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arenaviry – Nový svět

One of two groups of viruses in the ARENAVIRUS genus and considered part of the New World complex. It includes JUNIN VIRUS; PICHINDE VIRUS; Amapari virus, and Machupo virus among others. They are the cause of human hemorrhagic fevers mostly in Central and South America.
MSH

one of two groups of viruses in the Arenavirus genus, causing human hemorrhagic fevers mostly in Central and South America.
CSP

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popálení chemické

A burn caused by exposure to chemical substances.
NCI

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dextropropoxyfen

The d-isomer of synthetic diphenyl propionate derivative propoxyphene, with narcotic analgesic effect. This agent mimics the effects of the endogenous opiate dextropropoxyphene, by binding to mu receptors located throughout the central nervous system. The binding results in GTP to GDP exchanges on the mu-G-protein complex, by which effector adenylate cyclase is inactivated thereby decreasing intracellular cAMP. This, in turn, inhibits the release of various nociceptive neurotransmitters, such as substance P, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), dopamine, acetylcholine, noradrenaline, vasopressin, and somatostatin. In addition, dextropropoxyphene closes N-type voltage-gated calcium channels and opens calcium-dependent inwardly rectifying potassium channels. This results in hyperpolarization, thereby reducing neuronal excitability, which further decreases the perception of pain.
NCI

A narcotic analgesic structurally related to METHADONE. Only the dextro-isomer has an analgesic effect; the levo-isomer appears to exert an antitussive effect.
MSH

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moskyti – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

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emepronium

A muscarinic antagonist used mainly in the treatment of urinary syndromes. It is incompletely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and does not cross the blood-brain barrier.
MSH

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akreditace

Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.
MSH

Description:Operational activities conducted for the purposes of meeting of criteria defined by an accrediting entity for an activity, product, or service


HL7V3.0

Description:Operational activities conducted for the purposes of meeting of criteria defined by an accrediting entity


HL7V3.0

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hepatitida – protilátky

Immunoglobulins raised by any form of viral hepatitis; some of these antibodies are used to diagnose the specific kind of hepatitis.
MSH

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C-reaktivní protein

A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
MSH

C-reactive protein [precursor] (224 aa, ~25 kDa) is encoded by the CRP gene. This protein is cleaved during biological activation and is associated with host defense mechanisms and inflammatory responses.
NCI

acute reactive protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
CSP

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prostaglandiny H

A group of physiologically active prostaglandin endoperoxides. They are precursors in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. The most frequently encountered member of this group is the prostaglandin H2.
MSH

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ústa bezzubá

Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
MSH

Having teeth in neither the mandible nor the maxilla.
NCI

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orgán skloviny

epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
CSP

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acetyl-CoA-C-acyltransferasa

Enzyme that catalyzes the final step of fatty acid oxidation in which ACETYL COA is released and the CoA ester of a fatty acid two carbons shorter is formed.
MSH

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herbicidy

Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
MSH

agent used to destroy unwanted vegetation.
CSP

A chemical that kills plants.
NCI

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edetate calcium disodium

Contracted name for a salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetate, an agent used as a chelator of lead and some other heavy metals. C10H12CaN2Na2O8.
NCI

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histonlysin-N-methyltransferasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the methylation of the epsilon-amino group of lysine residues in proteins to yield epsilon mono-, di-, and trimethyllysine. EC 2.1.1.43.
MSH

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vícefázový screening

The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
MSH

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endo-1,3-beta-glukanasa

An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-glucans including laminarin, paramylon, and pachyman.
MSH

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leptání zubů kyselinou

Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.
MSH

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heterocyklické sloučeniny monocyklické

A class of organic compounds containing a ring structure made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The ring structure can be aromatic or nonaromatic.
MSH

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proteiny vážící kalmodulin

Proteins which bind calmodulin. They are found in many tissues and have a variety of functions including F-actin cross-linking properties, inhibition of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase and calcium and magnesium ATPases.
MSH

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protozoální infekce

Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.
MSH

infections with unicellular organisms of the subkingdom Protozoa.
CSP

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svaly – rigidita

Continuous involuntary sustained muscle contraction which is often a manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES. When an affected muscle is passively stretched, the degree of resistance remains constant regardless of the rate at which the muscle is stretched. This feature helps to distinguish rigidity from MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p73)
MSH

motor impairment whereby the hypertonic state is charcterized by bidirectional increased resistance to passive movement.
CSP

Stiffness or inflexibility.
NCI

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endorfiny

One of the three major groups of endogenous opioid peptides. They are large peptides derived from the PRO-OPIOMELANOCORTIN precursor. The known members of this group are alpha-, beta-, and gamma-endorphin. The term endorphin is also sometimes used to refer to all opioid peptides, but the narrower sense is used here; OPIOID PEPTIDES is used for the broader group.
MSH

one of the three major groups of endogenous opioid peptides; large peptides derived from the pro-opiomelanocortin precursor.
CSP

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akridiny

heterocyclic three ring compound.
CSP

A polycyclic aromatic dye with antineoplastic, antimicrobial and imaging activities. Acridine and its derivatives intercalate within DNA and RNA by forming hydrogen-bonds and stacking between base pairs resulting in DNA crosslinks and strand breaks. In addition, acridine and its derivatives are a potent inhibitor of topoisomerase II enzyme. This results in the inhibition of DNA and RNA synthesis, predominantly occurring during S phase of the cell cycle and ultimately leads to cell death.
NCI

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hexylresorcinol

A substituted dihydroxybenzene that is used topically as an antiseptic for the treatment of minor skin infections.
MSH

A substituted phenol with bactericidal, antihelminthic and potential antineoplastic activities. Hexylresorcinol is used as an antiseptic in mouthwashes and skin wound cleansers. Hexylresorcinol may also inhibit oxidative DNA damage by enhancing the activity of antioxidant enzymes, including glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase, which facilitate scavenging reactive oxygen molecules by glutathione (GSH).
NCI

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kandidóza kožní

Candidiasis of the skin manifested as eczema-like lesions of the interdigital spaces, perleche, or chronic paronychia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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Pseudopleuronectus

Genus of Pleuronectidae comprising winter flounder.
MSH

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Mycobacterium avium

bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds; in pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease; the organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle; it should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
CSP

A bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds. In pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease. The organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle. It should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium avium.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria. This species is acid fast, catalase positive, niacin, peroxidase, nitrate reductase, and urease negative, and may be susceptible to pnitrobenzoate, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, rifampin, and streptomycin. M. avium is found in soil and dust particles and can cause infection when inhaled or ingested, especially causing disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients.
NCI

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Enterobacter

Gram-negative gas-producing rods found in feces of humans and other animals, sewage, soil, water, and dairy products.
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, motile, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria with peritrichous flagella in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Enterobacter genus level.
NCI

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akční potenciály

Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
MSH

a rapid self-propagating change in the electrical potential across a neuron, gland, or muscle fiber membrane primarily due to a sudden influx of sodium ions followed by an efflux of potassium ions.
CSP

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