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Cortinarius

A genus of mushrooms in the family Cortinariaceae. When ingested, species of Cortinarius cause delayed acute RENAL FAILURE.
MSH

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anestézie celková

state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs.
CSP

Actions that render a patient unconscious for the purpose of performing a diagnostic or interventional procedure.
NCI

A temporary loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that feels like a very deep sleep. It is caused by special drugs or other substances called anesthetics. General anesthesia keeps patients from feeling pain during surgery or other procedures.
NCI

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kyselina octová

Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

A synthetic carboxylic acid with antibacterial and antifungal properties. Although its mechanism of action is not fully known, undissociated acetic acid may enhance lipid solubility allowing increased fatty acid accumulation on the cell membrane or in other cell wall structures. Acetic acid, as a weak acid, can inhibit carbohydrate metabolism resulting in subsequent death of the organism.
NCI

An acid found in vinegar. Acetic acid is also used to dissolve substances needed to make some medicines and other products, such as plastics.
NCI

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ochranné prostředky

Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
MSH

equipment specifically designed to enhance the safety of procedures, work environments, or other equipment; e.g., seat belts, air bags, radiation shields, noise mufflers, air filtering systems, etc.
CSP

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insulinové infúzní systémy

Portable or implantable devices for infusion of insulin. Includes open-loop systems which may be patient-operated or controlled by a pre-set program and are designed for constant delivery of small quantities of insulin, increased during food ingestion, and closed-loop systems which deliver quantities of insulin automatically based on an electronic glucose sensor.
MSH

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poradenství

The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
MSH

the use of psychological methods in testing the interests of and giving professional guidance to individuals.
CSP

The act of receiving professional guidance in resolving personal conflicts and emotional problems.
NCI

The process by which a professional counselor helps a person cope with mental or emotional distress, and understand and solve personal problems.
NCI

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balónková angioplastika

Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
MSH

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acetylmuramyl-alanyl-isoglutamin

Peptidoglycan immunoadjuvant originally isolated from bacterial cell wall fragments; also acts as pyrogen and may cause arthritis; stimulates both humoral and cellular immunity.
MSH

A naturally occurring component of bacterial cell walls that has the capacity to activate macrophages.
NCI

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Proteus vulgaris

A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Proteus vulgaris.
NCI

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inteligence

The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
MSH

having the capacity to acquire thought and reason and apply knowledge.
CSP

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kreatinkinasa – forma MB

An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the CARDIAC MUSCLE.
MSH

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epidermodysplasia verruciformis

An autosomal recessive trait with impaired cell-mediated immunity. About 15 human papillomaviruses are implicated in associated infection, four of which lead to skin neoplasms. The disease begins in childhood with red papules and later spreads over the body as gray or yellow scales.
MSH

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zvířata transgenní

Experimental organism whose genome has been altered by the transfer of a gene or genes from another species or breed.
NCI

Animals, or the offspring of such animals, into which cloned genetic material has been experimentally transferred by microinjection of foreign DNA, either directly or into embryos or differentiated cell types.
MSH

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aklarubicin

An anthracycline produced by Streptomyces galilaeus. It has potent antineoplastic activity.
MSH

An oligosaccharide anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces galilaeus. Aclarubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerases I and II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. Aclarubicin is antagonistic to other agents that inhibit topoisomerase II, such as etoposide, teniposide and amsacrine. This agent is less cardiotoxic than doxorubicin and daunorubicin. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39131&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39131&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C202″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An oligosaccharide anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces galilaeus. Aclarubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerases I and II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. Aclarubicin is antagonistic to other agents that inhibit topoisomerase II, such as etoposide, teniposide and amsacrine. This agent is less cardiotoxic than doxorubicin and daunorubicin.
NCI

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pseudogeny

Genes bearing close resemblance to known genes at different loci, but rendered non-functional by additions or deletions in structure that prevent normal transcription or translation. When lacking introns and containing a poly-A segment near the downstream end (as a result of reverse copying from processed nuclear RNA into double-stranded DNA), they are called processed genes.
MSH

inactive but stable components of the genome derived from mutations of ancestral genes; probably account for a significant amount of the so-called “junk DNA” that comprises most of the genome of eukaryotes.
CSP

Nonfunctional DNA sequences that are very similar to the sequences of known genes. Many seem to have arisen as functional gene duplications that subsequently underwent mutation and loss of function. Others are structurally similar to mRNA and seem to have arisen by a reverse transcription event followed by integration into the genome. Some pseudogenes are transcribed and may play a role in regulation of its homologous gene.
NCI

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intermitentní klaudikace

A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
MSH

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crossing over (genetika)

reciprocal exchange of material between homologous chromosomes that occurs during meiosis and is responsible for genetic recombination.
CSP

The reciprocal exchange of segments at corresponding positions along pairs of homologous CHROMOSOMES by symmetrical breakage and crosswise rejoining forming cross-over sites (HOLLIDAY JUNCTIONS) that are resolved during CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION. Crossing-over typically occurs during MEIOSIS but it may also occur in the absence of meiosis, for example, with bacterial chromosomes, organelle chromosomes, or somatic cell nuclear chromosomes.
MSH

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epoxidové sloučeniny

3-membered organic ring structure containing oxygen.
CSP

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Antazoline Phosphate

The phosphate salt of antazoline, an ethylenediamine derivative with histamine H1 antagonistic and sedative properties. Antazoline antagonizes histamine H1 receptor and prevents the typical allergic symptoms caused by histamine activities on capillaries, skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal and bronchial smooth muscles. These histamine activities include vasodilation, bronchoconstriction, increased vascular permeability, pain, itching, and spasmodic contractions of gastrointestinal smooth muscles. Antazoline is used to provide symptomatic relieve of allergic symptoms.
NCI

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aktinium

Actinium. A trivalent radioactive element and the prototypical member of the actinide family. It has the atomic symbol Ac, atomic number 89, and atomic weight 227.0278. Its principal isotope is 227 and decays primarily by beta-emission.
MSH

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psychoakustika

The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual`s response to the physical properties of sound.
MSH

science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the response to the physical properties of sound.
CSP

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střevní sliznice

Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
MSH

innermost membrane of the four coats of the intestinal wall.
CSP

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kuldoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the female pelvic viscera by means of an endoscope introduced into the pelvic cavity through the posterior vaginal fornix.
MSH

Endoscopic examination of a woman`s pelvic organs using a culdoscope inserted through the vagina.
NCI

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ergothionein

A naturally occurring metabolite of HISTIDINE that has antioxidant properties.
MSH

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protivředové látky

Various agents with different action mechanisms used to treat or ameliorate PEPTIC ULCER or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. This has included ANTIBIOTICS to treat HELICOBACTER INFECTIONS; HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS to reduce GASTRIC ACID secretion; and ANTACIDS for symptomatic relief.
MSH

class of agents, exclusive of the antibacterial agents, used to treat ulcers in the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine.
CSP

Natural or synthetic Anti-ulcer Agents relieve and reduce the symptoms of ulcers in the stomach and upper small intestine, systemically and locally, by reducing gastric secretion (proton pump inhibitors), neutralizing hyperacidity (alkalinizing agents), or improving healing and protecting the mucosa (sucralfate). Recurrent gastric and duodenal ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infections are treated with antibiotic therapy.
NCI

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protein přenášející acyl

Consists of a polypeptide chain and 4`-phosphopantetheine linked to a serine residue by a phosphodiester bond. Acyl groups are bound as thiol esters to the pantothenyl group. Acyl carrier protein is involved in every step of fatty acid synthesis by the cytoplasmic system.
MSH

small subunits of mitochondrial fatty acid synthase complex that covalently bind the growing fatty acid and carry it through the course of synthesis.
CSP

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psychofyziologické poruchy

A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)
MSH

characterized by physical symptoms and demonstrable structural or physiological changes in which emotional factors are believed to play a major etiologic role.
CSP

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Equipment and supply inventories

A list of goods and materials, or those goods and materials themselves, held available for use by a business.
NCI

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cyklandelát

A direct-acting smooth muscle relaxant used to dilate blood vessels. It may cause gastrointestinal distress and tachycardia.
MSH

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erytrocyty

Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
MSH

red blood cells; mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing hemoglobin whose function is to transport oxygen.
CSP

A cell that carries oxygen to all parts of the body.
NCI

Cell specialized for oxygen transport, having a high concentration of hemoglobin in the cytoplasm and little else; biconcave, anucleate discs, 7nm diameter in mammals.
NCI

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