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oroantrální píštěl

A fistula between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity.
MSH

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viry sarkomu koček

Species of GAMMARETROVIRUS isolated from fibrosarcoma in cats. The viruses are actually recombinant feline leukemia viruses (FeLV) where part of the genome has been replaced by cellular oncogenes. It is unique to individuals and not transmitted naturally to other cats. FeSVs are replication defective and require FeLV to reproduce.
MSH

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sebum

The oily substance secreted by SEBACEOUS GLANDS. It is composed of KERATIN, fat, and cellular debris.
MSH

An oily substance produced by certain glands in the skin.
NCI

A thick, oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands located in the dermis. (NCI)
NCI

A thick, oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands located in the dermis.
NCI

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cheilitida

Inflammation of the lips. It is of various etiologies and degrees of pathology.
MSH

An inflammatory process affecting the lip.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the lip.
NCI

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laryngální nervy

Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
MSH

branches of the vagus nerve (the tenth cranial nerve); superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers; the recurrent (inferior) laryngeal nerve originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid; laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
CSP

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osmotická koncentrace

The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
MSH

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fretky

Semidomesticated variety of European polecat much used for hunting RODENTS and/or RABBITS and as a laboratory animal. It is in the subfamily Mustelinae, family MUSTELIDAE.
MSH

animal of the weasel family (Mustela or Putorius furo), about fourteen inches in length.
CSP

A small domestic mammal of the type Mustela putorious, with an elongated body and brown, black, white, or mixed fur. The ferret is carnivorous and crepuscular, spending 14-18 hours a day sleeping. This animal is prone to adrenal cancers, insulinoma, and lymphoma. In pre-clinical research, the ferret is used most commonly in toxicological screening and studies involving human influenza virus, as well as studies in reproductive physiology, anatomy, endocrinology and neuroscience.
NCI

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pomůcky pro sebeobsluhu

Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.
MSH

If you have a disability or injury, you may use a number of assistive devices. These are tools, products or types of equipment that help you perform tasks and activities. They may help you move around, see, communicate, eat, or get dressed. Some are high-tech tools, such as computers. Others are much simpler, like a “reacher” – a tool that helps you grab an object you can`t reach.


MEDLINEPLUS

A tool that helps a person with a disability to do a certain task. Examples are a cane, wheelchair, scooter, walker, hearing aid, or special bed.
NCI

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hrudní trubice

Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
MSH

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LDL-2

Low-density lipoprotein particles with density between 1.045 and 1.063 g/ml.
MSH

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osteonektin

Non-collagenous, calcium-binding glycoprotein of developing bone. It links collagen to mineral in the bone matrix. In the synonym SPARC glycoprotein, the acronym stands for Secreted Protein, Acidic and Rich in Cysteine.
MSH

fibronectinlike extracellular glycoprotein found in mineralizing fetal bone; considered a marker for osteogenesis.
CSP

SPARC (303 aa, ~35 kDa) is encoded by the human SPARC gene. This protein is involved in calcium binding and deposition, cell cycle progression, extracellular matrix synthesis and cell morphology.
NCI

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plodové obaly – předčasné protržení

Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
MSH

The condition when a patient who is beyond 37 weeks gestation presents with rupture of membranes prior to the onset of labor. Rupture of membranes is diagnosed by speculum vaginal examination of the cervix and vaginal cavity, which will show pooling of fluid in the vagina or leakage of fluid from the cervix. Preterm PROM (known as PPROM) refers to a patient who has not yet reached 37 weeks gestation and presents with rupture of membranes.
NCI

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sekvenční homologie nukleových kyselin

The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
MSH

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dětská psychiatrie

The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.
MSH

A subdiscipline of psychology centered on the special mental health needs of non-adults.
NCI

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zákonodárství jako téma

The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
MSH

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ovarium – cysty

General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.
MSH

fluid-filled closed cavity or sac in the ovary that is lined by epithelium; can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
CSP

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. In most cases a cyst on the ovary does no harm and goes away by itself. Most women have them sometime during their lives. Cysts are rarely cancerous in women under 50. Cysts sometimes hurt – but not always. Often, a woman finds out about a cyst when she has a pelvic exam.

If you`re in your childbearing years or past menopause, have no symptoms, and have a fluid-filled cyst, you may choose to monitor the cyst. You may need surgery if you have pain, are past menopause or if the cyst does not go away. Birth control pills can help prevent new cysts.

A health problem that may involve ovarian cysts is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Women with PCOS can have high levels of male hormones, irregular or no periods and small ovarian cysts.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

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fibroiny

Fibrous proteins secreted by INSECTS and SPIDERS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm fibroin secreted by the silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Spider fibroins are called spidroins or dragline silk fibroins.
MSH

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sérové proteiny

Dissolved proteins of blood plasma. These mainly consist of albumins and globulins and include antibodies and blood-clotting proteins.
NCI

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chloralhydrát

A hypnotic and sedative used in the treatment of INSOMNIA.
MSH

hypnotic and sedative used in the treatment of insomnia; the safety margin is too narrow for chloral hydrate to be used as a general anesthetic in humans, but it is commonly used for that purpose in animal experiments; chemical formula CCL3CH(OH)2.
CSP

A synthetic monohydrate of chloral with sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsive properties. Chloral hydrate is converted to the active compound trichloroethanol by hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase. The agent interacts with various neurotransmitter-operated ion channels, thereby enhancing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-A receptor mediated chloride currents and inhibiting amino acid receptor-activated ion currents. In addition, chloral hydrate enhances the agonistic effects of glycine receptors, inhibits AMPA-induced calcium influx in cortical neurons, and facilitates 5-HT 3 receptor-mediated currents in ganglionic neurons. Overall, this results in a depressive effect on the central nervous system.
NCI

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čočka oční – subluxace

Incomplete rupture of the zonule with the displaced lens remaining behind the pupil. In dislocation, or complete rupture, the lens is displaced forward into the anterior chamber or backward into the vitreous body. When congenital, this condition is known as ECTOPIA LENTIS.
MSH

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oxidancia fotochemická

Compounds that accept electrons in an oxidation-reduction reaction. The reaction is induced by or accelerated by exposure to electromagnetic radiation in the spectrum of visible or ultraviolet light.
MSH

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financování vládou

Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
MSH

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sexuální abstinence

Refraining from SEXUAL INTERCOURSE.
MSH

Prevention of contraception by not engaging in sexual intercourse.
NCI

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chlorofyl

Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
MSH

magnesium chlorin pigment related to porphyrin that acts to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms; gives plants their green color.
CSP

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leukomyciny

An antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces kitasatoensis. The complex consists of a mixture of at least eight biologically active components, A1 and A3 to A9. Leucomycins have both antibacterial and antimycoplasmal activities.
MSH

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oxythiamin

Thiamine antagonist, antimetabolite.
MSH

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platýzi

Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.
MSH

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šok traumatický

Shock produced as a result of trauma.
MSH

Any shock produced by trauma.
NCI

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cholecystitida

inflammation of the gallbladder; generally caused by impairment of bile flow, gallstones in the biliary tract, infections, or other diseases.
CSP

A disorder characterized by inflammation involving the gallbladder. It may be associated with the presence of gallstones.
NCI

An acute or chronic inflammation involving the gallbladder wall. It may be associated with the presence of gallstones.
NCI

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leukémie promyelocytární akutní

An acute myeloid leukemia in which abnormal PROMYELOCYTES predominate. It is frequently associated with DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION.
MSH

An aggressive (fast-growing) type of acute myeloid leukemia in which there are too many immature blood-forming cells in the blood and bone marrow. It is usually marked by an exchange of parts of chromosomes 15 and 17.
NCI

An acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in which abnormal promyelocytes predominate. It is characterized by the t(15;17)(q22;q12) translocation. There are two variants: the typical and microgranular variant. This AML is particularly sensitive to treatment with all trans-retinoic acid and has a favorable prognosis. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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