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moskyti – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

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pyruvátdehydrogenasový komplex

A multienzyme complex responsible for the formation of ACETYL COENZYME A from pyruvate. The enzyme components are PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE); dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase; and LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is subject to three types of control: inhibited by acetyl-CoA and NADH; influenced by the energy state of the cell; and inhibited when a specific serine residue in the pyruvate decarboxylase is phosphorylated by ATP. PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE)-PHOSPHATASE catalyzes reactivation of the complex. (From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed)
MSH

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difterický toxoid

The formaldehyde-inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is generally used in mixtures with TETANUS TOXOID and PERTUSSIS VACCINE; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5- to 10-fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use). Diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria; DIPHTHERIA ANTITOXIN is for treatment.
MSH

formaldehyde inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae; generally used in mixtures with tetanus toxoid and pertussis vaccine; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5 to 10 fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use); diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria.
CSP

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hepatitida – protilátky

Immunoglobulins raised by any form of viral hepatitis; some of these antibodies are used to diagnose the specific kind of hepatitis.
MSH

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beta-2-mikroglobulin

An 11-kDa protein associated with the outer membrane of many cells including lymphocytes. It is the small subunit of the MHC class I molecule. Association with beta 2-microglobulin is generally required for the transport of class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. Beta 2-microglobulin is present in small amounts in serum, csf, and urine of normal people, and to a much greater degree in the urine and plasma of patients with tubular proteinemia, renal failure, or kidney transplants.
MSH

Beta-2-microglobulin protein (119 aa, ~14 kDa) is encoded by the human B2M gene. This protein plays a role in immune responses and is a key component of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules. The protein is localized to the surface of cells and is utilized as a prognostic marker in persons with cancers that involve white blood cells. The polypeptide is also used as a marker in kidney damage diagnosis and in the detection of viral infection.
NCI

A small protein normally found on the surface of many cells, including lymphocytes, and in small amounts in the blood and urine. An increased amount in the blood or urine may be a sign of certain diseases, including some types of cancer, such as multiple myeloma or lymphoma.
NCI

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dýchací cesty – obstrukce

Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
MSH

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ústa bezzubá

Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
MSH

Having teeth in neither the mandible nor the maxilla.
NCI

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kyselina chinová

An acid which is found in cinchona bark and elsewhere in plants. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

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nemoc – propuknutí

Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
MSH

sudden increase in the incidence of a disease; the concept includes epidemics.
CSP

An outbreak represents a series of public health cases. The date on which an outbreak starts is the earliest date of onset among the cases assigned to the outbreak, and its ending date is the last date of onset among the cases assigned to the outbreak.


HL7V3.0

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herbicidy

Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
MSH

agent used to destroy unwanted vegetation.
CSP

A chemical that kills plants.
NCI

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bibliografie

A work consisting of a list of books, articles, documents, publications, and other items, usually on a single subject or related subjects.
MSH

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alkohol – otrava

An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
MSH

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vícefázový screening

The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
MSH

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záření – poranění

Harmful effects of non-experimental exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation in VERTEBRATES.
MSH

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dithizon

Chelating agent used for heavy metal poisoning and assay. It causes diabetes.
MSH

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heterocyklické sloučeniny monocyklické

A class of organic compounds containing a ring structure made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The ring structure can be aromatic or nonaromatic.
MSH

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vazebná místa protilátek

Local surface sites on antibodies which react with antigen determinant sites on antigens (EPITOPES.) They are formed from parts of the variable regions of FAB FRAGMENTS.
MSH

The site at which an antibody makes direct physical contact with a corresponding epitope on an antigen.
NCI

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alkálie

Usually a hydroxide of lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium or cesium, but also the carbonates of these metals, ammonia, and the amines. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

A chemical that can dissolve in water, combine with acids to form salts, and make acids less acidic. Alkalis have a bitter taste and turn certain dyes blue. Some alkalis can help the body work the way it should. An example of an alkali is sodium hydroxide.
NCI

Refers to the amount of alkali. An alkali is a chemical that can dissolve in water, combine with acids to form salts, and make acids less acidic.
NCI

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svaly – rigidita

Continuous involuntary sustained muscle contraction which is often a manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES. When an affected muscle is passively stretched, the degree of resistance remains constant regardless of the rate at which the muscle is stretched. This feature helps to distinguish rigidity from MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p73)
MSH

motor impairment whereby the hypertonic state is charcterized by bidirectional increased resistance to passive movement.
CSP

Stiffness or inflexibility.
NCI

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rentgendiagnostika panoramatická

Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.
MSH

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DNA-polymerasa III

A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in E. coli and other lower organisms but may be present in higher organisms. Use also for a more complex form of DNA polymerase III designated as DNA polymerase III* or pol III* which is 15 times more active biologically than DNA polymerase I in the synthesis of DNA. This polymerase has both 3`-5` and 5`-3` exonuclease activities, is inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents, and has the same template-primer dependence as pol II. EC 2.7.7.7.
MSH

An enzyme that has dual functionality in DNA synthesis. The protein has the ability to facilitate DNA synthesis by polymerase action and an exonucleolytic activity that degrades single stranded DNA in the 3` to 5` direction. This protein is essential for leading strand synthesis.
NCI

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hexylresorcinol

A substituted dihydroxybenzene that is used topically as an antiseptic for the treatment of minor skin infections.
MSH

A substituted phenol with bactericidal, antihelminthic and potential antineoplastic activities. Hexylresorcinol is used as an antiseptic in mouthwashes and skin wound cleansers. Hexylresorcinol may also inhibit oxidative DNA damage by enhancing the activity of antioxidant enzymes, including glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase, which facilitate scavenging reactive oxygen molecules by glutathione (GSH).
NCI

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biologický transport

The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
MSH

movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level; can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers and also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
CSP

The directed movement of substances (such as macromolecules, small molecules, ions) into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, or within a multicellular organism by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. [GOC:dph, GOC:jl, GOC:mah]
GO

The directed movement of substances into, out of, or within a cell
CHV

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alylamin

Possesses an unusual and selective cytotoxicity for VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE cells in dogs and rats. Useful for experiments dealing with arterial injury, myocardial fibrosis or cardiac decompensation.
MSH

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Mycobacterium avium

bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds; in pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease; the organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle; it should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
CSP

A bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds. In pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease. The organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle. It should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium avium.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria. This species is acid fast, catalase positive, niacin, peroxidase, nitrate reductase, and urease negative, and may be susceptible to pnitrobenzoate, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, rifampin, and streptomycin. M. avium is found in soil and dust particles and can cause infection when inhaled or ingested, especially causing disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients.
NCI

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déšť

Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
MSH

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delfíni

Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
MSH

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histamin H1 – antagonisté

Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H1 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of endogenous histamine. Included here are the classical antihistaminics that antagonize or prevent the action of histamine mainly in immediate hypersensitivity. They act in the bronchi, capillaries, and some other smooth muscles, and are used to prevent or allay motion sickness, seasonal rhinitis, and allergic dermatitis and to induce somnolence. The effects of blocking central nervous system H1 receptors are not as well understood.
MSH

A type of drug that blocks the action of histamines, which can cause fever, itching, sneezing, a runny nose, and watery eyes. Antihistamines are used to prevent fevers in patients receiving blood transfusions and to treat allergies, coughs, and colds.
NCI

Any agent that binds to the histamine-1 (H-1) receptor, thereby antagonizing histamine mediated allergic reactions, such as bronchoconstriction, vasodilation and up-regulated capillary permeability.
NCI

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ptáci

Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
MSH

warmblooded oviparous tetrapods with feathers, one occipital condyle, forelimb modified into wings, heart with 2 ventricles.
CSP

A taxonomic class of egg-laying, endothermic vertebrates. The forelimbs of these bipedal animals have been modified to form wings. Modern birds have beaks with no teeth and their bodies are covered in feathers.
NCI

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alfaprodin

An opioid analgesic chemically related to and with an action resembling that of MEPERIDINE, but more rapid in onset and of shorter duration. It has been used in obstetrics, as pre-operative medication, for minor surgical procedures, and for dental procedures. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1067)
MSH

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