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krevní skupiny – inkompatibilita

An antigenic mismatch between donor and recipient blood. Antibodies present in the recipient`s serum may be directed against antigens in the donor product. Such a mismatch may result in a transfusion reaction in which, for example, donor blood is hemolyzed. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
MSH

mismatch between donor and recipient blood; antibodies present in the recipient`s serum are directed against antigens in the donor product; may result in a transfusion reaction in which, for example, donor blood is hemolyzed.
CSP

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fenylethylmalonamid

A metabolite of primidone.
MSH

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lasery

An optical source that emits photons in a coherent beam. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation. Lasers operate in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or X-ray regions of the spectrum.
MSH

acronym stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation; this phenomenon is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation; lasers operate in the visible, infrared, or ultraviolet regions of the spectrum and are capable of producing immense heat and power when focused at close range; used in surgical procedures, in diagnosis, and in physiologic studies; lasers used at low power, transmitting light not heat, have been used in wound healing and pain control.
CSP

A device that forms light into intense, narrow beams that may be used to cut or destroy tissue, such as cancer tissue. It may also be used to reduce lymphedema (swelling caused by a buildup of lymph fluid in tissue) after breast cancer surgery. Lasers are used in microsurgery, photodynamic therapy, and many other procedures to diagnose and treat disease.
NCI

An acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation; an optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light.
NCI

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duodenogastrický reflux

Retrograde flow of duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the STOMACH.
MSH

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fertilita

The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
MSH

capacity to conceive or to induce conception; may refer to either male or female.
CSP

The ability to produce children.
NCI

Able to produce children.
NCI

The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female. (MeSH)
NCI

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Streptococcus pyogenes

species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans; it is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause scarlet fever and rheumatic fever; virulent strains penetrate deep into the body, with catastrophic results; it has been demonstrated that invasive streptococcus A infections can trigger a toxic shock syndrome, myositis, or destroy the sheath that covers the muscle, necrotizing fasciitis.
CSP

A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans. It is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause SCARLET FEVER and RHEUMATIC FEVER.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is beta hemolytic, Lancefield group A, pyrrolidonylarylamidase, and arginine deaminase positive and catalase negative. It can ferment salicin, rhamnose, and trehalose but not sorbitol, or ribose. S. pyogenes is found on normal human skin but can act as a pathogen causing streptococcal pharyngitis, acute rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, skin infections, acute glomerulonephritis and necrotizing fasciitis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Streptococcus pyogenes.
NCI

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Bloomův syndrom

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by telangiectatic ERYTHEMA of the face, photosensitivity, DWARFISM and other abnormalities, and a predisposition toward developing cancer. The Bloom syndrome gene (BLM) encodes a RecQ-like DNA helicase.
MSH

autosomal recessive disorder characterized by telangiectatic erythema of the face, photosensitivity, dwarfism, and other abnormalities.
CSP

A rare, inherited disorder marked by height that is shorter than average, a narrow face with redness and a rash, a high-pitched voice, and fertility problems. Patients with this disorder have an increased risk of cancer, especially leukemia and osteosarcoma (bone cancer). Bloom syndrome is caused by changes in a protein that normally helps cells make copies of the DNA. Changes in this protein cause many breaks, rearrangements, and other mutations in the DNA. It is a type of autosomal recessive genetic disease.
NCI

Bloom syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with mutations in BLM gene encoding protein that belongs to the family of DNA helicases. It is characterized by predisposition to cancer, immunodeficiency, high sensitivity to UV and genomic instability of somatic cells. (Oncogene 2001 Dec 13;20(57):8276-80)
NCI

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phlegmasia alba dolens

Inflammation that is characterized by swollen, pale, and painful limb. It is usually caused by DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS in a FEMORAL VEIN, following PARTURITION or an illness. This condition is also called milk leg or white leg.
MSH

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Libanon

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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syndrom dysplastického névu

Clinically atypical nevi (usually exceeding 5 mm in diameter and having variable pigmentation and ill defined borders) with an increased risk for development of non-familial cutaneous malignant melanoma. Biopsies show melanocytic dysplasia. Nevi are clinically and histologically identical to the precursor lesions for melanoma in the B-K mole syndrome. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A condition that runs in certain families in which at least two members have dysplastic nevi (atypical moles) and have a tendency to develop melanoma.
NCI

An autosomal dominant disorder defined by the presence of multiple dysplastic nevi and a history of melanoma in two family members. Patients are at an increased risk for the development of melanoma.
NCI

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fetoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the fetus and amniotic cavity through abdominal or uterine entry.
MSH

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Strongylus

A genus of intestinal parasitic nematodes occurring in animals and man.
MSH

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kosti

A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
MSH

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kyseliny fosfinové

Inorganic or organic derivatives of phosphinic acid, H2PO(OH). They include phosphinates and phosphinic acid esters.
MSH

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leiomyom

A benign tumor derived from smooth muscle tissue, also known as a fibroid tumor. They rarely occur outside of the UTERUS and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT but can occur in the SKIN and SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE, probably arising from the smooth muscle of small blood vessels in these tissues.
MSH

benign tumor derived from smooth muscle, most commonly of the uterus, but also found in the gastrointestinal tract; also called fibroid or fibroid tumor.
CSP

A benign smooth muscle tumor, usually in the uterus or gastrointestinal tract.
NCI

A well-circumscribed benign smooth muscle neoplasm characterized by the presence of spindle cells with cigar-shaped nuclei, interlacing fascicles, and a whorled pattern.
NCI

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echinokokóza

An infection caused by the infestation of the larval form of tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. The liver, lungs, and kidney are the most common areas of infestation.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by tapeworm larvae of Echinococcus. It affects livestock and humans. It is characterized by the formation of hydatid cysts mainly in the liver, lungs, spleen, and kidneys. Rupture of the cysts may lead to shock.
NCI

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fibrózní dysplazie polyostotická

FIBROUS DYSPLASIA OF BONE affecting several or many bones. When associated with melanotic pigmentation of the skin and endocrine disorders, it is known as Albright`s syndrome. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

A genetic syndrome caused by mutations in the GNAS1 gene. It is characterized by deformities and fractures of the bones, endocrine abnormalities including early puberty, and skin hyperpigmentation.
NCI

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subdurální efúze

Leakage and accumulation of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID in the subdural space which may be associated with an infectious process; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; INTRACRANIAL HYPOTENSION; and other conditions.
MSH

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borany

The collective name for the boron hydrides, which are analogous to the alkanes and silanes. Numerous boranes are known. Some have high calorific values and are used in high-energy fuels. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

any of a series of boron hydrides based on the BH3 unit.
CSP

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fosforibosylpyrofosfát

The key substance in the biosynthesis of histidine, tryptophan, and purine and pyrimidine nucleotides.
MSH

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fosforylasokinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP and PHOSPHORYLASE B to ADP and PHOSPHORYLASE A.
MSH

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Leptothrix

A genus of gram-negative, sheathed, rod-shaped bacteria in the family COMAMONADACEAE.
MSH

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ectopia lentis

Congenital displacement of the lens resulting from defective zonule formation.
MSH

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píštěl

Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.
MSH

A fistula is an abnormal connection between two parts inside of the body. Fistulas can happen because of injury, infection or inflammation. They may develop between different organs such as between the esophagus and the windpipe, or the bowel and the vagina. They can also develop between two blood vessels such as between an artery and a vein, or between two arteries.


MEDLINEPLUS

An abnormal opening or passage between two organs or between an organ and the surface of the body. Fistulas may be caused by injury, infection, or inflammation, or may be created during surgery.
NCI

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náhlá smrt kojenců

The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
MSH

sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant, typically occurring between 3 weeks and 5 months of age, most infants dying at night, and not explained by postmortem data.
CSP

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year old. Some people call SIDS “crib death” because many babies who die of SIDS are found in their cribs.

SIDS is the leading cause of death in children between one month and one year old. Most SIDS deaths occur when babies are between two months and four months old. Although health care professionals don`t know what causes SIDS, they do know ways to reduce the risk. These include

  • Placing babies on their backs to sleep, even for short naps – “tummy time” is for when babies are awake and someone is watching
  • Using a firm sleep surface, such as a crib mattress covered with a fitted sheet
  • Keeping soft objects and loose bedding away from sleep area
  • Making sure babies don`t get too hot – keep the room at a comfortable temperature for an adult

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

Unexpected death in infancy which remains unexplained following autopsy, review of the medical history, and investigation of the death circumstances and death scene.
NCI

The sudden and unexpected death of a healthy child who is younger than one year old, usually during sleep. The cause of SIDS is not known.
NCI

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brachyterapie

A collective term for interstitial, intracavity, and surface radiotherapy. It uses small sealed or partly-sealed sources that may be placed on or near the body surface or within a natural body cavity or implanted directly into the tissues.
MSH

A type of radiation therapy in which radioactive material is placed inside the body, into a tumor or body cavity.
NCI

Radiation treatment using a solid or enclosed radioisotopic source on the surface of the body or at a short distance from the area to be treated
CHV

A type of radiation therapy in which radioactive material sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters is placed directly into or near a tumor.
NCI

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fylogeneze

The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
MSH

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leukémie myeloidní

Form of leukemia characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of the myeloid lineage and their precursors (MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS) in the bone marrow and other sites.
MSH

leukemia characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of the myeloid lineage and their precursors in the bone marrow and other sites.
CSP

A clonal proliferation of myeloid cells and their precursors in the bone marrow, peripheral blood, and spleen. When the proliferating cells are immature myeloid cells and myeloblasts, it is called acute myeloid leukemia. When the proliferating myeloid cells are neutrophils, it is called chronic myelogenous leukemia.
NCI

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studium ošetřovatelství bakalářské

A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).
MSH

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flundra

Common name for two families of FLATFISHES belonging to the order Pleuronectiformes: left-eye flounders (Bothidae) and right-eye flounders (Pleuronectidae). The latter is more commonly used in research.
MSH

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