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papoušci – malé druhy

Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.
MSH

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arenaviry – Nový svět

One of two groups of viruses in the ARENAVIRUS genus and considered part of the New World complex. It includes JUNIN VIRUS; PICHINDE VIRUS; Amapari virus, and Machupo virus among others. They are the cause of human hemorrhagic fevers mostly in Central and South America.
MSH

one of two groups of viruses in the Arenavirus genus, causing human hemorrhagic fevers mostly in Central and South America.
CSP

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benzomorfany

Morphine derivatives of the methanobenzazocine family that act as potent analgesics.
MSH

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neštovice pravé

An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

Smallpox is a disease caused by the Variola major virus. Some experts say that over the centuries it has killed more people than all other infectious diseases combined. Worldwide immunization stopped the spread of smallpox three decades ago. The last case was reported in 1977. Two research labs still house small amounts of the virus. Experts fear bioterrorists could use the virus to spread disease.

Smallpox spreads very easily from person to person. Symptoms are flu-like and include high fever, fatigue and headache and backache, followed by a rash with flat red sores.

The U.S. stopped routine smallpox vaccinations in 1972. Military and other high-risk groups continue to get the vaccine. The U.S. has increased its supply of the vaccine in recent years. The vaccine makes some people sick, so doctors save it for those at highest risk of disease.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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moskyti – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

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difterický toxoid

The formaldehyde-inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is generally used in mixtures with TETANUS TOXOID and PERTUSSIS VACCINE; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5- to 10-fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use). Diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria; DIPHTHERIA ANTITOXIN is for treatment.
MSH

formaldehyde inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae; generally used in mixtures with tetanus toxoid and pertussis vaccine; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5 to 10 fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use); diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria.
CSP

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parazitární nemoci

Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
MSH

infections or infestations with parasitic organisms; they are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
CSP

Parasites are living things that use other living things – like your body – for food and a place to live. You can get them from contaminated food or water, a bug bite, or sexual contact. Parasitic diseases can cause mild discomfort or be deadly.

Parasites range in size from tiny, one-celled organisms called protozoa to worms that can be seen with the naked eye. Some parasitic diseases happen in the United States. Contaminated water supplies can lead to Giardia infections. Cats can transmit toxoplasmosis, which is dangerous for pregnant women. Others, like malaria, are common in other parts of the world.

If you are traveling, it`s important to drink only water you know is safe. Prevention is especially important. There are no vaccines for parasitic diseases. Some medicines are available to treat parasitic infections.


MEDLINEPLUS

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hepatitida – protilátky

Immunoglobulins raised by any form of viral hepatitis; some of these antibodies are used to diagnose the specific kind of hepatitis.
MSH

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beta-2-mikroglobulin

An 11-kDa protein associated with the outer membrane of many cells including lymphocytes. It is the small subunit of the MHC class I molecule. Association with beta 2-microglobulin is generally required for the transport of class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. Beta 2-microglobulin is present in small amounts in serum, csf, and urine of normal people, and to a much greater degree in the urine and plasma of patients with tubular proteinemia, renal failure, or kidney transplants.
MSH

Beta-2-microglobulin protein (119 aa, ~14 kDa) is encoded by the human B2M gene. This protein plays a role in immune responses and is a key component of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules. The protein is localized to the surface of cells and is utilized as a prognostic marker in persons with cancers that involve white blood cells. The polypeptide is also used as a marker in kidney damage diagnosis and in the detection of viral infection.
NCI

A small protein normally found on the surface of many cells, including lymphocytes, and in small amounts in the blood and urine. An increased amount in the blood or urine may be a sign of certain diseases, including some types of cancer, such as multiple myeloma or lymphoma.
NCI

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sociální dominance

Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
MSH

social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members.
CSP

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ústa bezzubá

Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
MSH

Having teeth in neither the mandible nor the maxilla.
NCI

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nemoc – propuknutí

Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
MSH

sudden increase in the incidence of a disease; the concept includes epidemics.
CSP

An outbreak represents a series of public health cases. The date on which an outbreak starts is the earliest date of onset among the cases assigned to the outbreak, and its ending date is the last date of onset among the cases assigned to the outbreak.


HL7V3.0

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paromomycin

An oligosaccharide antibiotic produced by various STREPTOMYCES.
MSH

An aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from Streptomyces rimosus var. paromomycinus, with amebicidal and antibacterial activity. Paromomycin binds specifically to the RNA oligonucleotide at the A site of bacterial 30S ribosomes, thereby causing misreading and premature termination of translation, thereby leading to inhibition of protein synthesis followed by cell death.
NCI

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herbicidy

Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
MSH

agent used to destroy unwanted vegetation.
CSP

A chemical that kills plants.
NCI

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bibliografie

A work consisting of a list of books, articles, documents, publications, and other items, usually on a single subject or related subjects.
MSH

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socioterapie

Therapy whose primary emphasis is on the physical and social structuring of the environment to promote interpersonal relationships which will be influential in reducing behavioral disturbances of patients.
MSH

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vícefázový screening

The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
MSH

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dithizon

Chelating agent used for heavy metal poisoning and assay. It causes diabetes.
MSH

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otcovské chování

The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
MSH

behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
CSP

Male behaviors associated with the care and rearing offspring. [GOC:go_curators]
GO

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heterocyklické sloučeniny monocyklické

A class of organic compounds containing a ring structure made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The ring structure can be aromatic or nonaromatic.
MSH

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vazebná místa protilátek

Local surface sites on antibodies which react with antigen determinant sites on antigens (EPITOPES.) They are formed from parts of the variable regions of FAB FRAGMENTS.
MSH

The site at which an antibody makes direct physical contact with a corresponding epitope on an antigen.
NCI

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salicylan sodný

A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent that is less effective than equal doses of ASPIRIN in relieving pain and reducing fever. However, individuals who are hypersensitive to ASPIRIN may tolerate sodium salicylate. In general, this salicylate produces the same adverse reactions as ASPIRIN, but there is less occult gastrointestinal bleeding. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p120)
MSH

A drug that is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Sodium salicylate may be tolerated by people who are sensitive to aspirin.
NCI

The sodium salt of salicylic acid. As a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), sodium salicylate irreversibly acetylates cyclooxygenases I and II, thereby inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis and associated inflammation and pain. This agent may also activate mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), thereby inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43094&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43094&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C834″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

The sodium salt of salicylic acid. As a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), sodium salicylate irreversibly acetylates cyclooxygenases I and II, thereby inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis and associated inflammation and pain. This agent may also activate mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), thereby inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. (NCI04)
NCI

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svaly – rigidita

Continuous involuntary sustained muscle contraction which is often a manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES. When an affected muscle is passively stretched, the degree of resistance remains constant regardless of the rate at which the muscle is stretched. This feature helps to distinguish rigidity from MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p73)
MSH

motor impairment whereby the hypertonic state is charcterized by bidirectional increased resistance to passive movement.
CSP

Stiffness or inflexibility.
NCI

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DNA-polymerasa III

A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in E. coli and other lower organisms but may be present in higher organisms. Use also for a more complex form of DNA polymerase III designated as DNA polymerase III* or pol III* which is 15 times more active biologically than DNA polymerase I in the synthesis of DNA. This polymerase has both 3`-5` and 5`-3` exonuclease activities, is inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents, and has the same template-primer dependence as pol II. EC 2.7.7.7.
MSH

An enzyme that has dual functionality in DNA synthesis. The protein has the ability to facilitate DNA synthesis by polymerase action and an exonucleolytic activity that degrades single stranded DNA in the 3` to 5` direction. This protein is essential for leading strand synthesis.
NCI

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pokoje pro pacienty

Rooms occupied by one or more individuals during a stay in a health facility. The concept includes aspects of environment, design, care, or economics.
MSH

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hexylresorcinol

A substituted dihydroxybenzene that is used topically as an antiseptic for the treatment of minor skin infections.
MSH

A substituted phenol with bactericidal, antihelminthic and potential antineoplastic activities. Hexylresorcinol is used as an antiseptic in mouthwashes and skin wound cleansers. Hexylresorcinol may also inhibit oxidative DNA damage by enhancing the activity of antioxidant enzymes, including glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase, which facilitate scavenging reactive oxygen molecules by glutathione (GSH).
NCI

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biologický transport

The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
MSH

movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level; can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers and also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
CSP

The directed movement of substances (such as macromolecules, small molecules, ions) into, out of or within a cell, or between cells, or within a multicellular organism by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. [GOC:dph, GOC:jl, GOC:mah]
GO

The directed movement of substances into, out of, or within a cell
CHV

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somatotypy

Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).
MSH

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Mycobacterium avium

bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds; in pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease; the organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle; it should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
CSP

A bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds. In pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease. The organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle. It should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium avium.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria. This species is acid fast, catalase positive, niacin, peroxidase, nitrate reductase, and urease negative, and may be susceptible to pnitrobenzoate, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, rifampin, and streptomycin. M. avium is found in soil and dust particles and can cause infection when inhaled or ingested, especially causing disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients.
NCI

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delfíni

Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
MSH

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