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pelvimetrie

Measurement of the dimensions and capacity of the pelvis. It includes cephalopelvimetry (measurement of fetal head size in relation to maternal pelvic capacity), a prognostic guide to the management of LABOR, OBSTETRIC associated with disproportion.
MSH

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delfíni

Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker`s Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
MSH

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ptáci

Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
MSH

warmblooded oviparous tetrapods with feathers, one occipital condyle, forelimb modified into wings, heart with 2 ventricles.
CSP

A taxonomic class of egg-laying, endothermic vertebrates. The forelimbs of these bipedal animals have been modified to form wings. Modern birds have beaks with no teeth and their bodies are covered in feathers.
NCI

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alfa-mannosidóza

An autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease characterized by deficient activity of the enzyme alpha-D-mannosidase. There is a wide range of signs and symptoms including hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, hearing loss, respiratory infections, mental retardation, skeletal abnormalities, leveled nasal bridge and protruding forehead.
NCI

An inborn error of metabolism marked by a defect in the lysosomal isoform of ALPHA-MANNOSIDASE activity that results in lysosomal accumulation of mannose-rich intermediate metabolites. Virtually all patients have psychomotor retardation, facial coarsening, and some degree of dysostosis multiplex. It is thought to be an autosomal recessive disorder.
MSH

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paraparéza spastická

Mild or moderate loss of motor function accompanied by spasticity in the lower extremities. This condition is a manifestation of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES that cause injury to the motor cortex or descending motor pathways.
MSH

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Genetics, Biochemical

The science concerned with the chemical and physical nature of genes and the genome.
NCI

A branch of genetics which deals with the chemical structure of the genes and with the mechanisms by which the genes control and regulate the structure and synthesis of proteins.
MSH

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pentagastrin

A synthetic pentapeptide that has effects like gastrin when given parenterally. It stimulates the secretion of gastric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor, and has been used as a diagnostic aid.
MSH

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drakunkulóza

Infection with nematodes of the genus Dracunculus. One or more worms may be seen at a time, with the legs and feet being the most commonly infected areas. Symptoms include pruritus, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or asthmatic attacks.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by Dracunculus medinensis. It is caused by drinking water contaminated with water fleas. The larvae enter the body through the intestine. Signs and symptoms include pain, edema, blisters, and ulcers.
NCI

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čepelková implantace

Insertion of an endosseous implant with a narrow wedge-shaped infrastructure extending through the oral mucosa into the mouth and bearing openings or vents through which tissue grows to obtain retention.
MSH

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manželství

The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby men and women are joined together for the purpose of founding a family unit.
MSH

The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby men and women are joined together for the purpose of founding a family unit; the state of being a married couple.
NCI

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řeč – srozumitelnost

Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.
MSH

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geriatrický odhad

Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
MSH

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peptid fí

A 27-amino acid peptide with histidine at the N-terminal and isoleucine amide at the C-terminal. The exact amino acid composition of the peptide is species dependent. The peptide is secreted in the intestine, but is found in the nervous system, many organs, and in the majority of peripheral tissues. It has a wide range of biological actions, affecting the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and central nervous systems.
MSH

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léky implantované

Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
MSH

A device placed in tissue to deliver therapeutic agents at a controlled, constant release rate.
NCI

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koagulopatie

Hemorrhagic and thrombotic disorders that occur as a consequence of abnormalities in blood coagulation due to a variety of factors such as COAGULATION PROTEIN DISORDERS; BLOOD PLATELET DISORDERS; BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS or nutritional conditions.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal coagulation properties of the blood.
CSP

A condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal coagulation properties of the blood.
NCI

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mastocytóza

A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by the abnormal increase of MAST CELLS in only the skin (MASTOCYTOSIS, CUTANEOUS), in extracutaneous tissues involving multiple organs (MASTOCYTOSIS, SYSTEMIC), or in solid tumors (MASTOCYTOMA).
MSH

rare disease characterized by an abnormal increase in mast cells in the bone marrow, liver, spleen, lymph nodes, gastrointestinal tract, and skin.
CSP

A clonal myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by the proliferation and accumulation of neoplastic mast cells in one or multiple organs or organ systems. It is a heterogeneous group of neoplasms, ranging from cutaneous proliferations which may regress spontaneously, to aggressive neoplasms associated with organ failure and short survival.
NCI

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Xylariales

An order of ascomycetous FUNGI which includes many economically important plant parasites as well as saprophytes.
MSH

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gigantismus

The condition of accelerated and excessive GROWTH in children or adolescents who are exposed to excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE before the closure of EPIPHYSES. It is usually caused by somatotroph hyperplasia or a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. These patients are of abnormally tall stature, more than 3 standard deviations above normal mean height for age.
MSH

condition of abnormal overgrowth or excessive size of the whole body or any of its parts.
CSP

A clinical finding indicating abnormal and excessive body growth and height resulting from the overproduction of human growth hormone.
NCI

A condition in which the whole body or any of its parts grow much larger than normal.
NCI

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periapikální granulom

Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation of periapical tissue resulting from irritation following pulp disease or endodontic treatment.
MSH

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ductus arteriosus

A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
MSH

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krev – dusík močoviny

The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
MSH

A quantitative measurement of the amount of urea nitrogen present in a serum sample.
NCI

A measurement of the urea nitrogen in a blood specimen.
NCI

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maxilofaciální vývoj

The process of growth and differentiation of the jaws and face.
MSH

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míšní nervy

The 31 paired peripheral nerves formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment. The spinal nerve plexuses and the spinal roots are also included.
MSH

pairs of nerves (31 in humans) arising from the spinal cord, formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment.
CSP

Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the spinal cord. Examples: Fifth cervical spinal nerve, third lumbar spinal nerve.
FMA

Paired nerves that arise from the spinal cord. In all, there are 31 pairs of spinal nerves located in the human body.
NCI

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gliom

Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)
MSH

new abnormal neuroglial tissue in any one of its stages of development that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A general term for tumors of the central nervous system, including astrocytomas, ependymal tumors, glioblastoma multiforme, and primitive neuroectodermal tumors.
NCI

A general term for many types of tumors of the central nervous system
CHV

A benign or malignant brain and spinal cord tumor that arises from glial cells (astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells). Tumors that arise from astrocytes are called astrocytic tumors or astrocytomas. Tumors that arise from oligodendrocytes are called oligodendroglial tumors. Tumors that arise from ependymal cells are called ependymomas.
NCI

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parodontologie

A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.
MSH

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dyzentérie

Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.
MSH

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tělesná teplota

The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
MSH

degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
CSP

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nervus medianus

A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.
MSH

A branch of the brachial plexus that extends along the anterior aspect of the forearm and the hand.
NCI

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slezina – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the SPLEEN.
MSH

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glukoneogeneze

Biosynthesis of GLUCOSE from nonhexose or non-carbohydrate precursors, such as LACTATE; PYRUVATE; ALANINE; and GLYCEROL.
MSH

biosynthesis of glucose from 3-carbon precursors, including aminoacids (this is the basis of protein breakdown during starvation).
CSP

The process of making glucose (sugar) from its own breakdown products or from the breakdown products of lipids (fats) or proteins. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in cells of the liver or kidney.
NCI

The formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors, such as pyruvate, amino acids and glycerol. [MetaCyc:GLUCONEO-PWY]
GO

The biosynthesis of new glucose as opposed to that generated by the metabolism of glycogen. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in the liver or kidneys, and involves the biosynthesis of glucose from 3-carbon or 4-carbon non-carbohydrate precursors such as amino acids or fats.
NCI

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