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receptory adrenergní alfa – agonisté

Drugs that selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors.
MSH

Natural or synthetic Alpha-adrenergic Agonists selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system, mimicking the actions of natural sympathomimetic neurotransmitters (norepinephrine and related substances). Alpha-adrenergic Agonists can initiate physiological responses such as vasoconstriction, pupil dilation, and contraction of pilomotor muscles. (NCI04)
NCI

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karotenoidy

The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.
MSH

group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits; they are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.
CSP

Class of compounds usually consisting of a hydrocarbon chain of 40 carbons, nine conjugated double bonds, and one or two cyclic structures at the ends of the conjugated chain.
NCI

A yellow, red, or orange substance found mostly in plants, including carrots, sweet potatoes, dark green leafy vegetables, and many fruits, grains, and oils. Some carotenoids are changed into vitamin A in the body and some are being studied in the prevention of cancer. A carotenoid is a type of antioxidant and a type of provitamin.
NCI

A class of hydrocarbons (carotenes) and their oxygenated derivatives which exhibit chemopreventive properties. Carotenoids are pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. The pigments are fat-soluble, unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons functioning as provitamins and are converted to vitamin A through enzymatic processes in the intestinal wall.
NCI

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hexylresorcinol

A substituted dihydroxybenzene that is used topically as an antiseptic for the treatment of minor skin infections.
MSH

A substituted phenol with bactericidal, antihelminthic and potential antineoplastic activities. Hexylresorcinol is used as an antiseptic in mouthwashes and skin wound cleansers. Hexylresorcinol may also inhibit oxidative DNA damage by enhancing the activity of antioxidant enzymes, including glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase, which facilitate scavenging reactive oxygen molecules by glutathione (GSH).
NCI

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pyelocystitida

Inflammation of the KIDNEY PELVIS and the URINARY BLADDER.
MSH

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Mycobacterium avium

bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds; in pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease; the organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle; it should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
CSP

A bacterium causing tuberculosis in domestic fowl and other birds. In pigs, it may cause localized and sometimes disseminated disease. The organism occurs occasionally in sheep and cattle. It should be distinguished from the M. avium complex, which infects primarily humans.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Mycobacterium avium.
NCI

A species of aerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria. This species is acid fast, catalase positive, niacin, peroxidase, nitrate reductase, and urease negative, and may be susceptible to pnitrobenzoate, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, rifampin, and streptomycin. M. avium is found in soil and dust particles and can cause infection when inhaled or ingested, especially causing disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients.
NCI

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aferentní nervové dráhy

Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.
MSH

Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center. (MeSH)
NCI

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sádrové obvazy

Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.
MSH

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histamin H1 – antagonisté

Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H1 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of endogenous histamine. Included here are the classical antihistaminics that antagonize or prevent the action of histamine mainly in immediate hypersensitivity. They act in the bronchi, capillaries, and some other smooth muscles, and are used to prevent or allay motion sickness, seasonal rhinitis, and allergic dermatitis and to induce somnolence. The effects of blocking central nervous system H1 receptors are not as well understood.
MSH

A type of drug that blocks the action of histamines, which can cause fever, itching, sneezing, a runny nose, and watery eyes. Antihistamines are used to prevent fevers in patients receiving blood transfusions and to treat allergies, coughs, and colds.
NCI

Any agent that binds to the histamine-1 (H-1) receptor, thereby antagonizing histamine mediated allergic reactions, such as bronchoconstriction, vasodilation and up-regulated capillary permeability.
NCI

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pyridoxaminfosfátoxidasa

An enzyme catalyzing the deamination of pyridoxaminephosphate to pyridoxal phosphate. It is a flavoprotein that also oxidizes pyridoxine-5-phosphate and pyridoxine. EC 1.4.3.5.
MSH

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faktor deprese myokardu

A low molecular weight peptide of about 800-1000 having a negative inotropic effect. It is released into the circulation during experimental hemorrhagic pancreatitis, severe ischemia, and postoligemic shock.
MSH

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zemědělci – nemoci

Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
MSH

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nucleus caudatus

elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain.
CSP

Nucleus of brain which is an elongated crescent-shaped mass lying parallel and adjacent to the lateral ventricle throughout its extent.
FMA

An elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain. (MeSH)
NCI

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HIV antigeny

Antigens associated with specific proteins of the human adult T-cell immunodeficiency virus (HIV); also called HTLV-III-associated and lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV) antigens.
MSH

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Katar

A country in the Middle East, occupying a peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, occupying a peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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myringoplastika

Surgical restoration of a perforated tympanic membrane by grafting. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
MSH

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alanin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates alanine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.7.
MSH

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ceftriaxon

A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears.
MSH

An antibiotic drug used to treat infection. It belongs to the family of drugs called cephalosporin antibiotics.
NCI

A beta-lactam, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Ceftriaxone binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. PBPs participate in the terminal stages of assembling the bacterial cell wall, and in reshaping the cell wall during cell division. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis. Compared to the second and first generation cephalosporins, ceftriaxone is more active against gram-negative bacteria and less active against gram-positive bacteria. Ceftriaxone also crosses the blood-brain barrier and reaches therapeutic concentrations in the central nervous system (CNS).
NCI

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

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HLA-DR6 antigen

A broad-specificity HLA-DR antigen that is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*13 and DRB1*14 alleles.
MSH

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chinuklidiny

8-membered bridge compound with a tertiary nitrogen at one bridge point, and a cyclic keto group.
CSP

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NADPH-cytochrom c-reduktasa

A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of heme-thiolate-dependent monooxygenases and is part of the microsomal hydroxylating system. EC 1.6.2.4.
MSH

Mammalian NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) was first identified by Horecker in 19501 as an NADPH-specific cytochrome c reductase. CPR was linked to the microsomal electron transport chains, cytochromes P450 and b5, involved in drug and steroid hydroxylations in 1960`s. CPR is a flavoprotein containing both FAD and FMN. It has a modular structure suggestive of its evolution from smaller subunits similar to flavodoxins and ferredoxin NADP+ reductase, and its 3-dimensional structure was recently determined. It is involved in heme catabolism, sterol, bile acid synthesis and fatty acid metabolism. CPR is also a component of nitric oxide synthases and methionine synthase reductase. (http://www.uky.edu/Pharmacy/ps/porter/CPR.htm)
NCI

A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of heme-thiolate-dependent monooxygenases and is part of the microsomal hydroxylating system. Its physiological acceptor is probably cytochrome P-450. EC 1.6.2.4.
NCI

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aldehydlyasy

Enzymes that catalyze a reverse aldol condensation. A molecule containing a hydroxyl group and a carbonyl group is cleaved at a C-C bond to produce two smaller molecules (ALDEHYDES or KETONES). EC 4.1.2.
MSH

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buněčné jádro

Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
MSH

defining organelle of the eukaryotic cell; a membrane limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli; the nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum.
CSP

A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell`s chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent. [GOC:go_curators]
GO

Organelle which has as its direct parts a nuclear membrane and nuclear matrix.
FMA

core of a cell that contains genetic materials
CHV

In biology, the structure in a cell that contains the chromosomes. The nucleus has a membrane around it, and is where RNA is made from the DNA in the chromosomes.
NCI

A body within the cell, surrounded by a membrane, within which lie the chromosomes, one or more nucleoli, combined with proteins, and exhibits mitosis.
NCI

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homoserindehydrogenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of aspartic beta-semialdehyde to homoserine, which is the branch point in biosynthesis of methionine, lysine, threonine and leucine from aspartic acid. EC 1.1.1.3.
MSH

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radikulitida

An inflammatory process affecting a nerve root. Patients experience pain radiating along a nerve path because of spinal pressure on the nerve root that connects to the nerve path.
NCI

A disorder characterized by inflammation involving a nerve root. Patients experience marked discomfort radiating along a nerve path because of spinal pressure on the connecting nerve root.
NCI

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kyseliny naftalenoctové

Naphthalene derivatives containing the -CH2CCO2H radical at the 1-position, the 2-position, or both. Compounds are used as plant growth regulators to delay sprouting, exert weed control, thin fruit, etc.
MSH

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alkylrtuťné sloučeniny

Organic mercury compounds in which the mercury is attached to an alkyl group.
MSH

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infekce centrálního nervového systému

Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
MSH

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nemocniční záznamy

Compilations of data on hospital activities and programs; excludes patient medical records.
MSH

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radiologické oddělení nemocnice

Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of x-ray diagnostic and therapeutic services.
MSH

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Národní centrum pro zdravotnickou statistiku (USA)

A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
MSH

The International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM), Volumes I, II (diagnoses) and III (procedures) describes the classification of morbidity and mortality information for statistical purposes and for the indexing of healthcare records by diseases and procedures. The ICD-9-CM codes can be used as the value of the Act.cd attribute.


HL7V3.0

A part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the NCHS is the primary Federal organization responsible for the collection, analyses, and dissemination of health statistics.
NCI

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