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horko

high temperature; quality of being hot or warm.
CSP

The form of energy and the sensation of an increase in temperature. Its interest in medicine is largely with reference to its physiological effects, its therapeutic use, and its use in procedures in physics and physical chemistry.
MSH

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antigeny diferenciační

Antigens expressed primarily on the membranes of living cells during sequential stages of maturation and differentiation. As immunologic markers they have high organ and tissue specificity and are useful as probes in studies of normal cell development as well as neoplastic transformation.
MSH

antigens normally only seen at particular phases of differentiation of a cell type.
CSP

Antigens expressed primarily on the membranes of living cells during sequential stages of maturation and differentiation. As immunologic markers they have high organ and tissue specificity and are useful as probes in studies of normal cell development as well as neoplastic transformation. (MeSH)
NCI

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adenylátkináza

An enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of AMP to ADP in the presence of ATP or inorganic triphosphate. EC 2.7.4.3.
MSH

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roztoči

Any arthropod of the subclass ACARI except the TICKS. They are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin (MITE INFESTATIONS). Many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector. Mites also infest plants.
MSH

any arthropod of the subclass Acari, except the ticks; minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies; may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin; many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector; mites also infest plants.
CSP

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kaspasy

A family of intracellular CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that play a role in regulating INFLAMMATION and APOPTOSIS. They specifically cleave peptides at a CYSTEINE amino acid that follows an ASPARTIC ACID residue. Caspases are activated by proteolytic cleavage of a precursor form to yield large and small subunits that form the enzyme. Since the cleavage site within precursors matches the specificity of caspases, sequential activation of precursors by activated caspases can occur.
MSH

The caspases are a family of proteases responsible for carrying out the cell death process. In a living cell, these proteases are kept inactive by proteins on the mitochondrial cell surface from the BcL-2 family. When a cell is exposed to cell death signals such as ischemia, chemotherapy or radiation, BcL-2 function is blocked and caspase activators initiate the cell death cascade.
NCI

Caspases are a family of intracellular cysteine proteinases involved in inflammation and apoptosis. These enzymes appear to be involved in the initial signaling events, as well as the downstream proteolytic cleavages, that result in apoptotic cell death. They are specific for aspartic acid at the P1 position and are divided into two classes based on the lengths of their N-terminal pro-domains. Caspases-1, -2, -4, -5, -8, and -10 have long pro-domains; caspases-3, -6, -7, and -9 have short pro-domains. (from Science 1998. 281:1312 and Br Med Bull 1997. 53:478)
NCI

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plíce – difuzní kapacita

The amount of a gas taken up, by the pulmonary capillary blood from the alveolar gas, per minute per unit of average pressure of the gradient of the gas across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
MSH

processes of diffusion across the blood-air barrier and the chemical reactions coupled with diffusion that effect the rate of pulmonary gas exchange, generally at the alveolar level.
CSP

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hemaglutinace virová

Agglutination of ERYTHROCYTES by a virus.
MSH

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antitumorózní látky

Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
MSH

agent that inhibits or prevents the development or proliferation of neoplasms.
CSP

A drug used to treat cancer.
NCI

NOTE: Includes hormones (AN500) which are exclusively used as antineoplastics (e.g.,tamoxifen). Excludes other hormones (HS000).
NDFRT

A substance that inhibits the maturation, growth or spread of tumor cells.
NCI

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chování mladistvých

Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
MSH

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modely chemické

Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
MSH

representation of the structure, behavior or activity of a chemical or chemical processes or systems which can be manipulated to demonstrate the effects that various actions will have on the chemical or chemical process or system; do not confuse with STRUCTURAL MODEL.
CSP

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cytochemie

Branch of histochemistry associated with the localization of cellular components by specific staining methods, as for example the localization of acid phosphatases by the Gomori method.
NCI

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pupila

The aperture in the iris through which light passes.
MSH

opening at the center of the iris of the eye through which light enters.
CSP

The round opening in the center of the iris (the colored tissue that makes the eye color at the front of the eye). The pupil changes size to let light into the eye. It gets smaller in bright light and larger as the amount of light decreases.
NCI

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hemová oxygenasa (decyklizující)

A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.
MSH

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anus

The lower opening of the digestive tract, lying in the cleft between the buttocks, through which fecal matter is extruded.
NCI

The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.
NCI

The lower opening of the digestive tract, lying in the cleft between the buttocks, through which fecal matter is extruded. (NCI)
NCI

The external outlet of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
MSH

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receptory adrenergní – agonisté

Drugs that bind to and activate adrenergic receptors.
MSH

Any agent that binds to and activates any of the adrenergic receptors.
NCI

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molybdoferredoxin

A non-heme iron-sulfur protein isolated from Clostridium pasteurianum and other bacteria. It is a component of NITROGENASE, which is active in nitrogen fixation, and consists of two subunits with molecular weights of 59.5 kDa and 50.7 kDa, respectively.
MSH

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cytofotometrie

A method for the study of certain organic compounds within cells, in situ, by measuring the light intensities of the selectively stained areas of cytoplasm. The compounds studied and their locations in the cells are made to fluoresce and are observed under a microscope.
MSH

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pyociny

Bacteriocins elaborated by mutant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. They are protein or protein-lipopolysaccharide complexes lethal to other strains of the same or related species.
MSH

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hemoglobin srpkovitý

An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
MSH

abnormal hemoglobin caused by a point mutation in the beta chains, found in sickle cell anemia.
CSP

An abnormal hemoglobin assay is a device consisting of the reagents, apparatus, instrumentation, and controls necessary to isolate and identify abnormal genetically determined hemoglobin types.
SPN

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afakie po kataraktě

Absence of the crystalline lens resulting from cataract extraction.
MSH

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Afrika střední

The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
MSH

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nálada

A relatively temporary state of feeling.
NCI

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sběr dat

Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
MSH

gathering or assemblage of information (statistics or measurements) about a system, population, etc.; do not confuse with SAMPLE COLLECTION (PHYSICAL).
CSP

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pyrimidinnukleosidy

Pyrimidines with a RIBOSE attached that can be phosphorylated to PYRIMIDINE NUCLEOTIDES.
MSH

pyrimidine bases attached to a ribose or deoxyribose.
CSP

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HEMORROIDEAK

Swollen veins in the lower part of the RECTUM or ANUS. Hemorrhoids can be inside the anus (internal), under the skin around the anus (external), or protruding from inside to outside of the anus. People with hemorrhoids may or may not exhibit symptoms which include bleeding, itching, and pain.
MSH

An enlarged or swollen blood vessel, usually located near the anus or the rectum.
NCI

Hemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum. They are either inside the anus or under the skin around the anus. They often result from straining to have a bowel movement. Other factors include pregnancy, aging and chronic constipation or diarrhea.

Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of all people have hemorrhoids by age 50. The most common symptom of hemorrhoids inside the anus is bright red blood covering the stool, on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. Symptoms usually go away within a few days.

If you have rectal bleeding you should see a doctor. You need to make sure bleeding is not from a more serious condition such as colorectal or anal cancer. Treatment may include warm baths and a cream or other medicine. If you have large hemorrhoids, you may need surgery and other treatments.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the presence of dilated veins in the rectum and surrounding area.
NCI

Dilated veins in the rectum and anal area.
NCI

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schůzky a rozvrhy

The different methods of scheduling patient visits, appointment systems, individual or group appointments, waiting times, waiting lists for hospitals, walk-in clinics, etc.
MSH

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agorafobie

Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.
MSH

intense, irrational fear of open spaces, characterized by marked fear of being alone or of being in public places where escape would be difficult or help might not be available.
CSP

An anxiety disorder characterized by an intense, irrational fear of venturing out into open places or situations in which help (or escape) might not be available should excessive anxiety or panic symptoms develop.
NCI

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pohyb – percepce

The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
MSH

sensory interpretation of the movement of objects or persons.
CSP

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decidua

The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.
MSH

endometrium of the pregnant uterus; shed at parturition, except for the deepest layer.
CSP

The epithelial tissue of the endometrium.
NCI

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pyurie

The presence of white blood cells (LEUKOCYTES) in the urine. It is often associated with bacterial infections of the urinary tract. Pyuria without BACTERIURIA can be caused by TUBERCULOSIS, stones, or cancer.
MSH

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