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aorta ascendens

The portion of the aorta that emerges from the left ventricle and precedes the aortic arch.
NCI

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tazatelé

The person who manages an interview and asks the questions.
NCI

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kořenové kanálky – irigační prostředky

Chemicals used mainly to disinfect root canals after pulpectomy and before obturation. The major ones are camphorated monochlorophenol, EDTA, formocresol, hydrogen peroxide, metacresylacetate, and sodium hypochlorite. Root canal irrigants include also rinsing solutions of distilled water, sodium chloride, etc.
MSH

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zubní dřeň – nemoci

Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
MSH

endodontic disorders of the dental pulp inside the tooth.
CSP

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ergoliny

A series of structurally-related alkaloids that contain the ergoline backbone structure.
MSH

series of structurally-related alkaloids that contain the ergoline backbone structure.
CSP

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odchylka pozorovatele

The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer`s missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
MSH

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Aspergillus nidulans

A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.
MSH

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intrinsic faktor

A glycoprotein secreted by the cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS that is required for the absorption of VITAMIN B 12 (cyanocobalamin). Deficiency of intrinsic factor leads to VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY and ANEMIA, PERNICIOUS.
MSH

glycoprotein secreted by the cells of the gastric glands that is required for the absorption of Vitamin B12.
CSP

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útěkové chování

A behavioral response manifested by leaving home in order to escape from threatening situations. Children or adolescents leaving home without permission is usually implied.
MSH

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zubní náhrady – výstelkový materiál

Material applied to the tissue side of a denture to provide a soft lining to the parts of a denture coming in contact with soft tissue. It cushions contact of the denture with the tissues.
MSH

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erytrocyty – agregace intravaskulární

Clumping of ERYTHROCYTES, in vivo, in intact blood vessels. Increased and/or abnormal aggregation may lead to impairment of MICROCIRCULATION (blood sludging and THROMBUS formation) and development of VASCULAR DISEASES.
MSH

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oční hypotenze

Abnormally low intraocular pressure often related to chronic inflammation (uveitis).
MSH

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úrazy sportovní

Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
MSH

any injury that arises during participation in sports; most are not actually specific to sports.
CSP

Exercising is good for you, but sometimes you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices or improper gear can cause them. Some people get hurt because they are not in shape. Not warming up or stretching enough can also lead to injuries.

The most common sports injuries are

If you get hurt, stop playing. Continuing to play or exercise can cause more harm. Treatment often begins with the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling and speed healing. Other possible treatments include pain relievers, keeping the injured area from moving, rehabilitation and sometimes surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
NCI

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kyselina joglykamová

A radiopaque medium. It is a mixture of its meglumine and sodium salts and is used to visualize the biliary tract.
MSH

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Saimiri

genus of the family Cebidae consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus; they inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America; S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.
CSP

A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.
MSH

A small diurnal primate with nails instead of claws, the Saimiri sciureus has close-cropped fur that is olive at the shoulders tending toward orange at the back, with a black mouth and white around its throat, ears, and eyes. The squirrel monkey`s long tail is used primarily for balance and it has the largest brain, proportionally, of all the primates. Squirrel monkeys are used in a wide variety of biomedical research applications.
NCI

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deoxyribonukleasy

Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolases of ester bonds within DNA. EC 3.1.-.
MSH

Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolytic cleavage of phosphodiester bond linkages in the DNA backbone. Deoxyribonucleases belong to a larger family of nucleases, which cleave DNA bases at various positions in the DNA backbone.
NCI

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ezofágus – perforace

An opening or hole in the ESOPHAGUS that is caused by TRAUMA, injury, or pathological process.
MSH

A disorder characterized by a rupture in the wall of the esophagus.
NCI

The presence of a hole or other type of opening in the esophageal wall through which the contents of the esophagus can pass into the mediastinum. The most common cause of esophageal perforation is injury during a medical procedure such as esophagoscopy or placement of a naso-gastric tube; and pathologic process such as neoplasm or gastric reflux with ulceration. Less common causes include injuries from penetrating or blunt trauma or injury to the esophagus during an operation on another organ, mechanical problem such as violent retching or vomiting; ingestion of a foreign body or caustic agents. The condition often results in infection of the mediastinum and mediastinitis.
NCI

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stáří – podpora

Financial assistance for the impoverished elderly through public funding of programs, services, and individual income supplements.
MSH

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audiovizuální prostředky

Auditory and visual instructional materials.
MSH

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iritida

inflammation of the iris characterized by circumcorneal injection, aqueous flare, keratotic precipitates, and constricted and sluggish pupil along with discoloration of the iris.
CSP

Inflammation of the iris.
NCI

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salmonelóza

Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.
MSH

infections with bacteria of the genus Salmonella
CSP

Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria. In the United States, it is the most common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables.

Symptoms include fever, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and headache. Symptoms usually last 4 – 7 days. Most people get better without treatment. It can be more serious in the elderly, infants and people with chronic conditions. If Salmonella gets into the bloodstream, it can be serious, or even life-threatening. The usual treatment is antibiotics.

You also can get a salmonella infection after handling pets, particularly reptiles like snakes, turtles and lizards. Typhoid fever, a more serious disease caused by Salmonella, frequently occurs in developing countries.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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dermatologické látky

Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.
MSH

NOTE: The topical anti-inflammatory subclassification (DE200) includes all single-entity anti-inflammatory agents and all combinations containing an adrenocorticoid except those which also contain anti-infective agent (DE250) or an antipsoriatic agent (DE802). The topical antipsoriatic subclassification (DE802) includes products containing adrenocorticoids in combination with coal tar or salicylic acid and products containing coal tar. The “anti-infective, topical other” subclassification (DE109) includes products containing combinations of agents from any one or more subclassification of anti-infectives, topical (DE101, DE102, DE103). Topical pediculicides are included under class AP300.
NDFRT

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estrogeny – substituční terapie

The use of hormonal agents with estrogen-like activity in postmenopausal or other estrogen-deficient women to alleviate effects of hormone deficiency, such as vasomotor symptoms, DYSPAREUNIA, and progressive development of OSTEOPOROSIS. This may also include the use of progestational agents in combination therapy.
MSH

Hormones (estrogen, progesterone, or both) given to postmenopausal women or to women who have had their ovaries surgically removed. Hormones are given to replace the estrogen no longer produced by the ovaries.
NCI

The administration of estrogen, especially in postmenopausal women, to relieve menopausal symptoms and to protect against osteoporosis and heart disease. (Bartleby.com)
NCI

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onchocerkóza oční

Filarial infection of the eyes transmitted from person to person by bites of Onchocerca volvulus-infected black flies. The microfilariae of Onchocerca are thus deposited beneath the skin. They migrate through various tissues including the eye. Those persons infected have impaired vision and up to 20% are blind. The incidence of eye lesions has been reported to be as high as 30% in Central America and parts of Africa.
MSH

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automatizované zpracování dat

Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
MSH

data processing performed by automatic means; typically by computer.
CSP

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isofluorofát

A di-isopropyl-fluorophosphate which is an irreversible cholinesterase inhibitor used to investigate the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
MSH

irreversible cholinesterase inhibitor with actions similar to those of echothiophate; it is a powerful miotic used mainly in the treatment of glaucoma; its vapor is highly toxic and it is recommended that only solutions in arachis oil be used therapeutically.
CSP

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sarkom Kaposiho

A multicentric, malignant neoplastic vascular proliferation characterized by the development of bluish-red cutaneous nodules, usually on the lower extremities, most often on the toes or feet, and slowly increasing in size and number and spreading to more proximal areas. The tumors have endothelium-lined channels and vascular spaces admixed with variably sized aggregates of spindle-shaped cells, and often remain confined to the skin and subcutaneous tissue, but widespread visceral involvement may occur. Kaposi`s sarcoma occurs spontaneously in Jewish and Italian males in Europe and the United States. An aggressive variant in young children is endemic in some areas of Africa. A third form occurs in about 0.04% of kidney transplant patients. There is also a high incidence in AIDS patients. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, pp2105-7) HHV-8 is the suspected cause.
MSH

multicentric, malignant neoplastic vascular proliferation characterized by the development of bluish-red cutaneous nodules, usually on the lower extremities, most often on the toes or feet, and slowly increasing in size and number and spreading to more proximal areas; occurs spontaneously in Jewish and Italian males; aggressive variant in young children is endemic in some areas of Africa; a third form occurs in about 0.04% of kidney transplant patients; there is also a high incidence in AIDS patients; human herpesvirus 8 is the suspected cause.
CSP

A type of cancer characterized by the abnormal growth of blood vessels that develop into skin lesions or occur internally.
NCI

A malignant neoplasm characterized by a vascular proliferation which usually contains blunt endothelial cells. Erythrocyte extravasation and hemosiderin deposition are frequently present. The most frequent site of involvement is the skin; however it may also occur internally. It generally develops in people with compromised immune systems including those with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
NCI

Kaposi`s sarcoma is a cancer that causes patches of abnormal tissue to grow under the skin, in the lining of the mouth, nose, and throat or in other organs. The patches are usually red or purple and are made of cancer cells and blood cells. The red and purple patches often cause no symptoms, though they may be painful. If the cancer spreads to the digestive tract or lungs, bleeding can result. Lung tumors can make breathing hard.

Before the HIV/AIDS epidemic, KS usually developed slowly. In HIV/AIDS patients, though, the disease moves quickly. Treatment depends on where the lesions are and how bad they are. Treatment for HIV itself can shrink the lesions. However, treating KS does not improve survival from HIV/AIDS itself.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

a cancer that causes patches of abnormal tissue to grow under the skin,
CHV

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dexamethason

An anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid.
MSH

anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid.
CSP

A synthetic steroid (similar to steroid hormones produced naturally in the adrenal gland). Dexamethasone is used to treat leukemia and lymphoma and may be used to treat some of the problems caused by other cancers and their treatment.
NCI

a kind of steroid drug
CHV

A synthetic adrenal corticosteroid with potent anti-inflammatory properties. In addition to binding to specific nuclear steroid receptors, dexamethasone also interferes with NF-kB activation and apoptotic pathways. This agent lacks the salt-retaining properties of other related adrenal hormones. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39789&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39789&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C422″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic adrenal corticosteroid with potent anti-inflammatory properties. In addition to binding to specific nuclear steroid receptors, dexamethasone also interferes with NF-kB activation and apoptotic pathways. This agent lacks the salt-retaining properties of other related adrenal hormones. (NCI04)
NCI

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etika farmaceutická

The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the pharmacist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the pharmacist in health care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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asistenti oftalmologů

Persons academically trained to care for patients with eye diseases or structural defects of the eye, under the supervision of an ophthalmologist.
MSH

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