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acetyl-CoA-C-acyltransferasa

Enzyme that catalyzes the final step of fatty acid oxidation in which ACETYL COA is released and the CoA ester of a fatty acid two carbons shorter is formed.
MSH

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ipronidazol

An antihistomonal agent with low toxicity. It also promotes growth and feed utilization in poultry.
MSH

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cheilitida

Inflammation of the lips. It is of various etiologies and degrees of pathology.
MSH

An inflammatory process affecting the lip.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the lip.
NCI

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histonlysin-N-methyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the methylation of the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in proteins to yield epsilon mono-, di-, and trimethyllysine. EC 2.1.1.43.
MSH

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Estonsko

A country in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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leptání zubů kyselinou

Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
MSH

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isoantigeny

Antigens that exist in alternative (allelic) forms in a single species. When an isoantigen is encountered by species members who lack it, an immune response is induced. Typical isoantigens are the BLOOD GROUP ANTIGENS.
MSH

antigen carried by an individual, which is capable of eliciting an immune response in genetically different individuals of the same species but not in the individual bearing it.
CSP

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hrudní trubice

Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
MSH

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protozoální infekce

Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.
MSH

infections with unicellular organisms of the subkingdom Protozoa.
CSP

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ethenoadenosintrifosfát

1,N-6-Ethenoadenosine triphosphate. A fluorescent analog of adenosine triphosphate.
MSH

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akridiny

heterocyclic three ring compound.
CSP

A polycyclic aromatic dye with antineoplastic, antimicrobial and imaging activities. Acridine and its derivatives intercalate within DNA and RNA by forming hydrogen-bonds and stacking between base pairs resulting in DNA crosslinks and strand breaks. In addition, acridine and its derivatives are a potent inhibitor of topoisomerase II enzyme. This results in the inhibition of DNA and RNA synthesis, predominantly occurring during S phase of the cell cycle and ultimately leads to cell death.
NCI

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isothiuronium

An undecenyl THIOUREA which may have topical anti-inflammatory activity.
MSH

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dětská psychiatrie

The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.
MSH

A subdiscipline of psychology centered on the special mental health needs of non-adults.
NCI

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Pseudopleuronectus

Genus of Pleuronectidae comprising winter flounder.
MSH

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Ethotoin

A hydantoin anticonvulsant with anti-epileptic activity. The mechanism of action is not completely known, but is thought to be fairly similar to phenytoin. Ethotoin influences synaptic transmission by altering sodium and calcium ion influx across neuronal membranes in the repolarization, depolarization, and membrane stability phase and interferes with the calcium uptake in presynaptic terminals. This inhibits neuronal firing and results in the stabilization of neuronal membranes, thereby preventing the spread of seizure activity at the motor cortex.
NCI

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akční potenciály

Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
MSH

a rapid self-propagating change in the electrical potential across a neuron, gland, or muscle fiber membrane primarily due to a sudden influx of sodium ions followed by an efflux of potassium ions.
CSP

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jejunum – nemoci

Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
MSH

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chloralhydrát

A hypnotic and sedative used in the treatment of INSOMNIA.
MSH

hypnotic and sedative used in the treatment of insomnia; the safety margin is too narrow for chloral hydrate to be used as a general anesthetic in humans, but it is commonly used for that purpose in animal experiments; chemical formula CCL3CH(OH)2.
CSP

A synthetic monohydrate of chloral with sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsive properties. Chloral hydrate is converted to the active compound trichloroethanol by hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase. The agent interacts with various neurotransmitter-operated ion channels, thereby enhancing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-A receptor mediated chloride currents and inhibiting amino acid receptor-activated ion currents. In addition, chloral hydrate enhances the agonistic effects of glycine receptors, inhibits AMPA-induced calcium influx in cortical neurons, and facilitates 5-HT 3 receptor-mediated currents in ganglionic neurons. Overall, this results in a depressive effect on the central nervous system.
NCI

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psychologové

A specialist who can talk with patients and their families about emotional and personal matters, and can help them make decisions.
NCI

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etomidát

Imidazole derivative anesthetic and hypnotic with little effect on blood gases, ventilation, or the cardiovascular system. It has been proposed as an induction anesthetic.
MSH

An imidazole derivative with short-acting sedative, hypnotic, and general anesthetic properties. Etomidate appears to have gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) like effects, mediated through GABA-A receptor. The action enhances the inhibitory effect of GABA on the central nervous system by causing chloride channel opening events which leads to membrane hyperpolarization.
NCI

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adeninfosforibosyltransferasa

An enzyme catalyzing the formation of AMP from adenine and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate. It can act as a salvage enzyme for recycling of adenine into nucleic acids. EC 2.4.2.7.
MSH

Human adenine phosphoribosyltransferase protein (179 aa, 19 kDa) is encoded by the human adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) gene. The cytoplasmic protein is primarily involved in an AMP purine salvage reaction that recycles adenine into nucleic acids by the formation of AMP from adenine and 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate.
NCI

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kalikreiny

Proteolytic enzymes from the serine endopeptidase family found in normal blood and urine. Specifically, Kallikreins are potent vasodilators and hypotensives and increase vascular permeability and affect smooth muscle. They act as infertility agents in men. Three forms are recognized, PLASMA KALLIKREIN (EC 3.4.21.34), TISSUE KALLIKREIN (EC 3.4.21.35), and PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN (EC 3.4.21.77).
MSH

Serine proteases that are found in many different tissues and fluids in the body. The kallikrein protease family is comprised of potent vasodilators and hypotensives agents, thus they play important roles in inflammation and blood pressure. These enzymes normally reside in the body as inactive prekallikreins, which are activated by Hageman factor.
NCI

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chlorofyl

Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
MSH

magnesium chlorin pigment related to porphyrin that acts to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms; gives plants their green color.
CSP

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psychoterapie mnohočetná

The use of more than one therapist at one time in individual or group psychotherapy.
MSH

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Evisceration – action

Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

Surgery to remove organs within a body cavity.
NCI

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Adenoviridae

nonenveloped, ds-DNA in single linear molecule, at least 10 polypeptides, assembly of virus particle in nucleus of usually one host, transmission by direct or indirect contact with urine or feces in throat or eye.
CSP

A family of non-enveloped viruses infecting mammals (MASTADENOVIRUS) and birds (AVIADENOVIRUS) or both (ATADENOVIRUS). Infections may be asymptomatic or result in a variety of diseases.
MSH

A member of a family of viruses that can cause infections in the respiratory tract, eye, and gastrointestinal tract. Forms of adenoviruses that do not cause disease are used in gene therapy. They carry genes that may fix defects in cells or kill cancer cells.
NCI

a kind of virus that can cause the common cold
CHV

One of a number of genetically-engineered adenoviruses designed to insert a gene of interest into a eukaryotic cell where the gene of interest is subsequently expressed. Unlike most other vectors, adenovirus vectors have the ability to infect post-mitotic cells. Thus, these agents are especially useful for gene transfer into neuronal cells. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43029&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43029&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C1890″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A group of DNA containing viruses which infect mammals and are capable of causing respiratory disease, including one form of the common cold.
NCI

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keratokonus

A noninflammatory, usually bilateral protrusion of the cornea, the apex being displaced downward and nasally. It occurs most commonly in females at about puberty. The cause is unknown but hereditary factors may play a role. The -conus refers to the cone shape of the corneal protrusion. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

noninflammatory, usually bilateral protrusion of the cornea in which the apex is displaced downward and nasally; the conus refers to the cone shape of the corneal protrusion.
CSP

A degenerative, structural disorder of the eye, characterized by a cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea. It may lead to visual disturbances.
NCI

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cholecystitida

inflammation of the gallbladder; generally caused by impairment of bile flow, gallstones in the biliary tract, infections, or other diseases.
CSP

A disorder characterized by inflammation involving the gallbladder. It may be associated with the presence of gallstones.
NCI

An acute or chronic inflammation involving the gallbladder wall. It may be associated with the presence of gallstones.
NCI

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Porto Ricanen

Denotes a person from or of Puerto Rico.
NCI

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extracelulární prostor

Interstitial space between cells, occupied by INTERSTITIAL FLUID as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. For organisms with a CELL WALL, the extracellular space includes everything outside of the CELL MEMBRANE including the PERIPLASM and the cell wall.
MSH

That part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper, usually taken to be outside the plasma membranes, and occupied by fluid. [ISBN:0198547684]
GO

Interstitial space between cells, occupied by fluid as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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