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šok traumatický

Shock produced as a result of trauma.
MSH

Any shock produced by trauma.
NCI

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nesnesitelná bolest

Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.
MSH

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diestrus

A phase of the ESTROUS CYCLES that follows METESTRUS. Diestrus is a period of sexual quiescence separating phases of ESTRUS in polyestrous animals.
MSH

The estrous cycle phase which is a period of sexual quiescence and represents the phase of the mature corpus luteum. [GOC:dph, ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”]
GO

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bazální ganglia

Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.
MSH

subcortical masses of gray matter of the cerebrum, namely, the caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, amygdala, and clastrum; involved in initiating and directing voluntary movements.
CSP

Clusters of neurons comprising the globus pallidus, putamen, caudate, nucleus accumbens, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. They are involved with high level aspects of inhibitory motor activity in coordination with the excitation commands issued from the cerebellum. (NCI)
NCI

Clusters of neurons comprising the globus pallidus, putamen, caudate, nucleus accumbens, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. They are involved with high level aspects of inhibitory motor activity in coordination with the excitation commands issued from the cerebellum.
NCI

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Indiáni Severní Ameriky

Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
MSH

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sigmoidoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the sigmoid flexure.
MSH

Examination of the lower colon using a sigmoidoscope, inserted into the rectum. A sigmoidoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Endoscopic examination of the luminal surface of the sigmoid colon.
NCI

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pankreatektomie

Surgical removal of the pancreas. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

surgical removal of the pancreas.
CSP

Surgery to remove all or part of the pancreas. In a total pancreatectomy, part of the stomach, part of the small intestine, the common bile duct, gallbladder, spleen, and nearby lymph nodes also are removed.
NCI

Surgical removal of part or all of the pancreas.
NCI

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diflunisal

A salicylate derivative and anti-inflammatory analgesic with actions and side effects similar to those of ASPIRIN.
MSH

A difluorophenyl derivate of salicylic acid and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Diflunisal competitively inhibits both cyclooxygenase (COX) -1 and -2, with higher affinity for COX-1, and subsequently blocks the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin precursors. This leads to an inhibition of the formation of prostaglandins that are involved in pain, inflammation and fever. Diflunisal differs from other salicylates, in that it is not metabolized to salicylic acid, hence it has a longer half-life.
NCI

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klid na lůžku

Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.
MSH

Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic reasons.
NCI

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kojenci – poruchy výživy

Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
MSH

disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 0 to 12 months.
CSP

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Simuliidae

black flies are widely distributed; females are vicious biters and serious pests; larvae live in streams; are the vector for onchocerciasis.
CSP

Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.
MSH

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papain

A proteolytic enzyme obtained from Carica papaya. It is also the name used for a purified mixture of papain and CHYMOPAPAIN that is used as a topical enzymatic debriding agent. EC 3.4.22.2.
MSH

Enzyme preparations are products that are used in the histopathology laboratory for the following purposes: (1) To disaggregate tissues and cells already in established cultures for preparation into subsequent cultures (e.g., trypsin); (2) To disaggregate fluid specimens for cytological examination (e.g., papain for gastric lavage or trypsin for sputum liquefaction); (3) To aid in the selective staining of tissue specimens (e.g., diastase for glycogen determination).
SPN

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dihydrostreptomycin

A semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic that is used in the treatment of TUBERCULOSIS.
MSH

A semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic with bactericidal properties. Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. This antibiotic is active against most gram-positive and gram-negative organisms and is used in the treatment of tuberculosis and tulemia.
NCI

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dobročinnost

The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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informační služby

Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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kůže – nemoci bulózní

Skin diseases characterized by local or general distributions of blisters. They are classified according to the site and mode of blister formation. Lesions can appear spontaneously or be precipitated by infection, trauma, or sunlight. Etiologies include immunologic and genetic factors. (From Scientific American Medicine, 1990)
MSH

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papoušci – malé druhy

Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.
MSH

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diflubenzuron

An insect growth regulator which interferes with the formation of the insect cuticle. It is effective in the control of mosquitoes and flies.
MSH

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benzomorfany

Morphine derivatives of the methanobenzazocine family that act as potent analgesics.
MSH

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poruchy vyvolané vnějšími činiteli

Disorders caused by external forces rather than by physiologic dysfunction or by pathogens.
MSH

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neštovice pravé

An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Smallpox is a disease caused by the Variola major virus. Some experts say that over the centuries it has killed more people than all other infectious diseases combined. Worldwide immunization stopped the spread of smallpox three decades ago. The last case was reported in 1977. Two research labs still house small amounts of the virus. Experts fear bioterrorists could use the virus to spread disease.

Smallpox spreads very easily from person to person. Symptoms are flu-like and include high fever, fatigue and headache and backache, followed by a rash with flat red sores.

The U.S. stopped routine smallpox vaccinations in 1972. Military and other high-risk groups continue to get the vaccine. The U.S. has increased its supply of the vaccine in recent years. The vaccine makes some people sick, so doctors save it for those at highest risk of disease.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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parazitární nemoci

Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
MSH

infections or infestations with parasitic organisms; they are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
CSP

Parasites are living things that use other living things – like your body – for food and a place to live. You can get them from contaminated food or water, a bug bite, or sexual contact. Parasitic diseases can cause mild discomfort or be deadly.

Parasites range in size from tiny, one-celled organisms called protozoa to worms that can be seen with the naked eye. Some parasitic diseases happen in the United States. Contaminated water supplies can lead to Giardia infections. Cats can transmit toxoplasmosis, which is dangerous for pregnant women. Others, like malaria, are common in other parts of the world.

If you are traveling, it`s important to drink only water you know is safe. Prevention is especially important. There are no vaccines for parasitic diseases. Some medicines are available to treat parasitic infections.


MEDLINEPLUS

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difterický toxoid

The formaldehyde-inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is generally used in mixtures with TETANUS TOXOID and PERTUSSIS VACCINE; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5- to 10-fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use). Diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria; DIPHTHERIA ANTITOXIN is for treatment.
MSH

formaldehyde inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae; generally used in mixtures with tetanus toxoid and pertussis vaccine; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5 to 10 fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use); diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria.
CSP

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beta-2-mikroglobulin

An 11-kDa protein associated with the outer membrane of many cells including lymphocytes. It is the small subunit of the MHC class I molecule. Association with beta 2-microglobulin is generally required for the transport of class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. Beta 2-microglobulin is present in small amounts in serum, csf, and urine of normal people, and to a much greater degree in the urine and plasma of patients with tubular proteinemia, renal failure, or kidney transplants.
MSH

Beta-2-microglobulin protein (119 aa, ~14 kDa) is encoded by the human B2M gene. This protein plays a role in immune responses and is a key component of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules. The protein is localized to the surface of cells and is utilized as a prognostic marker in persons with cancers that involve white blood cells. The polypeptide is also used as a marker in kidney damage diagnosis and in the detection of viral infection.
NCI

A small protein normally found on the surface of many cells, including lymphocytes, and in small amounts in the blood and urine. An increased amount in the blood or urine may be a sign of certain diseases, including some types of cancer, such as multiple myeloma or lymphoma.
NCI

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inseminace umělá homologní

Human artificial insemination in which the husband`s semen is used.
MSH

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sociální dominance

Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
MSH

social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members.
CSP

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paromomycin

An oligosaccharide antibiotic produced by various STREPTOMYCES.
MSH

An aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from Streptomyces rimosus var. paromomycinus, with amebicidal and antibacterial activity. Paromomycin binds specifically to the RNA oligonucleotide at the A site of bacterial 30S ribosomes, thereby causing misreading and premature termination of translation, thereby leading to inhibition of protein synthesis followed by cell death.
NCI

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nemoc – propuknutí

Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
MSH

sudden increase in the incidence of a disease; the concept includes epidemics.
CSP

An outbreak represents a series of public health cases. The date on which an outbreak starts is the earliest date of onset among the cases assigned to the outbreak, and its ending date is the last date of onset among the cases assigned to the outbreak.


HL7V3.0

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bibliografie

A work consisting of a list of books, articles, documents, publications, and other items, usually on a single subject or related subjects.
MSH

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pojistné fondy

An organization of insurers or reinsurers through which particular types of risk are shared or pooled. The risk of high loss by a particular insurance company is transferred to the group as a whole (the insurance pool) with premiums, losses, and expenses shared in agreed amounts.
MSH

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