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histokompatibilita – testování

Identification of the major histocompatibility antigens of transplant DONORS and potential recipients, usually by serological tests. Donor and recipient pairs should be of identical ABO blood group, and in addition should be matched as closely as possible for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in order to minimize the likelihood of allograft rejection. (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
MSH

identification of the major histocompatibility antigens of transplant donors and potential recipients, usually by serological tests.
CSP

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spektrofotometrie ultrafialová

Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids.
CSP

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myofibrily

The long cylindrical contractile organelles of STRIATED MUSCLE cells composed of ACTIN FILAMENTS; MYOSIN filaments; and other proteins organized in arrays of repeating units called SARCOMERES .
MSH

highly organized bundles of actin, myosins, and other proteins in the cytoplasm of skeletal and cardiac muscle cells that contract by a sliding filament mechanism; they are composed of numerous myofilaments.
CSP

The contractile element of skeletal and cardiac muscle; a long, highly organized bundle of actin, myosin, and other proteins that contracts by a sliding filament mechanism. [ISBN:0815316194]
GO

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peptický vřed

Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
MSH

local defect produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue that occurs in the regions of the gastrointestinal tract which come into contact with gastric juice; occurs when there are defects in the mucosa barrier; common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori and the consumption of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
CSP

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom. The pain

  • May come and go for a few days or weeks
  • May bother you more when your stomach is empty
  • Usually goes away after you eat

Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that help you digest food damage the walls of the stomach or duodenum. The most common cause is infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Another cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers, but can make them worse.

Peptic ulcers will get worse if not treated. Treatment may include medicines to block stomach acids or antibiotics to kill ulcer-causing bacteria. Not smoking and avoiding alcohol can help. Surgery may help for ulcers that don`t heal.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A break in the lining of the lower part of the esophagus, the stomach, or the upper part of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers form when cells on the surface of the lining become inflamed and die. They are usually caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and by certain medicines, such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Peptic ulcers may be linked to cancer and other diseases.
NCI

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počítačové terminály

Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
MSH

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HLA antigeny

Antigens determined by leukocyte loci found on chromosome 6, the major histocompatibility loci in humans. They are polypeptides or glycoproteins found on most nucleated cells and platelets, determine tissue types for transplantation, and are associated with certain diseases.
MSH

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spermatidy

Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.
MSH

Male germ cells derived from spermatocytes and developing into spermatozoa. (MeSH)
NCI

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virus myxomatózy

The type species of LEPORIPOXVIRUS causing infectious myxomatosis, a severe generalized disease, in rabbits. Tumors are not always present.
MSH

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Perciformes

The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
MSH

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konjunktiva

The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
MSH

mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelids and the anterior part of the sclera.
CSP

A thin, transparent tissue divided into the palpebral conjunctiva (covering the inner side of the eye lid) and the bulbar conjunctiva (covering the eyeball). (NCI)
NCI

The mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and the exposed surface of the eyeball
CHV

A thin, transparent tissue divided into the palpebral conjunctiva (covering the inner side of the eye lid) and the bulbar conjunctiva (covering the eyeball).
NCI

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Hodgkinova nemoc

A malignant disease characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymphoid tissue. In the classical variant, giant usually multinucleate Hodgkin`s and REED-STERNBERG CELLS are present; in the nodular lymphocyte predominant variant, lymphocytic and histiocytic cells are seen.
MSH

malignant disease characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymphoid tissue, and the presence of large, usually multinucleate, cells (Reed-Sternberg cells) of unknown origin.
CSP

A lymphoma, previously known as Hodgkin`s disease, characterized by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. There are two distinct subtypes: nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma has a bimodal age distribution, and involves primarily lymph nodes. Current therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma has resulted in an excellent outcome and cure for the majority of patients.
NCI

Hodgkin disease is a type of lymphoma. Lymphoma is cancer of lymph tissue found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and bone marrow. The first sign of Hodgkin disease is often an enlarged lymph node. The disease can spread to nearby lymph nodes. Later it may spread to the lungs, liver or bone marrow. The cause is unknown.

Hodgkin disease is rare. Symptoms include

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • Fever and chills
  • Night sweats
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itchy skin

Doctors can diagnose Hodgkin disease with a biopsy. This involves removing and examining a piece of tissue under a microscope. Treatment varies depending on how far the disease has spread and often includes radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment. In most cases, Hodgkin disease can be cured.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A cancer of the immune system that is marked by the presence of a type of cell called the Reed-Sternberg cell. The two major types of Hodgkin lymphoma are classical Hodgkin lymphoma and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. Symptoms include the painless enlargement of lymph nodes, spleen, or other immune tissue. Other symptoms include fever, weight loss, fatigue, or night sweats.
NCI

An obsolete term referring to Hodgkin lymphma.
NCI

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mícha – komprese

Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
MSH

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nehty – nemoci

Diseases of the nail plate and tissues surrounding it. The concept is limited to primates.
MSH

Your toenails and fingernails protect the tissues of your toes and fingers. They are made up of layers of a hardened protein called keratin, which is also in your hair and skin. Your nails` health can be a clue to your overall health. Healthy nails are usually smooth and consistent in color. Specific types of nail discoloration and changes in growth rate can signal various lung, heart, kidney and liver diseases, as well as diabetes and anemia. White spots and vertical ridges are harmless.

Nail problems that sometimes require treatment include bacterial and fungal infections, ingrown nails, tumors and warts. Keeping nails clean, dry and trimmed can help you avoid some problems. Do not remove the cuticle, which can cause infection.


MEDLINEPLUS

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familiární středozemská horečka

A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.
MSH

A usually autosomal recessive inherited inflammatory disorder caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. It is characterized by recurrent painful inflammatory attacks in the abdomen, joints, and chest. The inflammatory attacks are associated with fever.
NCI

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Consumption of goods

The using or using up of goods and services, especially the rate at which they are used.
NCI

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Hormone Receptor

postcoordinate with specific hormone terms if needed.
CSP

A cell protein that binds a specific hormone. The hormone receptor may be on the surface of the cell or inside the cell. Many changes take place in a cell after a hormone binds to its receptor.
NCI

Ligand binding proteins that bind signalling molecules external to the cell with high affinity and convert this extracellular event into one or more intracellular signals that alter the behavior of the target cell. The hormone receptor can be cytoplasmic/nuclear, or associated with the cell membrane in the case of receptors whose ligands cannot penetrate the membrane.
NCI

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Spiroplasma

A genus of gram-negative, helical bacteria, in the family SPIROPLASMATACEAE, order Entomoplasmatales, causing disease in PLANTS. It has been isolated from TICKS; INSECTS; and PLANTS.
MSH

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narkolepsie

A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
MSH

recurrent, uncontrollable brief episodes of sleep and lapses in consciousness, often associated with hypnagogic hallucinations, cataplexy, automatic behaviors and sleep paralysis.
CSP

A sleep disorder characterized by a tendency for excessive sleepiness during the day which occurs even after adequate sleep in the nighttime. The persons who suffer from this condition experience fatigue and may fall asleep at inappropriate times during the day.
NCI

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peritoneum

A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
MSH

endothelial lining of the abdominal cavity.
CSP

The tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery. (NCI)
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the abdominal cavity, intestine, and mesentery. It consists of the parietal peritoneum that covers the inside of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum that covers the surface of the intestine and mesentery.
NCI

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zhmoždění

Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.
MSH

mechanical injury (usually caused by a blow) resulting in hemorrhage beneath unbroken skin; a bruise.
CSP

A bruise; an injury of a part without a break in the skin.
NCI

Injury of the soft tissues or bone without breaking the skin, as by a blow.
NCI

A bruise is a mark on your skin caused by blood trapped under the surface. It happens when an injury crushes small blood vessels but does not break the skin. Those vessels break open and leak blood under the skin.

Bruises are often painful and swollen. You can get skin, muscle and bone bruises. Bone bruises are the most serious.

It can take months for a bruise to fade, but most last about two weeks. They start off a reddish color, and then turn bluish-purple and greenish-yellow before returning to normal. To reduce bruising, ice the injured area and elevate it above your heart. See your healthcare provider if you seem to bruise for no reason, or if the bruise appears to be infected.


MEDLINEPLUS

A finding of injury of the soft tissues or bone characterized by leakage of blood into surrounding tissues.
NCI

A bruise; an injury of a part without a break in the skin.
NCI

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nemocnice pro chronická onemocnění

Hospitals which provide care to patients with long-term illnesses.
MSH

(1) A hospital including a physical plant and personnel that provides multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment for diseases that have one or more of the following characteristics: is permanent; leaves residual disability; is caused by nonreversible pathological alteration; requires special training of the patient for rehabilitation; and/or may be expected to require a long period of supervision or care. In addition, patients require the safety, security, and shelter of these specialized inpatient or partial hospitalization settings. (2) A hospital that provides medical and skilled nursing services to patients with long-term illnesses who are not in an acute phase but who require an intensity of services not available in nursing homes. Source: (1) Expanded from Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988.


HL7V3.0

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šířící se kortikální deprese

depression of normal electrical rhythms recorded from cerebral cortex, spreading outward from an area of stimulation or cortical damage; rate of spread closely approximates the visual aura of a migraine.
CSP

The decrease in neuronal activity (related to a decrease in metabolic demand) extending from the site of cortical stimulation. It is believed to be responsible for the decrease in cerebral blood flow that accompanies the aura of MIGRAINE WITH AURA. (Campbell`s Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
MSH

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přirozený porod

Labor and delivery without medical intervention, usually involving RELAXATION THERAPY.
MSH

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Peru

A country in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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rohovka – edém

An excessive amount of fluid in the cornea due to damage of the epithelium or endothelium causing decreased visual acuity.
MSH

excessive amount of fluid in the transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye due to damage of the epithelium or endothelium, causing decreased visual acuity.
CSP

Hazy, swollen cornea.
NCI

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potřeby pro domácnost

Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).
MSH

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androsteron

A metabolite of TESTOSTERONE or ANDROSTENEDIONE with a 3-alpha-hydroxyl group and without the double bond. The 3-beta hydroxyl isomer is epiandrosterone.
MSH

A steroid metabolite derived from sex hormones, which displays weak androgenic properties. In testes is formed from progesterone. Androsterone sulfate is clinically recognized as one of the major androgen metabolites found in urine, in males and females. It is made in the liver from the metabolism of testosterone. Androsterone glucuronide, a dihydrotestosterone metabolite, is present in serum. Androsterone is a weak anabolic hormone. (NCI04)
NCI

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škrob

Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
MSH

any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin; the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
CSP

A polysaccharide polymer of alpha-D glucose monomers, either connected by a 1-4 bond (amylose) or a 1-6 bond (amylopectin).
NCI

a kind of naturally abundant carbohydrate found in seeds, roots, fruits, and pollen grains
CHV

A substance found in plants. It contains sugar molecules joined chemically. It is found in high levels in foods such as potatoes, rice, corn, and wheat. It may be used as a dusting powder, a skin softener, a filler in medicine tablets, and a clothes stiffener.
NCI

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sousedství

A surrounding or nearby region.
NCI

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farmakognózie

The science of drugs prepared from natural-sources including preparations from PLANTS, animals, and other organisms as well as MINERALS and other substances included in MATERIA MEDICA. The therapeutic usage of plants is PHYTOTHERAPY.
MSH

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