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sklerotizující roztoky

Chemical agents injected into blood vessels and lymphatic sinuses to shrink or cause localized THROMBOSIS; FIBROSIS, and obliteration of the vessels. This treatment is applied in a number of conditions such as VARICOSE VEINS; HEMORRHOIDS; GASTRIC VARICES; ESOPHAGEAL VARICES; PEPTIC ULCER HEMORRHAGE.
MSH

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dibutyryl cyklický GMP

N-(1-Oxobutyl)-cyclic 3`,5`-(hydrogen phosphate)-2`-butanoate guanosine. A derivative of cyclic GMP. It has a higher resistance to extracellular and intracellular phosphodiesterase than cyclic GMP.
MSH

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Hydra

A genus of freshwater polyps in the family Hydridae, order Hydroida, class HYDROZOA. They are of special interest because of their complex organization and because their adult organization corresponds roughly to the gastrula of higher animals.
MSH

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oroantrální píštěl

A fistula between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity.
MSH

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BALANITISA

Inflammation of the head of the PENIS, glans penis.
MSH

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nádory neznámé primární

Metastases in which the tissue of origin is unknown.
MSH

A case in which cancer cells are found in the body, but the place where the cells first started growing (the origin or primary site) cannot be determined.
NCI

The spread of a malignant neoplasm from an unknown primary to another region remote from the primary site.
NCI

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sebum

The oily substance secreted by SEBACEOUS GLANDS. It is composed of KERATIN, fat, and cellular debris.
MSH

An oily substance produced by certain glands in the skin.
NCI

A thick, oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands located in the dermis. (NCI)
NCI

A thick, oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands located in the dermis.
NCI

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diestrus

A phase of the ESTROUS CYCLES that follows METESTRUS. Diestrus is a period of sexual quiescence separating phases of ESTRUS in polyestrous animals.
MSH

The estrous cycle phase which is a period of sexual quiescence and represents the phase of the mature corpus luteum. [GOC:dph, ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”]
GO

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hydrogenace

Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

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osmotická koncentrace

The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
MSH

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bazální ganglia

Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.
MSH

subcortical masses of gray matter of the cerebrum, namely, the caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, amygdala, and clastrum; involved in initiating and directing voluntary movements.
CSP

Clusters of neurons comprising the globus pallidus, putamen, caudate, nucleus accumbens, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. They are involved with high level aspects of inhibitory motor activity in coordination with the excitation commands issued from the cerebellum. (NCI)
NCI

Clusters of neurons comprising the globus pallidus, putamen, caudate, nucleus accumbens, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. They are involved with high level aspects of inhibitory motor activity in coordination with the excitation commands issued from the cerebellum.
NCI

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nervová vlákna myelinizovaná

A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.
MSH

Axons of neurons encased in a lipoproteinaceous material called myelin. (MeSH)
NCI

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pomůcky pro sebeobsluhu

Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.
MSH

If you have a disability or injury, you may use a number of assistive devices. These are tools, products or types of equipment that help you perform tasks and activities. They may help you move around, see, communicate, eat, or get dressed. Some are high-tech tools, such as computers. Others are much simpler, like a “reacher” – a tool that helps you grab an object you can`t reach.


MEDLINEPLUS

A tool that helps a person with a disability to do a certain task. Examples are a cane, wheelchair, scooter, walker, hearing aid, or special bed.
NCI

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diflunisal

A salicylate derivative and anti-inflammatory analgesic with actions and side effects similar to those of ASPIRIN.
MSH

A difluorophenyl derivate of salicylic acid and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Diflunisal competitively inhibits both cyclooxygenase (COX) -1 and -2, with higher affinity for COX-1, and subsequently blocks the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin precursors. This leads to an inhibition of the formation of prostaglandins that are involved in pain, inflammation and fever. Diflunisal differs from other salicylates, in that it is not metabolized to salicylic acid, hence it has a longer half-life.
NCI

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oxygenasy se smíšenou funkcí

Widely distributed enzymes that carry out oxidation-reduction reactions in which one atom of the oxygen molecule is incorporated into the organic substrate; the other oxygen atom is reduced and combined with hydrogen ions to form water. They are also known as monooxygenases or hydroxylases. These reactions require two substrates as reductants for each of the two oxygen atoms. There are different classes of monooxygenases depending on the type of hydrogen-providing cosubstrate (COENZYMES) required in the mixed-function oxidation.
MSH

These enzymes use molecular oxygen catalyze the donation of one oxygen atom to a substrate specific site, while the other atom is donated to the generation of water. The enzyme uses molecular oxygen as the oxygen source instead of water, and is critical for several endocrine function operations.
NCI

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osteonektin

Non-collagenous, calcium-binding glycoprotein of developing bone. It links collagen to mineral in the bone matrix. In the synonym SPARC glycoprotein, the acronym stands for Secreted Protein, Acidic and Rich in Cysteine.
MSH

fibronectinlike extracellular glycoprotein found in mineralizing fetal bone; considered a marker for osteogenesis.
CSP

SPARC (303 aa, ~35 kDa) is encoded by the human SPARC gene. This protein is involved in calcium binding and deposition, cell cycle progression, extracellular matrix synthesis and cell morphology.
NCI

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klid na lůžku

Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.
MSH

Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic reasons.
NCI

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neuritida autoimunitní experimentální

An experimental animal model for the demyelinating disease of GUILLAINE-BARRE SYNDROME. In the most frequently used protocol, animals are injected with a peripheral nerve tissue protein homogenate. After approximately 2 weeks the animals develop a neuropathy secondary to a T cell-mediated autoimmune response directed towards the MYELIN P2 PROTEIN in peripheral nerves. Pathologic findings include a perivascular accumulation of macrophages and T lymphocytes in the peripheral nervous system, similar to that seen in the Guillaine-Barre syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1314; J Neuroimmunol 1998 Apr 1;84(1):40-52)
MSH

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sekvenční homologie nukleových kyselin

The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
MSH

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dihydrostreptomycin

A semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic that is used in the treatment of TUBERCULOSIS.
MSH

A semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic with bactericidal properties. Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. This antibiotic is active against most gram-positive and gram-negative organisms and is used in the treatment of tuberculosis and tulemia.
NCI

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hyperkapnie

A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
MSH

excess carbon dioxide in the blood.
CSP

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ovarium – cysty

General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.
MSH

fluid-filled closed cavity or sac in the ovary that is lined by epithelium; can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
CSP

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. In most cases a cyst on the ovary does no harm and goes away by itself. Most women have them sometime during their lives. Cysts are rarely cancerous in women under 50. Cysts sometimes hurt – but not always. Often, a woman finds out about a cyst when she has a pelvic exam.

If you`re in your childbearing years or past menopause, have no symptoms, and have a fluid-filled cyst, you may choose to monitor the cyst. You may need surgery if you have pain, are past menopause or if the cyst does not go away. Birth control pills can help prevent new cysts.

A health problem that may involve ovarian cysts is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Women with PCOS can have high levels of male hormones, irregular or no periods and small ovarian cysts.

National Women`s Health Information Center


MEDLINEPLUS

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dobročinnost

The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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neuronové ceroidlipofuscinózy

inherited degenerative disease characterized by neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions which stain positively for ceroid and lipofuscin.
CSP

A group of severe neurodegenerative diseases characterized by intracellular accumulation of autofluorescent wax-like lipid materials (CEROID; LIPOFUSCIN) in neurons. There are several subtypes based on mutations of the various genes, time of disease onset, and severity of the neurological defects such as progressive DEMENTIA; SEIZURES; and visual failure.
MSH

A group of mostly autosomal recessive inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by accumulation of lipofuscin in the neuronal cells and in other tissues including liver, spleen, kidneys, and myocardium. Signs and symptoms include motor disturbances and cognitive decline.
NCI

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sérové proteiny

Dissolved proteins of blood plasma. These mainly consist of albumins and globulins and include antibodies and blood-clotting proteins.
NCI

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diflubenzuron

An insect growth regulator which interferes with the formation of the insect cuticle. It is effective in the control of mosquitoes and flies.
MSH

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hyperplazie

An increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ without tumor formation. It differs from HYPERTROPHY, which is an increase in bulk without an increase in the number of cells.
MSH

abnormal multiplication of otherwise normal cells, leading to tissue enlargement.
CSP

An abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue.
NCI

An abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or a tissue with consequent enlargement.
NCI

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oxidancia fotochemická

Compounds that accept electrons in an oxidation-reduction reaction. The reaction is induced by or accelerated by exposure to electromagnetic radiation in the spectrum of visible or ultraviolet light.
MSH

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benzomorfany

Morphine derivatives of the methanobenzazocine family that act as potent analgesics.
MSH

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neutrofily

granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
CSP

A type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes that are released during infections, allergic reactions, and asthma. Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are granular leukocytes. A granular leukocyte is a type of white blood cell.
NCI

Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
NCI

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