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vyrovnaná skupina

Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
MSH

group composed of associates of approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank, occupation or social status.
CSP

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Chiroptera

order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight; it includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
CSP

Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
MSH

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lékařské ordinace – budovy

Office and laboratory facilities constructed for the use of physicians and other health personnel.
MSH

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glukosylceramidy

Cerebrosides which contain as their polar head group a glucose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramides. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in beta-glucosidase, is the cause of Gaucher`s disease.
MSH

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kosmický let

Travel beyond the earth`s atmosphere.
MSH

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Penicillium chrysogenum

A mitosporic fungal species used in the production of penicillin.
MSH

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chloracetofenon

A potent eye, throat, and skin irritant. One of its uses is as a riot control agent.
MSH

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meflochin

A phospholipid-interacting antimalarial drug (ANTIMALARIALS). It is very effective against PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM with very few side effects.
MSH

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glycin

A non-essential amino acid. It is found primarily in gelatin and silk fibroin and used therapeutically as a nutrient. It is also a fast inhibitory neurotransmitter.
MSH

non-essential amino acid; found primarily in gelatin and silk fibroin and used therapeutically as a nutrient; it is also a fast inhibitory neurotransmitter.
CSP

Amino acid with side chain -H.
NCI

A non-essential, non-polar, non-optical, glucogenic amino acid. Glycine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the CNS, triggers chloride ion influx via ionotropic receptors, thereby creating an inhibitory post-synaptic potential. In contrast, this agent also acts as a co-agonist, along with glutamate, facilitating an excitatory potential at the glutaminergic N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors. Glycine is an important component and precursor for many macromolecules in the cells. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41347&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41347&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C524″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A non-essential, non-polar, non-optical, glucogenic amino acid. Glycine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the CNS, triggers chloride ion influx via ionotropic receptors, thereby creating an inhibitory post-synaptic potential. In contrast, this agent also acts as a co-agonist, along with glutamate, facilitating an excitatory potential at the glutaminergic N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors. Glycine is an important component and precursor for many macromolecules in the cells.
NCI

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spektrofotometrie ultrafialová

Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids.
CSP

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peptický vřed

Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
MSH

local defect produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue that occurs in the regions of the gastrointestinal tract which come into contact with gastric juice; occurs when there are defects in the mucosa barrier; common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori and the consumption of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
CSP

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom. The pain

  • May come and go for a few days or weeks
  • May bother you more when your stomach is empty
  • Usually goes away after you eat

Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that help you digest food damage the walls of the stomach or duodenum. The most common cause is infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Another cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers, but can make them worse.

Peptic ulcers will get worse if not treated. Treatment may include medicines to block stomach acids or antibiotics to kill ulcer-causing bacteria. Not smoking and avoiding alcohol can help. Surgery may help for ulcers that don`t heal.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A break in the lining of the lower part of the esophagus, the stomach, or the upper part of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers form when cells on the surface of the lining become inflamed and die. They are usually caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and by certain medicines, such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Peptic ulcers may be linked to cancer and other diseases.
NCI

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výběrové chování

The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
MSH

act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
CSP

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melfalan

An alkylating nitrogen mustard that is used as an antineoplastic in the form of the levo isomer – MELPHALAN, the racemic mixture – MERPHALAN, and the dextro isomer – MEDPHALAN; toxic to bone marrow, but little vesicant action; potential carcinogen.
MSH

4-bis-(2-chloroethyl)amino-L-phenylalanine; a bifunctional alkylating agent used as a DNA strand crosslinker and antineoplastic.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat multiple myeloma and ovarian epithelial cancer and is being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called alkylating agents.
NCI

An orally available phenylalanine derivative of nitrogen mustard with antineoplastic activity. Melphalan alkylates DNA at the N7 position of guanine and induces DNA inter-strand cross-linkages, resulting in the inhibition of DNA and RNA synthesis and cytotoxicity against both dividing and non-dividing tumor cells. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42973&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42973&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C633″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally available phenylalanine derivative of nitrogen mustard with antineoplastic activity. Melphalan alkylates DNA at the N7 position of guanine and induces DNA inter-strand cross-linkages, resulting in the inhibition of DNA and RNA synthesis and cytotoxicity against both dividing and non-dividing tumor cells. (NCI04)
NCI

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glykosaminoglykany

Heteropolysaccharides which contain an N-acetylated hexosamine in a characteristic repeating disaccharide unit. The repeating structure of each disaccharide involves alternate 1,4- and 1,3-linkages consisting of either N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylgalactosamine.
MSH

polymers of alternating sugar acids and aminosugars, which may be sulfated or otherwise further substituted; contribute to adhesion, elasticity, viscosity, etc., of extracellular substances.
CSP

A type of long, unbranched polysaccharide molecule. Glycosaminoglycans are major structural components of cartilage and are also found in the cornea of the eye.
NCI

Linear polysaccharides composed of disaccharide repeating units of glycosamine-glycans, two monosaccharide units (hexosamine and the repeating disaccharide of either hexuronate or galactose) located on the surface of cells or in the extracellular matrix contributing to adhesion, elasticity, and viscosity of extracellular substances.
NCI

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spermatidy

Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.
MSH

Male germ cells derived from spermatocytes and developing into spermatozoa. (MeSH)
NCI

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Perciformes

The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
MSH

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cholesteatom

A non-neoplastic mass of keratin-producing squamous EPITHELIUM, frequently occurring in the MENINGES; bones of the skull, and most commonly in the MIDDLE EAR and MASTOID region. Cholesteatoma can be congenital or acquired. Cholesteatoma is not a tumor nor is it associated with high CHOLESTEROL.
MSH

non-neoplastic keratinizing mass with stratified squamous epithelium, frequently occurring in the meninges, central nervous system, bones of the skull, and most commonly in the middle ear and mastoid region.
CSP

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meningitida meningokoková

A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)
MSH

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gonády – poruchy

Pathological processes of the OVARIES or the TESTES.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the gamete producing organs; specific gonad disorders available.
CSP

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mícha – komprese

Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
MSH

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familiární středozemská horečka

A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.
MSH

A usually autosomal recessive inherited inflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. It is characterized by recurrent painful inflammatory attacks in the abdomen, joints, and chest. The inflammatory attacks are associated with fever.
NCI

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chondroitinsulfatasy

A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of various sulfate bonds of chondroitin sulfate. EC 3.1.6.-.
MSH

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mepivakain

A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
MSH

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gramnegativní chemolitotrofní baktérie

A large group of bacteria including those which oxidize ammonia or nitrite, metabolize sulfur and sulfur compounds, or deposit iron and/or manganese oxides.
MSH

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Spiroplasma

A genus of gram-negative, helical bacteria, in the family SPIROPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales, causing disease in PLANTS. It has been isolated from TICKS; INSECTS; and PLANTS.
MSH

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peritoneum

A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
MSH

endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity.
CSP

The tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery. (NCI)
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery.
NCI

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chromany

Salts of chromic acid containing the CrO(2-)4 radical.
MSH

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mesoporfyriny

Porphyrins with four methyl, two ethyl, and two propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings.
MSH

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griseofulvin

An antifungal antibiotic. Griseofulvin may be given by mouth in the treatment of tinea infections.
MSH

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šířící se kortikální deprese

depression of normal electrical rhythms recorded from cerebral cortex, spreading outward from an area of stimulation or cortical damage; rate of spread closely approximates the visual aura of a migraine.
CSP

The decrease in neuronal activity (related to a decrease in metabolic demand) extending from the site of cortical stimulation. It is believed to be responsible for the decrease in cerebral blood flow that accompanies the aura of MIGRAINE WITH AURA. (Campbell`s Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
MSH

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