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Leontopithecus

The genus of lion tamarins in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE. The common name refers to the mane on the shoulders.
MSH

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Finsko

A country in Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Finland


HL7V3.0

A country in Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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kouř – poranění inhalací

Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
MSH

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karboanhydrasa I

A cytosolic carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme primarily expressed in ERYTHROCYTES, vascular endothelial cells, and the gastrointestinal mucosa. EC 4.2.1.-
MSH

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parathion

A highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an acaricide and as an insecticide.
MSH

agricultural insecticide highly toxic to humans and animals.
CSP

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leukémie P388

An experimental lymphocytic leukemia originally induced in DBA/2 mice by painting with methylcholanthrene.
MSH

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flavony

A group of 4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.
MSH

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sociální lékařství

A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
MSH

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TUMORE GAIZTOA, TIROIDEA

A primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm affecting the thyroid gland. –2005
NCI

Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It makes hormones that help the body work normally. Anyone can get cancer of the thyroid gland. But certain factors may increase the risk. These include

  • Being between ages 25 and 65
  • Being a woman
  • Being Asian
  • Having a family member who has had thyroid disease
  • Having radiation treatments to your head or neck

You should see a doctor if you have a lump or swelling in your neck. Your doctor can order tests to see if you have cancer and, if so, which type. Treatment depends on the type and how far the cancer has spread. They include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone treatment, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Some patients receive a combination of treatments.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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Paroxysmální supraventrikulární tachykardie

periods of very rapid heart beats that begin and end abruptly
CHV

An episodic form of supraventricular tachycardia, with abrupt onset and termination.
NCI

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test inhibice adherence leukocytů

Test for cell-mediated antitumor immunity and related serum blocking factors based on the finding that leukocytes from cancer patients, but not from controls, when mixed in vitro with antigenic extracts of tumors of the same histological type, undergo a diminution in their normal adherence to glass surfaces. Sera from tumor-bearing patients block the LAI reaction of their own leukocytes or those of other patients with the same type of tumor.
MSH

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fluocinonid

A topical glucocorticoid used in the treatment of ECZEMA.
MSH

A synthetic glucocorticoid and derivative of fluocinolone acetonide with anti-inflammatory and antipruritic activities. Fluocinonide binds the glucocorticoid receptor, followed by translocation of the ligand-receptor complex to the nucleus and transcription activation of genes containing glucocorticoid-responsive elements. Lipocortin-1 is one factor induced by fluocinonide that interacts and inhibits cytosolic phospholipase 2 alpha, thereby preventing phospholipase translocation to the perinuclear membrane and subsequent release and conversion of arachidonic acid to inflammatory prostaglandins. In addition, MAPK phosphatase 1 is induced, thereby preventing the triggering of the MAPK cascade resulting in pro-inflammatory effects via Jun N-terminal kinase and c-Jun. Finally, fluocinonide binds to and inhibits nuclear factor kappa-B directly, resulting in inhibition of cyclooxygenase 2 transcription and subsequent prostaglandin synthesis.
NCI

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Sodium Cephalothin

The sodium salt form of cephalothin, a semisynthetic, beta-lactam, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Cephalothin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs participate in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall, and in reshaping the cell wall during cell division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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kardiomyopatie restriktivní

A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease in which the ventricular walls are excessively rigid, impeding ventricular filling. It is marked by reduced diastolic volume of either or both ventricles but normal or nearly normal systolic function. It may be idiopathic or associated with other diseases (ENDOMYOCARDIAL FIBROSIS or AMYLOIDOSIS) causing interstitial fibrosis.
MSH

A type of heart disorder referring to the inability of the ventricles to fill with blood because the myocardium (heart muscle) stiffens and looses its flexibility. Causes include replacement of the myocardium with scar tissue, abnormal cellular infiltration of the myocardium, or deposition of a substance (e.g., amyloid) in the myocardium.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an inability of the ventricles to fill with blood because the myocardium (heart muscle) stiffens and loses its flexibility.
NCI

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patologické oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.
MSH

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nádor z Leydigových buněk

Gonadal interstitial or stromal cell neoplasm composed of only LEYDIG CELLS. These tumors may produce one or more of the steroid hormones such as ANDROGENS; ESTROGENS; and CORTICOSTEROIDS. Clinical symptoms include testicular swelling, GYNECOMASTIA, sexual precocity in children, or virilization (VIRILISM) in females.
MSH

A sex cord-stromal tumor occurring in the testis and rarely in the ovary. It is predominantly or completely composed of Leydig cells which may contain crystals of Reinke. In males it usually presents as a painless testicular enlargement and it may be associated with gynecomastia and decreased libido. The majority of the cases have a benign clinical course. Approximately 10% of the cases have a malignant clinical course and metastasize. In females it may be associated with androgenic manifestations and it follows a benign clinical course.
NCI

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flurandrenolon

A corticosteroid used topically in the treatment of various skin disorders. It is usually employed as a cream or an ointment, and is also used as a polyethylene tape with an adhesive. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p733)
MSH

A synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties. Flurandrenolide exerts its effects by interacting with specific cytoplasmic glucocorticoid receptors and subsequently activates glucocorticoid receptor mediated gene expression. The synthesis of certain anti-inflammatory proteins is induced while the synthesis of certain inflammatory mediators is inhibited. As a result, there is an overall reduction in chronic inflammation and autoimmune reactions.
NCI

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software – navrhování

Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
MSH

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glomus caroticum – nádor

An invariably benign, encapsulated, firm round mass at the bifurcation of the common carotid artery, with nests of large polyhedral cells in alveolar or organoid arrangement. It is usually asymptomatic but large masses may encroach upon the parapharyngeal space and produce dysphagia, pain, and cranial nerve palsies. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp570-71)
MSH

A benign or malignant extra-adrenal parasympathetic paraganglioma arising from paraganglia adjacent to or in the bifurcation of the common carotid artery. Most patients present with a slow growing, painless mass in the neck.
NCI

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rašelina

Decomposing SPHAGNUM.
MSH

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pravděpodobná délka života

Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
MSH

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potraviny – manipulace

Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
MSH

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SOS odpověď (genetika)

An error-prone mechanism or set of functions for repairing damaged microbial DNA. SOS functions (a concept reputedly derived from the SOS of the international distress signal) are involved in DNA repair and mutagenesis, in cell division inhibition, in recovery of normal physiological conditions after DNA repair, and possibly in cell death when DNA damage is extensive.
MSH

An error-prone process for repairing damaged microbial DNA. [GOC:jl, PMID:16000023]
GO

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katalýza

The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
MSH

Acceleration of a chemical reaction induced by the presence of material that is chemically unchanged at the end of the reaction.
NCI

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penbutolol

A nonselective beta-blocker used as an antihypertensive and an antianginal agent.
MSH

A lipophilic, nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist with anti-anginal and antihypertensive activities. Penbutolol competitively binds to and blocks beta-1 adrenergic receptors in the heart, thereby decreasing cardiac contractility and rate. This leads to a reduction in cardiac output and lowers blood pressure. In addition, penbutolol prevents the release of renin, a hormone secreted by the kidneys that causes constriction of blood vessels.
NCI

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len

A plant genus of the family LINACEAE that is cultivated for its fiber (manufactured into linen cloth). It contains a trypsin inhibitor and the seed is the source of LINSEED OIL.
MSH

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lipidy – mobilizace

LIPOLYSIS of stored LIPIDS in the ADIPOSE TISSUE to release FREE FATTY ACIDS. Mobilization of stored lipids is under the regulation of lipolytic signals (CATECHOLAMINES) or anti-lipolytic signals (INSULIN) via their actions on the hormone-sensitive LIPASE. This concept does not include lipid transport.
MSH

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zahraniční odborný personál

Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.
MSH

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spektrofotometrie

The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
MSH

Spectrophotometry


HL7V3.0

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Cayman Islands

An island group in the Caribbean Sea, nearly one-half of the way from Cuba to Honduras. (NCI)
NCI

An island group in the Caribbean Sea, nearly one-half of the way from Cuba to Honduras. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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