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metakarpofalangeální kloub

The articulation between a metacarpal bone and a phalanx.
MSH

the joints that connect the fingers to the hand.
CHV

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delfíni

Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
MSH

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revmatické nemoci

Disorders of connective tissue, especially the joints and related structures, characterized by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement.
MSH

any of a variety of disorders marked by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement of the connective tissue structures of the body, especially the joints and related structures, including muscles, bursae, tendons, and fibrous tissue.
CSP

A group of disorders marked by inflammation or pain in the connective tissue structures of the body. These structures include bone, cartilage, and fat.
NCI

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růst a vývoj

includes normal and pathological, biological and psychological, age-related changes; includes the entire life span and may be used for any species.
CSP

The series of changes to the shape, size, components, and functions of an individual organism that occur over time as the organism progresses from its initial form to full size and maturity.
MSH

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ptáci

Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
MSH

warmblooded oviparous tetrapods with feathers, one occipital condyle, forelimb modified into wings, heart with 2 ventricles.
CSP

A taxonomic class of egg-laying, endothermic vertebrates. The forelimbs of these bipedal animals have been modified to form wings. Modern birds have beaks with no teeth and their bodies are covered in feathers.
NCI

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methadon

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)
MSH

synthetic narcotic possessing pharmacologic actions similar to those of morphine and heroin and almost equal addiction liability; used as an analgesic and as a narcotic abstinence syndrome suppressant in the treatment of heroin addition.
CSP

A synthetic opioid with analgesic activity. Methadone mimics the actions of endogenous peptides at CNS opioid receptors, primarily on the mu-receptor and has actions similar to those of morphine and morphine-like agents. The characteristic morphine-like effects include analgesia, euphoria, sedation, respiratory depression, miosis, bradycardia and physical dependence. However, the detoxification symptoms between morphine-like agents and methadone differ in that the onset of methadone`s withdrawal symptoms is slower, the course is more prolonged and the symptoms are less severe.
NCI

a narcotic drug used to treat drug addiction
CHV

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drakunkulóza

Infection with nematodes of the genus Dracunculus. One or more worms may be seen at a time, with the legs and feet being the most commonly infected areas. Symptoms include pruritus, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or asthmatic attacks.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by Dracunculus medinensis. It is caused by drinking water contaminated with water fleas. The larvae enter the body through the intestine. Signs and symptoms include pain, edema, blisters, and ulcers.
NCI

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Rhodospirillum

from the Rhodospirillaceae, a genus of gram negative, spiral bacteria that possesses internal photosynthetic membranes; organisms divide by binary fission, are motile by means of polar flagella, and are found in aquatic environments.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, spiral bacteria that possesses internal photosynthetic membranes. Its organisms divide by binary fission, are motile by means of polar flagella, and are found in aquatic environments.
MSH

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guanylthiomočovina

May protect against hypoxic damage; proposed for treatment of shock due to trauma or blood loss; also stimulates paretic gastrointestinal system.
MSH

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čepelková implantace

Insertion of an endosseous implant with a narrow wedge-shaped infrastructure extending through the oral mucosa into the mouth and bearing openings or vents through which tissue grows to obtain retention.
MSH

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methopren

Juvenile hormone analog and insect growth regulator used to control insects by disrupting metamorphosis. Has been effective in controlling mosquito larvae.
MSH

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léky implantované

Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
MSH

A device placed in tissue to deliver therapeutic agents at a controlled, constant release rate.
NCI

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Ricinus

A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. The seed of Ricinus communis L. is the CASTOR BEAN which is the source of CASTOR OIL; RICIN; and other lectins.
MSH

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Haemophilus influenzae, biotype III

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Haemophilus aegyptius.
NCI

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, coccobacilli shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is urease, catalase and oxidase positive, nonhemolytic and indole negative. H. aegyptius is a pathogen and the causative agent of conjunctivitis and Brazilian purpuric fever.
NCI

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koagulopatie

Hemorrhagic and thrombotic disorders that occur as a consequence of abnormalities in blood coagulation due to a variety of factors such as COAGULATION PROTEIN DISORDERS; BLOOD PLATELET DISORDERS; BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS or nutritional conditions.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal coagulation properties of the blood.
CSP

A condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal coagulation properties of the blood.
NCI

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chorda dorsalis

A cartilaginous rod of mesodermal cells at the dorsal midline of all CHORDATE embryos. In lower vertebrates, notochord is the backbone of support. In the higher vertebrates, notochord is a transient structure, and segments of the vertebral column will develop around it. Notochord is also a source of midline signals that pattern surrounding tissues including the NEURAL TUBE development.
MSH

The rod-shaped body, composed of cells derived from the mesoblast and defining the primitive axis of the embryo. In higher vertebrates it is replaced by the vertebral column. (MeSH)
NCI

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kyselina methylmalonová

A malonic acid derivative which is a vital intermediate in the metabolism of fat and protein. Abnormalities in methylmalonic acid metabolism lead to methylmalonic aciduria. This metabolic disease is attributed to a block in the enzymatic conversion of methylmalonyl CoA to succinyl CoA.
MSH

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ductus arteriosus

A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
MSH

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ritodrin

An adrenergic beta-2 agonist used to control PREMATURE LABOR.
MSH

A phenethylamine derivative with tocolytic activity. Ritodrine binds to and activates beta-2 adrenergic receptors of myometrial cells in the uterus, which decreases the intensity and frequency of uterine contractions. Specifically, ritodrine probably activates adenyl cyclase, thereby increasing production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), which in turn enhances the efflux of calcium from vascular smooth muscle cells. A lack of intracellular calcium prevents uterine myometrial contractions. In addition, this agent may directly inactivate myosin light chain kinase, a critical enzyme necessary for the initiation of muscle contractions.
NCI

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Cricetinae

any of a subfamily (Cricetinae) of small Old World rodents having very large cheek pouches.
CSP

Any member of four genera of the rodent family Cricetidae; short-tailed Old World burrowing rodents with large cheek pouches.
NCI

A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
MSH

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krev – dusík močoviny

The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
MSH

A quantitative measurement of the amount of urea nitrogen present in a serum sample.
NCI

A measurement of the urea nitrogen in a blood specimen.
NCI

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nukleosiddeaminasa

Catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleosides with the elimination of ammonia.
MSH

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metyrapon

An inhibitor of the enzyme STEROID 11-BETA-MONOOXYGENASE. It is used as a test of the feedback hypothalamic-pituitary mechanism in the diagnosis of CUSHING SYNDROME.
MSH

USP lists as a diagnostc aid for determination of pituitary function.
CSP

A pyridine derivative and a glucocorticoid synthesis inhibitor. Metyrapone inhibits 11-beta-hydroxylase, thereby inhibiting synthesis of cortisol from 11-deoxycortisol and corticosterone from desoxycorticosterone in the adrenal gland. Removal of the negative feedback mechanism exerted by cortisol results in increased adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion by the pituitary gland. In turn, continuing stimulation of adrenal gland by ACTH results in accumulation of corticoid precursors, 11-desoxycortisol and desoxycorticosterone. These metabolites are excreted in urine that maybe used as indicators for pituitary responsiveness.
NCI

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dyzentérie

Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.
MSH

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RNA transferová Ala

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying alanine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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hlava a krk – nádory

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
MSH

new abnormal tissue from head or neck areas of the body that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm affecting one of the following areas: base of skull and facial bones, sinuses, orbits, salivary glands, oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, thyroid, facial and neck musculature and lymph nodes draining these areas.
NCI

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tělesná teplota

The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
MSH

degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
CSP

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ošetřovatelská péče

care given to patients by nursing service personnel.
CSP

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mikroklima

The climate of a very small area.
MSH

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zemětřesení

Sudden slips on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slips, or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the earth. Faults are fractures along which the blocks of EARTH crust on either side have moved relative to one another parallel to the fracture.
MSH

An earthquake happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one another. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently, and without warning at any time of the day or night. If an earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause property damage, injuries, and even deaths. If you live in a coastal area, there is the possibility of a tsunami. Damage from earthquakes can also lead to floods or fires.

Although there are no guarantees of safety during an earthquake, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety and losses.

Federal Emergency Management Agency


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