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dermatologické látky

Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.
MSH

NOTE: The topical anti-inflammatory subclassification (DE200) includes all single-entity anti-inflammatory agents and all combinations containing an adrenocorticoid except those which also contain anti-infective agent (DE250) or an antipsoriatic agent (DE802). The topical antipsoriatic subclassification (DE802) includes products containing adrenocorticoids in combination with coal tar or salicylic acid and products containing coal tar. The “anti-infective, topical other” subclassification (DE109) includes products containing combinations of agents from any one or more subclassification of anti-infectives, topical (DE101, DE102, DE103). Topical pediculicides are included under class AP300.
NDFRT

Price: $1.00

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hydrotorax

A collection of watery fluid in the pleural cavity. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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automatizované zpracování dat

Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
MSH

data processing performed by automatic means; typically by computer.
CSP

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semenné váčky

A saclike, glandular diverticulum on each ductus deferens in male vertebrates. It is united with the excretory duct and serves for temporary storage of semen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

saclike, glandular diverticulum on each ductus deferens in male vertebrates; it is united with the excretory duct and serves for temporary storage of semen.
CSP

A gland that helps produce semen.
NCI

One of the two paired glands in the male genitourinary system, posterior to the bladder and superior to the prostate gland, that produces fructose-rich seminal fluid which is a component of semen. These glands join the ipsilateral ductus deferens to form the ejaculatory duct.
NCI

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nervozita

An uneasy psychological state; the anxious feeling you have when you have the jitters.
NCI

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Ostertagia

A genus of parasitic nematodes occurring in the stomach of ruminants.
MSH

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dexamethason

An anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid.
MSH

anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid.
CSP

A synthetic steroid (similar to steroid hormones produced naturally in the adrenal gland). Dexamethasone is used to treat leukemia and lymphoma and may be used to treat some of the problems caused by other cancers and their treatment.
NCI

a kind of steroid drug
CHV

A synthetic adrenal corticosteroid with potent anti-inflammatory properties. In addition to binding to specific nuclear steroid receptors, dexamethasone also interferes with NF-kB activation and apoptotic pathways. This agent lacks the salt-retaining properties of other related adrenal hormones. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39789&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39789&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C422″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic adrenal corticosteroid with potent anti-inflammatory properties. In addition to binding to specific nuclear steroid receptors, dexamethasone also interferes with NF-kB activation and apoptotic pathways. This agent lacks the salt-retaining properties of other related adrenal hormones. (NCI04)
NCI

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hydroxysteroiddehydrogenasy

Enzymes of the oxidoreductase class that catalyze the dehydrogenation of hydroxysteroids. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.1.-.
MSH

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uvědomování si

The act of “taking account” of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
MSH

being conscious of something; the state of perceiving and taking account of some event, occasion, experience, or object.
CSP

Knowing that something exists, or having knowledge or experience of a particular thing; having special interest in or experience of something and so being well informed of what is happening in that subject at the present time. (dictionary.cambridge.org)
NCI

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sérologické testy

Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
MSH

a blood test that looks for antibodies
CHV

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neurofibromatóza 1

An autosomal dominant inherited disorder (with a high frequency of spontaneous mutations) that features developmental changes in the nervous system, muscles, bones, and skin, most notably in tissue derived from the embryonic NEURAL CREST. Multiple hyperpigmented skin lesions and subcutaneous tumors are the hallmark of this disease. Peripheral and central nervous system neoplasms occur frequently, especially OPTIC NERVE GLIOMA and NEUROFIBROSARCOMA. NF1 is caused by mutations which inactivate the NF1 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1) on chromosome 17q. The incidence of learning disabilities is also elevated in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1014-18) There is overlap of clinical features with NOONAN SYNDROME in a syndrome called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome. Both the PTPN11 and NF1 gene products are involved in the SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION pathway of Ras (RAS PROTEINS).
MSH

A rare genetic condition that causes brown spots and tumors on the skin, freckling in skin areas not exposed to the sun, tumors on the nerves, and developmental changes in the nervous system, muscles, bone, and skin.
NCI

Type 1 (peripheral) neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen`s disease), is the most common type of neurofibromatosis. It is characterized clinically by cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors with patches of hyperpigmentation. The hyperpigmented skin areas, are present from birth and found anywhere on the body surface. They can vary markedly in size and color. The dark brown areas are called cafe-au-lait spots. The multiple cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors are nerve sheath neoplasms, called neurofibromas. They can develop anywhere along the peripheral nerve fibers. Neurofibromas can become quite large, causing a major disfigurement, eroding bone, and compressing various peripheral nerve structures. Type 1 neurofibromatosis has dominant inheritance, with a gene locus on the proximal long arm of chromosome 17.
NCI

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ovulace

The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.
MSH

discharge of an ovum from a vesicular follicle of the ovary.
CSP

The release of a mature ovum/oocyte from an ovary. [GOC:bf, ISBN:0878932437]
GO

The release of an egg from an ovary during the menstrual cycle.
NCI

The discharge of a secondary oocyte from a vesicular follicle of the ovary.
NCI

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diagnóza počítačová

Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
MSH

computer hardware, database, software or program used by medical and health personnel to assist in patient diagnostic testing; for recommended schedules of therapy use COMPUTER ASSISTED PATIENT CARE.
CSP

The use of computers for the interpretation of medical images.
NCI

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hyperinzulinismus

A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
MSH

syndrome with excessively high insulin levels in the blood; it may cause hypoglycemia; etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor, autoantibodies against insulin, defective insulin receptor, or overuse of exogeneous insulin or hypoglycemic agents.
CSP

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aztreonam

A monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum. It is resistant to beta-lactamases and is used in gram-negative infections, especially of the meninges, bladder, and kidneys. It may cause a superinfection with gram-positive organisms.
MSH

A monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum with bactericidal activity. Aztreonam preferentially binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding protein-3 (PBP-3), which is involved in bacterial cell wall synthesis, thereby inhibiting bacterial cell wall integrity and leading to cell lysis and death. This agent differs from other beta-lactam antibiotics because it is resistant to beta-lactamase hydrolysis, and it is usually used to treat infections caused by gram-negative aerobic microorganisms.
NCI

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sexuální lákadla

Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.
MSH

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neurofyziologie

The scientific discipline concerned with the physiology of the nervous system.
MSH

A branch of neuroscience concerned with the physiology of the nervous system.
NCI

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oxprenolol

A beta-adrenergic antagonist used in the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, and anxiety.
MSH

A lipophilic, nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist with anti-arrhythmic, anti-anginal and antihypertensive activities. Oxprenolol competitively binds to and blocks beta-1 adrenergic receptors in the heart, thereby decreasing cardiac contractility and rate. This leads to a reduction in cardiac output and lowers blood pressure. In addition, oxprenolol prevents the release of renin, a hormone secreted by the kidneys that causes constriction of blood vessels.
NCI

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průjem kojenců

DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.
MSH

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hypertenze plicní

Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.
MSH

increased pressure with the the pulmonary circulation, usually secondary to cardiac or pulmonary disease.
CSP

Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the arteries to your lungs. It is a serious condition for which there are treatments but no cure. If you have it, the blood vessels that carry oxygen-poor blood from your heart to your lungs become hard and narrow. Your heart has to work harder to pump the blood through. Over time, your heart weakens and cannot do its job and you can develop heart failure.

There are two main kinds of pulmonary hypertension. One runs in families or appears for no known reason. The other kind is related to another condition, usually heart or lung disease.

Treating pulmonary hypertension involves treating the heart or lung disease, medicines, oxygen and sometimes lung transplantation.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an increase in pressure within the pulmonary circulation due to lung or heart disorder.
NCI

Increased pressure within the pulmonary circulation due to lung or heart disorder.
NCI

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pneumonie bakteriální

Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.
MSH

pneumonia caused by various species of bacteria; commonly results from bronchogenic spread of infection following microaspiration of secretions.
CSP

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hanba

An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.
MSH

A painful emotion resulting from a feeling of inadequacy, embarrassment, or guilt.
NCI

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New Jersey

A state in the mid-atlantic United States. Its capital is Trenton.
NCI

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kyselina aminosalicylová

antitubercular agent often administered in association with isoniazid.
CSP

An analogue of para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) with antitubercular activity. Aminosalicylic acid exerts its bacteriostatic activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis by competing with PABA for enzymes involved in folate synthesis, thereby suppressing growth and reproduction of M. tuberculosis, eventually leading to cell death.
NCI

An antitubercular agent often administered in association with ISONIAZID. The sodium salt of the drug is better tolerated than the free acid.
MSH

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diklofenak

A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.
MSH

A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent
CHV

The active ingredient in a drug that is used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and is being studied in the prevention and treatment of some types of skin cancer. It blocks substances that cause inflammation and pain. It may also prevent the growth of new blood vessels that tumors need to grow. It is a type of cyclooxygenase inhibitor, a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), and a type of antiangiogenesis agent.
NCI

A nonsteroidal benzeneacetic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory activity. As a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), diclofenac binds and chelates both isoforms of cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and-2), thereby blocking the conversion of arachidonic acid to pro-inflammatory-proprostaglandins. This agent also may inhibit COX-2-mediated tumor angiogenesis. When inhibiting COX-2, diclofenac may be effective in relieving pain and inflammation; when inhibiting COX-1, it may produce unacceptable gastrointestinal side effects. This agent may be more active against COX-2 than several other carboxylic acid-containing NSAIDs. (NCI04)
NCI

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hypohidróza

Abnormally diminished or absent perspiration. Both generalized and segmented (reduced or absent sweating in circumscribed locations) forms of the disease are usually associated with other underlying conditions.
MSH

A disorder characterized by reduced sweating.
NCI

Reduced sweating. Causes include burns, dehydration, radiation, and leprosy.
NCI

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Bangladéš

country east of India on the Bay of Bengal; capital city is Dacca; formerly East Pakistan.
CSP

A country in Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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showdomycin

3-beta-D-Ribofuranosylmaleimide. Antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces showdoensis. It is possibly active also as a sulfhydryl reagent.
MSH

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Nigérie

A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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paleografie

The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing. It includes the deciphering of manuscripts and other forms to determine their date, provenance, etc. (Webster`s 1st ed)
MSH

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