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orgán skloviny

epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
CSP

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mastocytóza

A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by the abnormal increase of MAST CELLS in only the skin (MASTOCYTOSIS, CUTANEOUS), in extracutaneous tissues involving multiple organs (MASTOCYTOSIS, SYSTEMIC), or in solid tumors (MASTOCYTOMA).
MSH

rare disease characterized by an abnormal increase in mast cells in the bone marrow, liver, spleen, lymph nodes, gastrointestinal tract, and skin.
CSP

A clonal myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by the proliferation and accumulation of neoplastic mast cells in one or multiple organs or organ systems. It is a heterogeneous group of neoplasms, ranging from cutaneous proliferations which may regress spontaneously, to aggressive neoplasms associated with organ failure and short survival.
NCI

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amidinotransferasy

Enzymes of a subclass of TRANSFERASES that catalyze the transfer of an amidino group from donor to acceptor. EC 2.1.4.
MSH

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edetate calcium disodium

Contracted name for a salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetate, an agent used as a chelator of lead and some other heavy metals. C10H12CaN2Na2O8.
NCI

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gigantismus

The condition of accelerated and excessive GROWTH in children or adolescents who are exposed to excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE before the closure of EPIPHYSES. It is usually caused by somatotroph hyperplasia or a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. These patients are of abnormally tall stature, more than 3 standard deviations above normal mean height for age.
MSH

condition of abnormal overgrowth or excessive size of the whole body or any of its parts.
CSP

A clinical finding indicating abnormal and excessive body growth and height resulting from the overproduction of human growth hormone.
NCI

A condition in which the whole body or any of its parts grow much larger than normal.
NCI

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receptory nikotinové

One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Nicotinic receptors were originally distinguished by their preference for NICOTINE over MUSCARINE. They are generally divided into muscle-type and neuronal-type (previously ganglionic) based on pharmacology, and subunit composition of the receptors.
MSH

classic ligand-gated ion channel receptor type, where binding of ligand (acetylcholine) to transmembrane protein oligomer causes channel to open, permitting ion (sodium and potassium) flux and depolarization.
CSP

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endo-1,3-beta-glukanasa

An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-glucans including laminarin, paramylon, and pachyman.
MSH

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maxilofaciální vývoj

The process of growth and differentiation of the jaws and face.
MSH

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kyseliny aminokapronové

A group of compounds that are derivatives of aminohexanoic acids.
MSH

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proteiny vážící kalmodulin

Proteins which bind calmodulin. They are found in many tissues and have a variety of functions including F-actin cross-linking properties, inhibition of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase and calcium and magnesium ATPases.
MSH

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gliom

Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)
MSH

new abnormal neuroglial tissue in any one of its stages of development that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A general term for tumors of the central nervous system, including astrocytomas, ependymal tumors, glioblastoma multiforme, and primitive neuroectodermal tumors.
NCI

A general term for many types of tumors of the central nervous system
CHV

A benign or malignant brain and spinal cord tumor that arises from glial cells (astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells). Tumors that arise from astrocytes are called astrocytic tumors or astrocytomas. Tumors that arise from oligodendrocytes are called oligodendroglial tumors. Tumors that arise from ependymal cells are called ependymomas.
NCI

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rektum – prolaps

Protrusion of the rectal mucous membrane through the anus. There are various degrees: incomplete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle but with herniation of the bowel; and internal complete with rectosigmoid or upper rectum intussusception into the lower rectum.
MSH

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endorfiny

One of the three major groups of endogenous opioid peptides. They are large peptides derived from the PRO-OPIOMELANOCORTIN precursor. The known members of this group are alpha-, beta-, and gamma-endorphin. The term endorphin is also sometimes used to refer to all opioid peptides, but the narrower sense is used here; OPIOID PEPTIDES is used for the broader group.
MSH

one of the three major groups of endogenous opioid peptides; large peptides derived from the pro-opiomelanocortin precursor.
CSP

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nervus medianus

A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.
MSH

A branch of the brachial plexus that extends along the anterior aspect of the forearm and the hand.
NCI

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amnézie retrográdní

Loss of the ability to recall information that had been previously encoded in memory prior to a specified or approximate point in time. This process may be organic or psychogenic in origin. Organic forms may be associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; and a wide variety of other conditions that impair cerebral function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-9)
MSH

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kandidóza kožní

Candidiasis of the skin manifested as eczema-like lesions of the interdigital spaces, perleche, or chronic paronychia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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glukoneogeneze

Biosynthesis of GLUCOSE from nonhexose or non-carbohydrate precursors, such as LACTATE; PYRUVATE; ALANINE; and GLYCEROL.
MSH

biosynthesis of glucose from 3-carbon precursors, including aminoacids (this is the basis of protein breakdown during starvation).
CSP

The process of making glucose (sugar) from its own breakdown products or from the breakdown products of lipids (fats) or proteins. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in cells of the liver or kidney.
NCI

The formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors, such as pyruvate, amino acids and glycerol. [MetaCyc:GLUCONEO-PWY]
GO

The biosynthesis of new glucose as opposed to that generated by the metabolism of glycogen. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in the liver or kidneys, and involves the biosynthesis of glucose from 3-carbon or 4-carbon non-carbohydrate precursors such as amino acids or fats.
NCI

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odpadky – odstraňování

The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.
MSH

discarding or destroying garbage, sewage, or other waste matter.
CSP

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Enterobacter

Gram-negative gas-producing rods found in feces of humans and other animals, sewage, soil, water, and dairy products.
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, motile, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria with peritrichous flagella in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Enterobacter genus level.
NCI

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lékařský personál nemocniční

Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
MSH

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amygdala

Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain, within the temporal lobe. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
MSH

almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain, within the temporal lobe; part of the limbic system.
CSP

Subdivision of basal ganglion of telencephalon which is an almond-shaped gray mass in the dorsomedial part of the temporal lobe.
FMA

An almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain, within the temporal lobe. The amygdala is part of the limbic system. (MeSH)
NCI

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kaptan

One of the phthalimide fungicides.
MSH

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glutamát-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates glutamic acid with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.17.
MSH

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relaxace

Activity which reduces the feelings of tension and the effects of STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL.
MSH

activity which reduces feelings of tension.
CSP

A state of refreshing tranquility; freedom from work, strain, or responsibility.
NCI

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enzymy – inhibitory

compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.
CSP

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Meigsův syndrom

The triad of benign FIBROMA or other ovarian tumors with ASCITES, and HYDROTHORAX due to large PLEURAL EFFUSIONS.
MSH

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Anaplasma

A genus of gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Species are transmitted by arthropod vectors with the host range limited to ruminants. Anaplasma marginale is the most pathogenic species and is the causative agent of severe bovine anaplasmosis.
MSH

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oxid uhelnatý – otrava

toxic asphyxiation due to the displacement of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin by carbon monoxide.
CSP

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a gas that has no odor or color. But it is very dangerous. It can cause sudden illness and death. CO is found in combustion fumes, such as those made by cars and trucks, lanterns, stoves, gas ranges and heating systems. CO from these fumes can build up in places that don`t have a good flow of fresh air. You can be poisoned by breathing them in. The most common symptoms of CO poisoning are

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Chest pain
  • Confusion

It is often hard to tell if someone has CO poisoning, because the symptoms may be like those of other illnesses. People who are sleeping or intoxicated can die from CO poisoning before they have symptoms. A CO detector can warn you if you have high levels of CO in your home.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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glykogenóza typu III

An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to deficient expression of amylo-1,6-glucosidase (one part of the glycogen debranching enzyme system). The clinical course of the disease is similar to that of glycogen storage disease type I, but milder. Massive hepatomegaly, which is present in young children, diminishes and occasionally disappears with age. Levels of glycogen with short outer branches are elevated in muscle, liver, and erythrocytes. Six subgroups have been identified, with subgroups Type IIIa and Type IIIb being the most prevalent.
MSH

autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to deficient expression of amylo-1,6-glucosidase; clinical course is similar to that of glycogen storage disease type I, but milder; massive hepatomegaly, which is present in young children, diminishes and occasionally disappears with age; levels of glycogen with short outer branches are elevated in muscle, liver, and erythrocytes.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited type of glycogen storage disease caused by deficiency of the glycogen debranching enzyme. It results in the accumulation of structurally abnormal glycogen in the heart, skeletal muscles, and/or liver.
NCI

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replikon

Any DNA sequence capable of independent replication or a molecule that possesses a REPLICATION ORIGIN and which is therefore potentially capable of being replicated in a suitable cell. (Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
MSH

a unit of DNA that contains a DNA replication origin and a termination point and is capable of self-replication.
CSP

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