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hypohidróza

Abnormally diminished or absent perspiration. Both generalized and segmented (reduced or absent sweating in circumscribed locations) forms of the disease are usually associated with other underlying conditions.
MSH

A disorder characterized by reduced sweating.
NCI

Reduced sweating. Causes include burns, dehydration, radiation, and leprosy.
NCI

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Coturnix

A genus of BIRDS in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES, containing the common European and other Old World QUAIL.
MSH

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angiokeratom

A vascular, horny neoplasm of the skin characterized by TELANGIECTASIS and secondary epithelial changes including acanthosis and hyperkeratosis.
MSH

A vascular lesion in the papillary dermis resulting from ectasia of pre-existing vessels. It is associated with secondary proliferative changes in the overlying epidermis (hyperkeratosis). It can present with widespread lesions (angiokeratoma corporis diffusum, often associated with inborn errors of metabolism) or as a localized lesion (angiokeratoma of Fordyce, angiokeratoma circumscriptum, and angiokeratoma of Mibelli).
NCI

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tkáně – adheze

Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
MSH

Adhesions are bands of fibrous tissue. They can connect the loops of the intestines to each other, to nearby organs or to the wall of the abdomen. They can pull sections of the intestines out of place. This may block food from passing through the intestine.

Sometimes adhesions are present at birth. But most of them form after surgery on the abdomen. Some adhesions don`t cause any problems. But when they partly or completely block the intestines, they cause symptoms. These can include crampy abdominal pain, vomiting, bloating, an inability to pass gas and constipation.

Some adhesions go away by themselves. If they partly block your intestines, a diet low in fiber can allow food to move easily through the affected area. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the adhesions. But surgery to correct adhesions can increase the risk of more adhesions.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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Nigérie

A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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ENFISEMA/ BRONKONEUMOPATIA KRONIKO OBSTRUKTIBOA

Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
MSH

subcategory of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; characterized by anatomic alterations of the lungs, such as the enlargement of airspaces and destruction of alveolar walls.
CSP

Pulmonary emphysema is a disorder affecting the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of the lungs. The transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs takes place in the walls of the alveoli. In emphysema, the alveoli become abnormally inflated, damaging their walls and making it harder to breathe. People who smoke or have chronic bronchitis have an increased risk of emphysema.
NCI

A subcategory of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It occurs in people who smoke and suffer from chronic bronchitis. It is characterized by inflation of the alveoli, alveolar wall damage, and reduction in the number of alveoli, resulting in difficulty breathing.
NCI

Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) involving damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. As a result, your body does not get the oxygen it needs. Emphysema makes it hard to catch your breath. You may also have a chronic cough and have trouble breathing during exercise.

The most common cause is cigarette smoking. If you smoke, quitting can help prevent you from getting the disease. If you already have emphysema, not smoking might keep it from getting worse. Treatment is based on whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or severe. Treatments include inhalers, oxygen, medications and sometimes surgery to relieve symptoms and prevent complications.


MEDLINEPLUS

A condition of the lung characterized by increase beyond normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, either from dilatation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls.
NCI

an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in breathing difficulty and an increased sensitivity to infection
CHV

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Hypovolemický šok

Shock resulting from insufficient blood volume for the maintenance of adequate cardiac output, blood pressure and tissue perfusion.
NCI

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kraniosynostózy

Premature closure of one or more CRANIAL SUTURES. It often results in plagiocephaly. Craniosynostoses that involve multiple sutures are sometimes associated with congenital syndromes such as ACROCEPHALOSYNDACTYLIA; and CRANIOFACIAL DYSOSTOSIS.
MSH

premature closure of one or more sutures of the skull.
CSP

A congenital disorder characterized by earlier than normal closure of some or all sutures of the infant skull.
NCI

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Diervirus

An animal pathogen that is a virus.
NCI

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mladiství hospitalizovaní

Adolescent hospitalized for short term care.
MSH

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Nitrobacteraceae

A obsolete family name of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria which derive energy from the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite or nitrite to nitrate. Its organisms are commonly found in soil and fresh water.
MSH

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purinnukleosidfosforylasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the reaction between a purine nucleoside and orthophosphate to form a free purine plus ribose-5-phosphate. EC 2.4.2.1.
MSH

The enzyme purine nucleoside phosphorylase belongs to the PNP/MTAP phosphorylase family and together with adenosine deaminase (ADA) serves a key role in purine catabolism, referred to as the salvage pathway. Defects in NP are the cause of nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency (NP deficiency). It leads to a severe T-cell immunodeficiency with neurologic disorder in children.
NCI

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L-iditol-2-dehydrogenasa

An alcohol oxidoreductase which catalyzes the oxidation of L-iditol to L-sorbose in the presence of NAD. It also acts on D-glucitol to form D-fructose. It also acts on other closely related sugar alcohols to form the corresponding sugar. EC 1.1.1.14
MSH

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kronolon

A synthetic fluorinated steroid that is used as a progestational hormone.
MSH

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anovulace

Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.
MSH

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adsorpce

The condensation of gases, liquids, or dissolved substances on the surfaces of solids. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses as well as of tissues treated with exogenous drugs and chemicals.
MSH

adhesion in an extremely thin layer of molecules (as of gases, solutes, or liquids) to the surfaces of solid bodies or liquids with which they are in contact.
CSP

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nitroxinil

Proposed anthelmintic for fasciola and liver fluke infestations.
MSH

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pyometra

An accumulation of PUS in the uterine cavity (UTERUS). Pyometra generally indicates the presence of infections.
MSH

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imidazoly

Compounds containing 1,3-diazole, a five membered aromatic ring containing two nitrogen atoms separated by one of the carbons. Chemically reduced ones include IMIDAZOLINES and IMIDAZOLIDINES. Distinguish from 1,2-diazole (PYRAZOLES).
MSH

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kryptosporidióza

Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.
MSH

intestinal infection with protozoa of the genus Cryptosporidium; occurs in both animals and humans; symptoms include severe diarrhea.
CSP

Cryptosporidiosis (crypto) is an illness caused by a parasite. The parasite lives in soil, food and water. It may also be on surfaces that have been contaminated with waste. You can become infected if you swallow the parasite.

The most common symptom of crypto is watery diarrhea. Other symptoms include

  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Stomach cramps or pain
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Most people with crypto get better with no treatment, but crypto can cause serious problems in people with weak immune systems such as in people with HIV/AIDS. To reduce your risk of crypto, wash your hands often, avoid water that may be infected, and wash or peel fresh fruits and vegetables before eating.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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antirevmatika

agent that relieves or prevents rheumatic disease, especially rheumatoid arthritis.
CSP

Drugs that are used to treat RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.
MSH

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Afrika západní

The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D`IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
MSH

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norethynodrel

A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.
MSH

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pyrithioxin

A neurotropic agent which reduces permeability of blood-brain barrier to phosphate. It has no vitamin B6 activity.
MSH

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imunokompetence

The ability of lymphoid cells to mount a humoral or cellular immune response when challenged by antigen.
MSH

The ability to produce a normal immune response.
NCI

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bromkyan

Cyanogen bromide (CNBr). A compound used in molecular biology to digest some proteins and as a coupling reagent for phosphoroamidate or pyrophosphate internucleotide bonds in DNA duplexes.
MSH

reagent which specifically cleaves peptide bonds at methionine residues, used to hydrolyze proteins for peptide mapping and aminoacid and sequence analysis.
CSP

An inorganic compound used as a reagent in molecular biology. As a reagent for peptide mapping and amino acid sequence analysis, cyanogen bromide hydrolyzes peptide bonds at methionine residues in peptides and proteins. In addition, this agent acts as a coupling reagent for phosphoramidate or pyrophosphate inter-nucleotide bonds in DNA duplexes. (NCI)
NCI

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močový test bakteriální s navázanou protilátkou

Fluorescent antibody technique for visualizing antibody-bacteria complexes in urine. The presence or absence of antibody-coated bacteria in urine correlates with localization of urinary tract infection in the kidney or bladder, respectively.
MSH

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zemědělci – nemoci

Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
MSH

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Katar

A country in the Middle East, occupying a peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, occupying a peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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imunologické faktory

Biologically active substances whose activities affect or play a role in the functioning of the immune system.
MSH

substances whose activities affect or play a role in the functioning of the immune system; naturally or artificially synthesized immunologic agents, such as vaccines, toxins, toxoids, immune sera, antigens, cytokines, antitoxins, antibodies, immunoglobins, etc.
CSP

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