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chlorfenvinfos

An organophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and an acaricide.
MSH

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akupunkturní body

Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.
MSH

A specific spot on the body where an acupuncture needle may be inserted to control pain and other symptoms.
NCI

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neurofyziologie

The scientific discipline concerned with the physiology of the nervous system.
MSH

A branch of neuroscience concerned with the physiology of the nervous system.
NCI

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psychometrie

Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
MSH

assessment of psychological parameters by statistical or mathematical procedures.
CSP

The science of measuring “psychological” aspects of a person such as knowledge, skills, abilities, or personality. Measurement of these unobservable phenomena is difficult and much of the research and accumulated art of this discipline is designed to reliably define and then quantify.
NCI

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hypertenze plicní

Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.
MSH

increased pressure with the the pulmonary circulation, usually secondary to cardiac or pulmonary disease.
CSP

Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the arteries to your lungs. It is a serious condition for which there are treatments but no cure. If you have it, the blood vessels that carry oxygen-poor blood from your heart to your lungs become hard and narrow. Your heart has to work harder to pump the blood through. Over time, your heart weakens and cannot do its job and you can develop heart failure.

There are two main kinds of pulmonary hypertension. One runs in families or appears for no known reason. The other kind is related to another condition, usually heart or lung disease.

Treating pulmonary hypertension involves treating the heart or lung disease, medicines, oxygen and sometimes lung transplantation.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an increase in pressure within the pulmonary circulation due to lung or heart disorder.
NCI

Increased pressure within the pulmonary circulation due to lung or heart disorder.
NCI

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chlorfentermin

A sympathomimetic agent that was formerly used as an anorectic. It has properties similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. It has been implicated in lipid storage disorders and pulmonary hypertension. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1223)
MSH

A chlorinated analogue of phentermine, a sympathomimetic amine with central nervous system (CNS) stimulating and anorexic activity. Chlorphentermine acts by facilitating the release of catecholamines, especially noradrenaline and dopamine, from nerve terminals in the brain and also inhibits their uptake. The increase in synaptic concentrations of these catecholamines causes behavioral changes including an increase in motor activity, mental alertness and excitement, causes euphoria, and suppresses appetite.
NCI

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adenom eozinofilní

A benign tumor, usually found in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, whose cells stain with acid dyes. Such pituitary tumors may give rise to excessive secretion of growth hormone, resulting in gigantism or acromegaly. A specific type of acidophil adenoma may give rise to nonpuerperal galactorrhea. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An epithelial neoplasm of the anterior pituitary gland in which the neoplastic cells stain positive with acidic dyes.
NCI

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New Jersey

A state in the mid-atlantic United States. Its capital is Trenton.
NCI

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puberta

A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
MSH

developmental period during which secondary sex characteristics appear and individual becomes capable of sexual reproduction.
CSP

The stage in life when sex glands become functional. It is characterized by the development of secondary sex characteristics, reproductive functions, and growth spurts.
NCI

Puberty is the time in life when a boy or girl becomes sexually mature. It is a physical change that usually happens between ages 10 and 14 for girls and ages 12 and 16 for boys. Puberty affects boys and girls differently.

In girls:

  • The first sign of puberty is usually breast development.
  • Other signs are the growth of hair in the pubic area and armpits, and acne.
  • Menstruation (or a period) usually happens last.

In boys:

  • Puberty usually begins with the testicles and penis getting bigger.
  • Then hair grows in the pubic area and armpits.
  • Muscles grow, the voice deepens, and acne and facial hair develop as puberty continues.

Both boys and girls also usually have a growth spurt (a rapid increase in height) that lasts for about 2 or 3 years. This brings them closer to their adult height, which they reach after puberty.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

The time of life when a child experiences physical and hormonal changes that mark a transition into adulthood. The child develops secondary sexual characteristics and becomes able to have children. Secondary sexual characteristics include growth of pubic, armpit, and leg hair; breast enlargement; and increased hip width in girls. In boys, they include growth of pubic, face, chest and armpit hair; voice changes; penis and testicle growth, and increased shoulder width.
NCI

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hypohidróza

Abnormally diminished or absent perspiration. Both generalized and segmented (reduced or absent sweating in circumscribed locations) forms of the disease are usually associated with other underlying conditions.
MSH

A disorder characterized by reduced sweating.
NCI

Reduced sweating. Causes include burns, dehydration, radiation, and leprosy.
NCI

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Cholera Toxin Protomer A

The catalytic subunit of cholera toxin. It is proteolytically cleaved into fragments A1 and A2. The A1 fragment is a MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE.
MSH

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tkáně – adheze

Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
MSH

Adhesions are bands of fibrous tissue. They can connect the loops of the intestines to each other, to nearby organs or to the wall of the abdomen. They can pull sections of the intestines out of place. This may block food from passing through the intestine.

Sometimes adhesions are present at birth. But most of them form after surgery on the abdomen. Some adhesions don`t cause any problems. But when they partly or completely block the intestines, they cause symptoms. These can include crampy abdominal pain, vomiting, bloating, an inability to pass gas and constipation.

Some adhesions go away by themselves. If they partly block your intestines, a diet low in fiber can allow food to move easily through the affected area. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the adhesions. But surgery to correct adhesions can increase the risk of more adhesions.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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Nigérie

A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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ENFISEMA/ BRONKONEUMOPATIA KRONIKO OBSTRUKTIBOA

Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
MSH

subcategory of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; characterized by anatomic alterations of the lungs, such as the enlargement of airspaces and destruction of alveolar walls.
CSP

Pulmonary emphysema is a disorder affecting the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of the lungs. The transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs takes place in the walls of the alveoli. In emphysema, the alveoli become abnormally inflated, damaging their walls and making it harder to breathe. People who smoke or have chronic bronchitis have an increased risk of emphysema.
NCI

A subcategory of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It occurs in people who smoke and suffer from chronic bronchitis. It is characterized by inflation of the alveoli, alveolar wall damage, and reduction in the number of alveoli, resulting in difficulty breathing.
NCI

Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) involving damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. As a result, your body does not get the oxygen it needs. Emphysema makes it hard to catch your breath. You may also have a chronic cough and have trouble breathing during exercise.

The most common cause is cigarette smoking. If you smoke, quitting can help prevent you from getting the disease. If you already have emphysema, not smoking might keep it from getting worse. Treatment is based on whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or severe. Treatments include inhalers, oxygen, medications and sometimes surgery to relieve symptoms and prevent complications.


MEDLINEPLUS

A condition of the lung characterized by increase beyond normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, either from dilatation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls.
NCI

an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in breathing difficulty and an increased sensitivity to infection
CHV

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Hypovolemický šok

Shock resulting from insufficient blood volume for the maintenance of adequate cardiac output, blood pressure and tissue perfusion.
NCI

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cholinesterasy

enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the cleavage of the acyl group from various esters of choline, including acetylcholine, and some related compounds the enzyme occurs primarily in the serum, liver, and pancreas determination of enzyme activity is used to test liver function, succinylcholine sensitivity, and whether organophosphate insecticide poisoning has occurred.
CSP

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mladiství hospitalizovaní

Adolescent hospitalized for short term care.
MSH

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Nitrobacteraceae

A obsolete family name of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria which derive energy from the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite or nitrite to nitrate. Its organisms are commonly found in soil and fresh water.
MSH

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purinnukleosidfosforylasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the reaction between a purine nucleoside and orthophosphate to form a free purine plus ribose-5-phosphate. EC 2.4.2.1.
MSH

The enzyme purine nucleoside phosphorylase belongs to the PNP/MTAP phosphorylase family and together with adenosine deaminase (ADA) serves a key role in purine catabolism, referred to as the salvage pathway. Defects in NP are the cause of nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency (NP deficiency). It leads to a severe T-cell immunodeficiency with neurologic disorder in children.
NCI

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L-iditol-2-dehydrogenasa

An alcohol oxidoreductase which catalyzes the oxidation of L-iditol to L-sorbose in the presence of NAD. It also acts on D-glucitol to form D-fructose. It also acts on other closely related sugar alcohols to form the corresponding sugar. EC 1.1.1.14
MSH

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choroidea – nádory

Tumors of the choroid; most common intraocular tumors are malignant melanomas of the choroid. These usually occur after puberty and increase in incidence with advancing age. Most malignant melanomas of the uveal tract develop from benign melanomas (nevi).
MSH

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adsorpce

The condensation of gases, liquids, or dissolved substances on the surfaces of solids. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses as well as of tissues treated with exogenous drugs and chemicals.
MSH

adhesion in an extremely thin layer of molecules (as of gases, solutes, or liquids) to the surfaces of solid bodies or liquids with which they are in contact.
CSP

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nitroxinil

Proposed anthelmintic for fasciola and liver fluke infestations.
MSH

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pyometra

An accumulation of PUS in the uterine cavity (UTERUS). Pyometra generally indicates the presence of infections.
MSH

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imidazoly

Compounds containing 1,3-diazole, a five membered aromatic ring containing two nitrogen atoms separated by one of the carbons. Chemically reduced ones include IMIDAZOLINES and IMIDAZOLIDINES. Distinguish from 1,2-diazole (PYRAZOLES).
MSH

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Chromobacterium

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring in soil and water. Its organisms are generally nonpathogenic, but some species do cause infections of mammals, including humans.
MSH

A genus of aerobic, Gram negative, coccobacilli shaped bacterium in the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Neisseriaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Chromobacterium genus level.
NCI

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Afrika západní

The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D`IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
MSH

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norethynodrel

A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.
MSH

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pyrithioxin

A neurotropic agent which reduces permeability of blood-brain barrier to phosphate. It has no vitamin B6 activity.
MSH

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imunokompetence

The ability of lymphoid cells to mount a humoral or cellular immune response when challenged by antigen.
MSH

The ability to produce a normal immune response.
NCI

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