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nikotinamidmononukleotid

3-Carbamoyl-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl pyridinium hydroxide-5`phosphate, inner salt. A nucleotide in which the nitrogenous base, nicotinamide, is in beta-N-glycosidic linkage with the C-1 position of D-ribose. Synonyms: Nicotinamide Ribonucleotide; NMN.
MSH

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jednotky respirační péče

The hospital unit in which patients with respiratory conditions requiring special attention receive intensive medical care and surveillance.
MSH

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arginin vasopresin

usual mammalian antidiuretic hormone, it is a cyclic peptide with arginine in position 8 of the chain.
CSP

The predominant form of mammalian antidiuretic hormone. It is a nonapeptide containing an ARGININE at residue 8 and two disulfide-linked cysteines at residues of 1 and 6. Arg-vasopressin is used to treat DIABETES INSIPIDUS or to improve vasomotor tone and BLOOD PRESSURE.
MSH

This protein is processed from a precursor protein consisting of arginine vasopressin and two associated proteins, neurophysin II and a glycopeptide, copeptin. Arginine vasopressin is a posterior pituitary hormone which is synthesized in the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. Along with its carrier protein, neurophysin II, it is packaged into neurosecretory vesicles and transported axonally to the nerve endings in the neurohypophysis where it is either stored or secreted into the bloodstream. It has a direct antidiuretic action on the kidney, and also causes vasoconstriction of the peripheral vessels. This hormone can contract smooth muscle during parturition and lactation. It is also involved in cognition, tolerance, adaptation and complex sexual and maternal behaviour, as well as in the regulation of water excretion and cardiovascular functions. (LocusLink)
NCI

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hypotalamus – nádory

Benign and malignant tumors of the HYPOTHALAMUS. Pilocytic astrocytomas and hamartomas are relatively frequent histologic types. Neoplasms of the hypothalamus frequently originate from adjacent structures, including the OPTIC CHIASM, optic nerve (see OPTIC NERVE NEOPLASMS), and pituitary gland (see PITUITARY NEOPLASMS). Relatively frequent clinical manifestations include visual loss, developmental delay, macrocephaly, and precocious puberty. (From Devita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2051)
MSH

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Presenilní demence

loss of intellectual functions such as memory, learning, reasoning, problem solving, and abstract thinking while vegetative functions remain intact.
CSP

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dusičnany

Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.
MSH

A class of ester compounds of nitric acid (HNO3) and alcohols.
NCI

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retikulin

A scleroprotein fibril consisting mostly of type III collagen. Reticulin fibrils are extremely thin, with a diameter of between 0.5 and 2 um. They are involved in maintaining the structural integrity in a variety of organs.
MSH

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arterioskleróza

Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
MSH

thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial walls; atherosclerosis is the most common form of arteriosclerosis and involves lipid deposition and thickening of the intimal cell layers within arteries; additional forms of arteriosclerosis involve calcification of the media of muscular arteries (Monkeberg medial calcific sclerosis) and thickening of the walls of small arteries or arterioles due to cell proliferation or hyaline deposition (arteriolosclerosis).
CSP

A vascular disorder characterized by thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries.
NCI

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zmrzlina

A frozen dairy food made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavorings. Frozen custard and French-type ice creams also contain eggs.
MSH

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zubní kliniky

Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
MSH

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nitrochinoliny

Quinolines substituted in any position by one or more nitro groups.
MSH

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odvolání publikace jako téma

Authors` withdrawal or disavowal of their participation in performing research or writing the results of their study.
MSH

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arylsulfatasy

Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of a phenol sulfate to yield a phenol and sulfate. Arylsulfatase A, B, and C have been separated. A deficiency of arylsulfatases is one of the causes of metachromatic leukodystrophy (LEUKODYSTROPHY, METACHROMATIC). EC 3.1.6.1.
MSH

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vena iliaca

A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.
MSH

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zuby – leštění

Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
MSH

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nondisjunkce genetická

The failure of homologous CHROMOSOMES or CHROMATIDS to segregate during MITOSIS or MEIOSIS with the result that one daughter cell has both of a pair of parental chromosomes or chromatids and the other has none.
MSH

failure of homologous chromosomes to separate during meiosis, or the failure of sister chromatids to separate during mitosis.
CSP

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revmatické nemoci

Disorders of connective tissue, especially the joints and related structures, characterized by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement.
MSH

any of a variety of disorders marked by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement of the connective tissue structures of the body, especially the joints and related structures, including muscles, bursae, tendons, and fibrous tissue.
CSP

A group of disorders marked by inflammation or pain in the connective tissue structures of the body. These structures include bone, cartilage, and fat.
NCI

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aspartátkinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of beta-aspartyl phosphate from aspartic acid and ATP. Threonine serves as an allosteric regulator of this enzyme to control the biosynthetic pathway from aspartic acid to threonine. EC 2.7.2.4.
MSH

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imunita humorální

immunity mediated by antibodies.
CSP

Antibody-mediated immune response. Humoral immunity is brought about by ANTIBODY FORMATION, resulting from TH2 CELLS activating B-LYMPHOCYTES, followed by COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.
MSH

Immune processes mediated by antibodies
NCI

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dentinogenesis imperfecta

An autosomal dominant disorder of tooth development characterized by opalescent dentin resulting in discoloration of the teeth. The dentin develops poorly with low mineral content while the pulp canal is obliterated.
MSH

A congenital tooth development disorder caused by mutations in the DSPP gene. The teeth are weak, discolored, and translucent.
NCI

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Rhodospirillum

from the Rhodospirillaceae, a genus of gram negative, spiral bacteria that possesses internal photosynthetic membranes; organisms divide by binary fission, are motile by means of polar flagella, and are found in aquatic environments.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, spiral bacteria that possesses internal photosynthetic membranes. Its organisms divide by binary fission, are motile by means of polar flagella, and are found in aquatic environments.
MSH

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astrocyty

A class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system – the largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord. Astrocytes (from “star” cells) are irregularly shaped with many long processes, including those with “end feet” which form the glial (limiting) membrane and directly and indirectly contribute to the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER. They regulate the extracellular ionic and chemical environment, and “reactive astrocytes” (along with MICROGLIA) respond to injury.
MSH

neuroglial CNS cells of ectodermal origin characterized by fibrous, protoplasmic, or plasmatofibrous processes.
CSP

A large, star-shaped cell that holds nerve cells in place and helps them develop and work the way they should. An astrocyte is a type of glial cell.
NCI

The largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord. Astrocytes are irregularly shaped with many long processes, including those with “end feet” which form the glial (limiting) membrane and directly and indirectly contribute to the blood brain barrier. They regulate the extracellular ionic and chemical environment, and “reactive astrocytes” (along with microglia) respond to injury. Astrocytes have high- affinity transmitter uptake systems, voltage-dependent and transmitter-gated ion channels, and can release transmitter, but their role in signaling (as in many other functions) is not well understood. (MeSH)
NCI

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imunoglobuliny – gama-řetězce

Heavy chains of IMMUNOGLOBULIN G having a molecular weight of approximately 51 kDa. They contain about 450 amino acid residues arranged in four domains and an oligosaccharide component covalently bound to the Fc fragment constant region. The gamma heavy chain subclasses (for example, gamma 1, gamma 2a, and gamma 2b) of the IMMUNOGLOBULIN G isotype subclasses (IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B) resemble each other more closely than the heavy chains of the other IMMUNOGLOBULIN ISOTYPES.
MSH

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deoxycytidinmonofosfát

Deoxycytidine (dihydrogen phosphate). A deoxycytosine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the deoxyribose moiety in the 2`-,3`- or 5- positions.
MSH

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Ricinus

A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. The seed of Ricinus communis L. is the CASTOR BEAN which is the source of CASTOR OIL; RICIN; and other lectins.
MSH

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atropin – deriváty

Analogs and derivatives of atropine.
MSH

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Implantation procedure

artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically or experimentally; implants are intended to be permanent or long term, they penetrate living tissue and therefore have a physiologic interaction with the body, and are frequently retrievable.
CSP

A surgical procedure that places something in the human body.
NCI

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chorda dorsalis

A cartilaginous rod of mesodermal cells at the dorsal midline of all CHORDATE embryos. In lower vertebrates, notochord is the backbone of support. In the higher vertebrates, notochord is a transient structure, and segments of the vertebral column will develop around it. Notochord is also a source of midline signals that pattern surrounding tissues including the NEURAL TUBE development.
MSH

The rod-shaped body, composed of cells derived from the mesoblast and defining the primitive axis of the embryo. In higher vertebrates it is replaced by the vertebral column. (MeSH)
NCI

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dechalinium

A topical bacteriostat that is available as various salts. It is used in wound dressings and mouth infections and may also have antifungal action, but may cause skin ulceration.
MSH

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ritodrin

An adrenergic beta-2 agonist used to control PREMATURE LABOR.
MSH

A phenethylamine derivative with tocolytic activity. Ritodrine binds to and activates beta-2 adrenergic receptors of myometrial cells in the uterus, which decreases the intensity and frequency of uterine contractions. Specifically, ritodrine probably activates adenyl cyclase, thereby increasing production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), which in turn enhances the efflux of calcium from vascular smooth muscle cells. A lack of intracellular calcium prevents uterine myometrial contractions. In addition, this agent may directly inactivate myosin light chain kinase, a critical enzyme necessary for the initiation of muscle contractions.
NCI

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