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plíce – atelektáza

collapse of all or part of a lung due to bronchial plugging or the chest cavity being opened to atomspheric pressure.
CSP

Failure of the lung to expand (inflate) completely. This may be caused by a blocked airway, a tumor, general anesthesia, pneumonia or other lung infections, lung disease, or long-term bedrest with shallow breathing. Sometimes called a collapsed lung.
NCI

Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
MSH

A disorder characterized by the collapse of part or the entire lung.
NCI

The collapse of part or the entire lung due to airway obstruction, infection, tumor, or general anesthesia.
NCI

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kyseliny mastné esenciální

Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.
MSH

long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet.
CSP

Used to indicate a fatty acid that is not efficiently synthesized by humans and must be included in the diet.
NCI

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bezpečnost

Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
MSH

The state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions.
NCI

Relative freedom from harm. In clinical trials, this refers to an absence of harmful side effects resulting from use of the product and may be assessed by laboratory testing of biological samples, special tests and procedures, psychiatric evaluation, and/or physical examination of subjects.
NCI

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deoxyribonukleasa BamHI

One of the Type II site-specific deoxyribonucleases (EC 3.1.21.4). It recognizes and cleaves the sequence G/GATCC at the slash. BamHI is from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens N. Numerous isoschizomers have been identified. EC 3.1.21.-.
MSH

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Langerův-Giedionův syndrom

Autosomal dominant disorder characterized by cone-shaped epiphyses in the hands and multiple cartilaginous exostoses. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY and abnormalities of chromosome 8 are often present. The exostoses in this syndrome appear identical to those of hereditary multiple exostoses (EXOSTOSES, HEREDITARY MULTIPLE).
MSH

A rare, usually sporadic and less frequently familiar syndrome caused by deletions on the long arm of chromosome 8. It is characterized by distinctive facial appearance (sparse hair, pear-shaped nose, and large ears), multiple exostoses, redundant skin, and mental retardation.
NCI

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oleje prchavé

Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
MSH

The scented liquid taken from certain plants using steam or pressure. Essential oils contain the natural chemicals that give the plant its “essence” (specific odor and flavor). Essential oils are used in perfumes, food flavorings, medicine, and aromatherapy.
NCI

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postoj k smrti

Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
MSH

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ženské pohlaví

use in conjunction with a disease, disorder, dysfunction, body system, or function which is gender specific.
CSP

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces ova. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, or cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI)
NCI

An individual who reports belonging to the cultural gender role distinction of female.
NCI

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces ova. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, or cultural gender role distinctions, or both.
NCI

Female


HL7V3.0

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Salmonella arizonae

Gram-negative rods widely distributed in LIZARDS and SNAKES, and implicated in enteric, bone (BONE DISEASES), and joint infections (JOINT DISEASES) in humans.
MSH

A subspecies of aerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the species Salmonella enterica. S. enterica subsp. arizonae is an inhabitant of the gut of reptiles and is pathogenic in humans, although is rarely isolated from clinical specimens.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Salmonella enterica subspecies arizonae.
NCI

a kind of bacteria found it in some reptiles that causes bone and joint diseases in human
CHV

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dermatitida léková

Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.
MSH

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larynx

A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
MSH

Heterogeneous cluster that connects the pharynx to the tracheobronchial tree. Examples: There is only one larynx.
UWDA

irregularly shaped, musculocartilaginous tubular structure, lined with mucous membrane, located at the top of the trachea and below the root of the tongue and the hyoid bone; the essential sphincter guarding the entrance into the trachea and functioning secondarily as the organ of voice.
CSP

Having to do with the larynx.
NCI

Heterogeneous cluster that connects the pharynx to the tracheobronchial tree. Examples: There is only one larynx.
FMA

The cartilaginous structure of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea. It contains elastic vocal cords required for sound production. (NCI)
NCI

The area of the throat containing the vocal cords and used for breathing, swallowing, and talking.
NCI

The cartilaginous structure of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea. It contains elastic vocal cords required for sound production.
NCI

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omeprazol

A highly effective inhibitor of gastric acid secretion used in the therapy of STOMACH ULCERS and ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME. The drug inhibits the H(+)-K(+)-ATPase (H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE) in the proton pump of GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS.
MSH

substituted benzimidazole used as a gastric acid secretion inhibitor.
CSP

A drug that inhibits gastric acid secretion.
NCI

A benzimidazole with selective and irreversible proton pump inhibition activity. Omeprazole forms a stable disulfide bond with the sulfhydryl group of the hydrogen-potassium (H+ – K+) ATPase found on the secretory surface of parietal cells, thereby inhibiting the final transport of hydrogen ions (via exchange with potassium ions) into the gastric lumen and suppressing gastric acid secretion. This agent exhibits no anticholinergic properties and does not antagonize histamine H2 receptors. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42309&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42309&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C716″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A benzimidazole with selective and irreversible proton pump inhibition activity. Omeprazole forms a stable disulfide bond with the sulfhydryl group of the hydrogen-potassium (H+ – K+) ATPase found on the secretory surface of parietal cells, thereby inhibiting the final transport of hydrogen ions (via exchange with potassium ions) into the gastric lumen and suppressing gastric acid secretion. This agent exhibits no anticholinergic activities and does not antagonize histamine H2 receptors.
NCI

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autogenní trénink

Technique based on muscle relaxation during self-hypnotic exercises. It is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
MSH

method of training to reduce stress and bring the autonomic nervous system under voluntary control.
CSP

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ferrokyanidy

Inorganic salts of the hypothetical acid ferrocyanic acid (H4Fe(CN)6).
MSH

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sarkoidóza

WHAT: Sarcoidosis:
AIR

An idiopathic systemic inflammatory granulomatous disorder comprised of epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells with little necrosis. It usually invades the lungs with fibrosis and may also involve lymph nodes, skin, liver, spleen, eyes, phalangeal bones, and parotid glands.
MSH

inflammatory disease characterized by small lumps or granulomas in lymph nodes and other organs.
CSP

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease. It starts as tiny, grain-like lumps called granulomas, which most often appear in your lungs or lymph nodes. They can clump together and form larger lumps that attack other organs. Sarcoidosis often affects your skin, eyes or liver.

Sarcoidosis may be mild, or it can be severe and do lasting damage. It does not always cause symptoms, so you can have it without knowing it. Symptoms vary, depending on which organs are affected.

No one is sure what causes sarcoidosis. It affects men and women of all ages and races worldwide. However, it occurs mostly in people ages 20 to 40, African Americans, especially women, and people of Asian, German, Irish, Puerto Rican and Scandinavian origin.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

a disease that produces messes especially in the liver, lungs, skin, and lymph nodes
CHV

An inflammatory disease marked by the formation of granulomas (small nodules of immune cells) in the lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs. Sarcoidosis may be acute and go away by itself, or it may be chronic and progressive.
NCI

An idiopathic inflammatory disorder characterized by the formation of non-necrotizing epithelioid granulomas which contain giant cells. It usually affects the lungs, lymph nodes, liver, and skin.
NCI

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deuteroporfyriny

Porphyrins with four methyl and two propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings.
MSH

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učení

Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
MSH

process by which knowledge, skills, or behaviors are acquired by instruction, study, or experience.
CSP

Any process in an organism in which a relatively long-lasting adaptive behavioral change occurs as the result of experience. [ISBN:0582227089, ISBN:0721662544 “Dorland`s Illustrated Medical Dictionary”]
GO

The act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill.
NCI

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operon

In bacteria, a group of metabolically related genes, with a common promoter, whose transcription into a single polycistronic MESSENGER RNA is under the control of an OPERATOR REGION.
MSH

group of contiguous genes coordinately regulated by a promoter and an operator element; found in prokaryotes.
CSP

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avidin

A specific protein in egg albumin that interacts with BIOTIN to render it unavailable to mammals, thereby producing biotin deficiency.
MSH

biotin-binding protein found in eggs.
CSP

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fétus – životaschopnost

The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.
MSH

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Schillingův test

A diagnostic test in which vitamin B12 is tagged with radioactive cobalt, taken orally, and gastrointestinal absorption is determined via measurement of the amount of radioactivity in a 24-hour urine collection.
MSH

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heroin

A narcotic analgesic that may be habit-forming. It is a controlled substance (opium derivative) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Parts 329.1, 1308.11 (1987). Sale is forbidden in the United States by Federal statute. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

narcotic analgesic drug prepared from morphine, now prohibited in the United States even for medicinal uses because of the danger of addiction.
CSP

Heroin is a drug made from morphine, a natural substance in the seedpod of the Asian poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder. Heroin can be injected, smoked or snorted. Heroin abuse is a serious problem in the United States. Major health problems from heroin include miscarriages, heart infections and death from overdose. People who inject the drug also risk infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.

Regular use of heroin can lead to tolerance. This means users need more and more drug to have the same effect. At higher doses over time, the body becomes dependent on heroin. If dependent users stop heroin, they have withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, diarrhea, vomiting and cold flashes.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse


MEDLINEPLUS

A substance made from morphine. Heroin is very addictive and it is illegal to use or sell it in the United States. It is a type of opiate.
NCI

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zákonodárství farmaceutické

Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
MSH

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Optics

science that deals with the genesis and propagation of light, the changes that it undergoes and produces, and other phenomena closely associated with it.
CSP

The branch of physics that describes the behavior and properties of light and the interaction of light with matter.
NCI

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Azospirillum brasilense

A species of motile, free-living, gram-negative bacteria that occur in the soil. They are aerobic or microaerophilic and are sometimes capable of nitrogen fixation.
MSH

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fibrosarkom

A sarcoma derived from deep fibrous tissue, characterized by bundles of immature proliferating fibroblasts with variable collagen formation, which tends to invade locally and metastasize by the bloodstream. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

sarcoma derived from deep fibrous tissue, characterized by bundles of immature proliferating fibroblasts with variable collagen formation, which tends to invade locally and metastasize by the bloodstream.
CSP

A malignant mesenchymal tumor showing fibroblastic differentiation affecting soft tissues and bone.
NCI

A malignant mesenchymal tumor affecting soft tissues and bone. It is classified as adult or infantile. Infantile fibrosarcomas generally have a much more favorable prognosis than adult fibrosarcomas.
NCI

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vědci – nesprávné chování

Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
MSH

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diatrizoate sodium

An iodinated radiopaque X-ray contrast medium. Diatrizoate sodium blocks X-rays, thereby allowing body structures containing iodine to be delineated in contrast to those structures that do not contain iodine and allowing visualization of these areas. This contrast agent is used as a diagnostic aid in angiography, urography and radiography. (NCI05)
NCI

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Leptospira interrogans sérovar canicola

A serovar of the bacterial species LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS, whose natural host is DOGS where disease is characterized by GASTROENTERITIS, and INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS.
MSH

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organotechneciové sloučeniny

Organic compounds that contain technetium as an integral part of the molecule. These compounds are often used as radionuclide imaging agents.
MSH

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