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kronolon

A synthetic fluorinated steroid that is used as a progestational hormone.
MSH

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periplazmatické vazebné proteiny

Periplasmic proteins that scavenge or sense diverse nutrients. In the bacterial environment they usually couple to transporters or chemotaxis receptors on the inner bacterial membrane.
MSH

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anovulace

Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.
MSH

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Klinefelterův syndrom

A form of male HYPOGONADISM, characterized by the presence of an extra X CHROMOSOME, small TESTES, seminiferous tubule dysgenesis, elevated levels of GONADOTROPINS, low serum TESTOSTERONE, underdeveloped secondary sex characteristics, and male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE). Patients tend to have long legs and a slim, tall stature. GYNECOMASTIA is present in many of the patients. The classic form has the karyotype 47,XXY. Several karyotype variants include 48,XXYY; 48,XXXY; 49,XXXXY, and mosaic patterns ( 46,XY/47,XXY; 47,XXY/48,XXXY, etc.).
MSH

genetic disease that produces sterile males with small testes lacking sperm due to XXY karyotype.
CSP

A sex chromosome disorder caused by the presence of an extra X chromosome in the male karyotype. Affected individuals are infertile and have a small penis and testes. They tend to have tall stature and long legs and may have difficulties with speech and language development. Gynecomastia may be present.
NCI

Klinefelter`s syndrome is a condition that occurs in men who have an extra X chromosome in most of their cells. The syndrome can affect different stages of physical, language and social development. The most common symptom is infertility. Because they often don`t make as much of the male hormone testosterone as other boys, teenagers with Klinefelter`s syndrome may have less facial and body hair and may be less muscular than other boys. They may have trouble using language to express themselves. They may be shy and have trouble fitting in.

It is important to start treatment as early as possible. With treatment, most boys grow up to have normal sex lives, successful careers and normal social relationships.Treatments include

  • Educational services
  • Physical, speech and occupational therapy
  • Medical treatments including testosterone replacement

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A genetic disorder in males caused by having one or more extra X chromosomes. Males with this disorder may have larger than normal breasts, a lack of facial and body hair, a rounded body type, and small testicles. They may learn to speak much later than other children and may have difficulty learning to read and write. Klinefelter syndrome increases the risk of developing extragonadal germ cell tumors and breast cancer.
NCI

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spory bakterií a nižších rostlin

The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
MSH

a small, usually unicellular, reproductive body from which a new organism arises; produced by some plants (ferns and mosses), fungi, bacteria, and protozoa.
CSP

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faktor XI – nedostatek

A hereditary deficiency of blood coagulation factor XI (also known as plasma thromboplastin antecedent or PTA or antihemophilic factor C) resulting in a systemic blood-clotting defect called hemophilia C or Rosenthal`s syndrome, that may resemble classical hemophilia.
MSH

A rare inherited bleeding disorder caused by deficiency of coagulation factor XI. It may be asymptomatic or manifest with bleeding.
NCI

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kryptosporidióza

Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.
MSH

intestinal infection with protozoa of the genus Cryptosporidium; occurs in both animals and humans; symptoms include severe diarrhea.
CSP

Cryptosporidiosis (crypto) is an illness caused by a parasite. The parasite lives in soil, food and water. It may also be on surfaces that have been contaminated with waste. You can become infected if you swallow the parasite.

The most common symptom of crypto is watery diarrhea. Other symptoms include

  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Stomach cramps or pain
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Most people with crypto get better with no treatment, but crypto can cause serious problems in people with weak immune systems such as in people with HIV/AIDS. To reduce your risk of crypto, wash your hands often, avoid water that may be infected, and wash or peel fresh fruits and vegetables before eating.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

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personální útvar nemocnice

Management activities concerned with hospital employees.
MSH

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antirevmatika

agent that relieves or prevents rheumatic disease, especially rheumatoid arthritis.
CSP

Drugs that are used to treat RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.
MSH

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L formy baktérií

Bacterial variants, unable to form a complete cell wall, which are formed in cultures by various bacteria; granules (L bodies) appear, unite, and grow into amorphous bodies which multiply and give rise to bacterial cells morphologically indistinguishable from the parent strain.
MSH

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Staphylocoagulase

An extracellular protein which specifically forms a complex with human prothrombin. This complex named staphylothrombin can clot fibrinogen without any proteolytic cleavage of prothrombin.
MSH

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FANFT

A potent nitrofuran derivative tumor initiator. It causes bladder tumors in all animals studied and is mutagenic to many bacteria.
MSH

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bromkyan

Cyanogen bromide (CNBr). A compound used in molecular biology to digest some proteins and as a coupling reagent for phosphoroamidate or pyrophosphate internucleotide bonds in DNA duplexes.
MSH

reagent which specifically cleaves peptide bonds at methionine residues, used to hydrolyze proteins for peptide mapping and aminoacid and sequence analysis.
CSP

An inorganic compound used as a reagent in molecular biology. As a reagent for peptide mapping and amino acid sequence analysis, cyanogen bromide hydrolyzes peptide bonds at methionine residues in peptides and proteins. In addition, this agent acts as a coupling reagent for phosphoramidate or pyrophosphate inter-nucleotide bonds in DNA duplexes. (NCI)
NCI

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Fagolysosomen

A membrane-bounded intracellular vesicle formed by maturation of an early phagosome following the ingestion of particulate material by phagocytosis; during maturation, phagosomes acquire markers of late endosomes and lysosomes. [GOC:mah, PMID:12388753]
GO

An organelle formed by the fusion of a phagosome with the lysosome, where the contents of the phagosome are degraded.
NCI

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močový test bakteriální s navázanou protilátkou

Fluorescent antibody technique for visualizing antibody-bacteria complexes in urine. The presence or absence of antibody-coated bacteria in urine correlates with localization of urinary tract infection in the kidney or bladder, respectively.
MSH

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virus LDH

A species ARTERIVIRUS, occurring in a number of transplantable mouse tumors. Infected mice have permanently elevated serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase.
MSH

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ocel

A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
MSH

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nenasycené mastné kyseliny

FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
MSH

fatty acids in which the carbon chain contains one or more douple or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
CSP

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cyklosporiny

A group of closely related cyclic undecapeptides from the fungi Trichoderma polysporum and Cylindocarpon lucidum. They have some antineoplastic and antifungal action and significant immunosuppressive effects. Cyclosporins have been proposed as adjuvants in tissue and organ transplantation to suppress graft rejection.
MSH

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fencyklidin – zneužívání

The misuse of phencyclidine with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
MSH

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antigeny fungální

substances of fungal origin that have antigenic activity.
CSP

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vývoj řeči

The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
MSH

gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process; stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
CSP

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stilbamidiny

STILBENES with AMIDINES attached.
MSH

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HAUSTURA: FEMURRA

Fractures of the femur.
MSH

breaks or rupture in bone situated between the hip and the knee, the femur.
CSP

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cysteinyldopa

Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.
MSH

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fenylethylmalonamid

A metabolite of primidone.
MSH

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antipain

An oligopeptide produced by various bacteria which acts as a protease inhibitor.
MSH

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lasery

An optical source that emits photons in a coherent beam. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation. Lasers operate in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or X-ray regions of the spectrum.
MSH

acronym stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation; this phenomenon is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation; lasers operate in the visible, infrared, or ultraviolet regions of the spectrum and are capable of producing immense heat and power when focused at close range; used in surgical procedures, in diagnosis, and in physiologic studies; lasers used at low power, transmitting light not heat, have been used in wound healing and pain control.
CSP

A device that forms light into intense, narrow beams that may be used to cut or destroy tissue, such as cancer tissue. It may also be used to reduce lymphedema (swelling caused by a buildup of lymph fluid in tissue) after breast cancer surgery. Lasers are used in microsurgery, photodynamic therapy, and many other procedures to diagnose and treat disease.
NCI

An acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation; an optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light.
NCI

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Streptococcus pyogenes

species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans; it is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause scarlet fever and rheumatic fever; virulent strains penetrate deep into the body, with catastrophic results; it has been demonstrated that invasive streptococcus A infections can trigger a toxic shock syndrome, myositis, or destroy the sheath that covers the muscle, necrotizing fasciitis.
CSP

A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans. It is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause SCARLET FEVER and RHEUMATIC FEVER.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is beta hemolytic, Lancefield group A, pyrrolidonylarylamidase, and arginine deaminase positive and catalase negative. It can ferment salicin, rhamnose, and trehalose but not sorbitol, or ribose. S. pyogenes is found on normal human skin but can act as a pathogen causing streptococcal pharyngitis, acute rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, skin infections, acute glomerulonephritis and necrotizing fasciitis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Streptococcus pyogenes.
NCI

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fertilita

The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
MSH

capacity to conceive or to induce conception; may refer to either male or female.
CSP

The ability to produce children.
NCI

Able to produce children.
NCI

The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female. (MeSH)
NCI

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