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gnotobiologické modely

Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.
MSH

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balzámy

Resinous substances which most commonly originate from trees. In addition to resins, they contain oils, cinnamic acid and BENZOIC ACID.
MSH

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rameno – luxace

Displacement of the HUMERUS from the SCAPULA.
MSH

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materia medica

Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
MSH

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patro – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the PALATE, including those of the hard palate, soft palate and UVULA.
MSH

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dieta aterogenní

A diet that contributes to the development and acceleration of ATHEROGENESIS.
MSH

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dásně – hemoragie

The flowing of blood from the marginal gingival area, particularly the sulcus, seen in such conditions as GINGIVITIS, marginal PERIODONTITIS, injury, and ASCORBIC ACID DEFICIENCY.
MSH

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Baškirská autonomní republika

A political subdivision of eastern RUSSIA located within Europe. It consists of a plateau and mountainous area of the Southern Urals. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1997)
MSH

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příznaky a symptomy ústrojí dýchacího

Respiratory system manifestations of diseases of the respiratory tract or of other organs.
MSH

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maximální přípustná koncentrace

The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
MSH

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pankreas – píštěl

Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.
MSH

An abnormal communication between the pancreas and another organ or cavity.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the pancreas and another organ or anatomic site.
NCI

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trávicí systém – fyziologické jevy

Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
MSH

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globus pallidus

The representation of the phylogenetically oldest part of the corpus striatum called the paleostriatum. It forms the smaller, more medial part of the lentiform nucleus.
MSH

Nucleus of brain which is located medially to the putamen and laterally to the internal capsule.
FMA

The representation of the phylogenetically oldest part of the corpus striatum called the paleostriatum. It forms the smaller, more medial part of the lentiform nucleus. (MeSH)
NCI

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chování

The observable response a person makes to any situation.
MSH

human or animal activity studied in terms of motivation, direction, result, emotion, perception, or etiology.
CSP

The specific actions or reactions of an organism in response to external or internal stimuli. Patterned activity of a whole organism in a manner dependent upon some combination of that organism`s internal state and external conditions. [GOC:ems, ISBN:0395448956]
GO

The actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment or surrounding world of stimuli.
NCI

The conscious tendency to act, usually an aspect of mental process.
NCI

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jednoduchá slepá metoda

A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
MSH

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mediastinum

mass of tissues and organs separating the two pleural sacs, between the sternum anteriorly and the vertebral column posteriorly and from the thoracic inlet superiorly to the diaphragm inferiorly; contains the heart, pericardium, the bases of the great vessels, the trachea and bronchi, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes, thoracic duct, and the phrenic and vagus nerves.
CSP

The area between the lungs. The organs in this area include the heart and its large blood vessels, the trachea, the esophagus, the thymus, and lymph nodes but not the lungs.
NCI

Subdivsion of thoracic compartment which has as its parts the superior mediastinum and inferior mediastinum.
FMA

A group of organs surrounded by loose connective tissue, separating the two pleural sacs, between the sternum anteriorly and the vertebral column posteriorly as well as from the thoracic inlet superiorly to the diaphragm inferiorly. The mediastinum contains the heart and pericardium, the bases of the great vessels, the trachea and bronchi, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes, thoracic duct, phrenic and vagus nerves, and other structures and tissues. (NCI)
NCI

A group of organs surrounded by loose connective tissue, separating the two pleural sacs, between the sternum anteriorly and the vertebral column posteriorly as well as from the thoracic inlet superiorly to the diaphragm inferiorly. The mediastinum contains the heart and pericardium, the bases of the great vessels, the trachea and bronchi, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes, thoracic duct, phrenic and vagus nerves, and other structures and tissues.
NCI

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Papillomavirus

cause proliferation of epithelium of skin or mucous membranes; usually are host specific; have been isolated from humans, cattle, deer, dogs, goats, horses, rats, and sheep.
CSP

A genus of viruses (family Papovaviridae) containing DNA, having virions about 55 nm in diameter, and including the papilloma and warts viruses of man and other animals, some of which are associated with inductions of carcinoma.
NCI

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dijodhydroxychin

One of the halogenated 8-quinolinols widely used as an intestinal antiseptic, especially as an antiamebic agent. It is also used topically in other infections and may cause CNS and eye damage. It is known by very many similar trade names world-wide.
MSH

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glukosaoxidasa

An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.1.3.4.
MSH

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benserazid

An inhibitor of DOPA DECARBOXYLASE that does not enter the central nervous system. It is often given with LEVODOPA in the treatment of parkinsonism to prevent the conversion of levodopa to dopamine in the periphery, thereby increasing the amount that reaches the central nervous system and reducing the required dose. It has no antiparkinson actions when given alone.
MSH

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Kožní uzlík

A benign or malignant round or oval and elevated solid lesion that arises from the skin or subcutaneous tissue.
NCI

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lékařství

The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.
MSH

general term for health care, nursing, and medical practice specialties; see also the RTs treed elsewhere.
CSP

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

The science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease.
NCI

Refers to the practices and procedures used for the prevention, treatment, or relief of symptoms of a diseases or abnormal conditions. This term may also refer to a legal drug used for the same purpose.
NCI

The branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques.
NCI

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Paramecium

genus of ciliate protozoa in the Hymenostomatida order that is often large enough to be seen by the naked eye; paramecia are commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
CSP

A genus of ciliate protozoa that is often large enough to be seen by the naked eye. Paramecia are commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
MSH

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dinitrofenoly

Organic compounds that contain two nitro groups attached to a phenol.
MSH

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glutathiontransferasa

A transferase that catalyzes the addition of aliphatic, aromatic, or heterocyclic FREE RADICALS as well as EPOXIDES and arene oxides to GLUTATHIONE. Addition takes place at the SULFUR. It also catalyzes the reduction of polyol nitrate by glutathione to polyol and nitrite.
MSH

A family of enzymes involved in metabolism and in making toxic compounds less harmful to the body.
NCI

A class of enzymes that catalyze the reaction of glutathione with an acceptor molecule (an arene oxide) to form an S-substituted glutathione; a key step in detoxification of many substances; start of the mercapturic acid pathway.
NCI

A group of enzymes of broad specificity. It catalyzes reaction of substrates RX and glutathione into HX and R-S-Glutathione. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group. Also catalyses the addition of aliphatic epoxides and arene oxides to glutathione, the reduction of polyol nitrate by glutathione to polyol and nitrile, certain isomerization reactions and disulfide interchange. [EC 2.5.1.18 created 1976 (EC 2.5.1.12, EC 2.5.1.13, EC 2.5.1.14 and EC 4.4.1.7 created 1972, incorporated 1976)]
NCI

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benzoylarginin nitroanilid

A chromogenic substrate that permits direct measurement of peptide hydrolase activity, e.g., papain and trypsin, by colorimetry. The substrate liberates p-nitroaniline as a chromogenic product.
MSH

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kouř – poranění inhalací

Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
MSH

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melanom

A malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites. It occurs mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo. Melanomas frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved. The incidence of malignant skin melanomas is rising rapidly in all parts of the world. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p2445)
MSH

malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites; occurring mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo; frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved.
CSP

A form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin). It may begin in a mole (skin melanoma), but can also begin in other pigmented tissues, such as in the eye or in the intestines.
NCI

Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. Often the first sign of melanoma is a change in the size, shape, color or feel of a mole. Most melanomas have a black or black-blue area. Melanoma may also appear as a new mole. It may be black, abnormal or "ugly looking."

Thinking of "ABCD" can help you remember what to watch for:

  • Asymmetry – the shape of one half does not match the other
  • Border – the edges are ragged, blurred or irregular
  • Color – the color in uneven and may include shades of black, brown and tan
  • Diameter – there is a change in size, usually an increase

Melanoma can be cured if it is diagnosed and treated early. If melanoma is not removed in its early stages, cancer cells may grow downward from the skin surface and invade healthy tissue. If it spreads to other parts of the body it can be difficult to control.


MEDLINEPLUS

A malignant, usually aggressive tumor composed of atypical, neoplastic melanocytes. Most often, melanomas arise in the skin (cutaneous melanomas) and include the following histologic subtypes: superficial spreading melanoma, nodular melanoma, acral lentiginous melanoma, and lentigo maligna melanoma. Cutaneous melanomas may arise from acquired or congenital melanocytic or dysplastic nevi. Melanomas may also arise in other anatomic sites including the gastrointestinal system, eye, urinary tract, and reproductive system. Melanomas frequently metastasize to lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain.
NCI

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parathion

A highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an acaricide and as an insecticide.
MSH

agricultural insecticide highly toxic to humans and animals.
CSP

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diprenorfin

A narcotic antagonist similar in action to NALOXONE. It is used to remobilize animals after ETORPHINE neuroleptanalgesia and is considered a specific antagonist to etorphine.
MSH

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