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molekuly buněčné adheze neuronové

Surface ligands that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion and function in the assembly and interconnection of the vertebrate nervous system. These molecules promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism. These are not to be confused with NEURAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES, now known to be expressed in a variety of tissues and cell types in addition to nervous tissue.
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nervus olfactorius

The 1st cranial nerve. The olfactory nerve conveys the sense of smell. It is formed by the axons of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the OLFACTORY BULB.
MSH

first cranial nerve; conveys the sense of smell; it is formed by the axons of olfactory receptor neurons which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the olfactory bulb.
CSP

Segment of neural tree organ which is continuous with the olfactory epithelium and an olfactory bulb.
FMA

Set of nerves that is continuous with the olfactory bulb and the olfactory bulb.
FMA

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inkubátory

Insulated enclosures in which temperature, humidity, and other environmental conditions can be regulated at levels optimal for growth, hatching, reproduction, or metabolic reactions.
MSH

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Salmonidae

A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)
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bezbuněčný systém

A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)
MSH

experimental condition created by disrupting cells with homogenization, sonication, detergents, or other treatment, leaving intracellular components exposed to controlled manipulation of the medium.
CSP

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onkogeny

Genes whose gain-of-function alterations lead to NEOPLASTIC CELL TRANSFORMATION. They include, for example, genes for activators or stimulators of CELL PROLIFERATION such as growth factors, growth factor receptors, protein kinases, signal transducers, nuclear phosphoproteins, and transcription factors. A prefix of “v-” before oncogene symbols indicates oncogenes captured and transmitted by RETROVIRUSES; the prefix “c-” before the gene symbol of an oncogene indicates it is the cellular homolog (PROTO-ONCOGENES) of a v-oncogene.
MSH

endogenous or acquired genes whose presence or activation leads to neoplastic transformation; compare with TUMOR SUPPRESSOR GENE and PROTOONCOGENE.
CSP

A gene that is a mutated (changed) form of a gene involved in normal cell growth. Oncogenes may cause the growth of cancer cells. Mutations in genes that become oncogenes can be inherited or caused by being exposed to substances in the environment that cause cancer.
NCI

A gene that normally directs cell growth. If mutated or overexpressed in a dominant fashion, it can release the cell from normal restraints on growth. It alone or in concert with other changes, converts the cell into a tumor cell. Alterations can be inherited or caused by an environmental exposure to carcinogens.
NCI

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indoramin

An alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist that is commonly used as an antihypertensive agent.
MSH

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sarkocystóza

Infection of the striated muscle of mammals by parasites of the genus SARCOCYSTIS. Disease symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness, and paralysis are produced by sarcocystin, a toxin produced by the organism.
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centrifugace izopyknická

A technique used to separate particles according to their densities in a continuous density gradient. The sample is usually mixed with a solution of known gradient materials and subjected to centrifugation. Each particle sediments to the position at which the gradient density is equal to its own. The range of the density gradient is usually greater than that of the sample particles. It is used in purifying biological materials such as proteins, nucleic acids, organelles, and cell types.
MSH

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opipramol

A tricyclic antidepressant with actions similar to AMITRIPTYLINE.
MSH

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MONONUKLEOSI ZOLDURAGARRIA

A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
MSH

acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing.
CSP

Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it`s sometimes called "kissing disease." Mono occurs most often in 15 to 17-year-olds. However, you can get it at any age. Symptoms of mono include

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph glands

Sometimes you may also have a swollen spleen. Serious problems are rare.

A blood test can show if you have mono. Most people get better in two to four weeks. However, you may feel tired for a few months afterward. Treatment focuses on helping symptoms and includes medicines for pain and fever, warm salt water gargles and plenty of rest and fluids.


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schizoidní osobnost

A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.
MSH

individuals exhibit a pervasive pattern of indifference to social relationships and a restricted range of emotional experience and expression, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts.
CSP

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of extreme social detachment and lack of involvement in interpersonal activities, coupled with emotional coldness.
NCI

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aquaeductus cerebri

Narrow channel in the mesencephalon that connects the third and fourth ventricles.
MSH

A channel that connects the third and fourth ventricles of the brain.
NCI

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orbita – nemoci

Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.
MSH

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injekce epidurální

The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
MSH

Injection, epidural


HL7V3.0

Injection, peridural


HL7V3.0

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vědci – nesprávné chování

Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
MSH

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cer – isotopy

Stable cerium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cerium, but differ in atomic weight. Ce-136, 138, and 142 are stable cerium isotopes.
MSH

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organotechneciové sloučeniny

Organic compounds that contain technetium as an integral part of the molecule. These compounds are often used as radionuclide imaging agents.
MSH

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hmyz – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
CSP

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Scyphozoa

The class of true jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA. They are mostly free-swimming marine organisms that go through five stages in their life cycle and exhibit two body forms: polyp and medusa.
MSH

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chalazion

A non-neoplastic cyst of the MEIBOMIAN GLANDS of the eyelid.
MSH

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virus chřipky A

A negative-strand linear single-strand RNA virus with an 8 segment genome. Virions are enveloped and usually spherical or pleomorphic, 80-120 nm in diameter. Subtyping is based on the antigenic properties of the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase proteins. Influenza type A viruses can infect people, birds, pigs, horses, and other animals, but wild birds are the natural hosts for these viruses.
NCI

One of three types of virus that cause the illness called influenza (flu). The influenza A virus can infect people, birds, pigs, horses, and other animals. It is the main cause of most influenza epidemics.
NCI

The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.
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insulinové infúzní systémy

Portable or implantable devices for infusion of insulin. Includes open-loop systems which may be patient-operated or controlled by a pre-set program and are designed for constant delivery of small quantities of insulin, increased during food ingestion, and closed-loop systems which deliver quantities of insulin automatically based on an electronic glucose sensor.
MSH

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selen – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of selenium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Se atoms with atomic weights 70-73, 75, 79, 81, and 83-85 are radioactive selenium isotopes.
MSH

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chemie organická

The study of the structure, preparation, properties, and reactions of carbon compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

A branch of chemistry that deals specifically with the structures, synthesis and reactions of carbon-containing compounds.
NCI

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osteochondrodysplazie

Abnormal development of cartilage and bone.
MSH

A term referring to disorders characterized by abnormalities in the development of bones and cartilage.
NCI

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inteligence

The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
MSH

having the capacity to acquire thought and reason and apply knowledge.
CSP

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epidermodysplasia verruciformis

An autosomal recessive trait with impaired cell-mediated immunity. About 15 human papillomaviruses are implicated in associated infection, four of which lead to skin neoplasms. The disease begins in childhood with red papules and later spreads over the body as gray or yellow scales.
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Senecio

A species of toxic plants of the Compositae. The poisonous compounds are alkaloids which cause cattle diseases, neoplasms, and liver damage and are used to produce cancers in experimental animals.
MSH

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poruchy chování u dětí

Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
MSH

child behavior disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression.
CSP

All kids misbehave some times, but behavior disorders go beyond mischief and rebellion. With behavior disorders, your child or teen has a pattern of hostile, aggressive or disruptive behaviors for more than 6 months.

Warning signs can include

  • Harming or threatening themselves, other people or pets
  • Damaging or destroying property
  • Lying or stealing
  • Not doing well in school, skipping school
  • Early smoking, drinking or drug use
  • Early sexual activity
  • Frequent tantrums and arguments
  • Consistent hostility towards authority figures

If you see signs of a problem, ask for help. Poor choices can become habits. Kids who have behavior problems are at higher risk for school failure, mental health problems and even suicide. Classes or family therapy may help parents learn to set and enforce limits.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration


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