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methopren

Juvenile hormone analog and insect growth regulator used to control insects by disrupting metamorphosis. Has been effective in controlling mosquito larvae.
MSH

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buňky předkládající antigen

heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediates the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cell receptor; traditional antigen presenting cells include macrophages, dendritic cells, Langerhans cells, and B-lymphocytes; follicular dendritic cells are also considered to be antigen presenting cells by some.
CSP

A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors.
MSH

A type of immune cell that boosts immune responses by showing antigens on its surface to other cells of the immune system. An antigen-presenting cell is a type of phagocyte.
NCI

A cell that enables a T-lymphocyte to recognize an antigen by engulfing the antigen, breaking down the antigen into smaller fragments which bind to MHC molecules on the surface of the antigen presenting cell. The T-lymphocyte can now recognize and bind with the MHC-linked antigen.
NCI

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oroantrální píštěl

A fistula between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity.
MSH

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Haemophilus influenzae, biotype III

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Haemophilus aegyptius.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, coccobacilli shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is urease, catalase and oxidase positive, nonhemolytic and indole negative. H. aegyptius is a pathogen and the causative agent of conjunctivitis and Brazilian purpuric fever.
NCI

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cystathionin-gama-lyasa

A multifunctional pyridoxal phosphate enzyme. In the final step in the biosynthesis of cysteine it catalyzes the cleavage of cystathionine to yield cysteine, ammonia, and 2-ketobutyrate. EC 4.4.1.1.
MSH

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sebum

The oily substance secreted by SEBACEOUS GLANDS. It is composed of KERATIN, fat, and cellular debris.
MSH

An oily substance produced by certain glands in the skin.
NCI

A thick, oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands located in the dermis. (NCI)
NCI

A thick, oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands located in the dermis.
NCI

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kyselina methylmalonová

A malonic acid derivative which is a vital intermediate in the metabolism of fat and protein. Abnormalities in methylmalonic acid metabolism lead to methylmalonic aciduria. This metabolic disease is attributed to a block in the enzymatic conversion of methylmalonyl CoA to succinyl CoA.
MSH

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antimitotické látky

agent that inhibits or prevents mitosis.
CSP

A type of drug that blocks cell growth by stopping mitosis (cell division). They are used to treat cancer.
NCI

An agent that inhibits tumor growth by interfering with mitotic processes or the assembly of the mitotic machinery.
NCI

Agents that arrest cells in MITOSIS, most notably TUBULIN MODULATORS.
MSH

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osmotická koncentrace

The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
MSH

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Cricetinae

any of a subfamily (Cricetinae) of small Old World rodents having very large cheek pouches.
CSP

Any member of four genera of the rodent family Cricetidae; short-tailed Old World burrowing rodents with large cheek pouches.
NCI

A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
MSH

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cytidindifosfátdiglyceridy

The ester of diacylglycerol with the terminal phosphate of cytidine diphosphate. It serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine in bacteria.
MSH

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pomůcky pro sebeobsluhu

Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.
MSH

If you have a disability or injury, you may use a number of assistive devices. These are tools, products or types of equipment that help you perform tasks and activities. They may help you move around, see, communicate, eat, or get dressed. Some are high-tech tools, such as computers. Others are much simpler, like a “reacher” – a tool that helps you grab an object you can`t reach.


MEDLINEPLUS

A tool that helps a person with a disability to do a certain task. Examples are a cane, wheelchair, scooter, walker, hearing aid, or special bed.
NCI

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metyrapon

An inhibitor of the enzyme STEROID 11-BETA-MONOOXYGENASE. It is used as a test of the feedback hypothalamic-pituitary mechanism in the diagnosis of CUSHING SYNDROME.
MSH

USP lists as a diagnostc aid for determination of pituitary function.
CSP

A pyridine derivative and a glucocorticoid synthesis inhibitor. Metyrapone inhibits 11-beta-hydroxylase, thereby inhibiting synthesis of cortisol from 11-deoxycortisol and corticosterone from desoxycorticosterone in the adrenal gland. Removal of the negative feedback mechanism exerted by cortisol results in increased adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion by the pituitary gland. In turn, continuing stimulation of adrenal gland by ACTH results in accumulation of corticoid precursors, 11-desoxycortisol and desoxycorticosterone. These metabolites are excreted in urine that maybe used as indicators for pituitary responsiveness.
NCI

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antitusika

Agents that suppress cough. They act centrally on the medullary cough center. EXPECTORANTS, also used in the treatment of cough, act locally.
MSH

Any substance that is capable of relieving or suppressing coughing.
NCI

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osteonektin

Non-collagenous, calcium-binding glycoprotein of developing bone. It links collagen to mineral in the bone matrix. In the synonym SPARC glycoprotein, the acronym stands for Secreted Protein, Acidic and Rich in Cysteine.
MSH

fibronectinlike extracellular glycoprotein found in mineralizing fetal bone; considered a marker for osteogenesis.
CSP

SPARC (303 aa, ~35 kDa) is encoded by the human SPARC gene. This protein is involved in calcium binding and deposition, cell cycle progression, extracellular matrix synthesis and cell morphology.
NCI

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hlava a krk – nádory

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
MSH

new abnormal tissue from head or neck areas of the body that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm affecting one of the following areas: base of skull and facial bones, sinuses, orbits, salivary glands, oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, thyroid, facial and neck musculature and lymph nodes draining these areas.
NCI

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Cytomegalovirus – infekce

Infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS, characterized by enlarged cells bearing intranuclear inclusions. Infection may be in almost any organ, but the salivary glands are the most common site in children, as are the lungs in adults.
MSH

A herpesvirus infection caused by Cytomegalovirus. Healthy individuals generally do not produce symptoms. However, the infection may be life-threatening in affected immunocompromised patients. The virus may cause retinitis, esophagitis, gastritis, and colitis. Morphologically, it is characterized by the presence of intranuclear inclusion bodies.
NCI

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus found around the world. It is related to the viruses that cause chickenpox and infectious mononucleosis (mono). Between 50 percent and 80 percent of adults in the United States have had a CMV infection by age 40. Once CMV is in a person`s body, it stays there for life.

Most people with CMV don`t get sick. But infection with the virus can be very serious in babies and people with weak immune systems. If a woman gets CMV when she is pregnant, she can pass it on to her baby. CMV does not harm most babies. But some develop lifelong disabilities.

CMV is spread through close contact with body fluids. You should use good hygiene, including proper hand washing, to avoid catching or spreading the virus. Most people with CMV don`t require treatment. If you have a weakened immune system, your doctor may prescribe antiviral medicine.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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sekvenční homologie nukleových kyselin

The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
MSH

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mikroklima

The climate of a very small area.
MSH

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aortopulmonální septum – defekty

A developmental abnormality in which the spiral (aortopulmonary) septum failed to completely divide the TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS into ASCENDING AORTA and PULMONARY ARTERY. This abnormal communication between the two major vessels usually lies above their respective valves (AORTIC VALVE; PULMONARY VALVE).
MSH

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ovarium – cysty

General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.
MSH

fluid-filled closed cavity or sac in the ovary that is lined by epithelium; can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
CSP

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. In most cases a cyst on the ovary does no harm and goes away by itself. Most women have them sometime during their lives. Cysts are rarely cancerous in women under 50. Cysts sometimes hurt – but not always. Often, a woman finds out about a cyst when she has a pelvic exam.

If you`re in your childbearing years or past menopause, have no symptoms, and have a fluid-filled cyst, you may choose to monitor the cyst. You may need surgery if you have pain, are past menopause or if the cyst does not go away. Birth control pills can help prevent new cysts.

A health problem that may involve ovarian cysts is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Women with PCOS can have high levels of male hormones, irregular or no periods and small ovarian cysts.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

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zdravotnické plánování – organizace

Organizations involved in all aspects of health planning activities.
MSH

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dimethylaminonaftalensulfonylové sloučeniny

Compounds that contain a 1-dimethylaminonaphthalene-5-sulfonyl group.
MSH

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sérové proteiny

Dissolved proteins of blood plasma. These mainly consist of albumins and globulins and include antibodies and blood-clotting proteins.
NCI

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mikrozómy

Artifactual vesicles formed from the endoplasmic reticulum when cells are disrupted. They are isolated by differential centrifugation and are composed of three structural features: rough vesicles, smooth vesicles, and ribosomes. Numerous enzyme activities are associated with the microsomal fraction. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990; from Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
MSH

vesicular fragments of endoplasmic reticulum formed when cells are disrupted.
CSP

Any of the small, heterogeneous, artifactual, vesicular particles, 50-150 nm in diameter, that are formed when some eukaryotic cells are homogenized and that sediment on centrifugation at 100000 g. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

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apendix

A worm-like blind tube extension from the CECUM.
MSH

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the cecum and distally terminates in the tip of the appendix. Examples: There is only one appendix.
UWDA

A small, fingerlike pouch that sticks out from the cecum (the first part of the large intestine near the end of the small intestine).
NCI

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the cecum and distally terminates in the tip of the appendix. Examples: There is only one appendix.
FMA

Small tissue projection existing as a cecal diverticulum with a questionable history of vestigial versus specialized organ. (NCI)
NCI

Small tissue projection existing as a cecal diverticulum with a questionable history of vestigial versus specialized organ.
NCI

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oxidancia fotochemická

Compounds that accept electrons in an oxidation-reduction reaction. The reaction is induced by or accelerated by exposure to electromagnetic radiation in the spectrum of visible or ultraviolet light.
MSH

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srdce

The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
MSH

Organ with cavitated organ parts, which is connected to the systemic and pulmonary arterial and venous trees. Examples: There is only one heart.
UWDA

hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
CSP

Organ with cavitated organ parts, which is continuous with the systemic and
pulmonary arterial and venous trees. Examples: There is only one heart.
FMA

A hollow muscular organ which receives the blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries. It is divided by a musculomembranous septum into two halves — right or venous and left or arterial — each of which consists of a receiving chamber (atrium) and an ejecting chamber (ventricle). (NCI)
NCI

A hollow organ located slightly to the left of the middle portion of the chest. It is composed of muscle and it is divided by a septum into two sides: the right side which receives de-oxygenated blood from the body and the left side which sends newly oxygenated blood to the body. Each side is composed of two chambers: the atrium (receiving blood) and ventricle (ejecting blood).
NCI

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dekalcifikace patologická

The loss of calcium salts from bones and teeth. Bacteria may be responsible for this occurrence in teeth. Old age may be a factor contributing to calcium loss, as is the presence of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
MSH

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sexuální abstinence

Refraining from SEXUAL INTERCOURSE.
MSH

Prevention of contraception by not engaging in sexual intercourse.
NCI

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