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acetamidy

Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.
MSH

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cetomakrogol

Non-ionic surfactant of the polyethylene glycol family. It is used as a solubilizer and emulsifying agent in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, often as an ointment base, and also as a research tool.
MSH

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mineralokortikoidy

A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS primarily associated with the water and electrolyte balance. This is accomplished through the effect on ION TRANSPORT in renal tubules, resulting in retention of sodium and loss of potassium. Mineralocorticoid secretion is itself regulated by PLASMA VOLUME, serum potassium, and ANGIOTENSIN II.
MSH

hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex that maintain normal blood volume, promote sodium and water retention and increase urinary excretion of potassium and hydrogen ions.
CSP

A class of corticosteroid hormones that maintains fluid and electrolyte balance. The main mineralocorticoid is Aldosterone.
NCI

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zubní protetika

A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing teeth and structures by artificial devices or prostheses.
MSH

The branch of dentistry dealing with the replacement of teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by artificial devices.
NCI

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proteiny tepelného šoku HSP27

A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins that function as molecular chaperones that aid in refolding of non-native proteins. They play a protective role that increases cellular survival during times of stress.
MSH

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acetylcystein

The N-acetyl derivative of CYSTEINE. It is used as a mucolytic agent to reduce the viscosity of mucous secretions. It has also been shown to have antiviral effects in patients with HIV due to inhibition of viral stimulation by reactive oxygen intermediates.
MSH

N-acetyl derivative of cysteine; used as a mucolytic agent to reduce the viscosity of mucous secretions.
CSP

A drug usually used to reduce the thickness of mucus and ease its removal. It is also used to reverse the toxicity of high doses of acetaminophen.
NCI

A synthetic N-acetyl derivative of the endogenous amino acid L-cysteine, a precursor of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione. Acetylcysteine regenerates liver stores of glutathione. This agent also reduces disulfide bonds in mucoproteins, resulting in liquification of mucus. Some evidence suggests that acetylcysteine may exert an anti-apoptotic effect due to its antioxidant activity, possibly preventing cancer cell development or growth. In addition, acetylcysteine has inhibited viral stimulation by reactive oxygen intermediates, thereby producing antiviral activity in HIV patients. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39130&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39130&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C200″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic N-acetyl derivative of the endogenous amino acid L-cysteine, a precursor of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione. Acetylcysteine regenerates liver stores of glutathione. This agent also reduces disulfide bonds in mucoproteins, resulting in liquification of mucus. Some evidence suggests that acetylcysteine may exert an anti-apoptotic effect due to its antioxidant activity, possibly preventing cancer cell development or growth. In addition, acetylcysteine has inhibited viral stimulation by reactive oxygen intermediates, thereby producing antiviral activity in HIV patients. (NCI04)
NCI

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chemically induced

Used for biological phenomena, diseases, syndromes, congenital abnormalities, or symptoms caused by endogenous or exogenous substances.
MSH

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mitochondrie srdeční

The mitochondria of the myocardium.
MSH

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chondroitinsulfát proteoglykany

Proteoglycans consisting of proteins linked to one or more CHONDROITIN SULFATE-containing oligosaccharide chains.
MSH

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hemangiom

A vascular anomaly due to proliferation of BLOOD VESSELS that forms a tumor-like mass. The common types involve CAPILLARIES and VEINS. It can occur anywhere in the body but is most frequently noticed in the SKIN and SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE. (from Stedman, 27th ed, 2000)
MSH

extremely common benign tumor, occurring most commonly in infancy and childhood, made up of newly formed blood vessels, and resulting from malformation of angioblastic tissue of fetal life; can occur anywhere in the body but is most frequently noticed in the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
CSP

a benign tumor of the blood vessels that appears on skin
CHV

benign tumors that are made up of small blood vessels.
CHV

a benign tumor of the blood vessels that appears on skin
CHV

benign tumors that are made up of small blood vessels.
CHV

A benign skin lesion consisting of dense, usually elevated masses of dilated blood vessels
CHV

a benign tumor of the blood vessels that appears on skin
CHV

A benign localized vascular neoplasm usually occurring in infancy and childhood. It is characterized by the formation of capillary-sized or cavernous vascular channels. The majority of cases are congenital.
NCI

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kyseliny aldehydové

Dicarboxylic acids in which one of the carboxyl groups (-COOH) has been replaced by an aldehyde group (-CHO).
MSH

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virus chikungunya

A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.
MSH

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modely psychologické

Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
MSH

representation of a psychological process or processes that can be manipulated to demonstrate the effects of various actions on the psychological process or processes.
CSP

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pruritus vulvae

Intense itching of the external female genitals.
MSH

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krevní a imunitní systémy

Organs involved in the production of BLOOD, including the cellular and the molecular components essential in providing defense against foreign organisms or substances.
MSH

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akrylamidy

Colorless, odorless crystals that are used extensively in research laboratories for the preparation of polyacrylamide gels for electrophoresis and in organic synthesis, and polymerization. Some of its polymers are used in sewage and wastewater treatment, permanent press fabrics, and as soil conditioning agents.
MSH

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nechtěné dítě

The child who is not wanted by one or both parents.
MSH

child not wanted by one or both parents.
CSP

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Herpestidae

The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.
MSH

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ARTROPATIADUN EDO GABEKO SORIASIA

A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.
MSH

common polygenetically determined, chronic, squamous dermatosis characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches.
CSP

A chronic disease of the skin marked by red patches covered with white scales.
NCI

Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. You usually get them on your elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms and feet, but they can show up on other parts of your body. A problem with your immune system causes psoriasis. In a process called cell turnover, skin cells that grow deep in your skin rise to the surface. Normally, this takes a month. In psoriasis, it happens in just days because your cells rise too fast.

Psoriasis can last a long time, even a lifetime. Symptoms come and go. Things that make them worse include

  • Infections
  • Stress
  • Dry skin
  • Certain medicines

Psoriasis usually occurs in adults. It sometimes runs in families. Treatments include creams, medications and light therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. Psoriatic lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region; the pathology involves an accelerated epidermopoiesis. Psoriasis is associated with increased risk for melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma.
NCI

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hemoglobiny abnormální

Hemoglobins characterized by structural alterations within the molecule. The alteration can be either absence, addition or substitution of one or more amino acids in the globin part of the molecule at selected positions in the polypeptide chains.
MSH

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akupunkturní body

Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.
MSH

A specific spot on the body where an acupuncture needle may be inserted to control pain and other symptoms.
NCI

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chlorfenvinfos

An organophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and an acaricide.
MSH

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morálka

The prevailing temper or spirit of an individual or group in relation to the tasks or functions which are expected.
MSH

prevailing temper or spirit of an individual or group in relation to the tasks or functions which are expected.
CSP

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psychometrie

Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
MSH

assessment of psychological parameters by statistical or mathematical procedures.
CSP

The science of measuring “psychological” aspects of a person such as knowledge, skills, abilities, or personality. Measurement of these unobservable phenomena is difficult and much of the research and accumulated art of this discipline is designed to reliably define and then quantify.
NCI

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hemostatické techniky

Techniques for controlling bleeding.
MSH

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adenom eozinofilní

A benign tumor, usually found in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, whose cells stain with acid dyes. Such pituitary tumors may give rise to excessive secretion of growth hormone, resulting in gigantism or acromegaly. A specific type of acidophil adenoma may give rise to nonpuerperal galactorrhea. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An epithelial neoplasm of the anterior pituitary gland in which the neoplastic cells stain positive with acidic dyes.
NCI

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chlorfentermin

A sympathomimetic agent that was formerly used as an anorectic. It has properties similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. It has been implicated in lipid storage disorders and pulmonary hypertension. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1223)
MSH

A chlorinated analogue of phentermine, a sympathomimetic amine with central nervous system (CNS) stimulating and anorexic activity. Chlorphentermine acts by facilitating the release of catecholamines, especially noradrenaline and dopamine, from nerve terminals in the brain and also inhibits their uptake. The increase in synaptic concentrations of these catecholamines causes behavioral changes including an increase in motor activity, mental alertness and excitement, causes euphoria, and suppresses appetite.
NCI

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motivace

Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
MSH

mental process which causes organisms to seek a goal or satisfy a need; e.g., hunger, thirst, sex drive, etc.
CSP

The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior.
NCI

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puberta

A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
MSH

developmental period during which secondary sex characteristics appear and individual becomes capable of sexual reproduction.
CSP

The stage in life when sex glands become functional. It is characterized by the development of secondary sex characteristics, reproductive functions, and growth spurts.
NCI

Puberty is the time in life when a boy or girl becomes sexually mature. It is a physical change that usually happens between ages 10 and 14 for girls and ages 12 and 16 for boys. Puberty affects boys and girls differently.

In girls:

  • The first sign of puberty is usually breast development.
  • Other signs are the growth of hair in the pubic area and armpits, and acne.
  • Menstruation (or a period) usually happens last.

In boys:

  • Puberty usually begins with the testicles and penis getting bigger.
  • Then hair grows in the pubic area and armpits.
  • Muscles grow, the voice deepens, and acne and facial hair develop as puberty continues.

Both boys and girls also usually have a growth spurt (a rapid increase in height) that lasts for about 2 or 3 years. This brings them closer to their adult height, which they reach after puberty.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

The time of life when a child experiences physical and hormonal changes that mark a transition into adulthood. The child develops secondary sexual characteristics and becomes able to have children. Secondary sexual characteristics include growth of pubic, armpit, and leg hair; breast enlargement; and increased hip width in girls. In boys, they include growth of pubic, face, chest and armpit hair; voice changes; penis and testicle growth, and increased shoulder width.
NCI

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virus hepatitidy myší

A species of the CORONAVIRUS genus causing hepatitis in mice. Four strains have been identified as MHV 1, MHV 2, MHV 3, and MHV 4 (also known as MHV-JHM, which is neurotropic and causes disseminated encephalomyelitis with demyelination as well as focal liver necrosis).
MSH

often causes a silent infection of laboratory mice but it can be activated by passage of other viruses or by other infectious agents, producing hepatitis; neurotropic strains also exist.
CSP

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