UWDA

portion of the digestive canal between the pharynx and stomach.
CSP

The muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach.
NCI

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous superiorly with the pharynx and inferiorly with the stomach. Examples: There is only one esophagus.
FMA

The portion of the digestive canal between the pharynx and stomach. It is about 25 cm long and consists of three parts: the cervical part, from the cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet; thoracic part, from thoracic inlet to the diaphragm; and abdominal part, below the diaphragm to the cardiac opening of the stomach. (NCI)
NCI

digestive tube connecting the throat to the stomach
CHV

The portion of the digestive canal between the pharynx and stomach. It is about 25 cm long and consists of three parts: the cervical part, from the cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet; thoracic part, from thoracic inlet to the diaphragm; and abdominal part, below the diaphragm to the cardiac opening of the stomach.
NCI

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buňky – komunikace

Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.
MSH

ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.
CSP

Any process that mediates interactions between a cell and its surroundings. Encompasses interactions such as signaling or attachment between one cell and another cell, between a cell and an extracellular matrix, or between a cell and any other aspect of its environment. [GOC:mah]
GO

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sourozenci – vztahy

Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.
MSH

interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers.
CSP

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palmitoylkoenzym A

A fatty acid coenzyme derivative which plays a key role in fatty acid oxidation and biosynthesis.
MSH

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isatin

An indole-dione that is obtained by oxidation of indigo blue. It is a MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITOR and high levels have been found in urine of PARKINSONISM patients.
MSH

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ethakridin

A topically applied anti-infective agent.
MSH

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celofán

A generic name for film produced from wood pulp by the viscose process. It is a thin, transparent sheeting of regenerated cellulose, moisture-proof and sometimes dyed, and used chiefly as food wrapping or as bags for dialysis. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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