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ritodrin

An adrenergic beta-2 agonist used to control PREMATURE LABOR.
MSH

A phenethylamine derivative with tocolytic activity. Ritodrine binds to and activates beta-2 adrenergic receptors of myometrial cells in the uterus, which decreases the intensity and frequency of uterine contractions. Specifically, ritodrine probably activates adenyl cyclase, thereby increasing production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), which in turn enhances the efflux of calcium from vascular smooth muscle cells. A lack of intracellular calcium prevents uterine myometrial contractions. In addition, this agent may directly inactivate myosin light chain kinase, a critical enzyme necessary for the initiation of muscle contractions.
NCI

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nukleosiddeaminasa

Catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleosides with the elimination of ammonia.
MSH

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LDL-2

Low-density lipoprotein particles with density between 1.045 and 1.063 g/ml.
MSH

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cementom

An odontogenic fibroma in which cells have developed into cementoblasts and which consists largely of cementum.
MSH

A rare benign bone-forming neoplasm usually arising from the jaw. It is a well-circumscribed lytic tumor that varies in size. The cell of origin is the cementoblast.
NCI

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plodové obaly – předčasné protržení

Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
MSH

The condition when a patient who is beyond 37 weeks gestation presents with rupture of membranes prior to the onset of labor. Rupture of membranes is diagnosed by speculum vaginal examination of the cervix and vaginal cavity, which will show pooling of fluid in the vagina or leakage of fluid from the cervix. Preterm PROM (known as PPROM) refers to a patient who has not yet reached 37 weeks gestation and presents with rupture of membranes.
NCI

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RNA transferová Ala

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying alanine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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ošetřovatelská péče

care given to patients by nursing service personnel.
CSP

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zákonodárství jako téma

The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
MSH

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cefradin

A semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic.
MSH

A beta-lactam, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Cephradine binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs participate in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall, and in reshaping the cell wall during cell division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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fibroiny

Fibrous proteins secreted by INSECTS and SPIDERS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm fibroin secreted by the silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Spider fibroins are called spidroins or dragline silk fibroins.
MSH

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hlodavci – nemoci

Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).
MSH

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nymfa

The immature stage in the life cycle of those orders of insects characterized by gradual metamorphosis, in which the young resemble the imago in general form of body, including compound eyes and external wings; also the 8-legged stage of mites and ticks that follows the first moult.
MSH

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čočka oční – subluxace

Incomplete rupture of the zonule with the displaced lens remaining behind the pupil. In dislocation, or complete rupture, the lens is displaced forward into the anterior chamber or backward into the vitreous body. When congenital, this condition is known as ECTOPIA LENTIS.
MSH

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Schilderova difuzní cerebroskleróza

A rare central nervous system demyelinating condition affecting children and young adults. Pathologic findings include a large, sharply defined, asymmetric focus of myelin destruction that may involve an entire lobe or cerebral hemisphere. The clinical course tends to be progressive and includes dementia, cortical blindness, cortical deafness, spastic hemiplegia, and pseudobulbar palsy. Concentric sclerosis of Balo is differentiated from diffuse cerebral sclerosis of Schilder by the pathologic finding of alternating bands of destruction and preservation of myelin in concentric rings. Alpers` Syndrome refers to a heterogeneous group of diseases that feature progressive cerebral deterioration and liver disease. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p914; Dev Neurosci 1991;13(4-5):267-73)
MSH

A rare congenital demyelinating disorder affecting the central nervous system. It is characterized by a demyelinating destructive lesion affecting an entire brain lobe or hemisphere. Signs and symptoms include dementia, cortical deafness and blindness, pseudobulbar palsy, and hemiplegia.
NCI

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financování vládou

Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
MSH

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pryž

A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
MSH

family of natural and synthetic polymers with unique properties of deformability and elasticity in their hardened states.
CSP

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povolání

crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
CSP

A code specifying the job performed by the employee for the employer. For example, accountant, programmer analyst, patient care associate, staff nurse, etc.
NCI

The principal activity that a person does to earn money.
NCI

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leukomyciny

An antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces kitasatoensis. The complex consists of a mixture of at least eight biologically active components, A1 and A3 to A9. Leucomycins have both antibacterial and antimycoplasmal activities.
MSH

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cervix uteri – eroze

Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.
MSH

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platýzi

Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.
MSH

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Saccharomyces cerevisiae

species of the genus Saccharomyces with oval or spherical cells, known as “baker`s” or “brewer`s” yeast; dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
CSP

A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as “baker`s” or “brewer`s” yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
MSH

A species of unicellular fungus used as a research subject and in baking and beer brewing.
NCI

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ordinace – řízení

Planning, organizing, and administering activities in an office.
MSH

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leukémie promyelocytární akutní

An acute myeloid leukemia in which abnormal PROMYELOCYTES predominate. It is frequently associated with DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION.
MSH

An aggressive (fast-growing) type of acute myeloid leukemia in which there are too many immature blood-forming cells in the blood and bone marrow. It is usually marked by an exchange of parts of chromosomes 15 and 17.
NCI

An acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in which abnormal promyelocytes predominate. It is characterized by the t(15;17)(q22;q12) translocation. There are two variants: the typical and microgranular variant. This AML is particularly sensitive to treatment with all trans-retinoic acid and has a favorable prognosis. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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cheilitida

Inflammation of the lips. It is of various etiologies and degrees of pathology.
MSH

An inflammatory process affecting the lip.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the lip.
NCI

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tekutiny – terapie

Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
MSH

therapy to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to water-electrolyte balance; fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by hypodermoclysis.
CSP

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slinné žlázy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the SALIVARY GLANDS.
MSH

new abnormal salivary gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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oligospermie

A condition of suboptimal concentration of SPERMATOZOA in the ejaculated SEMEN to ensure successful FERTILIZATION of an OVUM. In humans, oligospermia is defined as a sperm count below 20 million per milliliter semen.
MSH

A disorder characterized by a decrease in the number of spermatozoa in the semen.
NCI

Decreased number of spermatozoa in the semen.
NCI

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levamisol

An antihelminthic drug that has been tried experimentally in rheumatic disorders where it apparently restores the immune response by increasing macrophage chemotaxis and T-lymphocyte function. Paradoxically, this immune enhancement appears to be beneficial in rheumatoid arthritis where dermatitis, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia, and nausea and vomiting have been reported as side effects. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p435-6)
MSH

oral imidazole used as an anthelminthic, effective against roundworms, hookworms and strongyloids; also an immunopotentiator; has been used to stimulate immune response in cancer.
CSP

An anthelmintic drug. Co-administered with fluorouracil in the treatment of Dukes` stage C colon cancer, levamisole restores immune function through stimulating antibody formation, enhancing T-cell activity, and potentiating macrophage function. (NCI04)
NCI

An antiparasitic drug that is also being studied in cancer therapy with fluorouracil.
NCI

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hrudní trubice

Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
MSH

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fluoroskopie

production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
CSP

An x-ray procedure that makes it possible to see internal organs in motion.
NCI

Examination of the tissues and deep structures of the body by x-ray, using the fluoroscope, a device that produces an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
NCI

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