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Gradenigův syndrom

Inflammation of PETROUS BONE secondary to chronic OTITIS MEDIA. Its symptoms include fever, occipital headache, ear and retroorbital pain, and facial paralysis.
MSH

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Strongylus

A genus of intestinal parasitic nematodes occurring in animals and man.
MSH

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venae mesentericae

Veins which return blood from the intestines; the inferior mesenteric vein empties into the splenic vein, the superior mesenteric vein joins the splenic vein to form the portal vein.
MSH

One of two veins (inferior or superior) that returns deoxygenated blood from the intestines.
NCI

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antikoncepční látky postkoitální

Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
MSH

contraceptive agent to be used after coitus; include high doses of estrogenic drugs, progesterone-receptor blockers, antimetabolites, alkaloids and prostaglandins.
CSP

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kyseliny fosfinové

Inorganic or organic derivatives of phosphinic acid, H2PO(OH). They include phosphinates and phosphinic acid esters.
MSH

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Gravesova nemoc

a condition usually caused by excessive production of thyroid hormone and characterized by an enlarged thyroid gland
CHV

Hyperthyroidism associated with diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland (goiter), resulting from production of antibodies that are directed against the thyrotropin receptor complex of the follicular epithelial cells. As a result, the thyroid gland enlarges and secrets increased amounts of thyroid hormones. –2004
NCI

exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs.
CSP

A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).
MSH

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subdurální efúze

Leakage and accumulation of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID in the subdural space which may be associated with an infectious process; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION; and other conditions.
MSH

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kovy alkalických zemin

Metals that constitute the group 2 (formerly group IIa) of the periodic table.
MSH

bivalent metals that constitute the group 2 (formerly group IIa) of the periodic table; they are Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba and Ra.
CSP

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autorské právo

The exclusive right, granted by law for a certain number of years, to make and dispose of copies of a literary, musical or artistic work. In the United States the copyright is granted for the life of the author plus 50 years. In the case of a joint work, it is for the life of the last joint author to die, plus 50 years. In either case the copyright runs until the end of the calendar year 50 years after the author`s death. (Random House College Dictionary, rev ed; Strong, W.S.: The Copyright Book: a Practical Guide, 1981)
MSH

A document or statement granting exclusive right to own, publish, and sell literary, musical, or artistic work, or intellectual property.
NCI

Copyright Information (e.g. copyright year, copyright holder).


HL7V3.0

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fosforibosylpyrofosfát

The key substance in the biosynthesis of histidine, tryptophan, and purine and pyrimidine nucleotides.
MSH

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guaifenesin

An expectorant
CHV

An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.
MSH

A glyceryl guaiacolate with expectorant effects. Guaifenesin increases respiratory tract mucus secretions, acts as an irritant to gastric vagal receptors and recruits efferent parasympathetic reflexes that cause glandular exocytosis. This agent reduces the viscosity of mucus secretion by reducing adhesiveness and surface tension as well as increasing hydration of mucus. Guaifenesin promotes the efficiency of the mucociliary mechanism important in removing accumulated secretions from the upper and lower airway.
NCI

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anhydridy jantarové

A subclass of anhydrides with the general structure of dihydrofurandione. They can be substituted on any carbon atom. They modify and inhibit proteins and enzymes and are used in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.
MSH

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methazolamid

A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that is used as a diuretic and in the treatment of glaucoma.
MSH

A sulfonamide derivate and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. Methazolamide inhibits tumor-associated carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), which may result in increased cell death in hypoxic tumors. As a hypoxia-inducible transmembrane glycoprotein, CAIX catalyzes the rapid interconversion of carbon dioxide and water into carbonic acid, protons, and bicarbonate ions, helping to maintain acidification of the tumor microenvironment and enhance resistance to cytotoxic therapy in some hypoxic tumors. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=484587&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=484587&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C61318″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A sulfonamide derivate and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. Methazolamide inhibits tumor-associated carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), which may result in increased cell death in hypoxic tumors. As a hypoxia-inducible transmembrane glycoprotein, CAIX catalyzes the rapid interconversion of carbon dioxide and water into carbonic acid, protons, and bicarbonate ions, helping to maintain acidification of the tumor microenvironment and enhance resistance to cytotoxic therapy in some hypoxic tumors.
NCI

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corpus luteum – udržení

Process of maintaining the functions of CORPORA LUTEA, specifically PROGESTERONE production which is regulated primarily by pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in cycling females, and by PLACENTAL HORMONES in pregnant females. The ability to maintain luteal functions is important in PREGNANCY MAINTENANCE.
MSH

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poruchy fotosenzitivity

Abnormal responses to sunlight or artificial light due to extreme reactivity of light-absorbing molecules in tissues. It refers almost exclusively to skin photosensitivity, including sunburn, reactions due to repeated prolonged exposure in the absence of photosensitizing factors, and reactions requiring photosensitizing factors such as photosensitizing agents and certain diseases. With restricted reference to skin tissue, it does not include photosensitivity of the eye to light, as in photophobia or photosensitive epilepsy.
MSH

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Guyana

A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.
MSH

A country in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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adjuvancia anestetická

Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.
MSH

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sulfamonomethoxin

Long acting sulfonamide antibacterial agent.
MSH

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methylethery

A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.
MSH

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Coturnix

A genus of BIRDS in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES, containing the common European and other Old World QUAIL.
MSH

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asistenti lékařů

Health professionals who practice medicine as members of a team with their supervising physicians. They deliver a broad range of medical and surgical services to diverse populations in rural and urban settings. Duties may include physical exams, diagnosis and treatment of disease, interpretation of tests, assist in surgery, and prescribe medications. (from http://www.aapa.orglabout-pas accessed 2114/2011)
MSH

A person trained and qualified to provide comprehensive diagnostic, preventive, and therapeutic medical care and services to patients under the guidance of the physician. A scope of physician assistant professional activity does not include the full range of interpretation of medical findings requiring the full professional background of the licensed physician. PAs are licensed by a state authority.
NCI

A health professional who is licensed to do certain medical procedures under the guidance of a doctor. A physician assistant may take medical histories, do physical exams, take blood and urine samples, care for wounds, and give injections and immunizations.
NCI

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vlasové přípravky

Hair grooming, cleansing and modifying products meant for topical application to hair, usually human. They include sprays, bleaches, dyes, conditioners, rinses, shampoos, nutrient lotions, etc.
MSH

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angiokeratom

A vascular, horny neoplasm of the skin characterized by TELANGIECTASIS and secondary epithelial changes including acanthosis and hyperkeratosis.
MSH

A vascular lesion in the papillary dermis resulting from ectasia of pre-existing vessels. It is associated with secondary proliferative changes in the overlying epidermis (hyperkeratosis). It can present with widespread lesions (angiokeratoma corporis diffusum, often associated with inborn errors of metabolism) or as a localized lesion (angiokeratoma of Fordyce, angiokeratoma circumscriptum, and angiokeratoma of Mibelli).
NCI

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kyseliny síry

Inorganic or organic acids that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.
MSH

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methylprednisolon

A PREDNISOLONE derivative with similar anti-inflammatory action.
MSH

synthetic glucocorticoid derived from progesterone, used in replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency and as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant.
CSP

A corticosteroid hormone replacement.
NCI

a kind of steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
CHV

A synthetic corticosteroid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. Methylprednisolone binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors, resulting in altered gene expression and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production. This agent also decreases the number of circulating lymphocytes, induces cell differentiation, and stimulates apoptosis in sensitive tumor cell populations. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41528&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41528&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C647″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic corticosteroid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. Methylprednisolone binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors, resulting in altered gene expression and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production. This agent also decreases the number of circulating lymphocytes, induces cell differentiation, and stimulates apoptosis in sensitive tumor cell populations.
NCI

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kraniosynostózy

Premature closure of one or more CRANIAL SUTURES. It often results in plagiocephaly. Craniosynostoses that involve multiple sutures are sometimes associated with congenital syndromes such as ACROCEPHALOSYNDACTYLIA; and CRANIOFACIAL DYSOSTOSIS.
MSH

premature closure of one or more sutures of the skull.
CSP

A congenital disorder characterized by earlier than normal closure of some or all sutures of the infant skull.
NCI

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Pierre Robinův syndrom

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by brachygnathia and cleft palate, often associated with glossoptosis, backward and upward displacement of the larynx, and angulation of the manubrium sterni. Cleft palate makes sucking and swallowing difficult, permitting easy access of fluids into the larynx. It may appear in several syndromes or as an isolated hypoplasia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A rare congenital malformation characterized by micrognathia, posterior retraction of the tongue, and cleft palate.
NCI

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haploidie

The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented once. Symbol: N.
MSH

chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of chromosome is represented once.
CSP

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Diervirus

An animal pathogen that is a virus.
NCI

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čípky

Medicated dosage forms that are designed to be inserted into the rectal, vaginal, or urethral orifice of the body for absorption. Generally, the active ingredients are packaged in dosage forms containing fatty bases such as cocoa butter, hydrogenated oil, or glycerogelatin that are solid at room temperature but melt or dissolve at body temperature.
MSH

A solid or semi-solid composed of active and/or inert ingredient(s) in a wax, fat or a glycerin gelatin jelly and that is conical or oval in shape. It is intended to be inserted into a body orifice.
NCI

A solid body of various weights and shapes, adapted for introduction into the rectal orifice of the human body; they usually melt, soften, or dissolve at body temperature. (NCI)
NCI

A form of medicine contained in a small piece of solid material, such as cocoa butter or glycerin, that melts at body temperature. A suppository is inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra and the medicine is absorbed into the bloodstream.
NCI

A solid body of various weights and shapes, adapted for introduction into the rectal, vaginal, or urethral orifice of the human body; they usually melt, soften, or dissolve at body temperature.


HL7V3.0

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